Events in History on October 22

  • 362 The temple of Apollo at Daphne, outside of Antioch, is destroyed in a mysterious fire
  • 794 Emperor Kanmu relocates Japanese capital to Heiankyo (now Kyoto).
  • 1335 Ex-emperor Hanazono (95th Emperor of Japan) became a Zen priest
  • 1383 The 1383-85 Crisis in Portugal: A period of civil war and disorder begins after King Fernando dies without a male heir to the Portuguese throne
  • 1575 Foundation of Aguascalientes (one of 32 Federal Entities of Mexico)
  • 1633 Battle of Liaoluo Bay: Dutch East India Company defeated by Chinese Ming naval forces in southern Fujian sea
  • 1707 Scilly Naval Disaster: shipwreck of four Royal navy warships and loss of 1400 men during a storm off the Scilly Isles - will prompt 1714 British Act of Parliament competition to find longitude at sea
  • 1708 Great Alliance occupies Rijsel

Historic Event

1721 Tsar Peter the Great becomes "All-Russian Imperator"

  • 1746 Princeton University (NJ) received its charter
  • 1797 Andre-Jacques Garnerin makes 1st parachute descent from a balloon in Paris
  • 1799 Russia leaves second anti-French Coalition
  • 1812 Duke of Wellington seizes Burgos, Spain
  • 1827 German chemist Friedrich Wöhler is the first to isolate pure aluminium

Election of Interest

1836 Sam Houston inaugurated as 1st elected President of the Republic of Texas

  • 1844 Millerite Adventists wait for appearance of Jesus
  • 1861 1st telegraph line linking West & East coasts completed
  • 1862 Battle at Old Fort Wayne, Indian Territory
  • 1862 Confederate troops reconquer Cumperland Gap, Tennessee
  • 1867 Foundation of the National University of Colombia.
  • 1875 First telegraphic connection in Argentina.
  • 1875 Sons of American Revolution organizes
  • 1877 The Blantyre mining disaster in Scotland kills 207 miners. Those widows and orphans who were unable to support themselves were evicted by the mine owners and likely sent to the Poor House.

Historic Invention

1879 Thomas Edison perfects carbonized cotton filament light bulb

  • 1883 1st NY Horse Show held (Madison Sq Garden)
  • 1884 General Gordon receives letter of Mahdi
  • 1884 International Meridian Conference in Washington, D.C. adopts Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) worldwide, creating 24 international time zones with longitude zero at the Greenwich meridian
  • 1895 David Belasco's "Heart of Maryland" premieres in NYC
  • 1895 In Paris an express train overruns a buffer stop, crosses more than 30 meters of concourse before plummeting through a window at Gare Montparnasse
  • 1897 World's first car dealer opens in London
  • 1899 British troops flee Dundee, Natal South Africa
  • 1904 Russian fleet shoots at British fishing ship
  • 1906 3000 blacks demonstrate & riot in Philadelphia

Historic Event

1906 Henry Ford becomes President of Ford Motor Company

  • 1907 Panic of 1907: A run on Knickerbocker Trust Company stock leads to US wide run on banks

Historic Event

1907 Ringling Brothers Greatest Show on Earth buys Barnum & Bailey circus

  • 1910 Dr. Crippen is convicted at the Old Bailey of poisoning his wife and was subsequently hanged at Pentonville Prison in London.
  • 1913 Explosion at Dawson NM coal mine kills 263 mine workers

Historic Event

1916 US suffragette Inez Milholland collapses during a speech in Los Angeles (dies weeks later). Her last word's are to President Woodrow Wilson “Mr. President, how long must women wait for liberty?”

  • 1924 Toastmasters International is founded
  • 1928 China expels all Russian instructors & civil servants
  • 1928 ESL Robinson's "Far-Off Hills" premieres in Dublin

Historic Event

1928 Herbert Hoover speaks of "American system of rugged individualism"

  • 1928 Phi Sigma Alpha fraternity is founded at the University of Puerto Rico, Rio Piedras Campus.

