Events in History on October 23

Victory in Battle

42 BC Roman Republican civil wars: Second Battle of Philippi - Brutus's army is decisively defeated by Mark Antony and Octavian. Brutus commits suicide.

  • 425 Valentinian III is elevated to Roman Emperor, at the age of 6
  • 502 The Synodus Palmaris, called by Gothic king Theodoric the Great, discharges Pope Symmachus of all charges, thus ending the schism of Antipope Laurentius.
  • 585 Burgundy king Guntram opens synod of Mâcon (Mastico)
  • 787 Byzantine empress Irene recovers Iconoclastic cult at Nicaea
  • 1086 Battle of az-Zallaqah: Almoravid army of Yusuf ibn Tashfin defeats the forces of Castilian King Alfonso VI
  • 1091 Tornado (possible T8/F4) strikes the heart of London killing two and demolishing the wooden London Bridge (OS 17 Oct)
  • 1157 The Battle of Grathe Heath ends the civil war in Denmark. King Sweyn III is killed and Valdemar I restores the country.
  • 1229 Otto II becomes earl of Gelre

Royal Coronation

1520 King Carlos I crowned German emperor Charles V

  • 1588 Remnants of Medina Sidonia's Spanish Armada returns to Santander
  • 1641 Outbreak of the Irish Rebellion of 1641 - Catholic uprising in Ulster

Victory in Battle

1642 Battle of Edgehill (Warwickshire): King Charles I beat English parliamentarian forces

  • 1644 Sea battle of Fehmarn Sont: Adm Thijssen beats Denen
  • 1668 Jews of Barbados forbidden to engage in retail trade

Historic Event

1679 Meal Tub Plot against James Duke of York (future James II of England)

  • 1684 Colony Massachusetts under authority of English crown mounted
  • 1690 Revolt in Haarlem after public ban on smoking
  • 1694 American colonial forces, led by Sir William Phipps, fail to seize Quebec
  • 1694 Siege of Spanish-held city of Ceuta on the north African coast begun by Moroccan forces - will be the longest siege in history lasting 26 years
  • 1702 Battle of Bay of Vigo: Dutch & English fleet destroy & occupy Spanish silver fleet & French squadron

Declaration of War

1739 War of Jenkins' Ear starts: British Prime Minister, Robert Walpole, reluctantly declares war on Spain

  • 1760 First Jewish prayer books printed in North America
  • 1790 Slaves revolt in Haiti (later suppressed)
  • 1805 Sailing ship "Aeneus" sinks off Newfoundland killing 340

Coup d'état

1812 Failed coup against French Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte

  • 1813 The Pacific Fur Company trading post in Astoria, Oregon is turned over to the rival British North West Company (the fur trade in the Pacific Northwest was dominated for the next three decades by the United Kingdom).
  • 1814 One of the first modern plastic surgeries in the west performed by Joseph Carpue on a soldier's nose in England using Indian techniques
  • 1819 1st ship sails through the Erie Canal from Rome, New York to Utica, New York
  • 1850 First US National Women's Rights convention opens in Brinley Hall, Worcester, Massachusetts
  • 1853 Maastricht-Aken railway in Netherlands opens
  • 1854 English newspaper "The Times" gives precise British positions in Crimea during Crimean War
  • 1864 Battle of Westport, Missouri: Union General Samuel R Curtis defeats Confederate General Stirling Price
  • 1867 72 Senators are summoned by Royal Proclamation to serve as the first members of the Canadian Senate.
  • 1876 New Orleans Mint reopens as an assay office
  • 1888 Pelham Bay Park in Bronx vested
  • 1893 C. Dazey's "In Old Kentucky" premieres in NYC (27 seasons)
  • 1905 Edward Milton Royle's play "Squaw Man" premieres in NYC
  • 1910 Blanche Scott becomes the first woman to fly at a public event in the US at Fort Wayne, Indiana
  • 1910 Ritz Hotel in Madrid opens with 200 chambers and 100 bathtubs

Italo-Turkish War

1911 1st aerial reconnaissance mission is flown by an Italian pilot over Turkish lines during the Italo-Turkish War

  • 1915 1st national horseshoe throwing championship at Kellerton, Iowa

Women's Suffrage March on Fifth Ave, New York

1915 An estimated 25,000 supporters in a women's suffrage march on New York's Fifth Ave, led by Dr. Anna Shaw and Carrie Chapman Catt, founder of the League of Women Voters

  • 1917 1st Infantry division "Big Red One" shoots 1st US shot in WW I
  • 1920 African demonstrators shot in Port Elizabeth, South Africa
  • 1922 Channing Pollock's play "Fool" premieres in NYC

