Events in History on October 9

Royal Coronation

768 Charlemagne and his brother Carloman I are crowned Kings of The Franks

  • 869 Charles the Bald crowned king of Lotharingen
  • 1000 Leif Ericson discovers "Vinland" (possibly L'Anse aux Meadows, Canada) reputedly becoming first European to reach North America

Historic Event

1192 Richard I of England, the Lion Heart, leaves Jerusalem in disguise

Royal Coronation

1200 12-year-old French noblewoman Isabella of Angoulême is crowned Queen consort of England to King John in Westminster Abbey

  • 1238 James I of Aragon conquers Valencia and founds the Kingdom of Valencia

Historic Event

1290 Last of 16,000 Jews expelled by King Edward I leave England

  • 1410 Earliest mention of Prague's astronomical clock, the world's oldest still in operation, built by Mikuláš of Kadaň and Jan Šindel
  • 1446 The Hangul (Korean) alphabet is first published in Korea by King Sejong the Great
  • 1558 Mérida is founded in Venezuela
  • 1573 Don Frederik and the Spanish disband the siege of Alkmaar
  • 1595 The Spanish army captures Cambrai
  • 1597 Eighty Years War: Maurice of Nassau, Prince of Orange with English support captures Breevoort, Netherlands from the Spanish
  • 1617 Peace of Pavia between Spain and Savoye
  • 1621 Turkey & Poland signs Peace of Chotin

Historic Event

1635 Religious dissident Roger Williams banished from Mass Bay Colony

  • 1651 English parliament passes Navigation Act
  • 1655 Swedish king Karel X Gustaaf occupies Krakow

Great Plague of London

1665 Due to the Great Plague of London, the British Parliament meets at the University of Oxford rather than the Palace of Westminster

  • 1668 Mass society storms palace of "heretics" Spanish governor Jose de Paternina
  • 1701 Collegiate School of Ct (Yale U), chartered in New Haven
  • 1708 Great Northern War: Battle at Lesnaya (N.S): Russian army captures Swedish convoy
  • 1716 Britain & France sign treaty
  • 1740 Dutch governor general Adriaen Valckenier allows murder of 8,000 Chinese inhabitants of Batavia
  • 1760 7 Years' War: Russian and Austrian forces occupy Berlin [OS=Sep 28]
  • 1771 The Dutch merchant ship Vrouw Maria sinks near the coast of Finland.

Historic Siege

1779 Siege of Savannah (Georgia) during American Revolutionary War: Continental Army General Casimir Pulaski is wounded by grapeshot (a type of cluster munition), dies two days later

Surrender at Yorktown

1781 Americans under George Washington and the French under comte de Rochambeau begin bombardment of Yorktown, the last battle of American Revolutionary War

  • 1794 French troops occupy Hertogenbosch
  • 1799 Sinking of British frigate HMS Lutine, with the loss of 240 men and cargo worth £1,200,000 off Dutch coast
  • 1804 Hobart in Tasmania founded
  • 1806 Prussia declares war on France
  • 1817 University of Gent officially opens
  • 1818 Congress of Aken returns to France from Libya
  • 1820 Guayaquil, Ecuador declares its freedom from Ecuador
  • 1824 Slavery is abolished in Costa Rica
  • 1831 Ioannis Kapodistrias, first Head of State of modern Greece, assassinated in Nafplion
  • 1835 The Royal College, Colombo, established with the name Hillstreet Academy in Sri Lanka
  • 1837 Meeting at the U.S. Naval Academy establishes the U.S. Naval Institute.
  • 1837 Steamboat "Home" sinks off Okracoke, North Carolina, killing 100
  • 1845 Eminent and controversial Anglican priest John Henry Newman leaves Anglican Curch of England and is received into the Roman Catholic Church
  • 1854 The siege of Sevastopol begins during the Crimean War
  • 1855 American inventor Isaac Singer patents sewing machine motor
  • 1863 Battle of Brady Station, Virginia (Culpeper Court House, Bristoe Station)

Victory in Battle

1864 Battle of Tom's Brook; Confederate cavalry that harassed Sheridan's campaign is beaten by General George A. Custer & Merrit's cavalry divisions

