Events in History on October 15

  • 533 Byzantine General Belisarius makes his formal entry into Carthage, having conquered it from the Vandals

Historic Event

1520 King Henry VIII of England orders bowling lanes at Whitehall

Appointment of Interest

1522 Emperor Karel I names Hernán Cortés governor of Mexico

  • 1552 Khanate of Kazan is conquered by troops of Ivan Grozny

Historic Event

1581 Commissioned by Catherine de' Medici, the 1st ballet "Ballet Comique de la Reine" is staged in Paris

Gregory Conquers Julius Caesar

1582 Gregorian calendar introduced in Spain, Portugal and pontifical states, after skipping 10 days after Oct 4 to sync the calendar

  • 1598 Spanish general strategist Bernardino de Mendoza occupies fort Rhine
  • 1641 Paul de Chomedy de Maisonneuve claims Montreal
  • 1654 Prince William of Orange appointed viceroy of Overijssel
  • 1655 Jews of Lublin are massacred
  • 1660 Asser Levy granted butcher's license (kosher meat) in New Amsterdam
  • 1674 Torsåker witch trials begin, largest witch trials in Sweden, 71 beheaded and burned
  • 1705 English fleet under Lord Peterborough occupies Barcelona
  • 1724 Cornelis Steenoven is 1st archbishop of Old Catholic church in Utrecht, The Netherlands
  • 1756 Saxon army surrenders to Prussia

Roman Empire

1764 Edward Gibbon observes a group of friars singing in the ruined Temple of Jupiter in Rome, which inspires him to begin work on The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire

  • 1777 Mjr James Graves Simcoe appointed commandant of Queen's Rangers (Penn)
  • 1783 Jean Pilstre de Rozier makes 1st tethered balloon ascent
  • 1786 Earliest 32°F (0°C) recorded temperature in NYC

Historic Event

1789 1st US presidential tour by George Washington in New England

Historic Event

1815 Napoleon Bonaparte arrives on island of St Helena to begin his exile

Wicked or Sinless? The Life of Lucrezia Borgia

1816 Lord Byron views the love letters of Lucrezia Borgia and poet Pietro Bembo in Milan and declares them "the prettiest love letters in the world"

Historic Event

1827 Charles Darwin admitted to Christ's College, Cambridge

Historic Event

1842 Karl Marx becomes editor-in-chief of Rheinische Zeitung

  • 1846 American Dr William Thomas Green Morton's 1st public use of ether
  • 1863 Cliff House opens in San Francisco, 1st of many on the site
  • 1864 Confederate troops occupy Glasgow, Missouri
  • 1866 Great fire in Quebec destroys 2,500 houses
  • 1877 First session of the US 45th Congress (1877-79) convenes in Washington D.C.
  • 1878 Edison Electric Light Company incorporated
  • 1880 Mexican soldiers kill Victorio, one of the greatest Apache military strategists
  • 1881 1st American fishing magazine, "American Angler" published
  • 1883 US Supreme Court declares Civil Rights Act of 1875 unconstitutional
  • 1885 Hoss Radbourne pitches his 60th win of season

Historic Event

1888 German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche decides to write his autobiography "Ecce Homo" on his 44th birthday

  • 1889 Amsterdam Central Station officially opens
  • 1890 Alabama Penny Savings Bank organizes in Birmingham

Historic Event

1894 Captain Alfred Dreyfus arrested and accused of espionage in France

  • 1895 Henry Perky patents a machine he developed with William Ford for the preparation of cereals for food, otherwise known as shredded wheat
  • 1897 Aaron and Samuel Bloch carry 1st Mail Pouch
  • 1897 King Leopold II takes Belgian crown
  • 1899 Cincinnati closes season with 16-1 & 19-3 victories over Cleve Spiders
  • 1904 The Russians are driven back by the Japanese in the Battle of Shaho; both sides suffer high casualties: Japanese (16,000) and Russians (60,000)
  • 1905 Union workers at NVV rejects safety demands
  • 1913 Train crash at St. James' Station, Liverpool during "Black Week" kills six and injures 63
  • 1914 Battle of Warsaw, begins (ends Oct 21)
  • 1914 US Clayton Anti-trust Act passed (union & strike rights)
  • 1918 British Q-ship Cymric sinks British submarine J6
  • 1919 14 horses begin 300-mile race from Vermont to Massachusetts for $1000 prize money

