Events in History on October 14

  • 530 Discorus ends his reign as Catholic anti-Pope

Norman Invasion of England

1066 Battle of Hastings: William, Duke of Normandy and his Norman army defeat the English forces of Harold II who is killed in the battle

Victory in Battle

1322 Robert the Bruce of Scotland defeats King Edward II of England at Byland, forcing Edward to accept Scotland's independence

Treaty of Interest

1468 Treaty of Peronne: Duke Charles the Stoute & French King Louis XI

Historic Discovery

1492 Christopher Columbus leaves San Salvador; arrives in Santa Maria of Concepcion (Bahamas)

Historic Event

1586 Mary Queen of Scots goes on trial for conspiracy against Elizabeth

  • 1700 Rabbi Judah Hasid & Chayim Molocho arrive in Jerusalem
  • 1745 French help convoy reaches Montrose Scotland
  • 1758 Battle at Hochkirk, Saksen: Austrian army beats Prussia
  • 1773 American Revolutionary War: The United Kingdom's East India Company tea ships' cargo are burned at Annapolis, Maryland
  • 1773 The first recorded Ministry of Education, the Komisja Edukacji Narodowej (Polish for Commission of National Education), is formed in Poland
  • 1774 1st Continental Congress makes Declaration of Colonial Rights in Philadelphia
  • 1805 Battle of Elchingen, France defeats Austria
  • 1806 Battle of Auerstadt-French beat Prussians
  • 1812 Work on London's Regent's Canal starts.
  • 1834 First African-American granted a US patent, Henry Blair, for a corn planter
  • 1834 In Philadelphia, Whigs and Democrats stage a gun, stone and brick battle for control of a Moyamensing Township election, resulting in one death, several injuries, and the burning down of a block of buildings.
  • 1840 Maronite leader Bashir II surrenders to the British forces and goes into exile in Malta.
  • 1843 British arrest Irish nationalist Daniel O'Connell for conspiracy
  • 1862 Excelsiors defeat Unions of Morrisania 13-9
  • 1863 Battle at Bristoe Station, Virginia (about 2000 casualties)
  • 1865 Cheyennes & Arapahos sign "peace treaty" then chased out Colorado
  • 1867 15th and last Tokugawa Shogun, Tokugawa Yoshinobu resigns in Japan
  • 1882 University of the Punjab is founded in present day Pakistan.

Historic Invention

1884 George Eastman patents paper-strip photographic film

Historic Publication

1892 Arthur Conan Doyle publishes "The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes" collection of 12 stories originally published serially in "The Strand Magazine"

  • 1893 George Edwarde's "Gaiety Girl" premieres in London
  • 1893 Harry Wright suggests umps keep ball-strike count a secret

Historic Event

1899 Morning Post reporter Winston Churchill departs to South Africa

  • 1901 Justin Huntly McCarthy's "If I were King" premieres in NYC
  • 1912 Bull Moose Teddy Roosevelt shot while campaigning in Milwaukee
  • 1912 Cretan representatives are admitted to the Greek assembly; in doing so the Greek Government challenges the Turkish Government
  • 1913 Senghenydd Colliery Disaster, the United Kingdom's worst coal mining accident, an explosion claims 439 lives.
  • 1914 German troops occupy Brug
  • 1916 The Perm State University was founded in Russia.
  • 1920 Part of Petsamo province ceded by Soviet Union to Finland
  • 1922 1st automated telephones-Pennsylvania exchange in NYC
  • 1922 1st Thom McAn shoe store opens on Third Avenue NYC
  • 1925 Anti-French uprising in Damascus (French inhabitants flee)

Historic Publication

1926 A. A. Milne's book "Winnie the Pooh" released

  • 1931 1st broadcast of Dutch Radio Peoples University
  • 1931 Spanish Cortes agrees to separation of Church & State
  • 1933 Nazi Germany announces its withdrawal from the League of Nations
  • 1934 "Lux Radio Theatre" premieres
  • 1938 Nazis plan Jewish ghettos for all major cities
  • 1939 German U-47 sinks British battleship HMS Royal Oak, 833 killed

'Hitler Will Have to Break Us or Lose the War'

