Events in History on October 8

Victory in Battle

314 Battle at Cibalae: Roman emperor in the west Constantine beats emperor in the east Licinius

  • 451 Council of Chalcedon (4th ecumenical council) opens - acts of second Council of Ephesus annulled and doctrine of Pope Leo's Tome adopted
  • 876 Battle at Andernach: East Frankish king Louis the Younger heavily defeats the West Frankish king Charles the Bald
  • 1075 Dmitar Zvonimir is crowned king of Croatia
  • 1085 San Marcos ministry in Venice initiated

The Great Stand on the Ugra River

1480 Great Stand on the Ugra river: Standoff between forces of Akhmat Khan, Khan of the Great Horde and Ivan III, Grand Prince of all Rus. Ends with a Tatar-Mongol retreat, leading to the disintegration of the Horde.

  • 1600 San Marino adopts constitution
  • 1604 Supernova "Kepler's nova" first sighted by Lodovico delle Colombe in Italy

Historic Event

1625 English Admiral George Villiers' fleet sails from Plymouth to Cadiz, Spain

  • 1633 Massachusetts Bay Colony forms its first government

Historic Event

1645 First hospital in Montreal, Quebec founded, the Hôtel-Dieu de Montréal by nurse Jeanne Mance

  • 1690 Siege of Belgrade, Ottoman troops capture Belgrade
  • 1712 French privateer Jacques Cassard seen on Suriname coast
  • 1740 Chinese assault on Diestpoort, Batavia

Historic Discovery

1769 Captain James Cook lands in New Zealand at Poverty Bay on the East Coast of the North Island

Historic Event

1775 Officers decide to bar slaves and free blacks from the Continental Army

Historic Event

1779 English engraver and poet William Blake begins study at the Royal Academy, Old Somerset House, London

  • 1806 British forces lay siege to French port of Boulogne using Congreve rockets, invented by Sir William Congreve
  • 1813 Treaty of Ried between Bavaria & Austria
  • 1815 Joachim Murat's French forces land at Pizzo, Italy

Historic Event

1821 The government of General José de San Martín establishes the Peruvian Navy

  • 1822 First eruption of Galunggung in Java sends boiling sludge into valley
  • 1840 "Ke Kumukānāwai a me nā Kānāwai o ko Hawaiʻi Pae ʻĀina, Honolulu, 1840", the 1st written Constitution of the Hawaiian Kingdom enacted by King Kamehameha III and Kuhina Nui (Prime Minister) Kekāuluohi
  • 1840 First Hawaiian constitution proclaimed
  • 1856 The Second Opium War or second Anglo-Chinese War: begins with the Arrow Incident on the Pearl River
  • 1860 Telegraph line between LA & San Francisco opens
  • 1862 Battle of Perryville, Kentucky - Confederate invasion halted
  • 1865 Earthquake in Santa Cruz Mountains
  • 1871 Forest fire destroys Peshtigo, Wisconsin, killing between 1,200 and 2,500 people, making it then the deadliest wildfire in recorded history

Great Chicago Fire

1871 The Great Chicago Fire kills an estimated 300 people and destroys over 4 square miles (10 square km) of buildings and the original Emancipation Proclamation

  • 1873 First women's prison run by women opens at Indiana Reformatory Institute
  • 1879 War of the Pacific: the Chilean Navy defeats the Peruvian Navy in the Battle of Angamos, Peruvian Admiral Miguel Grau is killed in the encounter.
  • 1892 Sergei Rachmaninoff first performs "Prelude in C-sharp-Minor" in Moscow
  • 1895 Ohio Valley Improvement Association forms
  • 1898 First Canadian Intercollegiate football game: McGill beats Queen's, 3-2
  • 1903 J M Synge's play "In the Shadow of the Glen" premieres in Dublin
  • 1906 Karl Nessler demonstrates first 'permanent wave' for hair in London
  • 1912 Montenegro declares war on Turkey, beginning 1st Balkan War
  • 1915 Battle of Loos on WWI Western Front ends, German forces contain British attack (85,000 casualties)

