Events in History on October 20

  • 1097 1st Crusaders arrive in Antioch during the First Crusade

Treaty of Interest

1528 Treaty of Gorinchem signed between Holy Roman Emperor Charles V and Duke Charles of Guelders

Historic Event

1536 King Christian III of Denmark & Norway leads reform in Catholic possessions

  • 1576 Spanish troops occupy & plunder Maastricht
  • 1587 Battle at Coultras: Henri van Navarra beats Catholic League
  • 1600 Battle of Sekigahara sets Tokugawa clan as Japan's rulers (shoguns)
  • 1603 Chinese uprising in the Philippines fails after 23,000 killed

Historic Event

1634 British King Charles I disbands new "Ship Money" tax

Royal Coronation

1714 Georg Ludwig von Hannover crowned as Britain's King George I at Westminster Abbey

  • 1740 Maria Theresa becomes ruler of Austria, Hungary & Bohemia
  • 1751 Royal ship Duc de Bourgogne launched at Rochefort
  • 1774 American Continental Congress orders discouragement of entertainment
  • 1786 Harvard University organizes 1st astronomical expedition in US
  • 1803 US Senate ratifies the Louisiana Purchase
  • 1813 German Kingdom of Westphalia abolished
  • 1817 1st Mississippi "Showboat" leaves Nashville on maiden voyage
  • 1818 49th parallel forms as border between US & Canada
  • 1818 US and Britain agree to joint control of Oregon country
  • 1822 1st edition of London Sunday Times
  • 1827 Naval Battle of Navarino (off the Peloponnese coast): English, Russian, French combined fleet beat a Turkish and Egyptian force, paving the way for Greek independence
  • 1835 HMS Beagle leaves Galapagos Archipelago to sail to Tahiti
  • 1839 Margaret Fuller is appointed editor of new US Transcendental Magazine "The Dial"
  • 1843 1st Chinese immigrant arrives in Suriname
  • 1847 12 year old English boy William Nelman poisons his grandpa with arsenic, would become famous court case
  • 1856 Arnhem-Oberhausen railway in Netherlands opens
  • 1862 Amnesty proclaimed for escaped slaves of Suriname
  • 1880 Amsterdam Free University opens
  • 1883 Max Bruch's "Kol Nidre" 1st performed
  • 1883 Treaty of Ancon; Peru cedes Tarapaca to Chile

Theater Premiere

1889 Gerhart Hauptmann's play "Vor Sonnenaufgang" (Before Dawn) premieres in Berlin to a scandalous reception

  • 1891 1st International 6 day bike race at New York's Madison Square Garden begins
  • 1898 NC Mutual & Provident Insurance Company forms
  • 1899 Battle at Talana Hill, Natal: British army vs Boers
  • 1902 The Chamber of Deputies appoints a committee to consider questions on the separation of Church and State in France
  • 1903 US wins disputed boundary between District of Alaska & Canada
  • 1904 Bolivia and Chile sign a treaty ending the War of the Pacific; recognizing Chile's possession of the coast, providing for construction of a railway linking La Paz, Bolivia, to Arica on the coast
  • 1905 Great General Strike in Russia begins; lasts 11 days

Historic Event

1905 Russian Tsar Nicholas II allows the Poles to speak Polish to help quell the revolution in the Kingdom of Poland

  • 1906 Dr Lee DeForest demonstrates his electrical vacuum tube (radio tube)
  • 1908 King Leopold II sells Congo to Belgium
  • 1910 The hull of the RMS Olympic, sister-ship to the ill-fated RMS Titanic, launched from Harland and Wolff shipyard in Belfast, Ireland

Historic Event

1911 Norwegian Roald Amundsen sets out a race to the South Pole

  • 1912 Cort Theater opens at 148 W 48th St NYC

Historic Event

1917 US suffragette Alice Paul begins a 7 month jail sentence for peacefully picketing in support of the women's Suffrage (right to vote) Amendment at the White House in Washington, D.C.

End of World War I

1918 In order to secure a WWI armistice, Germany agrees to further concessions

  • 1920 "1st Year" with Frank Craven premieres in NYC
  • 1921 Germany and Allies comes to an agreements over reparation payments in a meeting at Wiensbaden
  • 1921 The French and Mustafa Kemal nationalists sign a treaty at Ankara fixing the Turko-Syrian border
  • 1922 Kennelworth in Bronx renamed Dwight Place
  • 1926 Hurricane in Cuba, kills 600

Historic Event

1928 Wien Alaska Airways, Inc. incorporated; the first airline in Alaska and one of the 1st in the US with Noel Wien as president

