Events in History on October 5

  • 610 Heraclius' fleet takes Constantinople
  • 816 Pope Stephen IV crowns Louis the Pious Emperor at Reims cathedral
  • 869 4th Council of Constantinople (8th ecumenical council) opens
  • 1143 King Alfonso VII of Leon recognises Portugal as a Kingdom

Letter from Kublai Khan to the Japanese Emperor

1274 Around 1,000 soldiers of the Mongol army land on the Japanese island of Tsushima, the first attack of Kublai Khan's Mongol invasion of Japan

  • 1349 Paris theologian Jean de Fayt warns against the Flagellants at Avignon

Historic Event

1430 Duke Philip the Good of Burgundy visits Brussels

  • 1450 Jews are expelled from Lower Bavaria by order of Ludwig IX

Historic Event

1465 French King Louis XI signs peace with Charles the Stout

  • 1511 Eedgenootschap signs anti-French Saint League
  • 1550 Foundation of the city of Concepción, Chile.

Conference of Interest

1568 Conference of York begins: trial against Mary, Queen of Scots

  • 1568 William of Orange's army occupies Brabant
  • 1572 Spanish army under Alva's son Don Frederik plunders Mechelen
  • 1632 Henry Casimir I appointed viceroy of Groningen
  • 1665 The University of Kiel is founded.
  • 1693 Haarlem people's revolution due to food shortages
  • 1750 Carlo Goldoni's "Il Teatro Comico" premieres in Venice

Women's March on Versailles

1789 French Revolution: Women of Paris march to Versailles in the March on Versailles to confront Louis XVI about his refusal to promulgate the decrees on the abolition of feudalism, demand bread, and have the King and his court moved to Paris

French Revolution

1793 French Revolution: Christianity is disestablished in France.

  • 1796 Spain declares war on England

Victory in Battle

1813 Battle of the Thames; American forces under General William Henry Harrison defeat Tecumseh's Confederacy and their British allies led by Henry Procter near Chatham, Upper Canada

  • 1830 King Willem I mobilizes Dutch army
  • 1857 Mormon pioneer Captain Lot Smith and members of the Utah militia destroy US army supply wagon train in Wyoming during Utah War
  • 1857 The City of Anaheim is founded
  • 1862 Battle of Hatchie Bridge, Tennessee; confederate forces avoid capture by Union army
  • 1862 Federal fleet occupies Galveston, Texas
  • 1863 Confederate sub David damages Union ship Ironsides
  • 1864 Battle of Allatoona, 1/3 of Union troops die repulsing South
  • 1864 Most of Calcutta destroyed by cyclone, approx 60,000 die
  • 1867 Last day of Julian calendar in Alaska
  • 1869 A strong hurricane known as the Saxby Gale devastates the Bay of Fundy region in Maritime Canada. Incredibly British naval officer Stephen Martin Saxby predicted the storm 10 months earlier in December 1868 via astronomy.
  • 1869 Man-made tunnel under St. Anthony Falls, Minnesota collapses, threatening the Minneapolis riverfront
  • 1875 Palace Hotel on Market Street opens in San Francisco
  • 1877 Chief Joseph surrenders, ending Nez Perce War
  • 1892 The Dalton Gang ends in shoot-out in Coffeyville, Kansas bank holdup; 4 members killed, and a fifth captured
  • 1896 William Gillette's dramatic play "Secret Service" premieres in NYC
  • 1897 Swedish explorer Solomon August Andrée expedition to the North Pole reaches White Island
  • 1903 Samuel Griffith is appointed the first Chief Justice of Australia and Sir Edmund Barton and Richard O'Connor are appointed as foundation justices

Historic Event

1905 Orville and Wilbur Wright's make a circling flight on "Flyer III" of 24.2 miles (38.9 kms) in 39 minutes and 23 seconds

  • 1908 Bulgaria declares independence from Turkey, Ferdinand I becomes Tsar
  • 1910 Portugal overthrows monarchy, proclaims republic
  • 1911 Italian troops occupy Tripoli
  • 1914 World War I first aerial combat resulting in a kill
  • 1915 Allies land troops at the northern Greek city of Salonika; Greece is nominally neutral but allows the landing
  • 1915 Bulgaria enters World War I as one of the Central Powers.
  • 1919 Norwegian population agrees to prohibition
  • 1921 Present constitution of Liechtenstein comes into effect

