On This Day

Events in History on October 29

  • 539 BC King Cyrus "the Great" of Persia marches into Babylon, freeing Jewish captives and allowing them to return home
  • 1268 Conradin, the last legitimate male heir of the German Hohenstaufen dynasty of Kings and Holy Roman Emperors, is executed with Frederick I, Margrave of Baden by Charles I of Sicily
  • 1390 First trial for witchcraft in Paris.
  • 1467 Battle of Brusthem: Charles the Bold defeats Liege
  • 1508 Gelderse troops occupies Kuinre
  • 1552 Tsar Ivan IV escapes back to Moscow after battle
  • 1591 Giovanni A Facchinetti elected as Pope Innocentius IX


1618 English adventurer, writer and courtier Walter Raleigh is beheaded for allegedly conspiring against King James I of England

Explorer Walter Raleigh
Walter Raleigh
King of Great Britain James I and VI
King of Great Britain
James I and VI
  • 1665 Battle of Mbwila [Ambuila]: Portuguese defeat forces of the Kingdom of Kongo and decapitate King Antonio I of Kongo / Nvita a Nkanga

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1675 Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz makes the first use of the long s, ∫, for integral, helping discover integral and differential calculus

Philosopher and Mathematician Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz
Philosopher and Mathematician
Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1682 William Penn lands at what is now Chester, Pennsylvania

English Philosopher and Founder of Pennsylvania William Penn
English Philosopher and Founder of Pennsylvania
William Penn

USASalem Witch Trials

1692 Court of Oyer and Terminer, convened for Salem witch trials, dissolved
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Dramatic lithograph of the Salem witch trials produced in 1892
Dramatic lithograph of the Salem witch trials produced in 1892
  • 1709 England & Netherlands sign anti-French "Barrieretraktaat"
  • 1727 Severe earthquake in New England
  • 1792 Mount Hood (Oregon) is named after the British naval officer Alexander Arthur Hood by Lt. William E. Broughton who spotted the mountain near the mouth of the Willamette River.
  • 1794 French troops occupies Venlo

  • 1811 1st Ohio River steamboat leaves Pittsburgh for New Orleans
  • 1814 "Demologos", 1st steam-powered warship, is launched
  • 1833 1st US college fraternity to have a fraternity house founded
  • 1859 Spain declares war on Morocco
  • 1863 International Committee of Red Cross forms as result Geneva held conference (Nobel 1917, 1944, 1963)
  • 1864 Greek parliament accept new Constitution
  • 1867 Mail packets "Rhone" & "Wye" capsize off St Thomas, Virgin Islands
  • 1872 J S Risdon patents metal windmill
  • 1881 Judge (U.S. magazine) first published.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1888 Lord Salisbury grants Cecil Rhodes charter for British South Africa Company

British Businessman and Imperialist Politician Cecil Rhodes
British Businessman and Imperialist Politician
Cecil Rhodes
British Prime Minister Robert Gascoyne-Cecil
British Prime Minister
Robert Gascoyne-Cecil
  • 1889 Queen Victoria grants Cecil Rhodes rights to Zambezia
  • 1889 Stanley Park dedicated in Vancouver, BC
  • 1894 First election of Hawaiian Republic
  • 1901 In Amherst, Massachusetts, nurse Jane Toppan is arrested for murdering the Davis family of Boston with an overdose of morphine.
  • 1904 First intercity trucking service (Colorado City & Snyder, Texas)
  • 1905 Hottentot chief Hendrik Witbooi fatally injured
  • 1913 Floods in El Salvador kill thousands.
  • 1914 Turkish warships storm Black Sea
  • 1915 Aristide Briand becomes Prime Minister of France for the 3rd time
  • 1918 German sailors refuse to obey orders to fight British naval forces and lead a revolt in the naval ports of Wilhelmshaven, beginning the German Revolution

  • 1921 The Link River Dam, a part of the Klamath Reclamation Project, is completed.
  • 1923 Army move SPD/KPD-government to German part of Saxon
  • 1923 Textile strike against lower wages begins in Enschede, Netherlands
  • 1923 Turkey declares independence (successor state to Ottoman Empire)
  • 1923 Mustafa Kemal officially confirms Turkey as a republic (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti), now commemorated annually as the Republic Day of Turkey
  • 1924 Labour party loses British parliamentary election
  • 1929 "Black Tuesday" Wall Street Stock Market crashes triggering the "Great Depression"
  • 1930 1st Eastern Canada night CF game: Oshawa vs Toronto Balmy Beach
  • 1932 French liner Normandie is launched
  • 1939 Golden Gate International Exposition closes (1st closure)
  • 1940 Secretary of War Henry L Stimson draws the 1st number - #158 - in the 1st peacetime military draft in US history
  • 1942 Seventh day of battle at El Alamein: Montgomery assault
  • 1942 Alaska highway completed
  • 1942 Nazis murder 16,000 Jews in Pinsk, Soviet Union
  • 1943 Three allied officers escape out camp Stalag Luft 3
  • 1944 1st Polish Armoured Division liberates Breda, Netherlands
  • 1944 Cabadese 2nd Infantry division frees Goes South-Beveland
  • 1945 First ballpoint pen goes on sale, manufactured by Biro

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945 Getulio Vargas, President of Brazil, resigns.

