On This Day

Events in History on October 9

CrownRoyal Coronation

768 Charlemagne and his brother Carloman I are crowned Kings of The Franks

Holy Roman Emperor Charlemagne
Holy Roman Emperor
Charlemagne
  • 869 Charles the Bald crowned king of Lotharingen
  • 1000 Leif Ericson discovers "Vinland" (possibly L'Anse aux Meadows, Canada) reputedly becoming first European to reach North America

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1192 Richard I of England, the Lion Heart, leaves Jerusalem in disguise

  • 1238 James I of Aragon conquers Valencia and founds the Kingdom of Valencia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1290 Last of 16,000 Jews expelled by King Edward I leave England

King of England Edward I
King of England
Edward I
  • 1446 The Hangul alphabet is published in Korea
  • 1558 Mérida is founded in Venezuela
  • 1573 Don Frederik and the Spanish disband the siege of Alkmaar
  • 1595 The Spanish army captures Cambrai
  • 1597 Eighty Years War: Maurice of Nassau, Prince of Orange with English support captures Breevoort, Netherlands from the Spanish
  • 1617 Peace of Pavia between Spain and Savoye
  • 1621 Turkey & Poland signs Peace of Chotin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1635 Religious dissident Roger Williams banished from Mass Bay Colony

Theologian and Colonist Roger Williams
Theologian and Colonist
Roger Williams
  • 1651 English parliament passes Navigation Act
  • 1655 Swedish king Karel X Gustaaf occupies Krakow

Historic DiscoveryGreat Plague of London

1665 Due to the Great Plague of London, the British Parliament meets at the University of Oxford rather than the Palace of Westminster
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Drivers of death carts in London would go street-to-street extolling people to
Drivers of death carts in London would go street-to-street extolling people to "bring out your dead" at the height of the London plague outbreak in 1665
  • 1668 Mass society storms palace of "heretics" Spanish governor Jose de Paternina
  • 1701 Collegiate School of Ct (Yale U), chartered in New Haven
  • 1708 Great Northern War: Battle at Lesnaya (N.S): Russian army captures Swedish convoy
  • 1716 Britain & France sign treaty
  • 1740 Dutch governor general Adriaen Valckenier allows murder of 8,000 Chinese inhabitants of Batavia
  • 1760 7 Years' War: Russian and Austrian forces occupy Berlin [OS=Sep 28]
  • 1771 The Dutch merchant ship Vrouw Maria sinks near the coast of Finland.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1779 Siege of Savannah during American Revolutionary War: Casimir Pulaski is wounded by grapeshot (dies 11 or 15 March)

Military Leader Casimir Pulaski
Military Leader
Casimir Pulaski

Victory in BattleSurrender at Yorktown

1781 Americans under George Washington and the French under comte de Rochambeau begin bombardment of Yorktown, the last battle of American Revolutionary War
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'Surrender of Lord Cornwallis' by John Trumbull depicting the British surrender which ended the American Revolutionary War
'Surrender of Lord Cornwallis' by John Trumbull depicting the British surrender which ended the American Revolutionary War
  • 1794 French troops occupy Hertogenbosch
  • 1799 Sinking of British frigate HMS Lutine, with the loss of 240 men and cargo worth £1,200,000 off Dutch coast
  • 1804 Hobart in Tasmania founded
  • 1806 Prussia declares war on France
  • 1817 University of Gent officially opens
  • 1818 Congress of Aken returns to France from Libya
  • 1820 Guayaquil, Ecuador declares its freedom from Ecuador
  • 1824 Slavery is abolished in Costa Rica
  • 1831 Ioannis Kapodistrias, first Head of State of modern Greece, assassinated in Nafplion
  • 1835 The Royal College, Colombo, established with the name Hillstreet Academy in Sri Lanka

  • 1837 Steamboat "Home" sinks off Okracoke, North Carolina, killing 100
  • 1837 Meeting at the U.S. Naval Academy establishes the U.S. Naval Institute.
  • 1845 The eminent and controversial Anglican, John Henry Newman, is received into the Roman Catholic Church
  • 1854 The siege of Sevastopol begins during the Crimean War
  • 1855 American inventor Isaac Singer patents sewing machine motor
  • 1863 Battle of Brady Station, Virginia (Culpeper Court House, Bristoe Station)

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1864 Battle of Tom's Brook; Confederate cavalry that harassed Sheridan's campaign is beaten by General George A. Custer & Merrit's cavalry divisions