1940 Balham tube station in London is bombed by the German Luftwaffe during the Blitz, killing 64-66 people

  • 1941 1st mass deportation of Kowno, Lodz, Minsk & Riga
  • 1942 Dobbe resistances group overthrows Bonkarten distribution
  • 1942 German assault on Tractor factory, 1000s killed
  • 1942 Japanese battleship strikes Henderson Field, Guadalcanal
  • 1943 600 Jewish prisoners mount an uprising at the Nazi concentration camp in Sobibor, Poland, 300 successfully escape

Historic Event

1943 Japan declares the Philippines independent under President José P. Laurel

  • 1943 US 8th Air Force loses 60 B-17s during assault on Schweinfurt
  • 1944 Allied troops land in Corfu
  • 1944 British troops march into Athens
  • 1945 Chicago Cardinals end a record 29-game losing streak, beat Bears
  • 1946 Netherland & Indonesia sign cease fire
  • 1947 Chuck Yeager in Bell XS-1 makes 1st supersonic flight (Mach 1.015)
  • 1948 Batavia lt-governor-general van Mook dismissed
  • 1948 Large scale fighting between Israel & Egypt
  • 1949 14 US Communist Party leaders convicted of sedition
  • 1949 Chinese Red army occupies Canton
  • 1950 Rev Sun Young Moon liberated from Hung Nam prison
  • 1951 Organization of Central American States forms

Historic Event

1952 One of the most influential of all Modernist buildings the Unité d’Habitation, designed by Le Corbusier is officially inaugurated in Marseille, France

  • 1952 UN General Assembly first meets at its new headquarters in New York
  • 1953 1st 3 Dutch female police officers go into service
  • 1953 Belgian Convair crashes at Frankfurt, 44 die
  • 1953 Great Britain performs nuclear test at Emu Field, Australia
  • 1953 Ike promises to fire as Red any federal worker taking 5th amendment
  • 1954 Israeli act of revenge in Qibiya Jordan, kills 53

Historic Event

1956 Indian social reformer B.R. Ambedkar and 500,000 supporters convert to Buddhism in Nagpur

Historic Event

1957 Queen Elizabeth II becomes the first Canadian monarch to open the Parliament of Canada with the Speech from the Throne.

Historic Event

1958 Brendan Behan's "Hostage" premieres in London

  • 1958 Malagasy Republic becomes autonomous republic in French Community
  • 1958 Paul Osborn's "World of Suzie Wong" premieres in NYC
  • 1958 The District of Columbia Bar Association votes to accept black Americans as members.
  • 1958 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1960 Belgian senator Victor Leemans reveals huge gas field in Groningen

Historic Event

1960 Peace Corps 1st suggested by John F. Kennedy in a speech at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor

  • 1962 US U-2 espionage planes locate missile launchers in Cuba
  • 1962 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1963 Algeria & Morocco border conflict

Nobel Prize

1964 Martin Luther King Jr. announced as winner of the Nobel Peace Prize

Historic Event

1964 Martin Walser's "Der Schwarze Schwan," premieres in Stuttgart

Appointment of Interest

1964 Premier Nikita Khrushchev replaced by Leonid Brezhnev as General Secretary of the Soviet Communist Party

  • 1965 Joe Engle in X-15 reaches 80 km
  • 1966 175 US airplanes bomb North Vietnam
  • 1966 Dutch government of Cals falls by motion of Schmelzer
  • 1968 1st live telecast from a manned US spacecraft (Apollo 7)
  • 1968 6.8 earthquake wrecks Australian town of Meckering, rupturing all nearby major roads and railways
  • 1968 Gruener & Watson (US) set scuba depth record (133 m) in Bahamas
  • 1969 Palme government forms in Sweden
  • 1969 Race riots in Springfield, Massachusetts
  • 1969 The United Kingdom introduces the 50p (fifty-pence) coin, replacing the ten-shilling note, in anticipation of currency decimalisation in 1971
  • 1969 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1970 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1970 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1971 2 killed in Memphis racial disturbances
  • 1972 North Irish Loyalist paramilitaries raid Headquarters of the 10 Ulster Defence Regiment in Belfast and stole rifles and ammunition
  • 1973 Egyptian tanks move further into Israel

