Events in History on October 25

  • 625 Boniface V ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1131 Crowning of Louis VII the Young, King of France
  • 1147 King Afonso I of Portugal occupiers Lisbon
  • 1147 Seljuk Turks defeat German crusaders under Conrad III at the Battle of Dorylaeum
  • 1241 Goffredo Castiglioni elected as Pope Coelestinus IV (-Nov 10 1241)
  • 1315 Adam Banastre, Henry de Lea and William Bradshaw, led an attack on Liverpool Castle

Victory in Battle

1415 Battle of Agincourt: Henry V's forces defeat larger French army, and the longbow defeats the armored knight (Azincourt, France)

  • 1415 John IV of Burgundy becomes Duke of Brabant and Limburg, upon his father's death

Historic Event

1521 Emperor Charles V bans wooden buildings in Amsterdam

  • 1555 Holy Roman Emperor Charles V publicly abdicates his roles as Lord of the Netherlands and Duke of Burgundy in favor of his son Philip II of Spain
  • 1596 Spanish fleet sails from Lisbon to Ireland

Dirk Hartog Discovers Australia

1616 Dutch East India Company ship "The Eendracht" discovers Dirk-Hartog Island, Australia

  • 1666 Brandenburg, Brunswick, Denmark and The Netherlands form anti-French Quadruple Alliance
  • 1671 Giovanni Cassini discovers Iapetus, satellite of Saturn
  • 1747 British fleet under Admiral Sir Edward Hawke defeats the French at the second battle of Cape Finisterre

Historic Event

1760 George III becomes King of Great Britain

Historic Event

1780 John Hancock becomes the first Governor of Massachusetts

  • 1812 US frigate United States captures British vessel Macedonian
  • 1828 St Katharine Docks opens in London, England
  • 1829 Eastern State Penitentiary opens in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania as the world's 1st prison to entirely use solitary confinement system intended for rehabilitation; designed by Robert Strickland, it closed in 1971, and is now a museum [1]
  • 1854 Prince Menshikov of Crimea occupies British base at Balaclava

The Charge of the Light Brigade, a Brave and Foolish Tale

1854 The infamous "Charge of the Light Brigade" during the Battle of Balaclava in the Crimean War results in over 100 killed

  • 1861 First Battle of Springfield [Zagonyi's Charge], fought in Springfield, Missouri, Union victory (US Civil War)
  • 1861 Telegraph message sent from St Louis to San Francisco
  • 1861 Toronto Stock Exchange created
  • 1864 Battle of Marais Des Cygnes River, Kansas (Mine Creek)
  • 1870 Pimlico Race Course opens in Baltimore
  • 1870 Postcards first used in USA
  • 1891 1st International 6 day bike race (NY Madison Square Garden) ends
  • 1893 Battle of Shangani, Matabeleland: Dr Jameson beats Ndebeles
  • 1900 Great Britain annexes the former Boer South African Republic, renaming it the Transvaal Colony
  • 1901 Joseph Chamberlain, British Colonial Affairs Secretary, makes an anti-German speech in Edinburgh; when word reaches Germany leads to widespread agitation against the British and breakdown of negotiations for Anglo-German alliance

Theater Premiere

1902 Maxim Gorky's play "The Lower Depths" premieres in Moscow

  • 1902 Santa Maria, Guatemala hit by Earthquake, killing an estimated 6,000 people

Historic Event

1906 Georges Clémenceau succeeds Ferdinand Sarien as Prime Minister of France

  • 1906 US inventor Lee de Forest patents "Audion", a 3-diode amplification valve which proved a pioneering development in radio & broadcasting
  • 1907 Frederik of Oaths disbands mental home colony Walden
  • 1911 London's last horse drawn omnibus made its way from London Bridge Station to Moorgate
  • 1915 James L Curtis named US Minister for Liberia
  • 1917 Pan-Russian Congress opens in Petrograd
  • 1918 Canadian steamship "Princess Sophia" hits a reef off Alaska, 398 die

Historic Publication

1923 Senate committee publishes 1st report on Teapot Dome scandal

  • 1925 Rightist German ministers disavows Treaty of Locarno

Historic Event

1929 Former Interior Secretary Albert B. Fall convicted of accepting $100,000 bribe in the Teapot scandal - 1st US Cabinet member to go to jail

