Events in History on October 4

  • 1209 Pope Innocent II crowns German king Otto of Wittelsbach
  • 1227 Assassination of Caliph al-Adil.
  • 1363 End of the Battle of Lake Poyang; the Chinese rebel forces of Zhu Yuanzhang defeat that of his rival, Chen Youliang, one of the largest naval battles in history with 850,000 taking part (approx.)
  • 1535 The Coverdale Bible, the first complete Bible to be published in English, is printed in Antwerp with translations by William Tyndale and Miles Coverdale [1]
  • 1537 1st printing in England of complete English-language Bible, the "Matthew's Bible", with translations by William Tyndale and Miles Coverdale (an update of the earlier "Coverdale Bible") [exact month/day unclear] [1]
  • 1571 -13] Synod of Emden, Calvinist leaders establish the Dutch Reformed Church.

Gregory Conquers Julius Caesar

1582 Last Julian calendar day in Spain, Portugal and pontifical states. To sync to the Gregorian calendar, 10 days are skipped and the next date is Oct 15.

  • 1636 Battle at Wittstock, Brandenburg: Sweden beat Ferdinand III
  • 1636 In Massachusetts the Plymouth Colony's 1st law drafted
  • 1648 Peter Stuyvesant establishes America's 1st volunteer fire service

Historic Invention

1675 Dutch mathematician Christiaan Huygens patents the pocket watch

  • 1693 Battle of Marsaglia: Piedmontese troops are defeated by the French.
  • 1712 Utrecht banishes poor Jews
  • 1725 Foundation of Rosario in Argentina.

Victory in Battle

1777 Battle of Germantown: Gen George Washington's troops attack and are defeated by the British at Germantown, Pennsylvania

  • 1779 Fort Wilson Riot takes place

Election of Interest

1809 Spencer Perceval becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom after William Cavendish-Bentinck, Duke of Portland retires due to ill health

  • 1824 Mexico becomes a republic
  • 1830 Provisional government declares secession of Belgium from Netherlands
  • 1834 Franz Grillparzer's "Der Traum ein Leben" premieres in Vienna
  • 1853 Ottoman Empire declares war on the Russian Empire starting the Crimean War after various disagreements including Russian occupation of the Ottoman controlled Danubian Principalities

Historic Event

1854 Abraham Lincoln resumes his political career with a speech denouncing recent federal legislation extending slavery, at Illinois State Fair in Springfield; event is a precursor to his famous Peoria Speech [1]

  • 1862 Battle of Corinth ends
  • 1864 National black convention meets in Syracuse, New York
  • 1864 New Orleans Tribune, 1st black daily newspaper, forms
  • 1880 University of California founded in Los Angeles
  • 1883 First meeting of the Boys' Brigade in Glasgow, Scotland.