Historic Event

1917 Leon Trotsky named chairman of the Petrograd Soviet as Bolsheviks gain control

Sgt. Alvin York Kills 25 German Soldiers

1918 American soldier Alvin York single-handedly attacks German gun nest, killing at least 25 and capturing 132 Germans

Historic Event

1924 British Labour government of Ramsay MacDonald falls to Conservatives

  • 1929 Mohammed Nadir Khan occupies Kabul Afghanistan and drives out Habibullah Ghazi
  • 1932 The Indian Air Force is established
  • 1933 Coit Tower dedicated in San Francisco as a monument to firefighters
  • 1933 Martinez Barrios forms new Spanish government

Murder of Interest

1934 Bruno Hauptmann is indicted for the murder of Charles Lindbergh's son

Theater Premiere

1938 George S. Kaufman & Moss Hart's play "Fabulous Invalid" premieres in NYC

  • 1939 Germany annexes Western Poland
  • 1940 German troops occupies Romania
  • 1941 Building at Concentration Camp Birkenau begins
  • 1942 Fight at Matanikau, Guadalcanal (John Hersey-Into the Valley)
  • 1943 Great Britain establishes bases on Azores
  • 1945 Microwave oven patented by US inventor Percy Spencer

Historic Event

1945 US President Harry Truman announces atomic bomb secret shared with Britain and Canada

  • 1946 Military plane crashes at Christian HBS, 24 die
  • 1952 112 people killed in Britain's worst peace-time rail crash at Harrow and Wealdstone, northwest London
  • 1952 Chinese offensive in Korea
  • 1955 World's most powerful aircraft carrier, USS Saratoga, launched
  • 1957 Procter & Gamble director N McElroy becomes US Secretary of Defense
  • 1957 Soviet spy Jack Sobel sentenced to 7 years (NYC)
  • 1957 Turkish & Syrian border guards exchange fire
  • 1958 Dr Ake Senning installs first pacemaker (Stockholm)
  • 1958 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Election of Interest

1959 Conservatives led by Harold Macmillan win the British general election

  • 1961 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya, USSR
  • 1962 Algeria admitted as 109th member of UN
  • 1962 North Korea reports 100% election turnout, miraculously 100% vote for the Workers' Party
  • 1962 Spiegel scandal: Der Spiegel publishes article "Bedingt abwehrbereit" ("Conditionally prepared for defense") about NATO manoeuver called "Fallex 62", uncovering sorry state of West German army. Magazine soon accused of treason.
  • 1963 Sultan of Zanzibar cedes his mainland possessions to Kenya
  • 1964 Gilroy Roberts becomes first US chief engraver to retire (than die)
  • 1965 Muslims in Jakarta set fire to PKI headquarters
  • 1965 Post Office Tower opens in London, then the tallest building in England
  • 1965 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1966 Wyoming's Jerry DePoyster kicks 3 field goals over 50 yds (54, 54, 52)

Historic Event

1967 Guerrilla leader Che Guevara and his men are captured in Bolivia

  • 1968 Dutch aircraft carrier Karel Doorman (formerly British HMS Venerable) sold to Argentina
  • 1969 The opening rally of the Days of Rage occurs, organized by the Weather Underground in Chicago, Illinois.

Nobel Prize

1970 Soviet author Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn wins the Nobel Prize for Literature

  • 1970 The Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP) propose that a system of Proportional Representation (PR) should be used in elections in Northern Ireland
  • 1971 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1973 OPEC meets with oil companies to discuss revision of 1971 Tehran agreement and oil prices; negotiations fail.
  • 1973 Spyris Markezinis forms government in Greece
  • 1974 Franklin National Bank collapses due to fraud and mismanagement; at the time it was the largest bank failure in the history of the United States.
  • 1978 Ken Warby set world water speed record at 319.627 mph (514 kph)
  • 1980 British Leyland starts selling Mini Metro
  • 1980 USSR & Syria sign peace treaty
  • 1980 USSR performs nuclear test
  • 1982 Poland bans Solidarity & all labor unions
  • 1983 1st regular season Islander OT game beat Caps 8-7
  • 1985 "Rembrandt & Hitler or Me" premieres in Amsterdam
  • 1986 Mike Scott ties playoff record of 14 strikeouts, beats Mets 1-0
  • 1986 Run-DMC calls for a day of peace among LA street gangs
  • 1988 Fire in Seattle's Space Needle causes evacuation, $2,000 damage
  • 1988 Jay Howell ejected in NLCS game 3 for having pine tar on his glove
  • 1990 Israeli police kill 17 Palestinian rioters
  • 1990 US doctors Joseph E Murray & E Donnall Thomas win Nobel Prize