Historic Publication

1924 André Breton publishes his "Surrealist Manifesto" with Éditions du Sagittaire in Paris

Statue of Liberty

1924 US President Calvin Coolidge declares Statue of Liberty a national monument

  • 1926 Austria government of Seipel, forms
  • 1926 Philip Barry's play "White Wings!" premieres in NYC
  • 1932 Tata Airlines (later to become Air India) makes its first flight
  • 1933 20th Amendment to the US Constitution goes into effect: President term begins in January not March

Historic Publication

1937 Ernest Hemingway's novel "To Have & Have Not" published

  • 1938 Robert Sherwoods "Abe Lincoln in Illinois" premieres in NYC
  • 1939 LaGuardia Airport opens in NYC
  • 1939 Yeshiva of Mir closes after 124 years
  • 1940 -16] Heavy German air raid on London, 400 killed
  • 1940 London's Waterloo Station bombed by German luftwaffe
  • 1941 1st mass deportation of German Jews to Eastern Europe

Appointment of Interest

1941 Hideki Tojo appointed Prime Minister of Imperial Japan

  • 1941 Jews caught outside Nazi Ghetto walls in occupied Poland could be put to death
  • 1942 German 6th Army occupies Tractorenfabriek, 3,000 Germans die
  • 1944 The Arrow Cross Party (very similar to Hitler's NSDAP (Nazi party)) takes power in Hungary
  • 1948 China's Red army occupies Chinchou in Guangdong
  • 1949 Administration of territory of Manipur taken over by Indian government
  • 1949 Tripura accedes to Indian union

Historic Event

1951 First synthesis of an oral contraceptive (norethindrone) made by Luis E. Miramontes under direction of Carl Djerassi and George Rosenkranz at Mexican drug company Syntex

Historic Publication

1952 "Charlotte's Web" by E. B. White and illustrated by Garth Williams is published by Harper & Brothers

  • 1952 Arthur Laurent's "Time of the Cuckoo" premieres in NYC

Photography

1952 Photographer Henri Cartier-Bresson's influential photography book "The Decisive Moment" is first published in the US and France

  • 1954 Hurricane Hazel makes landfall in the US in North Carolina as a category 4 hurricane, 195 die in US and Canada
  • 1956 First plane to land safely on water - Pan Am Flight 6 San Francisco to Honolulu, all 24 passengers and 7 crew survive
  • 1956 Pyotr Bolotnikov runs world record 10k (28:42.8)
  • 1956 William J. Brennan, Jr. is appointed to US Supreme Court
  • 1958 Tunisia drops diplomatic relations with Egypt
  • 1958 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya, USSR
  • 1962 Byron R. White appointed to the US Supreme Court

Historic Event

1963 Ludwig Erhard succeeds Konrad Adenauer as Chancellor of West Germany

  • 1966 Australia bans Troggs' "I Can't Control Myself" as "terribly obscene"
  • 1966 Black Panther Party created by Huey P. Newton and Bobby Seale in Oakland, California

Historic Event

1966 LBJ signs a bill creating US Department of Transportation

The Motherland Calls

1967 The Motherland Calls, a monumental statue commemorating the battle of Stalingrad completed in Volgograd, Russia, then the World's tallest statue designed by Yevgeny Vuchetich

  • 1968 AL expansion draft, KC pick Roger Nelson & Pilots pick Don Mincher 1st
  • 1968 The Nationalist Party of Northern Ireland (NPNI) withdraws from its role as 'official' opposition within the Northern Ireland parliament at Stormont
  • 1969 Bank of America World Headquarters (555 California) dedicated
  • 1969 Vietnam Moratorium Day; millions nationwide protest the war
  • 1970 Bridge over Yarra River in Melbourne crashes; killing 35
  • 1970 Russian passenger flight hijacked to Turkey
  • 1971 The start of the 2,500-year celebration of Iran, celebrating the birth of Persia
  • 1971 World's first arcade video game Computer Space developed by Syzygy first demonstrated at the MOA Show in the US
  • 1973 Tanks attack Thailand demonstrating students, 300 killed
  • 1974 National Guard mobilizes to restore order in Boston school busing
  • 1974 Nobel prize for chemistry awarded to Paul J. Flory for work on macro molecules
  • 1975 Iceland moves intl boundary from 50 to 200 miles
  • 1977 Arkansas' Steve Little kicks a record tying 67 yard field goal
  • 1977 Don Ritchie runs world record 100 mile (11:30:51)
  • 1978 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1979 1st Monday night game from NYC, Jets beat Vikings 14-7 (Shea Stad)
  • 1979 Chinese premier Hwa Kwofeng visits Paris
  • 1979 Military coup in El Salvador: President Carlos Romero flees
  • 1980 Nobel Prize in Economics awarded to Lawrence Klein
  • 1981 Professional cheerleader Krazy George Henderson leads what is thought to be the first audience wave in Oakland, California.
  • 1983 Columbia beats Yale 21-18 in football, will lose next 44 games
  • 1983 US Marine sharpshooters kill 5 snipers at Beirut International Airport
  • 1984 Central Intelligence Agency Information Act passes
  • 1984 Centrum party expels 2nd Member of parliament Janmaat due to fraud
  • 1985 Nobel prize for economics awarded to Franco Modigliani
  • 1985 Shelley Taylor of Australia makes fastest swim ever around Manhattan Island, doing it in 6 hours 12 minutes 29 seconds
  • 1985 Shuttle Columbia carries Spacelab into orbit
  • 1987 6th Belgium government of Martens falls
  • 1987 Coup in Burkina Faso, president Sankara dies
  • 1987 Lanford Wilson's "Burn This" premieres in NYC
  • 1987 The Great Storm of 1987 hits France and England