  • 1930 1st football game in Atlantic City Convention Center
  • 1930 1st scheduled transcontinental air service began

Historic Event

1932 Benito Mussolini promises to remain dictator for 30 years

  • 1932 Dutch 2nd Chamber accepts Company consultant
  • 1935 Hurricane-produced floods kill 2,000 in Jeremie & Jacmel Haiti
  • 1937 Belgian government of Zealand falls due to black money
  • 1938 Japanese troops occupies Hankou & Wuhan
  • 1939 William Saroyan's "Time of Your Life" premieres in NYC
  • 1940 Benjamin O Davis Sr. becomes 1st African American general in US Army
  • 1941 16,000 Jews massacred in Odessa, Ukraine
  • 1941 Germany attacks Moscow

Historic Event

1941 Winston Churchill routes "Forces South" to SE Asia

  • 1942 3rd day of battle at El Alamein: British offensive
  • 1942 Battle of Henderson Field Guadalcanal begins

Historic Event

1942 Field Marshal Rommel back in North Africa

  • 1943 Burma railroad completed & opens
  • 1944 Battle at Cape Engano: 4 Japanese ships sink
  • 1944 Battle at Samar-island
  • 1944 Battle in Straits of Surigao: Japanese fleet destroyed
  • 1944 Gas output stopped in Amsterdam

Historic Event

1945 Japanese surrender Taiwan to General Chiang Kai-shek

  • 1947 Sam Breadon sells Cards to Robert Hannegan & Fred Saigh for $4M
  • 1948 Special Council of Annulment convicts writer Friedrich Weinreb for collaboration with the Nazis
  • 1950 Dutch NSB leader C van Gelderen sentenced to life

Theater Premiere

1950 Jean Anouilh's play "La Répétition ou l'Amour puni" premieres in Paris at the Théâtre Marigny

  • 1951 Peace talks aimed at ending Korean War resumed in Panmunjom
  • 1952 First Dutch edition of children's magazine "Donald Duck"
  • 1952 French president inaugurates Donzère-Mondragonstuw Dam
  • 1953 Coal mine in Seraing Belgium explodes, 26 die
  • 1955 Austria resumed its sovereignty after departure of last Allied occupation forces, for 1st time since German occupation of 1938
  • 1955 Tappan sells 1st microwave oven

Murder of Interest

1957 Cosa Nostra crime boss Albert Anastasia is murdered in a barber's chair in New York City, probably by fellow mobster Joe Gallo

  • 1957 Russian minister of Defense Zjoekov deposed
  • 1960 1st electronic wrist watch placed on sale, NYC
  • 1960 Cuba nationalizes all remaining US businesses
  • 1961 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1962 110th member of UN admitted (Uganda)
  • 1962 1st Belgian nuclear reactor begins operation

Nobel Prize

1962 American author John Steinbeck awarded Nobel Prize for Literature

Historic Event

1962 US Ambassador to the UN Adlai Stevenson demands USSR UN rep Valerian Zorin answer regarding Cuban missile bases saying "I am prepared to wait for my answer until hell freezes over"