President and Dictator of Brazil Getulio Vargas
President and Dictator of Brazil
Getulio Vargas
  • 1947 Belgium, Luxembourg & Netherlands form Benelux Union
  • 1947 Trial of art forger Han van Meegeren begins in Amsterdam
  • 1948 Israeli forces liberate Meron & Gush-Halev
  • 1948 Safsaf massacre, Israeli defence forces attack Palestinian village of Safsaf in the Galilee
  • 1950 British Chancellor of the Exchequer (Minister of Finance) Stafford Cripps resigns
  • 1950 Wally Triplett avgs 735 yards on 3 kickoff returns
  • 1953 A Baltimore group purchases St Louis Browns
  • 1954 Colonel Nasser disbands Muslim Brotherhood
  • 1954 Sweden begins experimental TV
  • 1955 Belgium signs accord for 5 day work week (45 hours)
  • 1955 Emile Zatopek runs world record 15 mile (1:14:01) & 25,000m (1:16:36)
  • 1956 International zone of Tangier returns to Morocco
  • 1956 Suez Crisis erupts into war as Israel invades the Gaza Strip and the Sinai Peninsula, to be followed by a planned airborne assault by France and Britain
  • 1957 Hand grenade explodes in Israel's Knesset (Parliament)

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

1958 Boris Pasternak refuses Nobel prize for literature

Novelist & Poet Boris Pasternak
Novelist & Poet
Boris Pasternak
  • 1958 Dr F Mason Sones is first doctor to perform a coronary angiogram
  • 1958 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1959 "Asterix" is first published in the French magazine "Pilote" by Rene Goscinny, illustrated by Albert Uderzo

Author and Cartoonist René Goscinny
Author and Cartoonist
René Goscinny
Cartoonist Albert Uderzo
Albert Uderzo
  • 1960 Chartered C46 carrying Cal State's football team crashes, kills 16
  • 1961 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1964 Star of India & other jewels are stolen in NY
  • 1964 Town of Karmi'el founded in Galilee
  • 1964 The United Republic of Tanganyika & Zanzibar renamed The United Republic of Tanzania
  • 1965 US performs underground nuclear test at Amchitka Island Aleutians
  • 1966 Lunar Orbiter 1 crashes on moon: 6.7°N 162°E
  • 1966 National Organization of Women founded
  • 1967 London criminal Jack McVitie is murdered by the Kray twins, leading to their eventual imprisonment and downfall.
  • 1968 USSR performs nuclear test at Sary Shagan USSR
  • 1969 US Supreme Court orders end to all school segregation "at once"
  • 1969 Tom Seaver voted NL Cy Young Award
  • 1969 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1969 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • 1970 The Electoral Reform Society calls for the introduction of Proportional Representation (PR) in elections in Northern Ireland
  • 1974 Law bans discrimination of sex or marital status in credit application
  • 1975 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1975 'Yorkshire Ripper' Peter Sutcliffe kills first victim, Wilma McCann

  • 1977 Texas' Russell Erideben kicks his 3rd 60 yard field goal of the season
  • 1977 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1982 Car maker John DeLorean indicted for drug trafficking, later acquitted
  • 1983 550,000 Dutch demonstrate against cruise missile
  • 1983 Notre Dame's Gil Fenerty rushes for 337 yards & 6 touchdowns
  • 1985 Cards' Joaquin Andujar suspended for 10 games for bumping an ump
  • 1985 Major General Samuel K. Doe is announced the winner of the first multiparty election in Liberia.

'Splendid Achievement' becomes the 'Road To Hell''Splendid Achievement' becomes the 'Road To Hell'

