Events in History on October 3

  • 2333 BC State of Gojoseon (Modern-day Korea) founded by Dangun Wanggeom during the reign of the Chinese Emperor Yao

Victory in Battle

52 BC Vercingetorix, leader of the Gauls, surrenders to the Romans under Julius Caesar, ending the siege and battle of Alesia

Battle of Interest

42 BC First Battle of Philippi: Triumvirs Mark Antony and Octavian fight an indecisive battle with Caesar's assassins Brutus and Cassius.

  • 382 Roman Emperor Theodosius makes a treaty with the Visigoths, granting them lands between the Lower Danube and the Balkans in return for military service
  • 1143 Cardinal Guido elected Pope Coelestinus II
  • 1247 Willem II of Holland elected Roman Catholic German emperor
  • 1264 Comet said to predict death of Pope Urban IV is last seen
  • 1272 Beauvais cathedral in France is completed (choir and transept), designed to be the largest French Gothic cathedral ever built
  • 1283 Dafydd ap Gruffydd, Prince of Gwynedd, Wales, becomes the first person executed by being hanged, drawn and quartered
  • 1430 Jews are expelled from Eger Bohemia
  • 1569 Battle of Montcontour: Duke of Anjou beats Huguenots
  • 1574 The Siege of Leiden is lifted by the Watergeuzen and the forces of Admiral Boisot
  • 1605 Chinese uprising on Philippines, Tondo/Quiapo massacre
  • 1657 French troops occupy Mardyke
  • 1683 The Qing Dynasty naval commander Shi Lang reaches Taiwan (under the Kingdom of Tungning) to receive the formal surrender of Zheng Keshuang and Liu Guoxuan after the Battle of Penghu.
  • 1691 English & Dutch army occupies Limerick Ireland

Historic Event

1712 The Duke of Montrose issues a warrant for the arrest of Rob Roy MacGregor

Historic Event

1735 France and Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI sign peace accord

  • 1739 The Treaty of Nissa is signed by the Ottoman Empire and Russia at the end of the Russian-Turkish War, 1736-1739.

Historic Event

1778 Captain James Cook anchors at Alaska

  • 1789 Washington proclaims 1st national Thanksgiving Day on Nov 26

Historic Event

1793 A warrant is issued for the arrest of French mathematician and philosopher Marquis de Condorcet forcing him into hiding

  • 1835 Staedtler Company founded by J.S. Staedtler in Nuremberg, Germany

Historic Event

1849 American author Edgar Allan Poe is found delirious in a gutter in Baltimore, Maryland under mysterious circumstances; it is the last time he is seen in public before his death.

  • 1862 -10] Battle of Corinth, Mississippi
  • 1862 Skirmish at Bardstown, Kentucky

Historic Event

1863 US President Abraham Lincoln designates last Thursday in November as Thanksgiving Day

  • 1872 Bloomingdale's department store in NY opens
  • 1873 Captain Jack and companions are hanged for their part in the Modoc War.

Historic Event

1888 Explorer Fridtjof Nansen and his team complete first known crossing of Greenland interior, arriving in Godthaab

  • 1890 Capt Guillaume of Kerckhoven marches into Boma Congo
  • 1899 J S Thurman patents motor-driven vacuum cleaner
  • 1904 France & Spain sign treaty for Morocco Independence
  • 1904 Mary McLeod Bethune opens Daytona Normal & Industrial School
  • 1906 US regime names Charles Magoon, governor of Cuba
  • 1906 William Vaughan Moody's "Great Divide" premieres in NYC

Historic Event

1908 Pravda newspaper founded by Leon Trotsky, Adolph Joffe, Matvey Skobelev and other Russian exiles in Vienna

Historic Event

1913 US Federal income tax signed into law (at 1%) by President Woodrow Wilson

  • 1915 7.8 earthquake shakes Pleasant Valley, Nevada
  • 1918 Boris becomes king of Bulgaria
  • 1918 Brothers Edgar and Archibald Selwyn open Selwyn Theater at 229 W 42nd St, Times Square, NYC: now known as American Airlines Theatre

Historic Event

1918 Tsar Ferdinand I of Bulgaria abdicates the throne in favour of his eldest son Tsar Boris III

  • 1919 Serbian, Croatian and Slavic Parliament passes an accord for an 8 hr work day
  • 1922 1st facsimile photo sent over city telephone lines, Washington, D.C.
  • 1922 Rebecca Felton of Georgia becomes 1st woman in Senate
  • 1924 King Hussein of Hedzjaz abdicts throne
  • 1926 1st congress of Pan European Movement (Pan-Europese Beweging) opens in Vienna
  • 1928 French submarine "Ondine" sinks returning to Toulon, drowning 42
  • 1929 British Labour government recovers diplomatic relations with USSR