Historic Event

1929 8th French government of Aristide Briand falls

  • 1929 James H Scullin forms Australia government
  • 1930 Blake & Razaf's "Lew Leslie's Blackbirds of 1930" premieres in NYC
  • 1932 Charles de Broqueville becomes premier of Belgium
  • 1932 George Kaufman & Edna Ferbers "Dinner at 8" premieres in NYC

Historic Event

1934 Notorious bank robber Charles "Pretty Boy" Floyd is shot and killed by FBI agents in East Liverpool, Ohio

  • 1935 Establishment of the rank of Marshal of the Soviet Union
  • 1936 1st commercial flight from mainland to Hawaii
  • 1938 Chester Carlson has 1st successful experiment in electrophotography, later sold to the Haloid Company and dubbed "Xerox copying"

Historic Event

1938 President of Czechoslovakia Edvard Beneš goes into exile in London, in the aftermath of the Munich agreement and German annexation of Sudetenland

Theater Premiere

1941 Maxwell Anderson's play "Candle in the Wind" premieres in NYC

  • 1942 1st ships of invasion fleet for Oran (Algeria) leave Scotland
  • 1942 Operation Flagpole: US Major General Mark Clark & Brigadier General Lyman Lemnitzer meet Vichy French Général Charles Mast secretly in small fishing village of Cherchell, Algeria to finalize plans for Allied Invasion of North Africa
  • 1944 Kurita's vice-admiral fleet leaves North-Borneo
  • 1946 2 British ships sink near Albania
  • 1948 Egyptian flagship King Farouk sunk by Israel
  • 1949 200 killed in train derailment near Nowy Dwor Poland
  • 1949 Emile Zatopek runs world record 10,000m (29:21.2)
  • 1951 Earthquake hits Formosa, 100 killed
  • 1951 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1953 Laos gains full independence from France
  • 1954 West Germany joins North Atlantic Treaty Organization
  • 1956 A concrete girder weighing 200 tons kills 48 in Karachi, Pakistan.
  • 1956 France intercept Moroccan plane, arrest Ben Bella
  • 1956 Great Britain performs nuclear test at Maralinga Australia

Election of Interest

1957 Konrad Adenauer re-elected Chancellor of West Germany

  • 1961 75,000 Flemings demand equal rights & Flemish language in Belgium

Cuban Missile Crisis

1962 Cuban Missile Crisis: US President John F. Kennedy addresses TV about Russian missile bases in Cuba and imposes a naval blockade on Cuba, beginning the missile crisis

Historic Event

1962 JFK receives Ugandan premier Milton Obote

  • 1962 Pacific Science Center opens at Seattle Center
  • 1962 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1963 225,000 students boycot Chicago schools in Freedom Day protest
  • 1963 BAC One-Eleven prototype airliner crashes on October 22 in UK with the loss of all on board.

Nobel Prize

1964 French philosopher and author Jean-Paul Sartre refuses Nobel prize

  • 1964 US performs underground nuclear test at Hattiesburg, Mississippi
  • 1966 USSR launches Luna 12 for orbit around Moon
  • 1968 Apollo 7 returns to Earth
  • 1969 KAPN-AM in Santa Barbara CA changes call letters to KDB-AM
  • 1971 USSR performs nuclear test
  • 1973 Israeli troops reconquer mountain Hermon
  • 1973 Security Council Resolution 338-cease fire to Yom Kippur War
  • 1975 Soviet spacecraft Venera 9 soft-lands on Venus, becoming the first lander to return images from the surface of another planet
  • 1975 Turkish diplomat shot to death in Vienna
  • 1975 World Football League disbands after the Week 12 of their second season
  • 1976 Red Dye No. 4 is banned by the US Food and Drug Administration after it is discovered that it causes tumors in the bladders of dogs. The dye is still used in Canada.
  • 1977 International Sun-Earth Explorers 1 & 2 launched into Earth orbit
  • 1978 Laugh-in's Judy Carne arrested at Gatwick Airport for drug possession

Papal Inauguration

1978 Pope John Paul II is inaugurated as Pope

  • 1979 "One Mo' Time" with Vernel Bagners premieres in NYC

Historic Event

1979 Deposed Shah of Iran Mohammad Reza Pahlavi arrives in NYC for medical treatment

  • 1980 4th government of Martens forms in Belgium
  • 1980 New South Korean constitution comes into effect
  • 1981 Professional Air Traffic Controllers Organization decertified
  • 1981 Start of 1st-class game at Newcastle, NSW v Queensland
  • 1981 The founding congress of the Nepal Workers and Peasants Organisation faction led by Hareram Sharma and D.P. Singh begins.
  • 1981 The TGV railway service Paris-Lyon is inaugurated.
  • 1981 The U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved aspartame artificial sweetener for tabletop use following years of scrutiny
  • 1981 US national debt tops $1 trillion
  • 1981 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • 1982 Gene Mauch resigns as manager of Angels
  • 1983 Two correctional officers are killed by inmates in Marion, Illinois. The incident inspired the Supermax model of prisons.
  • 1986 WNBC-AM NYC helicopter crashes into Hudson River during a live report, killing traffic reporter Jane Dornacker
  • 1987 Nobel prize for literature awarded to Joseph Brodsky