1986 British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher opens the final stretch of London's Orbital Motorway, the M25. Then the world’s longest ring road at 117 miles (188.3 km).
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Margaret Thatcher poses on the M25 before cutting a ribbon to open it
Margaret Thatcher poses on the M25 before cutting a ribbon to open it
  • 1988 2,000 US anti-abortion protesters arrested for blocking clinics
  • 1988 China announces a herbal male contraceptive
  • 1988 Jim Elliott (US) begins 24-hr paced outdoor race for 548.9 mi
  • 1988 First scheduled Soviet shuttle launch (postponed)
  • 1989 NYC MTA opens 63rd street extension to subway
  • 1990 30 die in a (5.7) earthquake in Algeria
  • 1993 Dow Jones index reaches record 3687.86
  • 1994 Antonov AN-12 having an accident at Ust-Ilimsk Kaluga, 21 killed
  • 1994 NY Lotto pays $60 million+
  • 1994 National Museum of American Indian opens (NYC)
  • 1995 Sunday NY News increases price from $1.00 to $1.25
  • 1997 Iraq's Revolution Command Council announces that it will no longer allow US citizens and US aircraft to serve with UN arms inspection teams
  • 1998 Apartheid: In South Africa, the Truth and Reconciliation Commission presents its report, which condemns both sides for committing atrocities.
  • 1998 En route Adana to Ankara, Turkish Airlines flight with crew of 6 and 33 passengers hijacked by Kurdish militant, orders pilot fly to Switzerland. Pilot lands in Ankara tricking hijacker he was landing in Sofia to refuel.
  • 1998 Hurricane Mitch, the second deadliest Atlantic hurricane in history, made landfall in Honduras.

InventionScientific Discovery

1998 Space Shuttle Discovery blasts off on STS-95 with 77-year old John Glenn on board, making him the oldest person to go into space.

Astronaut and Politician John Glenn
Astronaut and Politician
John Glenn
  • 1999 Deadliest Indian Ocean tropical super cyclone hits Odisha, India, death toll 9,885, wind speed of 300 mph
  • 2001 ExxonMobil announces that a consortium it leads will spend $4 billion over 5 years to develop large offshore oil and natural gas fields in Russia's far eastern Sakhalin region
  • 2002 Ho Chi Minh City ITC Inferno, a fire destroys a luxurious department store with 1,500 people shopping. Over 60 people died and over 100 are missing. It is the deadliest disaster in Vietnam during peacetime.
  • 2004 In Rome, 25 European heads of state sign a Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2004 Arabic news network, Al Jazeera broadcasts an excerpt from a video of Osama bin Laden in which the terrorist leader first admits direct responsibility for the September 11, 2001 attacks and references the 2004 U.S. presidential election

Islamic Militant and Terrorist Osama bin Laden
Islamic Militant and Terrorist
Osama bin Laden
  • 2005 29 October 2005 Delhi bombings kill more than 60.

  • 2007 Argentina elects its first female president, Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner
  • 2008 Delta Air Lines merges with Northwest Airlines, creating the world's largest airline and reducing the number of US legacy carriers to 5.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2008 10th century Archimedes Palimpsest, featuring lost works of Archimedes, made freely available on the web, 10 years after bought by unknown tech figure

Mathematician and Inventor Archimedes
Mathematician and Inventor
  • 2011 Record-breaking snowstorm in the northeastern United States leaves nearly 2 million residents without power for more than 36 hours.
  • 2012 Hurricane Sandy makes landfall in New Jersey resulting in 110 deaths and $50 billion in damage and forces the New York stock exchange to close
  • 2012 Publishing companies Penguin and Random House merge to form the world's largest publisher
  • 2015 China announces the end of their one-child policy after 35 years
  • 2015 Paul Ryan (R-Wisconsin) is elected Speaker of the US House of Representatives, succeeding John Boehner (R-Ohio)

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

2018 Far-right politician Jair Bolsonaro wins Brazil's presidential election defeating Fernando Haddad

President of Brazil Jair Bolsonaro
President of Brazil
Jair Bolsonaro

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2018 New mega airport opened in Istanbul by President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, planning to be world' busiest with 90 million passengers by 2021

President of Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
President of Turkey
Recep Tayyip Erdoğan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2018 German Chancellor Angela Merkel announces she will not seek re-election in 2021 and step down as party leader

Chancellor of Germany Angela Merkel
Chancellor of Germany
Angela Merkel
  • 2018 Japanese Princess Ayako of Japan marries commoner Kei Moriya at Meiji Shrine in Tokyo, giving up her royal status
  • 2018 World Scrabble Championship won for the fourth time by New Zealand Malaysian Nigel Richards with the word "groutier" (bad-tempered)
  • 2018 New research says cacao tree first used in Ecuador by Mayo Chinchipe culture, 5000 years ago, not in central America as previously thought
  • 2018 Storms in Italy kill at least 11 with 75% of Venice flooded and two tornadoes striking Terracina
  • 2018 Lion Air flight JT 610 crashes into the sea just after takeoff near Jakarta, Indonesia, with the loss of all 189 on board
  • 2019 Lebanon's Prime Minister Saad Hariri resigns after two weeks of nationwide protests and an economic crisis
  • 2019 Rising seas could endanger 150 million people worldwide, three times more than previously thought, according study by Climate Central published in "Nature Communications"
  • 2019 1.5 million people without power in California as utility company turns power off to try and avoid sparking more wildfires