Events in History on October 8

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

314 Battle at Cibalae: Roman emperor in the west Constantine beats emperor in the east Licinius

Roman Emperor Constantine the Great
Roman Emperor
Constantine the Great
  • 451 Council of Chalcedon (4th ecumenical council) opens
  • 876 Battle at Andernach: Louis the Young beats Charles the Bald
  • 1075 Dmitar Zvonimir is crowned king of Croatia.
  • 1085 San Marcos ministry in Venice initiated

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1480 Great standing on the Ugra river, standoff between forces of Akhmat Khan, Khan of the Great Horde, and Ivan III Grand Prince of all Rus, Tataro-Mongols retreat, leds to disintegration of the Horde

Grand Prince of Moscow and Russia Ivan the Great
Grand Prince of Moscow and Russia
Ivan the Great
  • 1600 San Marino adopts constitution
  • 1604 Supernova "Kepler's nova" first sighted
  • 1625 Admiral George Villiers' fleet sails from Plymouth to Cadiz
  • 1633 Massachusetts Bay Colony forms its first government
  • 1690 Siege of Belgrade, Ottoman troops capture Belgrade
  • 1712 French privateer Jacques Cassard seen on Suriname coast
  • 1740 Chinese assault on Diestpoort Batavia

DiscoveryHistoric Discovery

1769 Captain James Cook lands in New Zealand (Poverty Bay)

Explorer James Cook
James Cook
  • 1775 Officers decide to bar slaves & free blacks from Continental Army

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1779 English engraver and poet William Blake begins study at the Royal Academy, Old Somerset House, London

Poet/Artist William Blake
William Blake

  • 1806 British forces lay siege to French port of Boulogne using Congreve rockets, invented by Sir William Congreve
  • 1813 Treaty of Ried between Bavaria & Austria
  • 1815 Joachim Murat's forces land at Pizzo, Italy

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1821 The government of General José de San Martín establishes the Peruvian Navy.

Revolutionary Leader José de San Martín
Revolutionary Leader
José de San Martín
  • 1822 First eruption of Galunggung in Java sends boiling sludge into valley
  • 1827 Sea battle at Navarino (Greece freed of Ottoman occupation)
  • 1840 First Hawaiian constitution proclaimed
  • 1856 The Second Opium War or second Anglo-Chinese War: begins with the Arrow Incident on the Pearl River
  • 1860 Telegraph line between LA & SF opens
  • 1862 Battle of Perryville, KY- Confederate invasion halted

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1862 Otto von Bismarck becomes Chancellor of the German Empire

German Statesman Otto von Bismarck
German Statesman
Otto von Bismarck
  • 1865 Earthquake in Santa Cruz Mountains
  • 1871 Forest fire destroys Peshtigo, Wisconsin, killing between 1,200 and 2,500 people, making it the deadliest wildfire in recorded history
  • 1871 Great Fire of Chicago kills 200 people and destroys over 4 square miles (10 square km) of buildings and the original Emancipation Proclamation
  • 1873 First women's prison run by women opens at Indiana Reformatory Institute
  • 1879 War of the Pacific: the Chilean Navy defeats the Peruvian Navy in the Battle of Angamos, Peruvian Admiral Miguel Grau is killed in the encounter.
  • 1886 Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Noble Bachelor" (BG)
  • 1892 Sergei Rachmaninoff first performs "Prelude in C-sharp-Minor" in Moscow
  • 1895 Ohio Valley Improvement Association forms
  • 1898 First Canadian Intercollegiate football game: McGill beats Queen's, 3-2
  • 1903 J M Synge's "In the Shadow of the Glen" premieres in Dublin
  • 1906 Karl Nessler demonstrates first 'permanent wave' for hair in London
  • 1912 Montenegro declares war on Turkey, beginning 1st Balkan War
  • 1915 Battle of Loos on WWI Western Front ends, German forces contain British attack (85,000 casualties)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1917 Leon Trotsky named chairman of the Petrograd Soviet as Bolsheviks gain control

Russian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky
Russian Revolutionary
Leon Trotsky

Battle of InterestSgt. Alvin York Kills 25 German Soldiers

1918 American soldier Alvin York single-handedly attacks German gun nest, killing at least 25 and capturing 132 Germans
More >>