Historic Event

1923 Edwin Hubble identifies Cepheid variable star

  • 1924 1st Little Orphan Annie-strip appears in NYC Daily News
  • 1925 The Lacarno Conference meets: Germany agrees to recognise their frontiers with France and Belgium and will apply for membership in the League of Nations
  • 1925 WSM-AM in Nashville Tenn begins radio transmissions
  • 1930 British airship crashes in storm at Beauvais, France, 48 die
  • 1930 Homecoming of the bodies of Swedish polar balloon expedition (1897) led by Salomon August Andrée
  • 1931 1st nonstop transpacific flight, Japan to Wash (Herndon & Pangborn)
  • 1931 Paul Green's "House of Connelly" premieres in NYC
  • 1936 The Jarrow March sets off for London.
  • 1937 Dutch Minister Carl Romme says unemployment is 25% "quarter of Romme"
  • 1942 5,000 Jews of Dubno, Russia massacred

Historic Event

1942 Budy Massacre at Auschwitz sub-camp, 90 French-Jewish women beaten to death by prison guards

  • 1943 US air raid on Wake, Japanese execute 98 US prisoners in retaliation
  • 1944 Kerkrade (Neth) liberated
  • 1944 Suffrage is extended to women in France
  • 1945 "Meet the Press" premieres on radio
  • 1945 Indonesian army forms
  • 1946 Newcastle United equals English Football League record for biggest winning margin in a 13-0 thrashing of Newport in a Division 2 match at St. James' Park; Len Shackleton scores 6, Charlie Wayman 4 for the Toon
  • 1952 19th congress of Communist Party meets in Moscow

Historic Event

1953 Earl Warren sworn in as 14th Chief Justice of US Supreme Court

  • 1953 The first documented recovery meeting of Narcotics Anonymous is held.

Conference of Interest

1954 10th General Conference on Weights and Measures opens, will define the Kelvin as the primary unit of temperature (after William Thomson, Lord Kelvin) [1]

  • 1954 Hurricane Hazel forms in the Caribbean, killing 400-1000 people in the Bahamas and Haiti
  • 1957 Yugoslav dissident Milovan Djilos sentenced to 7 years
  • 1958 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1958 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1960 British Labour party demands unilateral nuclear disarmament
  • 1960 Eastern AL Electra turbo-prop crashed in Boston Harbor (61 die)
  • 1961 China & Nepal sign treaty
  • 1963 Hyde St Pier re-opens as State Historical Park
  • 1964 San Francisco Fire Department Museum dedicated
  • 1965 Chuck Linster performs 6,006 consecutive push-ups
  • 1965 Dick McInnes from Henderson, Kentucky stays aloft almost 12 hours in a kite pulled by a speedboat along the Ohio River

Historic Event

1966 Nigerian government presents a copy of Ben Enwonwu's sculpture "The Awakening" to the United Nations

  • 1968 Civil rights march in Derry stopped by the Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC)and resulting clashes lead to two days of serious rioting, often considered the start of 'the Troubles' in Northern Ireland
  • 1970 American fiddle player "Papa" John Creach joins Jefferson Airplane
  • 1970 Quebec separatists kidnap British trade commissioner James Cross
  • 1971 A new sitting of the Northern Ireland parliament at Stormont begins, though the Social Democratic and Labour Party remain absent due to its continuing protest against Internment
  • 1972 Herbert Mullin 1st kills, claiming it was to prevent earthquakes
  • 1973 Signature of the European Patent Convention.
  • 1974 Guildford pub bombing by the IRA leaves 5 dead and 65 injured.
  • 1975 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1978 Isaac Bashevis Singer wins the Nobel Prize for literature
  • 1978 Over 30 major nations ratify the Environmental Modification Convention which prohibits weather warfare that has widespread, long-lasting or severe effects
  • 1978 Sweden's Fälldin government falls
  • 1980 Formal opening of meditation hall of Zenshin Temple in Riverdale, the Bronx NYC
  • 1981 Dutch guilder/Deutsche mark revalued up 5.5%
  • 1981 Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg becomes an honorary American (posthumously)
  • 1982 China performs nuclear test at Lop Nor, PRC
  • 1982 Hernan Siles Zuazo appointed president of Bolivia
  • 1982 Unmanned rocket sled reaches 9,851 kph at White Sands, NM

Historic Event

1984 13th NASA Space Shuttle Mission (41G): Challenger 6 launches with Marc Garneau, the first Canadian in space, on board