  • 1865 First US underground pipeline for carrying oil is laid in Pennsylvania
  • 1870 Rome is incorporated into Italy by royal decree
  • 1872 Aaron Montgomery starts his mail-order business
  • 1874 World Postal Union forms in Bern Switzerland
  • 1876 1st 2-way telephone conversation, 1st over outdoor wires
  • 1877 American Humane Association organizes (Cleveland)
  • 1888 Washington Monument opens for public admittance
  • 1899 1st British troops reaches Durban, South Africa
  • 1899 South Africa President Kruger routes British authorities ultimatum
  • 1900 8.3 magnitude earthquake shakes Cape Yakataga, Alaska
  • 1903 11" (28.4 cm) rainfall in 24 hrs (NYC)
  • 1914 German troops take Antwerp in World War I
  • 1915 Belgrade, Serbia, surrenders to Central leaders
  • 1915 Gil Anderson races auto (165.1 km record) in Sheepshead Bay, New York
  • 1926 Dutch Queen Wilhelmina opens Royal Colonial Institution
  • 1928 Marcel Pagnol's "Topaz" premieres in Paris
  • 1930 1st transcontinental flight by a woman completed, Laura Ingalls

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1932 Soviet leader Joseph Stalin expels Lev Kamenev and Grigory Zinoviev from the Communist Party after a power struggle

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin

MurderAssassination

1934 Assassination of Alexander I King of Yugoslavia and French Foreign Minister Louis Barthou in Marseille by member of the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization organised by Ustaša

Croatian Fascist Leader Ante Pavelić
Croatian Fascist Leader
Ante Pavelić

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1936 Hoover Dam begins transmitting electricity to Los Angeles

31st US President Herbert Hoover
31st US President
Herbert Hoover

USAManhattan Project

1941 US President Franklin D. Roosevelt approves an atomic program that would become the Manhattan Project
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'Calutron Girls' monitoring a mass spectrometer during the Manhattan Project. Gladys Owens, in the foreground, did not know what she was involved with until seeing this picture on a tour fifty years later.
'Calutron Girls' monitoring a mass spectrometer during the Manhattan Project. Gladys Owens, in the foreground, did not know what she was involved with until seeing this picture on a tour fifty years later.
  • 1941 Coup in Panama declares Ricardo Adolfo de la Guardia Arango the new president.
  • 1942 Statute of Westminster 1931 passed by the Australian parliament, formalises Australian autonomy

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill arrives in Russia for talks with Joseph Stalin

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • 1944 Canadian offensive in West-Zeeuws-Flanders
  • 1944 German occupiers turn off electricity in Amsterdam
  • 1945 British troops occupy Andamanen in Gulf of Bengal
  • 1946 First electric blanket manufactured; sold for $39.50
  • 1946 Eugene O'Neill's "The Iceman Cometh" premieres in NYC
  • 1947 First telephone conversation between a moving car & a plane
  • 1953 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill aproves Guyanese Constitution

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1953 Konrad Adenauer elected Chancellor of West Germany

Chancellor of West Germany Konrad Adenauer
Chancellor of West Germany
Konrad Adenauer
  • 1957 Great Britain performs nuclear test at Maralinga Australia
  • 1958 Israeli navy inaugrates its first submarine

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1959 Lee Harvey Oswald arrives in Southampton, England

Former Soldier and Assassin Lee Harvey Oswald
Former Soldier and Assassin
Lee Harvey Oswald
  • 1960 Cowboy QB Eddie LeBaron throws shortest touchdown pass (2")
  • 1961 Tanganyika becomes independent within British Commonwealth
  • 1961 US members of communist party obliged to report themselves to police
  • 1961 Volcanic eruptions on Tristan de Cunha (South Atlantic)
  • 1962 Battles to decide Algeria-Morocco boundary kills 130
  • 1962 NASA civilian test pilot John B McKay takes X-15 to 39,200 m
  • 1962 Uganda becomes independent from the United Kingdom
  • 1963 Vajont Dam disaster, landslide creates 50 million cubic metre wave killing around 2,000 in the Piave Valley in Northern Italy

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

1963 British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan resigns and is replaced by Alec Douglas-Home

British Prime Minister Alec Douglas-Home
British Prime Minister
Alec Douglas-Home
British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan
British Prime Minister
Harold Macmillan
  • 1963 French air force gets first nuclear weapons
  • 1963 Hurricane Flora ravages Cuba & Haiti, kills 6,000
  • 1968 Government seizes oil fields in Peru

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1968 2,000 students from Queen's University Belfast try to march to Belfast City Hall in protest against 'police brutality', but blocked by loyalists led by Ian Paisley; leads for formation of student civil rights group People's Democracy

First Minister of Northern Ireland Ian Paisley
First Minister of Northern Ireland
Ian Paisley

  • 1970 Khmer Republic (Cambodia) declares independence

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1971 Japanese Emperor Hirohito visits the Netherlands

Emperor of Japan Hirohito
Emperor of Japan
Hirohito
  • 1971 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1973 1st general striking in Luxembourg since 1942
  • 1973 Israel announces loss of Bar-Lev defense line in Suez Canal
  • 1973 Warriors-Cavalier game in Cleveland postponed because of wet floors
  • 1974 Race riot in Boston due to "bussing"
  • 1975 Emperor Hirohito of Japan visits San Francisco