  • 1865 First US underground pipeline for carrying oil is laid in Pennsylvania
  • 1870 Rome is incorporated into Italy by royal decree
  • 1874 World Postal Union forms in Bern Switzerland
  • 1876 1st 2-way telephone conversation, 1st over outdoor wires
  • 1877 American Humane Association organizes (Cleveland)
  • 1888 Washington Monument opens for public admittance
  • 1899 1st British troops reaches Durban, South Africa
  • 1899 South Africa President Kruger routes British authorities ultimatum
  • 1900 8.3 magnitude earthquake shakes Cape Yakataga, Alaska
  • 1903 11" (28.4 cm) rainfall in 24 hrs (NYC)
  • 1914 German troops take Antwerp in World War I
  • 1915 Belgrade, Serbia, surrenders to Central leaders
  • 1915 Gil Anderson races auto (165.1 km record) in Sheepshead Bay, New York

Historic Event

1926 Dutch Queen Wilhelmina opens Royal Colonial Institution

  • 1928 Marcel Pagnol's "Topaz" premieres in Paris

Historic Event

1929 Part of lost Piri Reis World Map, compiled by Ottoman general Piri Reis in 1513, rediscovered in the Topaki Palace Library, Istanbul. Earliest map of Columbus's voyages. [1]

  • 1930 1st transcontinental flight by a woman completed, Laura Ingalls

Historic Event

1932 Soviet leader Joseph Stalin expels Lev Kamenev and Grigory Zinoviev from the Communist Party after a power struggle


1934 Assassination of Alexander I King of Yugoslavia and French Foreign Minister Louis Barthou in Marseille by member of the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization organised by Ustaša

Historic Event

1936 Hoover Dam begins transmitting electricity to Los Angeles

  • 1941 Coup in Panama declares Ricardo Adolfo de la Guardia Arango the new president.
  • 1942 Statute of Westminster 1931 passed by the Australian parliament, formalises Australian autonomy
  • 1944 Canadian offensive in West-Zeeuws-Flanders
  • 1944 German occupiers turn off electricity in Amsterdam
  • 1945 British troops occupy Andamanen in Gulf of Bengal

Historic Event

1946 Eugene O'Neill's "The Iceman Cometh" premieres in NYC

  • 1946 First electric blanket manufactured; sold for $39.50
  • 1947 First telephone conversation between occupants of a moving car and an airplane
  • 1953 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill aproves Guyanese Constitution

Election of Interest

1953 Konrad Adenauer elected Chancellor of West Germany

  • 1956 Ernest Hemingway visits fellow writer Pío Baroja at his hospital bed shortly before the Spaniard's death
  • 1957 Great Britain performs nuclear test at Maralinga Australia
  • 1958 Israeli navy inaugrates its first submarine

Historic Event

1959 Lee Harvey Oswald arrives in Southampton, England

  • 1960 Cowboy QB Eddie LeBaron throws shortest touchdown pass (2")
  • 1961 Tanganyika, in east Africa, becomes independent within British Commonwealth
  • 1961 US members of communist party obliged to report themselves to police
  • 1961 Volcanic eruptions on Tristan de Cunha (South Atlantic)
  • 1962 Battles to decide Algeria-Morocco boundary kills 130
  • 1962 NASA civilian test pilot John B McKay takes X-15 to 39,200 m
  • 1962 Uganda becomes independent from the United Kingdom
  • 1963 French air force gets first nuclear weapons
  • 1963 Hurricane Flora ravages Cuba & Haiti, kills 6,000
  • 1963 Vajont Dam disaster, landslide creates 50 million cubic metre wave killing around 2,000 in the Piave Valley in Northern Italy

Historic Event

1968 2,000 students from Queen's University Belfast try to march to Belfast City Hall in protest against 'police brutality', but blocked by loyalists led by Ian Paisley; leads for formation of student civil rights group People's Democracy

  • 1968 Government seizes oil fields in Peru
  • 1970 Khmer Republic (Cambodia) declares independence

Historic Event

1971 Japanese Emperor Hirohito visits the Netherlands

  • 1971 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1973 1st general striking in Luxembourg since 1942
  • 1973 Israel announces loss of Bar-Lev defense line in Suez Canal
  • 1973 Warriors-Cavalier game in Cleveland postponed because of wet floors
  • 1974 Race riot in Boston due to "bussing"
  • 1975 Emperor Hirohito of Japan visits San Francisco

