Events in History on October 2

  • 939 Battle at Andernach: King Otto & Hermann of Zwaben beat Eberhard of France & Giselbert of Lutherans
  • 976 Hisham II appointed kalief of Cordoba
  • 1134 Storm flood ravages Zeeland county

Victory in Battle

1187 Sultan Saladin captures Jerusalem from Crusaders

  • 1263 The battle of Largs: Scots defeat the Norwegians on the Firth of Clyde, Scotland, returning the Western Isles to Scotland and ending 500 years of Viking invasions
  • 1492 King Henry VII of England invades France
  • 1518 English cardinal Thomas Wolsey makes European plan

Historic Discovery

1535 Jacques Cartier discovers Mount Royal (Montreal)

  • 1540 Venice and Turkey signs peace

Victory in Battle

1552 Conquest of Kazan by Ivan the Terrible.

  • 1572 Spanish army occupies, plunders and destroys Mechelen
  • 1608 Hans Lippershey applies for patent for first known early telescope in the Netherlands

Historic Event

1614 French King Louis XIII declared an adult at 13

Historic Event

1627 Last Emperor of the Chinese Ming dynasty, Chongzhen, comes to the throne after death of his brother Emperor Tianqi

  • 1656 English North American colony of Connecticut passes law against Quakers
  • 1700 Spanish king Carlos II appoints Philip van Anjou as heir to the throne
  • 1760 Russian and Austrian army evacuates Berlin [NS=10/13]
  • 1787 Maagden House opens in Amsterdam

Bill of Rights

1789 George Washington transmits the proposed Constitutional amendments (The United States Bill of Rights) to the States for ratification

  • 1792 Baptist Missionary Society forms in London
  • 1795 Tula (leader slave uprising) sentence to death in Curacao
  • 1799 Duke of York & Russians capture Alkmaar in Netherlands
  • 1804 Britain mobilizes to protect against French invasion
  • 1833 NY Anti-Slavery Society organized
  • 1835 Battle of Gonzales fought between Texan settlers and Mexican forces. First engagement of the Texas revolution

Historic Expedition

1836 After 5 years at sea Charles Darwin returns to England aboard the HMS Beagle

  • 1851 The pasilalinic-sympathetic compass(a contraption built to test the pseudo-scientific hypothesis that snails create a permanent telepathic link when they mate) is demonstrated but proves to be a fake.
  • 1853 Austrian law forbids Jews from owning land
  • 1861 Former US VP John C Breckinridge flees Kentucky
  • 1864 Battle of Saltville, Virginia
  • 1866 J Osterhoudt patents tin can with key opener
  • 1870 Italy annexes Rome & Papal States; Rome made Italian capital

Historic Event

1871 US Mormon leader Brigham Young arrested for bigamy

  • 1872 Morgan State University founded

Historic Event

1872 Phileas Fogg sets out on his journey as depicted in Jules Verne's "Around the World in Eighty Days"

  • 1889 1st Pan American conference (Washington, D.C.)
  • 1889 In Colorado, Nicholas Creede strikes it rich in silver during the last great silver boom of the American Old West.
  • 1893 Cheniere Caminada hurricane (Great October Storm) - 3rd worst hurricane in US history kills 1,800 in Louisiana (one of the 1st to be classified as a category 4 storm)
  • 1899 Orange Free state mobilizes
  • 1901 First Royal Navy submarine launched at Barrow-in-Furness

Historic Publication

1902 Beatrix Potter's "The Tale of Peter Rabbit" is published by Frederick Warne & Co. in London

  • 1904 German General Lothar von Trotha issues order to exterminate Herero people of Namidia, first genocide of the 20th Century, will kill 65,000 Herero and 100,000 of the Nama tribe
  • 1910 1st 2 aircraft collision (Milan Italy)
  • 1910 Henry Wijnmalen flies to 2,800m altitude (world record)

Historic Event

1912 Gopal Krishna Gokhale, at invitation of Gandhi, arrives in South Africa on a 26-day tour; he also visits Tolstoy Farm

  • 1916 Zoological Society of San Diego founded, in San Diego, California
  • 1919 1st edition "Volkskrant" (People's newspaper) published in Neth