Historic Event

1922 Conservative Andrew Bonar Law forms government in United Kingdom, replacing David Lloyd George's Liberal government

  • 1927 Town of Netanya, Israel founded by Nathan Strauss

Historic Event

1933 John Dillinger and his gang rob Central National Bank, in Greencastle, Indiana. They take $75, 000.

  • 1934 Jean Piccard & Jeanette Ridlen attain record balloon height of 10.9 miles (17.5 km) over Lake Erie
  • 1935 American mobsters Dutch Schultz, Abe Landau, Otto Berman, and Bernard "Lulu" Rosencrantz are fatally shot by organized crime hitmen at a saloon in Newark, New Jersey , what becomes known as "The Chophouse Massacre" to prevent them from killing the US Attorney prosecuting Schultz for tax evasion, what becomes known as "The Chophouse Massacre"

Election of Interest

1935 Mackenzie King is elected as Prime Minister of Canada for the third time

  • 1942 During WWII, Britain launches major offensive at El Alamein, Egypt
  • 1942 First ships of invasion fleet to Morocco leave Norfolk
  • 1942 German units go through Red October factory in Stalingrad
  • 1943 First Jewish transport out of Rome reaches extermination camp Birkenau
  • 1944 Battle of Gulf of Leyte begins - largest naval battle of WWII near the Philippines
  • 1944 First Central Kitchen opens in Amsterdam
  • 1944 Soviet army invades Hungary
  • 1944 Vice Admiral Takeo Kurita's flagship the heavy cruiser Atago sinks during the Battle of Leyte Gulf
  • 1946 UN General Assembly 2nd session convenes (1st NYC-Flushing Meadows)
  • 1947 Husband & wife Carl Cori & Gerty Cori are 1st spouses to be awarded joint Nobel Prizes for Physiology or Medicine for their discovery of the course of the catalytic conversion of glycogen" (alongside Bernardo Alberto Houssay)
  • 1947 NAACP petition on racism "An Appeal to the World" presented to UN

Historic Event

1950 Filipino President Elpidio Quirino issues Executive Order No. 355 replacing the National Land Settlement Administration with Land Settlement Development Corporation (LASEDECO)

Historic Event

1951 English chemist Rosalind Franklin first identifies the two types of carbon produced by temperature, in paper published by the Royal Society [1]

  • 1953 France grants Laos' sovereignty
  • 1953 German FR applies to NATO
  • 1954 Britain, France & US agree to end occupation of Germany
  • 1954 Pakistan Governor-General Ghoelan Mohammed disbands parliament
  • 1956 Thousands of Hungarians protest against the government and Soviet occupation. (The Hungarian Revolution is crushed on November 4).
  • 1957 First test firing of Vanguard satellite launch vehicle, TV-3
  • 1958 De Gaulle offers Algerians defiance "peace of the brave"

Nobel Prize

1958 Soviet novelist Boris Pasternak, wins Nobel Prize for Literature

  • 1958 The Springhill Mine Bump - underground earthquake traps 174 miners in No. 2 colliery at Springhill, Nova Scotia, deepest coal mine in North America. By 1st November rescuers had dug out 100 victims, with death toll at 74.
  • 1958 USSR lends money to UAR to build Aswan High Dam
  • 1959 Chinese troops move into India, 17 die
  • 1961 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR

United Nations Speech

1962 Adlai Stevenson speaks at the United Nations about the Cuba crisis

  • 1962 USAF Major Robert A Rushworth takes X-15 to 40,800m
  • 1964 Time Magazine uses term "op art" for 1st time
  • 1970 Charles Haughey and two others are found not guilty of illegal arms importation by a Dublin jury; the 'Arms Trial' began on 28 May 1970
  • 1970 Gary Gabelich sets auto speed record 622.4 mph (1,001 kph)
  • 1971 Three Catholic civilians are shot dead by the British Army during an attempted robbery in Newry, County Down
  • 1971 Two female members of the Irish Republican Army (IRA) are shot dead by the British Army in the Lower Falls area of Belfast
  • 1972 Access credit cards introduced in Great Britain
  • 1972 Loyalist paramilitaries carry out raid on an Ulster Defence Regiment
  • 1973 Arab oil embargo extended to the Netherlands

