Events in History on October 18

  • 707 John VII ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1009 The Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem is destroyed by the Fatimid caliph Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah, who hacks the Church's foundations down to bedrock
  • 1016 Danes defeat Saxons at Battle of Assandun (Ashingdon)
  • 1081 Battle of Dyrrhachium: Southern Italian Normans under Robert Guiscard defeat Byzantine army under Alexios I Komnenos (modern Durrës, Albania)
  • 1240 Ukrainian city of Chernigov surrenders, despite this still sacked and pillaged by Mongolian army of Batu
  • 1267 Battle at Marienholz: Henry III, Otto II van Gelre beat Keuls archbishop Engelbert III
  • 1356 Basel earthquake, the most significant historic seismological event north of the Alps, destroys Basel in Switzerland.
  • 1386 Opening of the University of Heidelberg
  • 1534 New pursuit of French protestants
  • 1561 Fourth Battle of Kawanakajima -- Takeda Shingen defeats Uesugi Kenshin in the climax of their ongoing conflict
  • 1564 John Hawkins begins 2nd trip to America
  • 1572 Spanish troops attack Maastricht

Treaty of Interest

1622 French King Louis XIII & Huguenots sign Treaty of Montpellier

  • 1648 1st labor organization forms in North American colonies (Boston Shoemakers)
  • 1667 English fleet plunders Suriname plantations
  • 1672 Poland & Turkey sign Peace of Buczacz

Historic Event

1685 French King Louis XIV revokes Edict of Nantes cancelling rights of French Protestants

  • 1748 Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle signed, ending War of Austrian Succession
  • 1767 Boundary between Maryland and Pennsylvania, the Mason–Dixon line is agreed upon

Historic Event

1775 African-American poet Phillis Wheatley freed from slavery

  • 1776 Battle of Pelham: Colonel John Glover & Marblehead regiment meet British Forces in Bronx
  • 1776 In a bar decorated with bird tail in Elmsford, New York, a customer requests a glassful of “those cock tails” from bartender Betsy Flanagan

Historic Event

1776 Tadeusz Kościuszko receives a commission from US Congress as a colonel of engineers in the Continental Army

Historic Event

1790 Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling is granted permission to enroll at the Tübinger Stift at an earlier age than usually permitted

  • 1860 The Second Opium War finally ends at the Convention of Peking with the ratification of the Treaty of Tientsin, an unequal treaty.
  • 1862 Morgan's raiders capture federal garrison at Lexington, KY
  • 1863 Battle of Charlestown, WV

Alaska Purchase

1867 Alaska Purchase: US takes formal possession of Alaska from Russia, having paid $7.2 million

Historic Event

1869 Henrik Ibsen's "De Unges Forbund" (The League of Youth) premieres in Christiania (Oslo), Norway

  • 1873 1st football game between Toronto Argonauts & Hamilton Tigers
  • 1873 Columbia Princeton Rutgers & Yale set rules for collegiate football
  • 1878 Anti-socialist laws are ratified in Germany
  • 1878 Edison makes electricity available for household use
  • 1892 1st commercial long-distance phone line opens (Chicago-NY)
  • 1898 American flag raised in Puerto Rico
  • 1900 Count Bernard von Bulow becomes Chancellor of Germany, famous for first referring to Germany's need for 'place in the sun' and global empire
  • 1901 Belgium's Louise of den Plas begins activities towards women rights
  • 1908 Belgium annexes Congo Free State
  • 1909 Comte de Lambert of France sets airplane altitude record of 300 m

Historic Publication

1910 E. M. Forster publishes novel "Howards End"

  • 1912 The First Balkan War breaks out, with Bulgaria, Serbia, and Greece opposed to Turkey
  • 1914 Schoenstatt Movement is founded in Germany
  • 1915 3rd Italian offensive at Isonzo
  • 1918 Czechoslovakia declares independence from Austro-Hungarian Empire
  • 1918 Russian 10th Army drives out White armies of Tsaritsyn (Stalingrad)
  • 1919 Belvin Maynard wins the first transcontinental air race in round trip of nine days, four hours, 25 minutes and 12 seconds, race costs nine lives with 54 crashes or forced landings

Historic Event

1919 David Beatty is created 1st Earl Beatty, Viscount Borodale, and Baron Beatty of the North Sea and Brooksby

  • 1921 Biding its time, Soviet Russia agrees to independence for the Crimea

Historic Invention

1921 Charles Strite granted US patent #1,394,450 for his invention, the automatic pop-up toaster

  • 1924 Notre Dame beats Army 13-7, NY Hearld Tribune dubs them (4 Horsemen)
  • 1925 -20] French Gen Sarrail bombs Damascus

Historic Publication

1926 Frankfurter Zeitung publishes Lenin's political testament

  • 1929 Women are considered "Persons" under Canadian law

Historic Event

1931 American gangster Al Capone convicted of tax evasion

  • 1932 Belgium government of Renkin falls
  • 1940 Kaufman & Harts "George Washington Slept Here" premieres in NYC
  • 1941 Soviet spy Richard Sorge arrested in Tokyo