Historic Event

1929 Julius Curtius succeeds Gustav Stresemann as German foreign minister

  • 1929 Kingdom of Serbs, Croats & Slovenes changes name to Yugoslavia
  • 1932 Iraq gains full independence from Britain, joins League of Nations
  • 1933 Gustave "Staf" de Clerq forms Flemish National Covenant
  • 1935 Italy invades Ethiopia, starting the Second Italo-Ethiopian War
  • 1939 Lemmer-Urk Dike closes
  • 1940 France Vichy government proclaims end to Jewish status
  • 1940 US forms parachute troops

Historic Event

1941 Adolf Hitler says Russia is "already broken and will never rise again" in a broadcast to the German people

  • 1941 All elderly Jewish men of Kerenchug Ukraine, are killed by SS
  • 1941 Nazis blow up 6 synagoges in Paris

Historic Event

1942 FDR forms Office of Economic Stabilization

  • 1942 Launch of 1st A-4/V-2 rocket to altitude of 53 miles (85 km)
  • 1943 British 8th army lands at Termoli, East Italy
  • 1943 Operations begin at PETA Java, defending (Japanese) fatherland
  • 1944 1st broadcast of Radio Herrijzend Netherland
  • 1944 RAF bombs West Kapelse
  • 1945 World Federation of Trade Unions forms; CIO a member
  • 1947 1st telescope lens 200" (508 cm) in diameter completed
  • 1948 Columbia University reports discovery of uranium in Belgian Congo
  • 1949 WERD, 1st black-owned radio station, opens in Atlanta
  • 1950 Indonesian army opens assault on Ambon, South Moluccas
  • 1952 1st British nuclear test during Operation Hurricane at Monte Bello Island, Australia, UK becomes the world's third nuclear nation
  • 1954 "Father Knows Best" premieres
  • 1955 "Mickey Mouse Club" premieres
  • 1955 Juscelino Kubitschek de Oliveira becomes President of Brazil
  • 1955 Soviet battleship "Novorossiisk" strikes WW II mine in Baltic Sea

Historic Event

1957 Allen Ginsberg's Howl and Other Poems is ruled not obscene

Election of Interest

1957 German statesman Willy Brandt is elected mayor of West Berlin (1957-1966)

  • 1960 Janio Quadros elected president of Brazil
  • 1960 San Francisco's White House department store is the 1st to accept BankAmericard
  • 1962 Wally Schirra in Sigma 7 launched into Earth orbit
  • 1963 Hurricane Flora hits Haiti; about 5,000 die & 100,000 injured
  • 1966 Marshal Arturo da Costa e Silva elected president
  • 1967 Belgian King Boudouin inaugurates world's biggest floodgate in Antwerp
  • 1967 William J. "Pete" Knight sets highest speed ever recorded by a crewed, powered aircraft flying USAF/NASA's X-15 at 7,297 KPH/4,534 MPH/Mach 6.72
  • 1968 Howard Sacklers "Great White Hope" premieres in NYC
  • 1968 Military coup overthrows President Fernando Belaúnde Terry in Peru
  • 1968 The proposed civil rights march in Derry, Northern Ireland, is banned from the area of the city centre and the Waterside area; the banning order is issued under the Public Order Act by William Craig, then Home Affairs Minister
  • 1968 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1972 Spaceflight 71-2 launched; 1st flexible substrate photovoltaic flown
  • 1972 USSR performs nuclear test
  • 1973 Willi Stoph succeeds Walter Ulbricht as East German party leader

Historic Event

1974 Ted Bundy victim Nancy Wilcox disappears in Salt Lake City, Utah

  • 1974 Watergate criminal trial begins for five advisors and aides of President Nixon
  • 1975 Ireland AKZO director Tiede Herrema kidnap
  • 1976 Helmuth Kohl's CDU wins German parliament election
  • 1978 Gold hits record $223.50 an ounce in London
  • 1980 4 die in attack on a synagogue in Paris
  • 1981 Irish Nationalists at Maze Prison near Belfast end 7-month hunger strike
  • 1984 US government shuts down due to lack of agreement over passage of bills
  • 1985 21st Shuttle Mission (51J)-Atlantis 1-all-military flight launched
  • 1985 Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) adopts constitution

Beatification

1985 Pope John Paul II beatifies Titus Brandsma

  • 1985 South Georgia & South Sandwich Islands adopts constitution
  • 1985 Walter Polovchak becomes a "free man" upon turning 18
  • 1986 Soviet Yankee-class sub sinks off NC, 3 die
  • 1986 TASCC, a superconducting cyclotron at the Chalk River Laboratories, was officially opened.
  • 1987 Michael Pruffer of France skis 135.26 MPH at Portillo, Chile
  • 1987 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • 1988 26th NASA Space Shuttle Mission: Discovery 7 returns to Earth after 4-day excursion
  • 1988 Criterion Center Theater opens at Broadway bet 44th & 45th Sts NYC
  • 1988 Lebanese kidnappers release Mithileshwar Singh (held for 30 months)
  • 1988 WBMW-FM, Washington, D.C. changes calls to WJFK & begins airing Howard Stern

Coup d'état

1989 Panamanian Defense Force attempted coup of Manuel Noriega fails

  • 1990 Reunification of East and West Germany. West German flag is raised above the Brandenburg Gate on the stroke of midnight.