Historic Event

1919 US President Woodrow Wilson has a stroke, leaving him partially paralyzed

  • 1920 The Chinese sign an agreement with the Russo-Asiatic Bank, largely French and Russian controlled, which will oversee the Chinese Eastern Railway, but give local supervision to China
  • 1923 British occuping army leaves Constantinople
  • 1924 League of Nations approves protocols of Geneva
  • 1928 "Prelature of the Holy Cross and the Work of God", known as Opus Dei, founded by Saint Josemaría Escrivá

Catholic Encyclical

1931 Pope Pius XI encyclical On economic crisis

Historic Event

1935 Mussolini's Italian army attacks Abyssinia (Ethiopia)

  • 1935 NY Hayden Planetarium, 4th in US, opens
  • 1936 1st alcohol power plant forms, Atchison, Kansas
  • 1936 Amsterdam's Calvinist Churches reject Nazism
  • 1936 French franc devalued, relatively late and after Britain (1931) and the US (1933)

Historic Event

1937 FDR visits Grand Coulee Dam construction site in Washington State

  • 1940 17 German aircraft shot down over England
  • 1940 British Council receives Royal Charter
  • 1940 British liner Empress, loaded with refugees for Canada, sunk
  • 1941 6 Paris synagogues are bombed by Gestapo
  • 1941 Germans launch attack on Moscow
  • 1942 RMS Queen Mary, carrying thousands of US troops, slices cruiser HMS Curacao in half, killing 239
  • 1943 Japanese troops leave Kolombangara, Solomon Island
  • 1944 Polish resistance fighters capitulate in the Warsaw Uprising, with some 250,000 people killed
  • 1944 US B-17's drops pamphlets on Walcheren
  • 1947 Revised International Telecommunication Convention adopted
  • 1949 USSR recognizes People's Republic of China

Historic Publication

1950 1st strip of Charlie Brown, "Li'l Folks", later "Peanuts", by Charles M. Schulz published in seven nationwide papers

  • 1954 Former French possession of Chandernagore made part of West Bengal, India
  • 1955 Chiva Stoica becomes premier of Romania
  • 1956 1st atomic power clock exhibited-NYC
  • 1957 New volcanic island appears off Fayal Island Azores
  • 1958 Guinea (French Guinea) gains independence from France (National Day)
  • 1958 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1961 USSR performs 250 kilo-ton nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya, USSR
  • 1962 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Johnston Island

Historic Event

1963 West German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer condemns western grain shipments to USSR

Historic Event

1965 Pope Paul VI named MR Perey bishop's helper of New Orleans

  • 1967 Groundbreaking begins on Veteran's Stadium in Philadelphia

Historic Event

1967 Thurgood Marshall sworn in as 1st black Supreme Court Justice

  • 1968 1st London performance of "Promises, Promises" presented
  • 1968 Mexico City police fire on protesting students, 300-500 killed
  • 1968 Redwood National Park established to preserve the tallest trees on earth, by an act of US Congress with 58,000 acres (later extended) [1]
  • 1968 Republic Guinea forms (day of republic)
  • 1969 US performs underground nuclear test at Amchitka Island Aleutians
  • 1970 14 members of the Wichita State University Football team as well as 17 administrators and supporters are killed in a plane crash in the Rocky Mountains
  • 1971 Homing pigeon averages a record 133kph in an 1100km race in Australia
  • 1972 Aeroflot Il-18 crashes near Black Sea resort of Sochi, kills 105
  • 1972 Bill Stoneman of Montreal pitches his 2nd no-hitter, beating Mets, 7-0
  • 1972 Danish population votes for membership of the European Common Market
  • 1972 Ron Johnson becomes 1st NY Giant to score 4 TDs (vs Philadelphia)
  • 1975 Four Ulster Volunteer Force members killed after a bomb they are carrying prematurely explodes in Farrenlester, near Coleraine
  • 1975 The Ulster Volunteer Force kill 7 civilians in a series of attacks across Northern Ireland; 6 were Catholic civilians and 1 was a Protestant civilian
  • 1977 Pakistani general Zia ul-Haq bans all opposition
  • 1978 Syrian & Palestinians shoot in East Beirut, 1,300 killed