Nobel Prize

1975 Soviet dissident Andrei Sakharov wins Nobel Peace Prize

  • 1977 Soyuz 25 launched to Saluyt 6, but returned after failing to dock

Historic Event

1978 P.W. Botha succeeds John Vorster as Prime Minister of South Africa

  • 1979 Howard Stern begins broadcasting on WCCC in Hartford, Connecticut
  • 1980 1st consumer use of home banking by computer by United American Bank in Knoxville, Tennessee
  • 1980 Nobel prize for literature awarded to Czesław Miłosz
  • 1981 Abolition of capital punishment in France.
  • 1982 Attack on synagogue in Rome leaves 1 dead
  • 1983 Rangoon, Burma (now Yangon, Myanmar) bombing: North Korean agents attempt to assassinate South Korean President results in 21 deaths, including 9 South Korean government officials; presidential advisors and security team members; and 3 reporters
  • 1984 Astronaut Kathy Sullivan becomes 1st US woman to walk in space during a Space Shuttle Challenger mission (STS-41-G)
  • 1985 Central Park's Strawberry Fields, dedicated
  • 1985 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1986 Senate convicted US District Judge Harry E Claiborne making him 5th federal official to be removed from office through impeachment
  • 1987 Japanese bank buys "Lady McGill" stamp for $1,100,000
  • 1988 17% vote for extreme-right Flemish Block in Belgium
  • 1989 Penthouse Magazine's Hebrew edition hits newsstands
  • 1990 David Souter, sworn in as US Supreme Court Justice

Historic Event

1990 Saddam Hussein threatens to hit Israel with a new missile

Historic Event

1991 Bush declares "total confidence" in nominee Clarence Thomas

  • 1991 Ecuador becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty
  • 1992 A 13 kilogram (est.) meteorite lands in the driveway of Knapp residence, Peekskill, New York, destroying family's 1980 Chevrolet Malibu
  • 1992 Great meteorite seen from Kentucky to New York
  • 1994 Austrian parliamentary election (23% extreme-right)
  • 1997 ABL players allowed to own stock in the league
  • 1997 Hurricane kills 123 in Acapulco Mexico
  • 1997 Nobel prize for literature awarded to Italian playwright Dario Fo
  • 1999 The last flight of the US aircraft Lockheed SR-71 "Blackbird"
  • 2001 Second mailing of anthrax letters from Trenton, New Jersey in the 2001 anthrax attack
  • 2006 North Korea conducts its first nuclear test, with an estimated yield of between 0.4-2 kilotons
  • 2007 The Dow Jones Industrial Average closes at an all-time high
  • 2009 First lunar impact of the Centaur and LCROSS spacecrafts as part of NASA's Lunar Precursor Robotic Program

Historic Event

2012 25,000 people in Athens protest against German Chancellor Angela Merkel

  • 2012 Serge Haroche and David Wineland win the 2012 Nobel Prize in Physics for work on quantum optics

Historic Event

2012 Women's rights and education activist Malala Yousafzai is shot three times by a Taliban gunman as she tried to board her school bus in Swat district of northwest Pakistan

  • 2013 60 people are killed in clashes between militias and Seleka rebels in the Central African Republic
  • 2013 Martin Karplus, Michael Levitt and Arieh Warshel win the 2013 Nobel Prize in chemistry for their work on multiscale models for complex chemical systems
  • 2014 Gatwick, Heathrow and JFK airports enhance screening for the Ebola virus
  • 2014 Patrick Modiano wins the 2014 Nobel Prize in Literature
  • 2015 The Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize

Historic Event

2016 Second US Presidential debate: Hostile confrontation between Donald Trump and Hillary Clinton at Washington University, St. Louis

  • 2017 American economist Richard Thaler is awarded the Nobel Prize for Economics
  • 2018 President Trump’s ambassador to the United Nations, Nikki Haley says she is resigning at the end of the year
  • 2019 Nearly 1 million people in northern California have their power cut by Pacific Gas and Electric to prevent wildfires amid high winds
  • 2019 Nobel Prize for Chemistry awarded to John B. Goodenough, M. Stanley Whittingham and Akira Yoshino for development of lithium-ion batteries, Goodenough oldest-ever winner at 97

Historic Event

2019 Turkey launches airstrikes on Kurdish forces in Northern Syria after US President Donald Trump announces decision to pull back US forces

  • 2020 The UN's World Food Programme is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize
  • 2021 Czech populist Prime Minister Andrej Babis narrowly defeated in nation elections by a coalition of opposition parties