Historic Event

1942 Hitler orders captured allied commandos to be killed

  • 1943 US bombing of Bougainville, Solomon Island
  • 1944 Soviet troops invade Czechoslovakia during WW II
  • 1948 Operation 10 Plagues - Israeli offensive against Egyptian army
  • 1951 USSR performs nuclear test
  • 1952 Date of the first Mad Magazine issue
  • 1952 Vinoo Mankad takes 13 Pakistan wkts to win 1st India-Pak clash
  • 1954 Hurricane Hazel becomes most severe to ever hit the US, killing 195 in US and Canada
  • 1954 Texas Instruments Inc. announces the first transistor radio.
  • 1955 Buganda Agreement between Andrew Cohen, Governor of Uganda Protectorate, and Mutesa II, Kabaka of Buganda
  • 1955 University of California discovers anti-proton
  • 1960 In Britain, News Chronicle & Daily Mail merge and London Evening Star merges with Evening News
  • 1961 Emergency crisis proclaimed in South Vietnam due to communist attack

Nobel Prize

1962 James Watson (US), Francis Crick (UK) and Maurice Wilkins (UK) win the Nobel Prize for Medicine for their work in determining the structure of DNA [1]

Meeting of Interest

1962 JFK meets Soviet Minister of Foreign Affairs Andrei Gromyko

  • 1962 US launches Ranger 5 for lunar impact; misses Moon
  • 1962 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Johnston Island
  • 1967 Nobel Prize in Physics awarded to German-American nuclear physicist Hans Bethe
  • 1967 Soviet Venera 4 becomes 1st probe to send data back from Venus
  • 1968 Circus Circus hotel opens in Las Vegas, largest permanent big top in the world
  • 1969 Federal government bans use of cyclamates artificial sweeteners
  • 1969 Jefferson Airplane's Paul Kanter arrested for marijuana possession
  • 1969 Soyuz 8 returns to Earth
  • 1970 Sachio Kinugasa begins 2,215 cons game streak for Hiroshima Carp
  • 1973 Congress authorizes bi-centennial quarter, half-dollar & dollar coin
  • 1973 Nobel prize for Economic Sciences awarded to American Wassily Leontief
  • 1974 Andre van de Louw appointed Mayor of Rotterdam
  • 1975 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1976 Nobel prize for chemistry awarded to American William Lipscomb
  • 1977 1st Islander 0-0 tie-Kings at Nassau-25th time shutout-Resch's 15th
  • 1977 West German commandos liberate Boeing 737 with 86 hostages at Mogadishu
  • 1978 US 1st daughter Susan Ford announces engagement to Charles F Vance

Historic Event

1979 Iran's Ayatollah Khomeini orders mass executions to stop

  • 1979 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1979 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1981 Andreas Papandreous' PASOK wins Greek elections
  • 1981 Poland General Jaruzelski elected party leader
  • 1984 Discovery moves to Vehicle Assembly Building at Kennedy Space Center (Florida) for mating of STS 51A mission
  • 1984 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1988 Israel's supreme court uphold's ban on Kahane`s Kach Party as racist
  • 1988 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1989 East German state/party leader Erich Honecker resigns
  • 1989 Hungary revises its constitution after the fall of its Communist regime
  • 1989 US 62nd manned space mission STS 34 (Atlantis 5) launches into orbit
  • 1991 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1992 6.6 earthquake hits Colombia with no fatalities
  • 1992 Start of Zimbabwe's 1st Test match, v India at Harare
  • 1993 STS-58 (Columbia) launches into orbit

Historic Event

1997 The groundbreaking Guggenheim Museum, designed by Frank Gehry, is inaugurated by King Juan Carlos I in Bilbao, Spain

  • 2001 Crude Oil for November delivery falls to its lowest level since August 1999 on the New York Mercantile Exchange (NYMEX)
  • 2003 Bolivian Gas War: President Gonzalo Sánchez de Lozada, is forced to resign and leave Bolivia

Historic Event

2007 After 8 years in exile, Benazir Bhutto returns to Pakistan. The same night, suicide attackers blow themselves up near Bhutto's convoy, killing over 100, including 20 police officers. Bhutto escapes uninjured.

  • 2011 Israeli soldier Gilad Shalit is released by Hamas
  • 2012 Google stock trading suspended after premature release of a quarterly report indicating a 20% drop in profits and a 9% fall in share price
  • 2012 Syrian military airstrikes kill 40 people in Maaret al-Numan
  • 2013 Saudi Arabia becomes the first country to turn down a seat on the UN Security Council in protest over Syria
  • 2016 US White Houses says it is "confident" Russia behind recent email hacking and attempts to influence US election

Conference of Interest

2017 19th Chinese Communist Party congress opens in Beijing with President Xi Jinping delivering 3hr 23min speech heralding “new era”

Historic Event

2017 US congresswoman Frederica Wilson says President Donald Trump said to bereaved army family of Sgt. La David Johnson "He knew what he was signing up for, but I guess it hurts anyway"

  • 2019 1st all-female spacewalk by NASA astronauts Christina Koch and Jessica Meir outside the International Space Station
  • 2020 Bolivia elects Luis Arce President and his party, Movement for Socialism back into government
  • 2021 Ecuador President Guillermo Lasso declares 60-day state of emergency in response to a violent crime wave caused by power struggle between drug cartels
  • 2021 Flash foods and heavy rain in northern Indian state of Uttarakhand and Nepal kill over 100 people after 328mm falls in 24 hrs [1]
  • 2022 Evidence found of lost star catalog by 2nd century BC Greek astronomer Hipparchus (earliest known attempt to record celestial objects' coordinates with naked eye) found in palimpsest manuscript published by scholars [1]

Historic Event

2022 The Girl Scouts of the USA announces receipt of donations totaling $84.5 million from American philanthropist MacKenzie Scott