Historic Event

1989 South African President F. W. de Klerk frees ANC Founder Walter Sisulu and four other political prisoners

Nobel Prize

1990 Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev wins the Nobel Peace Prize

Appointment of Interest

1991 Clarence Thomas is confirmed as a US Supreme Court Justice (52-48)

  • 1992 Charles Taylor launches an offensive against Monrovia Liberia
  • 1992 Howard Stern radio show begins broadcasting on WLUP-AM, Chicago
  • 1992 NYC Subway motorman Robert Ray convicted of manslaughter in death of 5 riders, when he fell asleep drunk while in control of train
  • 1993 Amstel brewery on Curacao produces 1,000,000,000th bottle
  • 1994 Botswana President Ketumile Masires BDP wins parliamentary election
  • 1994 President Jean-Baptiste Aristide returns to Haiti
  • 1997 Britain's Andy Green sets jet-powered car record (763.035 mph)
  • 1997 Former US Representative Dan Rostenkowski released from custody for mail fraud
  • 1997 Nobel Prize for Chemistry awarded to Jens Christain Skou, Paul D. Boyer and John E. Walker for their work on enzymes in the body
  • 1997 US launches nuclear powered Cassini to Saturn

Historic Event

2000 Museo de Antioquia re-opens in Medellín, Columbia, featuring works and sculptures donated by Medellín-born artist Fernando Botero

  • 2001 NASA's Galileo spacecraft passes within 112 miles of Jupiter's moon Io.
  • 2001 The first tanker loading of the new $2.5-billion Kazakh-Russia Pipeline takes place
  • 2003 China launches Shenzhou 5, its first manned space mission
  • 2003 The Staten Island Ferry boat Andrew J. Barberi collides with a pier at the St. George Ferry Terminal in Staten Island, killing 11 people and injuring 43.
  • 2005 Iraqi constitution ratification vote
  • 2005 Riot in Toledo, Ohio breaks out during a National Socialist/Neo-Nazi protest; over 100 are arrested
  • 2007 17 Activists in Aotearoa New Zealand arrested in the country's first post 9/11 anti-terrorism raids across the country
  • 2011 Global protests break out in 951 cities in 82 countries
  • 2011 Legoland Florida (the world's largest Legoland theme park) opens in Winter Haven, Florida
  • 2012 Hilary Mantel wins the 2012 Man Booker Prize for her novel "Bring Up the Bodies"

Historic Event

2013 Walmart announces that Doug McMillon, head of their International Division, will become its next CEO

  • 2017 500 wildfires occur in Portugal and Northern Spain fanned by winds from Hurricane Ophelia, killing at least 35
  • 2017 Austrian legislative elections: Austrian People's Party (ÖVP) win most seats (62), led by Sebastian Kurz (31)
  • 2018 American retailer Sears files for bankruptcy
  • 2018 At least 180,000 migrants driven out of Anglo and back into the Democratic Republic of Congo
  • 2018 Caravan of up to 4,000 Central American migrants that started in Honduras reaches Guatemala, heading for Mexico and the US
  • 2018 Indian minister and editor MJ Akbar files a defamation case after being accused of sexual harassment by multiple women in #MeToo case
  • 2019 Gunfight between Mexican security forces and armed civilians leaves 15 dead, in Guerrero state, a day after 13 police killed in a drug cartel ambush in Michoacán state
  • 2019 Record 12 Democratic presidential candidates participate in a live TV debate in Westerville, Ohio
  • 2020 Thai government issues emergency decree banning public gatherings amid increasing pro-democracy protests and criticism of the king
  • 2021 British MP Sir David Amess stabbed to death at a meeting of constituents in Essex in Leigh-on-Sea, England in probable terror attack