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1924 British Labour government of Ramsay MacDonald falls to Conservatives

British Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald
British Prime Minister
Ramsay MacDonald
  • 1929 Mohammed Nadir Khan occupies Kabul Afghanistan and drives out Habibullah Ghazi
  • 1932 The Indian Air Force is established.
  • 1933 Coit Tower dedicated in San Francisco as a monument to firefighters
  • 1933 Martinez Barrios forms new Spanish government

MurderMurder of Interest

1934 Bruno Hauptmann is indicted for murder of Charles Lindbergh's son

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1938 G Kaufman & Moss Hart's "Fabulous Invalid" premieres in NYC

Playwright Moss Hart
Moss Hart
  • 1939 Germany annexes Western Poland
  • 1940 German troops occupies Romania
  • 1941 Building at Concentration Camp Birkenau begins
  • 1942 Fight at Matanikau, Guadalcanal (John Hersey-Into the Valley)
  • 1943 Great Britain establishes bases on Azores

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945 US President Harry Truman announced atomic bomb secret shared with Britain and Canada

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • 1945 Microwave oven patented
  • 1946 Military plane crashes at Christian HBS, 24 die
  • 1952 Chinese offensive in Korea
  • 1952 Harrow and Wealdstone, northwest London, 112 people killed in Britain's worst peace-time rail crash.
  • 1955 World's most powerful aircraft carrier, USS Saratoga, launched
  • 1957 Procter & Gamble director N McElroy becomes US Secretary of Defense
  • 1957 Soviet spy Jack Sobel sentenced to 7 years (NYC)
  • 1957 Turkish & Syrian border guards exchange fire
  • 1958 Dr Ake Senning installs first pacemaker (Stockholm)
  • 1958 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1959 Conservatives win British general election
  • 1961 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya, USSR
  • 1962 Algeria admitted as 109th member of UN
  • 1962 North Korea reports 100% election turnout, miraculously 100% vote for the Workers' Party
  • 1962 Spiegel scandal: Der Spiegel publishes article "Bedingt abwehrbereit" ("Conditionally prepared for defense") about NATO manoeuver called "Fallex 62", uncovering sorry state of West German army. Magazine soon accused of treason.
  • 1963 Sultan of Zanzibar cedes his mainland possessions to Kenya
  • 1964 Gilroy Roberts becomes first US chief engraver to retire (than die)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1964 Ringo Starr passes his driving test

Beatles Drummer Ringo Starr
Beatles Drummer
Ringo Starr
  • 1965 Muslims in Jakarta set fire to PKI headquarters
  • 1965 Post Office Tower opens in London, tallest building in England
  • 1965 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1966 Wyoming's Jerry DePoyster kicks 3 field goals over 50 yds (54, 54, 52)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1967 Guerrilla leader Che Guevara and his men are captured in Bolivia.

Argentine Revolutionary Che Guevara
Argentine Revolutionary
Che Guevara
  • 1968 Dutch aircraft carrier Karel Doorman (formerly British HMS Venerable) sold to Argentina
  • 1969 The opening rally of the Days of Rage occurs, organized by the Weather Underground in Chicago, Illinois.
  • 1970 Soviet author Alexander Isayevich Solzhenitsyn wins Nobel Prize for Literature
  • 1970 The Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP) propose that a system of Proportional Representation (PR) should be used in elections in Northern Ireland
  • 1971 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1972 Lerrin LaGrow Campy, who had been hit by a pitch, is fined & suspended
  • 1973 Spyris Markezinis forms government in Greece
  • 1973 OPEC meets with oil companies to discuss revision of 1971 Tehran agreement and oil prices; negotiations fail.
  • 1974 Franklin National Bank collapses due to fraud and mismanagement; at the time it was the largest bank failure in the history of the United States.
  • 1978 Ken Warby set world water speed record at 319.627 mph (514 kph)
  • 1978 Yanks win 3rd straight AL Championship, all against Kansas City
  • 1980 British Leyland starts selling Mini Metro
  • 1980 USSR & Syria sign peace treaty
  • 1980 USSR performs nuclear test

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1981 US President Ronald Reagan greets predecessors Jimmy Carter, Gerald Ford and Richard Nixon before sending them to Egypt for Anwar Sadat's funeral