  • 1929 Bayshore Highway opens (San Francisco)
  • 1930 British White Paper restricts Jews from buying Arab land
  • 1931 Frankie Frisch of the Cards named MVP
  • 1935 400,000 demonstrators against fascism in Madrid
  • 1935 Anti-fascist People's Front forms in Brussels

Historic Event

1935 Communist forces end their Long March at Yan'an, in Shaanxi, China, bringing Mao Zedong to prominence

  • 1936 Spanish government moves to Barcelona

Catholic Encyclical

1939 Pope Pius XII publishes his 1st encyclical Summi pontificatus

  • 1940 Cheese rationed in the Netherlands
  • 1940 Greenhouse rationing begins in the Netherlands
  • 1941 Nazi occupiers murder 500 inhabitants of Kragujevac Serbia
  • 1942 "Durham Manifesto" issued by the Southern Conference on Race Relations held in Durham, North Carolina, calls for fundamental changes in race relations
  • 1944 Liquid-gas tanks in Cleveland, Ohio, explode, 135 die, and 3,600 are left homeless
  • 1944 Revolution by workers & students in Guatemala
  • 1944 Soviet and Yugoslav troops free Belgrade
  • 1944 US 1st army wins battle of Aachen on Germany's western border

Historic Event

1947 Robinson Jeffers' play "Medea" adapted from Euripides premieres in NYC

  • 1949 Eugenie Anderson becomes 1st woman US ambassador (to Denmark)

Historic Event

1950 Chemists Archer John Porter Martin and James Lovelock give the first demonstration of gas chromatography at a meeting of the Biochemical Society. The technique is rapidly adopted by the petrochemical industry.

  • 1951 The "Johnny Bright Incident" occurs in Stillwater, Oklahoma
  • 1952 Emergency crisis proclaimed in Kenya
  • 1956 58°F (15°C), Esperanza Station, Antarctica (then Antarctic record high)
  • 1956 Hannes Lindemann begins journey across Atlantic in a 17' craft
  • 1957 Karachi A (277-0d) beat Sind A by an innings without losing a wicket

Nobel Prize

1957 Lester B. Pearson is the first Canadian to be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his aid in resolving the Suez Crisis

Historic Event

1957 Walter Cronkite begins hosting weekly documentary

  • 1959 Clark Griffith of Senators says team will not move the franchise
  • 1960 1st fully mechanized post office opened, Providence, Rhode Island
  • 1962 Chinese army lands in India
  • 1962 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Johnston Island

Historic Event

1963 Alec Douglas-Home's Conservative Party forms British government

  • 1963 France performs underground nuclear test at Ecker, Algeria

Historic Event

1963 South Africa begins trial of Nelson Mandela & 8 others on conspiracy charges

  • 1964 Mad Dog Vachon beats Verne Gagne in Minneapolis, to become NWA champ
  • 1965 Mass arrests of communists in Indonesia

Nobel Prize

1966 Nobel Prize for Literature awarded jointly to Jewish writers Shmuel Yosef Agnon and Nelly Sachs

  • 1967 All white federal jury convicts 7 in murder of 3 civil rights workers in Meridan Mississippi
  • 1970 American agronomist Norman Borlaug awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his contribution to world food supply
  • 1970 Zond 8 Launches to orbit the Moon
  • 1971 The Nepal stock exchange collapses.

Historic Event

1971 US Senator Edward Kennedy calls for a withdrawal of British troops from Northern Ireland and all-party negotiations to establish a United Ireland

Nobel Prize

1971 West German Chancellor Willy Brandt is awarded Nobel Peace Prize

Appointment of Interest

1972 John Betjeman is appointed British Poet Laureate by Queen Elizabeth II

  • 1972 Queen Juliana visits Yugoslavia
  • 1973 The Family Station Inc buys shortwave Radio Station WNYW, changes call letters to WYFR & moves station from NYC to Scituate, Massachusetts
  • 1973 US President Nixon accepts the resignations of Attorney General Elliot L. Richardson and Deputy Attorney General William D. Ruckelshaus as they refuse orders to discharge Watergate Special Prosecutor Archibald Cox, in what has become known as "The Saturday Night Massacre"; after the resignations, Acting Attorney General Robert Bork fires Cox
  • 1974 1st broadcast of "Derrick" on ZDF
  • 1975 Soviet orbiter Venera 9 becomes the 1st spacecraft to orbit Venus
  • 1975 Supreme Court rules teachers could spank their pupils after warning
  • 1976 70 die as Norwegian tanker Frosta collides with George Prince

Historic Event

1977 David Mamet's "Life in the Theater" premieres in NYC

  • 1978 Paul Vanden Boeynants forms Belgium government
  • 1978 US dollar devalued below Dutch Ÿ2