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

1975 Soviet dissident Andrei Sakharov wins Nobel Peace Prize

Nuclear Physicist & Soviet Dissident Andrei Sakharov
Nuclear Physicist & Soviet Dissident
Andrei Sakharov
  • 1977 Soyuz 25 launched to Saluyt 6, but returned after failing to dock
  • 1979 Howard Stern begins broadcasting on WCCC in Hartford, Connecticut
  • 1980 1st consumer use of home banking by computer by United American Bank in Knoxville, Tennessee
  • 1980 Nobel prize for literature awarded to Czesław Miłosz
  • 1981 Abolition of capital punishment in France.
  • 1982 Attack on synagogue in Rome leaves 1 dead
  • 1983 Buffalo Bill QB Joe Ferguson passes 419 yards with 5 TDs
  • 1983 4 South Korean government ministers assassinated in Rangoon Burma
  • 1984 Astronaut Kathy Sullivan becomes 1st US woman to walk in space during a Space Shuttle Challenger mission (STS-41-G)
  • 1985 Central Park's Strawberry Fields, dedicated
  • 1985 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1986 Senate convicted US District Judge Harry E Claiborne making him 5th federal official to be removed from office through impeachment
  • 1987 Japanese bank buys "Lady McGill" stamp for $1,100,000
  • 1988 17% vote for extreme-right Flemish Block in Belgium
  • 1988 Dennis Eckersley, 1st to save all 4 games in a championship series
  • 1989 Penthouse Magazine's Hebrew edition hits newsstands
  • 1990 David Hackett Souter, sworn in as Supreme Court Justice

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1990 Saddam Hussein threatens to hit Israel with a new missile

Iraqi President and Dictator Saddam Hussein
Iraqi President and Dictator
Saddam Hussein
  • 1991 Bush declares "total confidence" in nominee Clarence Thomas
  • 1991 Ecuador becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty
  • 1992 Great meteorite seen from Kentucky to New York

  • 1992 A 13 kilogram (est.) meteorite lands in the driveway of Knapp residence, Peekskill, New York, destroying family's 1980 Chevrolet Malibu
  • 1994 Austrian parliamentary election (23% extreme-right)
  • 1997 ABL players allowed to own stock in the league
  • 1997 Hurricane kills 123 in Acapulco Mexico
  • 1997 Nobel prize for literature awarded to Italian playwright Dario Fo
  • 1999 The last flight of the US aircraft Lockheed SR-71 "Blackbird"
  • 2001 Second mailing of anthrax letters from Trenton, New Jersey in the 2001 anthrax attack
  • 2006 North Korea conducts its first nuclear test, with an estimated yield of between 0.4-2 kilotons
  • 2007 The Dow Jones Industrial Average closes at an all-time high
  • 2009 First lunar impact of the Centaur and LCROSS spacecrafts as part of NASA's Lunar Precursor Robotic Program

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2012 25,000 people in Athens protest against German Chancellor Angela Merkel

Chancellor of Germany Angela Merkel
Chancellor of Germany
Angela Merkel
  • 2012 Serge Haroche and David Wineland win the 2012 Nobel Prize in Physics for work on quantum optics

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2012 Women's rights and education activist Malala Yousafzai is shot three times by a Taliban gunman as she tried to board her school bus in Swat district of northwest Pakistan

Human Rights Activist Malala Yousafzai
Human Rights Activist
Malala Yousafzai
  • 2013 60 people are killed in clashes between militias and Seleka rebels in the Central African Republic
  • 2013 Martin Karplus, Michael Levitt and Arieh Warshel win the 2013 Nobel Prize in chemistry for their work on multiscale models for complex chemical systems
  • 2014 Patrick Modiano wins the 2014 Nobel Prize in Literature
  • 2014 Gatwick, Heathrow and JFK airports enhance screening for the Ebola virus
  • 2015 The Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2016 Second US Presidential debate: Hostile confrontation between Donald Trump and Hillary Clinton at Washington University, St. Louis

Politician and US First Lady Hillary Clinton
Politician and US First Lady
Hillary Clinton
45th US President, Businessman and TV Personality Donald Trump
45th US President, Businessman and TV Personality
Donald Trump
  • 2017 American economist Richard Thaler is awarded the Nobel Prize for Economics
  • 2018 President Trump’s ambassador to the United Nations, Nikki Haley says she is resigning at the end of the year
  • 2019 Nobel Prize for Chemistry awarded to John B. Goodenough, M. Stanley Whittingham and Akira Yoshino for development of lithium-ion batteries, Goodenough oldest-ever winner at 97

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2019 Turkey launches airstrikes on Kurdish forces in Northern Syria after US President Donald Trump announces decision to pull back US forces

45th US President, Businessman and TV Personality Donald Trump
45th US President, Businessman and TV Personality
Donald Trump
  • 2019 Nearly 1 million people in northern California have their power cut by Pacific Gas and Electric to prevent wildfires amid high winds