  • 1985 Grambling's Eddie Robinson wins record 324th football game
  • 1986 London Sunday Times reports Israel is stocking nuclear arms
  • 1988 Brazil adopts its Constitution

Important Vote

1988 Chile votes in a referendum 56-44 against extending Augusto Pinochet's regime by 8 years thus ending the dictator's 16½ years in power

  • 1988 Israel bans Meir Kahane's Kach Party on grounds of racism
  • 1990 Cincinnati jury acquits art gallery of obsentity (Mappelthorpe photos)
  • 1991 Military transport plane crashes at Jakarta, 133 dies
  • 1991 The first official version of the Linux kernel, version 0.02, is released.
  • 1991 USSR reduces nuclear weapons arsenal

Historic Event

1992 1st overturn of a George H. W. Bush veto (cable bill)

  • 1992 NY senator Alphonse D'Amato filibusters for 15 hours 20 mins
  • 1992 US Air goes on strike
  • 1993 China performs nuclear test at Lop Nor, PRC

Historic Event

1993 Last honor guard at Lenin's mausoleum

  • 1994 52 members of Zonnetempel, murdered
  • 1997 STS 86 (Atlantis 20) lands
  • 1999 The Ladbroke Grove rail crash in west London kills 31 people.

Historic Event

2000 Mass demonstrations in Belgrade culminate in the resignation of Serbian strongman Slobodan Milošević, often called the Bulldozer Revolution

  • 2001 Robert Stevens becomes the first victim in the 2001 anthrax attacks.

Historic Event

2001 Tom Ridge resigns as Governor of Pennsylvania to become President George W. Bush's Homeland Security Advisor

Historic Publication

2005 Vampire novel "Twilight" by Stephenie Meyer is first published by Little Brown

  • 2012 Anglo Platinum Limited fires 12,000 striking workers in South Africa
  • 2015 Floods in South Carolina a "1,000-year storm" result in 12 deaths and 9 dams to fail

Historic Event

2015 Governor of California Jerry Brown signs a bill giving terminally ill patients the "right to die"

  • 2015 Nobel prize for Medicine awarded to William C. Campbell, Satoshi Ōmura (Roundworm) and Youyou Tu (Malaria)
  • 2015 Trans-Pacific Partnership agreement announced by trade ministers of 12 countries in Atlanta
  • 2017 Iraqi forces claim victory and control over Islamic State's last urban stronghold Hawija, Northern Iraq

Historic Event

2017 Spanish constitutional court suspends Catalan parliament to prevent declaration of independence

  • 2018 Banksy work "Girl With Balloon" automatically shreds moments after being sold for 1 million pounds in London, renamed "Love is in the Bin"
  • 2018 Nobel Peace Prize awarded jointly to Congolese gynaecologist Denis Mukwege and Yazidi activist Nadia Murad for "efforts to end the use of sexual violence as a weapon of war"
  • 2018 Record price at auction for a living female artist as Jenny Saville's "Propped" sells for £9.5 million in London
  • 2018 US unemployment figures hit lowest level since 1969 - 3.7% according to Department of Labor

Historic Event

2019 Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte reveals he has a neuromuscular disease, myasthenia gravis, causing him health problems

  • 2020 At least 14m tonnes of plastic pieces are at the bottom of the ocean, 30 times more than on the surface according to new research [1]
  • 2020 India COVID-19 death toll passes 100,000, with 6.6 million known cases, 3rd highest death toll in the world behind the US and Brazil
  • 2020 Nobel Prize for Medicine awarded jointly to Harvey J. Alter, Michael Houghton and Charles M. Rice for the discovery of hepatitis C virus [1]

COVID-19 Pandemic

2020 US President Donald Trump leaves Walter Reed National Military Medical Center while still infectious with COVID-19 and returns to the White House

  • 2020 WHO estimates 10% of world's population may have been infected with COVID-19, more than 20 times the number of confirmed cases
  • 2021 480 Otis wins Alaska's Fat Bear Week for pre-hibernation weight gain for the third year in a row
  • 2021 Major French investigation finds clergy sexually abused more than 200,000 children over 70 years, most of the victims boys [1]
  • 2021 Nobel Prize for Physics awarded to Syukuro Manabe, Klaus Hasselmann and Giorgio Parisi for pioneering work that warned of climate change
  • 2022 Nobel Prize for Chemistry awarded to Carolyn Bertozzi, Morten Meldal and K. Barry Sharpless (his 2nd) for their work on Click Chemistry