Historic Event

1988 US Supreme Court Justice Sandra Day O'Connor survives breast cancer surgery

  • 1989 Red Khmer occupies Pailin in Cambodia
  • 1991 General Motors announces 9 month loss of $US2.2 billion
  • 1992 Space Shuttle STS 52 (Columbia 13) launches into space
  • 1992 Wendy Wasserstein's play "Sisters Rosensweig" premieres in NYC
  • 1993 Russian cosmonaut Aleksandr Serebrov makes record 9th space walk
  • 1994 Statue of Sam Houston unveiled in Texas
  • 1997 Compaq testifies Microsoft threaten to break Windows 95 agreement if they showcased a Netscape icon

Historic Event

1997 Larry Flynt sells Hustler to an under-age buyer in a non-zoned area of Cincinnati, Ohio

  • 1997 Yahoo completes purchase of Four11
  • 1999 Maurice Papon, an official in the Vichy France government during World War II, is jailed for crimes against humanity.
  • 2004 Discovery and isolation of new wonder material Graphene announced in paper by Andre Geim and Konstantin Novoselov (Nobel Prize 2010). Incredibly they used scotch tape to peal layers off Graphite. [1]
  • 2005 Tropical Storm Alpha forms in the Atlantic Basin, making the 2005 Atlantic Hurricane Season the most active Atlantic hurricane season on record with 22 named storms.
  • 2006 Panama Canal expansion proposal is approved by 77.8% of voters in a National referendum held in Panama
  • 2008 Google Play is launched, the official app store for the Android operating system
  • 2008 India launches its first unmanned lunar mission Chandrayaan-1.

Murder of Interest

2009 Former Uruguayan dictator Gregorio Álvarez sentenced to 25 years in prison for aggravated murder of 37 Uruguayan dissidents who had fled to Argentina [1]

  • 2009 Microsoft releases Windows 7
  • 2012 6 Italian scientists are convicted of manslaughter for their failure to predict the 2009 L'Aquila earthquake
  • 2012 Hurricane Sandy forms in the Western Caribbean Sea
  • 2013 22 security force personal are killed in attacks on military checkpoints in Anbar Province, Iraq
  • 2013 37 Boko Harem Islamist militants are killed by air and ground strikes in Nigeria
  • 2016 AT&T buy Time Warner for $85.4 billion

Historic Event

2018 Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison makes a public apology to victims of child sexual abuse in institutions

  • 2018 Cameroon's President Paul Biya wins seventh term in office, extending his 36 years in office, in election marred by intimidation and low turnout

Historic Event

2018 Pipe bomb sent to George Soros' New York home address, first Democrat to receive series of pipe bombs in US

  • 2019 Chilean president Sebastián Piñera agrees to meet opposition leaders after 15 people killed in growing nationwide protests over living costs and inequality

Historic Event

2019 Japanese Emperor Naruhito alongside Empress Masako formally declares his ascension to the throne of the world's oldest monarchy

  • 2019 Legislation for Northern Ireland legalizing same-sex marriage and abortion comes into effect

Agreement of Interest

2019 Russian President Vladimir Putin and Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan agree deal to jointly control former Kurdish territory in Northern Syria

Historic Event

2019 Top US diplomat in Ukraine, Bill Taylor, testifies President Donald Trump tied aid to Ukraine to demands the country open an investigation into the Biden family

  • 2019 UK parliament approves Brexit deal to leave the EU but rejects legislation to fast-track it to meet October 31 deadline
  • 2019 US drug company Biogen claims to have created 1st drug to slow advance of Alzheimer's disease called aducanumab
  • 2020 Goldman Sachs agrees to pay record $3 billion to end probe into its role in 1MDB corruption scandal to regulators in the US, UK, Hong Kong, Singapore and Malaysia
  • 2021 Australian city of Melbourne "world's most locked down city" exits its sixth lockdown after a total of 260 days
  • 2022 Italy forms new coalition government, choosing far-right Brothers of Italy (Fratelli d'Italia - FdI) leader Giorgia Meloni as Prime Minister, the 1st female to hold the office [1]