Ostankino Tower

1993 Battle at TV station Ostankino, Moscow townhall, about 25 killed

  • 1993 Battle of Mogadishu: In an attempt to capture officials of warlord Mohamed Farrah Aidid's organization in Mogadishu, Somalia, 18 US Soldiers and about 1,000 Somalis are killed in heavy fighting.

Historic Event

1993 Boris Yeltsin declares state of emergency in Moscow

  • 1993 Somali General Aidids arm forces kill 18 US Rangers
  • 1994 Fernando Henrique Cardoso elected president of Brazil
  • 1995 1st first-class match at Hurstville Oval, Sydney (NSW vs Western Australia)
  • 1996 Thunderdome in Tampa Bay renamed Tropicana Field
  • 1997 Gordie Howie, 69, plays in 7th decade, with IHL'S Detroit Vipers
  • 1997 Japan's maglev train breaks world speed record at 280.3 mph
  • 2003 Roy Horn of Siegfried & Roy is attacked by one of the shows tigers, canceling the show for good.
  • 2004 Final game in Montreal Expos team history is played in NYC against the Mets at Shea Stadium, an 8-1 defeat; Jamey Carroll scores the final Expos run and Endy Chavez is the last Expos batter

Historic Event

2008 The $700 billion bailout bill for the US financial system is signed by President George W. Bush

  • 2010 19th Commonwealth Games open in Delhi, India
  • 2012 34 people are killed by a series of bombings in Aleppo, Syria
  • 2013 13 people are killed after a passenger plane crashes in Lagos, Nigeria
  • 2013 325 people are killed after a migrant ship catches fire and shipwrecks of the coast of Lampedusa, Italy

Historic Event

2013 Chinese President Xi Jinping announces plans for a "21st Century Maritime Silk Road", linking China to Southeast Asia and the Mediterranean (Belt and Road Initiative / One Belt One Road) while in Indonesia

  • 2014 83 million accounts are compromised after a cyber attack on JP Morgan Chase & 9 other financial institutions
  • 2015 Flash floods on the French Riviera kill at least 19 people
  • 2015 US airstrike hits Doctors Without Borders hospital in Kunduz, Afghanistan, killing around 19
  • 2016 Yoshinori Ohsumi from Japan wins Nobel Prize for Medicine for research into autophagy

Important Vote

2017 King Felipe of Spain speaks out against the Catalan referendum saying organizers have "broken the rule of law"

  • 2017 Nobel Prize for Physics awarded to Rainer Weiss, Barry C. Barish and Kip S. Thorne "for decisive contributions to the LIGO detector and the observation of gravitational waves"

Historic Event

2017 US President Donald Trump visits Puerto Rico after it was devastated by hurricane Maria

  • 2018 259 people have died taking selfies since 2011 according to study in "Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care"
  • 2018 Cervical Cancer could be eliminated in Australia within decades because of government vaccination program, according to report in "The Lancet Public Health"
  • 2018 First exomoon, moon outside the solar system, discovered 8,000 years away (size of Neptune) by astronomers at Columbia University
  • 2018 Most expensive whisky ever sold at auction for $1.1 million, the Macallan Valerio Adami 1926, in Edinburgh, Scotland
  • 2018 Nobel Prize for Chemistry awarded to Frances Arnold, Gregory Winter and George Smith for their use of evolution to produce new enzymes and antibodies
  • 2018 Nobel Prize for Chemistry awarded to Frances H. Arnold, George P. Smith and Sir Gregory P. Winter for discoveries in enzyme research
  • 2018 Wife of former Malaysian Prime Minister Datin Seri Rosmah Mansor arrested on corruption charges
  • 2020 The UK's wettest day on record, with average of 31.7mm (1.24ins) across the country in wake of Storm Alex

Historic Event

2021 Pandora Papers investigation reveals secret wealth of 30 current and former world leaders including Jordan’s King Abdullah II, Czech PM Andrej Babis and former UK PM Tony Blair

  • 2021 Record rainfall in Europe when 36 inches (925 mm) of rain begins falling in northern Italian town of Rossiglione [1]
  • 2021 Tropical Cyclone Shaheen makes landfall in Oman and Iran, killing at least nine people