Papal Visit

1979 Pope John Paul II visits New York City, and at the U.N. denounces all concentration camps and torture

  • 1980 Michael Myers (D-Pa), is 1st rep expelled in over 100 years (ABSCAM)
  • 1981 Ali Chamenei elected president of Iran
  • 1982 Bomb attack in Tehran, kills 60, injures 700

Historic Event

1982 The Portland Building, designed by Michael Graves, considered the 1st postmodern building is opened in Portland Oregon

  • 1983 Carl Yastrezemski's last at bat
  • 1984 3 cosmonauts return after a record 237 days in orbit
  • 1984 Papa John's Pizza is founded by John Schnatter in Jeffersonville, Indiana; it would go on to become the fourth-largest pizza delivery restaurant chain in the United States
  • 1984 Richard Miller becomes 1st (former) FBI agent to be charged with espionage

Historic Event

1985 Russian party leader Gorbachev visits Paris (his first trip abroad)

Assassination Attempt

1986 Sikhs attempt to assassinate Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi

  • 1988 Pakistan's Supreme Court orders free elections
  • 1990 Chinese plane explodes, about 100 die
  • 1990 Radio Berlin International's final transmission (links to Deutsche Welles of West Germany); final song is "The End" by Doors
  • 1990 US Senate votes 90-9 to confirm David Souter's appointment to Supreme Court
  • 1990 WW2 Allied nations cede any remaining rights as occupiers of Germany
  • 1992 The Carandiru Massacre takes place after a riot in the Carandiru Penitentiary in São Paulo, Brazil
  • 1992 VP Itamar Franco becomes President of Brazil
  • 1994 Pakistan defeat Australia by one wicket in Karachi Test
  • 2002 The Beltway sniper attacks begin, extending over three weeks
  • 2004 American Samoa joins the North American Numbering Plan
  • 2005 The Ethan Allen tour boat capsizes on Lake George in Upstate New York, killing twenty people
  • 2006 Charles Carl Roberts murders five schoolgirls in a shooting incident at an Amish school in Nickel Mines, Pennsylvania; he then commits suicide.

Summit of Interest

2007 President Roh Moo-hyun of South Korea walks across the Military Demarcation Line into North Korea on his way to the second Inter-Korean Summit with North Korean leader Kim Jong-il

Historic Event

2009 "Stan Lee Day" declared by County of Los Angeles and the City of Long Beach

  • 2009 The economic crisis in Ireland is considered to be the driving force behind the largest migration of Irish people to London in 20 years, it is reported today
  • 2012 10 people are killed after a minibus and truck collide in Ilocos Norte, Philippines
  • 2012 20 students are gunned down in Mubi, Nigeria
  • 2013 8 people are killed and 14 are injured after an accident involving an SUV, church bus, and tractor trailer in Jefferson County, Tennessee
  • 2014 15 people are killed after a gunpowder plant explodes in Gorni Lom, Bulgaria
  • 2014 Siege of Syrian town Kobani and its surrounds by ISIS prompts 130,00 people to flee the area
  • 2016 Colombia votes against a peace agreement with rebel group FARC in a national referendum
  • 2017 US scientists Jeffrey C. Hall, Michael Rosbash and Michael Young awarded Nobel Prize for physiology or medicine for work on the body clock
  • 2018 Nobel prize in Physics awarded to Arthur Ashkin (optical tweezers), Gérard Mourou and Donna Strickland (both for laser beams)

Historic Event

2018 Saudi American journalist Jamal Khashoggi enters the Saudi consulate in Istanbul, never to be seen again prompting a diplomatic crisis

Historic Event

2018 The Queen's Window, with stained glass designed by David Hockney, celebrating the reign of Queen Elizabeth II, is consecrated at Westminster Abbey

  • 2019 Two politicians in Peru claim to be the country's leader for a day until Mercedes Aráoz resigns so the constitutional court can rule on the matter
  • 2021 Massive oil slick from a pipeline discovered off California, along Orange County coast covering 13 square miles