Historic Event

1979 John F. Kennedy Library dedicated in Boston

  • 1981 3 members of Weather underground arrested for armored truck robbery
  • 1981 Bomb attack on Antwerp Belgium synagogue, 1 dead, 80 injured
  • 1982 Nobel Prize in Economics awarded to George Stigler
  • 1982 Sri Lanka President Jayewardene re-elected
  • 1983 IBM-PC DOS Version 2.1 released
  • 1984 Cleveland Metroparks' Valley Parkway All Purpose Trails are completed
  • 1984 The Monterey Bay Aquarium opens in Monterey Bay, California.
  • 1986 Tupolev-134 crashes in Southern Africa
  • 1987 10 die as US Air Force jet crashed into a Ramada Inn near Indianapolis
  • 1987 Dow-Jones increases 102.27 pts/608,120,000 shares traded (record)
  • 1987 Subway vigilante Bernhard Goetz sentenced to 6 months in jail
  • 1988 Britain ends suspects' right to remain silent in crackdown on IRA
  • 1988 Gastineau sacks Jets, retires from football "for personal reasons"
  • 1988 Man armed with explosives blows himself up in 125 St subway station (NYC)
  • 1989 Pakistan win Sharjah Trophy over India & WI on round-robin
  • 1989 US Senate impeaches US District Judge Alcee L Hastings
  • 1990 3 members of 2 Live Crew acquitted on obsenity charges in Florida
  • 1990 Antiwar protest marches begin in 20 US cities (US-Iraq)
  • 1991 6.1-7.1 earthquake in Uttar Kashi, India, about 670 die
  • 1991 Formal opening ceremony of Intl One Mind Zen center in Crestone, Colo
  • 1992 David Houghton scores Zimbabwe's 1st Test hundred (121 v India, debut)
  • 1992 Mr Johnson surrenders Monrovia, Liberia & is exiled to Nigeria
  • 1995 Sri Lanka beat West Indies to win Sharjah Champions Trophy final
  • 1995 STS 73 (Columbia 18) launches into orbit
  • 1997 US accuses Microsoft of violating pact forcing IE browser on computers

Battle of Interest

2011 The former leader of Libya, Muammar Gaddafi, and his son Moatassem Gaddafi are killed shortly after the battle of Sirte (2011) while in the custody of NTC fighters.

  • 2013 30 people are killed by a suicide truck bomber in Hama, Syria
  • 2013 37 people are killed in a suicide bombing in Baghdad, Iraq
  • 2013 78 people are killed by cattle raiders in Jonglei, Sudan

Historic Event

2014 Joko Widodo becomes President of Indonesia

  • 2014 Laquan McDonald (17) is shot dead by Chicago police officer Jason Van Dyke while jaywalking, the murder caught on video footage
  • 2015 Migrants arriving in Greece top 500,00 for the year, according to the UN

Historic Event

2015 US Vice President Joe Biden confirms he will not run for President in 2016

  • 2017 Pollution linked to 1 in 6 deaths worldwide or 9 million in 2015 in report published in "The Lancet"
  • 2018 12,000 year old fossil called "Luzia", oldest known fossil in South America announced found mostly intact after devastating fire at Brazil's National Museum
  • 2018 Australia's center-right coalition government loses its 1-seat majority by losing the Wentworth by-election

Agreement of Interest

2018 President Trump threatens to pull the US out of an arms control agreement with Russia because Russia has violated its terms

  • 2019 1st New York to Sydney non-stop test flight by a commercial airline achieved by a Qantas Boeing 787 Dreamliner, takes 19 hours 42 minutes
  • 2020 Argentina becomes the fifth country in the world to record over 1 million confirmed COVID-19 cases with the death toll at 26,716
  • 2020 Nigerian police open fire on protesters in Lagos amid escalating protests against police violence around the country
  • 2020 US Justice Department sues Google for illegal monopoly over search and search advertising
  • 2020 Vietnam suffers its worst floods in decades with over 100 people killed according to the Red Cross
  • 2021 Barbados elects Sandra Mason as its first-ever president, as part of a process to replace Queen Elizabeth and become a republic

COVID-19 Pandemic

2021 Brazilian Senate inquiry finds President Bolsonaro should face series of criminal charges, including crimes against humanity, for his handling of the COVID-19 pandemic [1]

  • 2021 Confirmation that Vikings established settlement first in 1021 AD in the New World at L’Anse aux Meadows, Newfoundland, provided by new dating technique using solar storms [1]

Historic Event

2022 UK Prime Minister Liz Truss announces her intention to resign, after 44 days in office, making her term shortest in country's history [1]