  • 1963 Anti-Kennedy "WANTED FOR TREASON" pamphlets scattered in Dallas
  • 1964 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1966 6 youths sentenced in "Johnson murderer!" in Amsterdam
  • 1968 Chicago recognizes Jean Baptiste Pointe de Sable as its 1st settler
  • 1971 A man dies two days after being shot during an Irish Republican Army attack on the British Army in Belfast
  • 1971 Belgium & People's Republic of China establish diplomatic relations
  • 1971 General Meeting of UN agrees to admit People's Republic of China
  • 1971 United Nations votes to expel the Chinese Nationalist ruled Taiwan and admit the Communist People's Republic of China
  • 1972 Nobel Prize in Economics awarded to Kenneth J Arrow & John R Hicks
  • 1973 Chris Wills wins 1st National hang-gliding championship
  • 1974 US Air Force fires 1st ICBM
  • 1975 USSR's Venera 10 makes day-side Venus landing
  • 1976 5th Enterprise, approach & lands test (ALT) flight
  • 1976 Governor Wallace grants full pardon to Clarence Norris, last known survivor of 9 Scottsboro Boys who were convicted in 1931 rape
  • 1977 Digital Equipment Corporation releases OpenVMS V1.0.
  • 1978 Israeli government approves "in principle", a draft compromise peace
  • 1979 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • 1981 200,000 demonstrate in Brussel against cruise missile
  • 1983 US invades Grenada, a country 1/2,000 its population (US Wins!)
  • 1984 "Give My Regards to Broad Street" premieres (Gotham Theater-NYC)
  • 1984 King Boudouin opens Museum for Modern Art in Brussels
  • 1984 Rangers beat Devils 11-2
  • 1984 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1984 West German Chancellor Rainer Barzel resigns due to corruption
  • 1985 Kosmos 1700 communications satellite placed in geostationary orbit
  • 1986 International Red Cross ousted from South Africa
  • 1986 Michael Sergio Parachutes into Shea Stadium during game 6 of WS
  • 1988 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • 1990 "40-Hour Week" 9th studio album by Alabama is re-released (original release 1985)
  • 1990 NY Daily News goes on strike (lasts through March, 1991)
  • 1992 Lithuania holds a referendum on its first post-Soviet constitution.
  • 1993 Airbus A310 of Air Nigeria hijacked, 1 dead
  • 1993 Canada Liberal Party and Bloc Québécois wins parliamentary election
  • 1994 Susan Smith claims her 2 kids were carjacked (she actually killed them)
  • 1997 After a brief civil war which has driven President Pascal Lissouba out of Brazzaville, Denis Sassou-Nguesso proclaims himself the President of the Republic of the Congo.
  • 2000 A team led by Brigitte Senut and Martin Pickford discover Orrorin tugenensis, one of the earliest species on the human family tree that lived about 6 million years ago, in the Tugen Hills, Kenya
  • 2001 Windows XP first becomes available

Historic Event

2004 Fidel Castro, Cuba's President, announces that transactions using the American Dollar will be banned by November 8

  • 2007 The first Airbus A380 passenger flight, operating for Singapore Airlines, with flight number SQ 380, flying scheduled service between Singapore and Sydney, Australia.
  • 2009 The 25 October 2009 Baghdad bombings kills 155 and wounds at least 721.
  • 2012 Hurricane Sandy makes landfall in Cuba and Haiti killing 65 people and causing over $80 million in damage
  • 2013 74 Boko Harem members killed in a coordinated assault in Borno State, Nigeria
  • 2016 4 killed on a theme park ride at Dreamworld, in Queensland, Australia
  • 2016 Paul Beatty becomes the 1st American to win the Man Booker Prize for his novel "The Sellout"

Historic Event

2017 Chinese Premier Xi Jinping unveils his new ruling council in the Great Hall of the People, none of the five are young enough to succeed him

  • 2017 First fossil of a ichthyosaur (marine reptile, 152 million years old) found in India. Reports published in "Plos One" science journal.
  • 2018 First work of art produced by artificial intelligence "Edmond de Belamy" conceived by Obvious sells for $432,500 at Christie's in New York
  • 2018 Flash floods near the Red Sea in Jordan kill 17 as a school bus is washed away
  • 2018 Google says it has fired 48 people for sexual harassment after New York Times reveals Android software creator Andy Rubin got $90M package when let go for sexual harassment
  • 2018 Sahle-Work Zewde becomes Ethiopia's first female President and Africa's only female head of state after being elected by parliament
  • 2018 Super Typhoon Yutu strikes the Northern Mariana Islands of Saipan and Tinian with winds of 180mph (290km/h)
  • 2019 Leicester City rout Southampton, 9-0 at St. Mary's to record biggest ever win by an away side in an English top-flight league match in the history of the Football League

Historic Event

2020 Chile overwhelmingly votes to scrap their constitution, drafted during dictatorship of General Augusto Pinochet

Appointment of Interest

2020 Pope Francis announces appointment of 13 new cardinals including 1st African American Wilton Daniel Gregory

  • 2021 Afghanistan to become world's worst humanitarian crisis as nearly 23 million people face acute hunger over winter according to the World Food Program [1]

Historic Event

2021 Elon Musk makes a record $25 billion in one day pushing his estimated worth to $255.2 billion, likely making him the richest person ever according to Forbes [1]

  • 2021 NASA scientists announce they may have detected the first planet outside our galaxy, in Whirlpool Galaxy (M51), 28 million light-years away [1]
  • 2021 Sudan's military takes control of the country, dissolving the power-sharing government and declaring a state of emergency
  • 2022 New Zealand Parliament membership becomes majority female for 1st time [1]