The Orient Express

1883 The Orient Express departs on its first official journey from Paris to Istanbul

Theater Premiere

1897 George Bernard Shaw's play "Devil's Disciple" premieres in NYC

  • 1900 In a final confrontation, around 4,000 Ashantis are defeated by the British in the Gold Coast (Ghana)
  • 1910 Adoption of the Flag of Bermuda.
  • 1910 Portugal becomes a republic, King Manuel II flees to England
  • 1911 1st escalator installed on the London Underground at Earl's Court Station
  • 1913 Freddy Wilson of Regina Roughriders kicks 10 singles in 21-3 win over Saskatoon Rugby Club
  • 1914 Dardanelles: French & British fleet bombards Turkish forts
  • 1915 Dinosaur National Monument in Colorado & Utah is established
  • 1916 Market Street's "Path of Gold" lit for 1st time
  • 1917 British assault on Broodseinde, France
  • 1921 League of Nations refuses to assist starving Russians
  • 1921 Riccardo Zanella becomes first elected President of Free State of Fiume
  • 1922 Protocol for the Reconstruction of Austria, between the government of Austria and the governments of Great Britain, France, Italy and Czechoslovakia, for reconstructing the Austrian economy, signed in Geneva, Switzerland
  • 1926 Dahlia is officially designated as San Francisco city flower
  • 1927 Gutzon Borglum begins sculpting Mt. Rushmore (works on till 1941)
  • 1928 KPD begins petition against Germany building a battle fleet
  • 1931 Dick Tracy comic strip by Chester Gould debuts
  • 1931 Juan Esteban Montero becomes President of Chile
  • 1932 Anti-semite Julius Gombos forms new government in Hungary
  • 1933 Esquire magazine is 1st published
  • 1936 Italian lire devalued
  • 1939 Last Polish troops surrender
  • 1940 12 German aircraft shot down above England
  • 1940 French Vichy regime proclaims end of "Statute of the Jews"
  • 1942 German assault on Tractor factory in Stalingrad
  • 1943 Corsica freed by Free French
  • 1943 German occupiers forbid flying of kites (6 month jail sentence)
  • 1944 British troops land on Greek mainland
  • 1948 World Council of Churches forms under W Fisherman It Hooft
  • 1949 American Contract Bridge League votes 58½% to keep blacks out
  • 1949 United Nations' permanent NYC headquarters is dedicated
  • 1955 Rev Sun Young Moon leaves prison in Seoul
  • 1956 Great Britain performs nuclear test at Maralinga Australia
  • 1957 Avro Arrow roll-out ceremony at Avro Canada plant in Malton, Ontario
  • 1957 Soviet Union launches Sputnik I, the 1st artificial Earth satellite into elliptical low Earth orbit
  • 1958 French Fifth Republic is established
  • 1958 Transatlantic commercial jet passenger service began (BOAC)
  • 1959 USSR Luna 3 sent back 1st photos of Moon's far side
  • 1960 Courier 1B Launched; 1st active repeater satellite in orbit
  • 1961 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1962 USAF Maj Robert A Rushworth takes X-15 to 32,300m
  • 1963 -8] Hurricane Flora, kills 6,000 in Cuba & Haiti
  • 1963 Gambia achieves full internal self-government
  • 1964 -7] Hurricane Hilda, kills 38 in La, Miss & Ga
  • 1964 3 cars of a commuter train derails in South Africa killing 81
  • 1964 Italian Autostrada del Sol opens at Milan-Naples
  • 1965 Pope Paul VI becomes 1st Catholic Pope to leave Italy since 1809, and 1st to visit Western Hemisphere, spending 14 hours in NYC to address the UN, meet with US President Lyndon Johnson, visit the World's Fair and St. Patrick's Cathedral, and celebrate mass at Yankee Stadium [1]
  • 1965 USSR launches Luna 7; crash lands on Moon
  • 1966 Dutch Cardinal Alfrink presents New Catechism
  • 1966 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • 1966 Lesotho (Basutoland) gains independence from Britain (National Day)
  • 1967 Omar Ali Saifuddin III of Brunei abdicates in favour of his son, His Majesty Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah
  • 1968 A Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association (NICRA) delegation meet with the Derry March organisers and try to have the march cancelled; eventually it was decided to go ahead with the march.
  • 1969 Last wooden passenger subway cars retired at Brooklyn Myrtle Beach
  • 1969 UN starts issuing postage stamps at Geneva headquarters
  • 1970 Herbert Schmidtz makes highest parachute jump from a tower by leaping from a 1,984 ft TV mast in Tulsa, Oklahoma
  • 1970 Umps return after 1-day walkout in quest of higher wages
  • 1971 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • 1973 Hans of Manens ballet "Adagio Hammerklavier" premieres in Amsterdam
  • 1976 Official launch of the Intercity 125 High Speed Train (HST).
  • 1976 Supreme Court lifts 1972 ban on death penalty for convicted murderers
  • 1976 US Agriculture Secretary Earl Butz resigns after telling a racial joke
  • 1978 Funeral services held for Pope John Paul I
  • 1978 Pier 39 opens in San Francisco
  • 1979 Hugh Leonards "Life" premieres in Dublin
  • 1979 Typhoon Tip forms near Pohnpei in Micronesia, would go on to be the most intense and largest tropical cyclone then ever recorded
  • 1979 USSR performs nuclear test
  • 1981 Meadowlands Arena opens in Rutherford, New Jersey