39th US President Jimmy Carter
39th US President
Jimmy Carter
38th US President Gerald Ford
38th US President
Gerald Ford
President of Egypt and Nobel Laureate Anwar Sadat
President of Egypt and Nobel Laureate
Anwar Sadat
  • 1982 Poland bans Solidarity & all labor unions
  • 1983 1st regular season Islander OT game beat Caps 8-7
  • 1985 "Rembrandt & Hitler or Me" premieres in Amsterdam
  • 1985 Little Richard seriously injured in a car accident
  • 1986 Mike Scott ties playoff record of 14 strikeouts, beats Mets 1-0
  • 1986 RUN DMC calls for a day of peace among LA street gangs
  • 1988 Fire in Seattle's Space Needle causes evacuation, $2,000 damage
  • 1988 Jay Howell ejected in NLCS game 3 for having pine tar on his glove
  • 1990 Israeli police kill 17 Palestinian rioters
  • 1990 US doctors Joseph E Murray & E Donnall Thomas win Nobel Prize
  • 1991 The Croatian Parliament cuts all remaining ties with Yugoslavia
  • 1992 Nobel Prize for literature is given to West Indies poet Derek Walcott
  • 1992 Pioneer Venus Orbiter (1st Venus orbiter-1978), crashes into Venus

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1993 Howard Stern releases his 1st book "Private Parts"

Radio shock jock Howard Stern
Radio shock jock
Howard Stern
  • 1993 UN lifts remaining economic sanctions against South Africa
  • 1994 BPAA US Women's Bowling Open won by Aleta Sill
  • 1998 Oslo Gardermoen airport opening after the close down of Fornebu.

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

1998 José Saramago is the first person from Portugal to be awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature

Novelist José Saramago
José Saramago
  • 1999 New Coligny Calendar, NCC, The beginning of a new era of the Coligny calendar, the oldest material Celtic calendar.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2001 U.S. President George W. Bush announces the establishment of the Office of Homeland Security.

43rd US President George W. Bush
43rd US President
George W. Bush
  • 2001 A twin engine Cessna and Scandinavian Airlines System (SAS) jetliner collide in heavy fog during takeoff from Milan, Italy killing 118.

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

2003 Peter Agre and Roderick MacKinnon win the 2003 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for discoveries concerning channels in cell membranes

Molecular biologist Peter Agre
Molecular biologist
Peter Agre

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

2003 Clive Granger and Robert F. Engle awarded Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences “for methods of analyzing economic time series with time-varying volatility (ARCH)”

Economist Clive Granger
Clive Granger
Economist Robert F. Engle
Robert F. Engle

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

2004 Kenyan Wangari Maathai is the first African woman to receive the Nobel Peace Prize for "her contribution to sustainable development, democracy and peace"

Environmentalist Wangari Maathai
Wangari Maathai
  • 2005 The Kashmir earthquake hits parts of northern South Asia at 03:50 UTC.
  • 2012 35 people are killed by a Nigerian military bomb struck a convoy in Maiduguri

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

2012 Hugo Chávez is re-elected as president of Venezuela for a fourth term

President of Venezuela Hugo Chávez
President of Venezuela
Hugo Chávez
  • 2012 Mustafa A.G. Abushagur, the first elected Libyan Prime Minister, is voted out of office by the Libyan parliament

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

2012 John B. Gurdon and Shinya Yamanaka win the 2012 Nobel Prize for Medicine for their work on reprogramming end stage cells to become pluripotent

Developmental biologist John B. Gurdon
Developmental biologist
John B. Gurdon
Physician Shinya Yamanaka
Shinya Yamanaka
  • 2013 Peter Higgs and François Englert win the 2013 Nobel Prize in Physics for their work on the origin of the mass of subatomic particles
  • 2014 Eric Betzig, Stefan Hell and William Moerner win the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for the development of super-resolved fluorescence microscopy
  • 2015 Nobel prize for Literature awarded to Belarusian journalist and author Svetlana Alexievich
  • 2016 140 people are killed in an air strike during a wake in Sanaa, Yemen
  • 2017 Wildfires ignite in Northern Californian wine country, killing at least 41 over the next week, with 20,000 evacutated
  • 2018 Major climate report by Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change for the UN says planet will warm 2.7 degrees Fahrenheit (1.5 degrees Celsius) by 2040 with dire results