Historic Event

1991 The Croatian Parliament cuts all remaining ties with Yugoslavia

  • 1992 Nobel Prize for literature is given to West Indies poet Derek Walcott
  • 1992 Pioneer Venus Orbiter (1st Venus orbiter-1978), crashes into Venus
  • 1993 UN lifts remaining economic sanctions against South Africa
  • 1994 BPAA US Women's Bowling Open won by Aleta Sill

Nobel Prize

1998 José Saramago is the first person from Portugal to be awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature

  • 1998 Oslo Gardermoen airport opening after the close down of Fornebu.

Impeachment Trial of Bill Clinton

1998 US House of Representatives votes to begin impeachment hearings against President Bill Clinton on charges of lying about his affair with Monica Lewinsky

  • 1999 New Coligny Calendar, NCC, The beginning of a new era of the Coligny calendar, the oldest material Celtic calendar.
  • 2001 A twin engine Cessna and Scandinavian Airlines System (SAS) jetliner collide in heavy fog during takeoff from Milan, Italy killing 118.

Historic Event

2001 US President George W. Bush announces the establishment of the Office of Homeland Security

Nobel Prize

2003 Clive Granger and Robert F. Engle awarded Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences “for methods of analyzing economic time series with time-varying volatility (ARCH)”

Nobel Prize

2003 Peter Agre and Roderick MacKinnon win the 2003 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for discoveries concerning channels in cell membranes

Nobel Prize

2004 Kenyan Wangari Maathai is the first African woman to receive the Nobel Peace Prize for "her contribution to sustainable development, democracy and peace"

  • 2005 The Kashmir earthquake hits parts of northern South Asia at 03:50 UTC.
  • 2008 Nobel Prize for Medicine or Physiology awarded jointly to Harald zur Hausen (cause of cervical cancer) and Françoise Barré-Sinoussi, Luc Montagnier (discovery of HIV)
  • 2012 35 people are killed by a Nigerian military bomb struck a convoy in Maiduguri

Election of Interest

2012 Hugo Chávez is re-elected as president of Venezuela for a fourth term

Nobel Prize

2012 John B. Gurdon and Shinya Yamanaka win the 2012 Nobel Prize for Medicine for their work on reprogramming end stage cells to become pluripotent

  • 2012 Mustafa A.G. Abushagur, the first elected Libyan Prime Minister, is voted out of office by the Libyan parliament
  • 2013 Peter Higgs and François Englert win the 2013 Nobel Prize in Physics for their work on the origin of the mass of subatomic particles
  • 2014 Eric Betzig, Stefan Hell and William Moerner win the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for the development of super-resolved fluorescence microscopy
  • 2015 Nobel prize for Literature awarded to Belarusian journalist and author Svetlana Alexievich
  • 2016 140 people are killed in an air strike during a wake in Sanaa, Yemen
  • 2017 Wildfires ignite in Northern Californian wine country, killing at least 41 over the next week, with 20,000 evacutated
  • 2018 Major climate report by Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change for the UN says planet will warm 2.7 degrees Fahrenheit (1.5 degrees Celsius) by 2040 with dire results
  • 2018 Nobel prize for Economics awarded to William Nordhaus for climate change and Paul Romer for endogenous growth theory
  • 2019 FBI confirm Samuel Little is America's most prolific serial killer, after verifying more than half of his 93 confessed murders
  • 2019 Montgomery, Alabama, home of the US civil rights movement, elects Steven Reed as its first black mayor in 200 years
  • 2019 Noble Prize for Physics awarded to James Peebles (work on evolution of the universe), and Michel Mayor and Didier Queloz (discovery of planet 51 Pegasi b, orbiting another star)
  • 2020 American poet Louise Glück is awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature
  • 2020 FBI charge 13 men with plotting to kidnap Michigan Governor Gretchen Whitmer and storm the Michigan Capitol
  • 2022 Landslide caused by unusually heavy rain kills at least 50 in Las Tejerias, Venezuela [1]
  • 2022 The Kerch bridge built by Russia to link Crimea to Russia and symbol of Russia's illegal occupation of Ukraine is partly blown up, allowing only light traffic to cross [1]