Historic Event

1975 US President Gerald Ford escapes injury when his limousine is struck broadside

Nobel Prize

1976 Nobel Prize in Economics awarded to American economist Milton Friedman

  • 1976 Soyuz 23 carries 2 to Salyut 6, but returns without docking
  • 1977 Princess Beatrice opens Amsterdam metro
  • 1978 China performs nuclear test at Lop Nor, PRC
  • 1979 100,000 demonstrate in Bonn against nuclear energy
  • 1979 1st Gay and Lesbian Civil Rights March on Washington, D.C. by over 100,000 people
  • 1979 Flyers start 35 game unbeaten streak beating Toronto 4-3
  • 1980 Phils rally from 4-0 deficit to beat the Royals, 7-6 to take WS opener

Historic Event

1980 Presidential nominee Ronald Reagan promises to name a woman to the US Supreme Court

  • 1981 Citing official misconduct in the investigation and trial, Amnesty International charges U.S. government with holding Richard Marshall of the American Indian Movement as a political prisoner
  • 1982 6,000 Unification church couples wed in Korea
  • 1982 US President Reagan proclaims a war on drugs
  • 1983 Grenada Deputy Prime Minister Bernard Coard launches a leftist coup within the revolutionary government and takes power for 3 days
  • 1983 US Marine peacekeeper Sgt Allen Soifert killed by sniper in Beirut

Nobel Prize

1986 Nobel Peace Prize awarded to Auschwitz survivor Elie Wiesel, for his efforts to ensure the Holocaust was remembered

  • 1986 Tim Kides of West NY, NJ performs 25,000 leg raises in 11:57:15
  • 1987 In Midland, Tx 1½-year-old Jessica McClure falls 22' (7m) down a well
  • 1988 Crude oil prices jump in anticipation of possible production accord at Gulf Cooperation Council meeting set for October 16
  • 1988 Naguib Mahfouz is the 1st Arabic writer to win the Nobel Prize in Literature

Nobel Prize

1991 Burmese opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi wins Nobel Peace Prize

  • 1994 NASA Space probe Magellan burns up in atmosphere of Venus
  • 1996 Dow Jones closes over 6,000 for 1st time (6,010)
  • 1996 Packer Chris Jacke kicks longest field goal to end overtime (53 yds)

Election of Interest

2010 Mark Rutte sworn in as Prime Minister of the Netherlands after his People's Party for Freedom and Democracy party became the largest party in the House of Representatives in the 2010 elections

  • 2012 20 people are gunned down in a mosque in Dogo Dawa, Nigeria
  • 2013 Eugene Fama, Lars Peter Hansen, and Robert Shiller win the 2013  Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences for their work on asset prices
  • 2014 Richard Flanagan's novel "The Narrow Road to the Deep North" wins the 2014 Man Booker Prize

Historic Event

2014 Utah State University receives terrorist threats pertaining to Anita Sarkeesian's planned lecture the following day

  • 2014 World Health Organization announce Ebola virus death toll at 4,447, and the fatality rate has reached 70%

Important Vote

2017 Spanish government says it will impose direct rule on Catalonia after the region voted for independence in a referendum

  • 2017 Terrorist bomb attack in a truck in Mogadishu, Somalia leaves at more than 300 dead and hundreds injured
  • 2018 Flash floods in Aude region, France kill at least 10 people

Historic Event

2019 Booker Prize awarded jointly to Margaret Atwood for "The Testaments" and Bernardine Evaristo for "Girl, Woman, Other", Evaristo 1st black woman to win

  • 2019 British Duke and Duchess of Cambridge arrive in Pakistan to begin a 5-day royal tour
  • 2019 Hundreds of forest fires break out in western Lebanon, killing three and prompting calls for international help
  • 2019 Nobel prize for Economics awarded to Esther Duflo, Abhijit Banerjee and Michael Kremer for research on ways to fight poverty
  • 2019 Spain's Supreme Court jails nine Catalan separatist leaders for sedition for 2017 independence referendum, prompting violent clashes in Barcelona

Historic Event

2020 A copy of William Shakespeare's First Folio sells for a record $9.98 million at auction in New York

  • 2020 Details of the world's first room-temperature superconductor created by scientists at the University of Rochester, NY, published in "Nature" [1]

COVID-19 Pandemic

2020 French president Emmanuel Macron announces a public health emergency and a curfew of 9 pm for nine cities due to surge in COVID-19 cases

  • 2021 Record price for a Banksy artwork paid of 18.5 million pounds ($25.4 million) for "Love is in the Bin", that was famously shredded on purchase in 2018 [1]
  • 2022 Coal mine explosion in Amasra, northern Turkey, kills 41 and injures 11 [1]