Agreement of Interest

1973 Richard Nixon agrees to turn over White House tape recordings to Judge John Sirica

  • 1973 UN's revised International Telecommunication Convention adopted
  • 1974 Lake Isaac in Cleveland Metroparks' Big Creek Reservation dedicated
  • 1975 Battle between Cuba & South Africa troops in Angola
  • 1975 Islander Glenn Resch's 5th shut-out opponent-Flyers 3-0
  • 1975 Women take the day off in Iceland to commemorate “International Women’s Year”, shutting the country down for a day
  • 1977 Paleontologist Elso Barghoorn announces discovery of a 3.4-billion year old one-celled fossil, one of the earliest life forms on Earth
  • 1977 Panamanians vote 2:1 to approve new Canal treaties
  • 1978 China & Japan formally ends 4 decades of dissension
  • 1980 Soviet PM Nikolai Tichonov succeeds Alexei Kosygin, due to illness
  • 1981 US national debt hits $1 trillion
  • 1983 400,000 demonstrate in Brussels, against cruise missile
  • 1983 Suicide terrorist truck bomb kills 243 US personnel in Beirut
  • 1984 STS 51-A launch vehicle moves to launch pad

Historic Event

1986 Artist Keith Haring commissioned to paint a mural on the Berlin wall by Checkpoint Charlie Museum 300 metres long

  • 1987 Dutch government gives Fokker's Aircraft Ÿ212 million credit
  • 1987 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • 1987 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1987 US Senate rejects Robert Bork's nomination to the Supreme Court by a bipartisan vote of 58-42
  • 1989 Browns' Bernie Kosar sets club record with a 97-yard TD pass
  • 1989 Hungary proclaims itself a republic & declares communist rule ended
  • 1989 US 62nd manned space mission STS 34 (Atlantis 5) returns from space
  • 1989 William Nicholson's "Shadowlands" premieres in London
  • 1990 Iraq announces release of 330 French hostages

Historic Event

1991 Clarence Thomas sworn in as US Supreme Court Justice

Historic Event

1991 Dr Jack Kevorkian's suicide machine assists 2 women to commit suicide

Historic Event

1992 Emperor Akihito becomes the first Emperor of Japan to stand on Chinese soil

  • 1993 Paramilitia kills 22 demonstrators at Bijbihara in Indian-controlled Kashmir
  • 1993 Seven people killed by IRA bomb attack in Belfast
  • 1995 "The MacNeil-Lehrer Report" becomes "The NewsHour with Jim Lehrer", upon Robert MacNeil's retirement (currently known as "PBS NewsHour") on PBS
  • 1997 At 6:11 AM San Francisco experiences a power blackout due to sabotage
  • 1997 Dow Jones drops 186.88 pts

Agreement of Interest

1998 Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Palestinian Chairman Yasser Arafat reach a "land for peace" agreement.

  • 2001 Apple releases the iPod
  • 2001 The Provisional Irish Republican Army of Northern Ireland commences disarmament after peace talks
  • 2002 Moscow Theatre Siege begins: Chechen rebels seize the House of Culture theater in Moscow and take approximately 700 theater-goers hostage
  • 2004 A powerful earthquake and its aftershocks hit Niigata prefecture, northern Japan, killing 35 people, injuring 2,200, and leaving 85,000 homeless or evacuated.
  • 2009 The UK markets had contracted by 0.4% in the third quarter against what was expected to be a period of growth, as a result of unexpectedly poor performance by the service sector
  • 2009 The United Nations "Rotterdam Rules" convention regulating international maritime carriage of goods is ratified with its twentieth signature.
  • 2011 A powerful 7.2 magnitude earthquake strikes Van Province, Turkey, killing 582 people and injuring thousands.
  • 2012 12 people are killed and 40 are injured in a hospital fire in Tainan, Taiwan
  • 2018 European Commission rejects Italy's budget, first country to be rejected
  • 2018 Microplastics found in human stools for the first time by Austrian scientists

Murder of Interest

2018 Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan rejects Saudi claim journalist Jamal Khashoggi killed accidentally, says it was premeditated murder

Historic Event

2018 World's longest sea-crossing bridge, the Hong Kong Macau Zhuhai bridge at 55km, opened by Chinese President Xi Jinping

  • 2018 World's oldest intact shipwreck, ancient Greek vessel 2,400 years old, found at bottom of the Black Sea by archaeologists
  • 2019 Google research lab claims it has achieved Quantum Supremacy, performing calculation in 3 mins that wold take a supercomputer 10,000 years
  • 2019 Hong Kong Legislative Council scraps the extradition bill that sparked months of protests and unrest
  • 2019 Lorry containing 39 bodies of Vietnamese nationals found in Essex, England, man arrested for people smuggling and murder
  • 2021 Capture of Colombia's most-wanted drug lord, Dairo Antonio Usuga 'Otoniel', in Colombia's Uraba region, announced live on TV [1]
  • 2022 Xi Jinping secures record third term as general secretary of the Chinese Communist Party with a new seven-member Politburo Standing Committee, at the 20th National Party Congress in Beijing [1]