Historic Event

1982 West German parliament officially confirms Helmut Kohl as the country's new Chancellor

  • 1983 Richard Noble driving Thrust2 reaches new land speed record of 650.88 mph (1,047.49 km/h) at Black Rock Desert, Nevada
  • 1985 Free Software Foundation is founded in Massachusetts, USA
  • 1985 Shi'ite Muslims claim to have killed hostage William Buckley
  • 1986 Queen Beatrice installs dam at Oosterschelde
  • 1986 Rachel Oliver (Mass), 20, crowned 19th Miss Black America
  • 1988 Pillsbury stock soars $18.37 to $57.37 on takeover bid
  • 1989 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1990 Regional elections held in East Germany
  • 1991 Delta Center in Salt Lake City Utah
  • 1991 The Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty is opened for signature.
  • 1991 Whiteland Janice, driven by Mike Lachance, wins Kentucky Futurity
  • 1992 1st time AL East & West champs have same record (96-66)-Tor & Oak
  • 1992 El Al cargo plane crashes at Amsterdam Bijlmer, 43 die
  • 1992 Miami Dolphin Louis Oliver returns record tying interception 103 yards
  • 1992 The Rome General Peace Accords ends a 16 year civil war in Mozambique.

Historic Event

1993 Troops and tanks of President Boris Yeltsin shell and occupy the Russian White House in Moscow, the house of government of the Russian Federation

  • 1994 7.9 earthquake strikes Koerilen, flood kills 18+
  • 1994 Soyuz TM-20 launches
  • 1996 BPAA US Bowling Open by Dave Husted
  • 1996 BPAA US Women's Bowling Open won by Liz Johnson
  • 1997 Second largest cash robbery in U.S. history occurs at the Charlotte, North Carolina office of Loomis, Fargo and Company with $17.3 million in cash taken
  • 2001 Siberia Airlines Flight 1812: a Sibir Airlines Tupolev TU-154 crashes into the Black Sea after being struck by an errant Ukrainian S-200 missile. 78 people are killed.
  • 2003 Maxim restaurant suicide bombing in Haifa, Israel: 21 Israelis, Jews and Arabs, are killed, and 51 others wounded.
  • 2003 Trainer Bobby Frankel saddles Sightseek to victory in the Beldame Stakes at Belmont Park; Frankel's 23rd Grade I stakes winner of the year, breaking D. Wayne Lukas' 1987 record of 22
  • 2004 SpaceShipOne wins Ansari X Prize for private spaceflight

Historic Communication

2006 WikiLeaks is launched, created by internet activist Julian Assange

Appointment of Interest

2008 Mark Zuckerberg announces the appointment of Google executive Sheryl Sandberg as Facebook COO

  • 2008 On This Day (then HistoryOrb.com) receives its first major overhaul and redesign
  • 2009 George Papandreou's Panhellenic Socialist Movement defeats Greece's governing New Democracy party in an electoral landslide.

Historic Event

2011 US State Department lists Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi (ISIL) as a Specially Designated Global Terrorist with a $10 million reward for information leading to his capture

  • 2012 19 people are killed after being buried by a landslide in Yunnan, China
  • 2012 Jordan’s King Abdullah dissolves parliament in preparation for new elections
  • 2012 Turkey’s parliament approves cross-border military operations in Syria
  • 2017 Nobel Prize for Chemistry awarded to Jacques Dubochet, Joachim Frank and Richard Henderson for their work on cryo-electron microscopy

Conference of Interest

2017 UK Prime Minister Theresa May suffers a nightmare speech at Conservative National Conference as her voice fails, a prankster interrupts and the set collapses

  • 2019 Fuel subsidies end in Ecuador after four decades, prompting nationwide protests and President Lenín Moreno to declare 60-day state of emergency

Historic Event

2021 Fumio Kishida takes office as Japan's new Prime Minister after taking over as leader of the Liberal Democratic Party

  • 2021 Global outage of Facebook and its apps, including Instagram and WhatsApp, for six hours
  • 2021 Nobel Prize for Physiology and Medicine awarded to David Julius and Ardem Patapoutian for discovering receptors for temperature and touch
  • 2021 Three years worth of rain (14 inches or 300 mm) falls in 12 hours in city of Al Khaburah, Oman, in the wake of tropical cyclone Shaheen [1]
  • 2022 Noble Prize for Physics won by Alain Aspect, John Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their groundbreaking experiments using entangled quantum states [1]