Events in History on September 1

  • 462 Possible start of first Byzantine indiction cycle.
  • 891 Northmen defeated near Louvaine, France
  • 1067 Baldwin VI becomes Count of Flanders
  • 1181 Ubaldo Allucingoli replaces Alexander III as Pope Lucius III
  • 1255 Königsberg (modern day Kaliningrad) founded by Teutonic Knights and named in honor of the Bohemian King Ottokar II
  • 1267 Rabbi Moses Ben Nachman establishes a Jewish community in Jerusalem
  • 1355 Tvrtko I writes in castro nostro Vizoka vocatum from old town Visoki
  • 1482 Tatars plunder Kyiv, Ukraine
  • 1511 Conciliabulum of Pisa opens

Historic Event

1535 French navigator Jacques Cartier reaches Hochelaga (Montreal)

Historic Event

1547 Holy Roman Emperor Charles V demands creation of an Imperial League (German state)

Historic Event

1598 Spanish King Philip II receives sacraments

  • 1609 Pieter Both sworn in as 1st governor general of Dutch East Indies
  • 1614 Vincent Fettmich expels Jews from Frankfurt-on-Main, Germany

Battle of Interest

1632 Battle at Castelnaudary: Henri de Montmorency's rebel army loses to French royalist forces loyal to Louis XIII

  • 1638 -4] French queen-mother Maria de' Medici visits Amsterdam
  • 1647 French cardinal Mazarin & Duke of Modena sign treaty against Milan

Historic Event

1695 Dutch/English army under King William III occupies Names

  • 1695 French garrison of castle Namur surrenders to the army of the Grand Alliance under the command of King William III of England

Historic Event

1715 King Louis XIV of France dies after a reign of 72 years—the longest of any major European monarch.

  • 1739 35 Jews sentenced to life in prison in Lisbon Portugal

Liberty Bell

1752 Liberty Bell arrives in Philadelphia

Historic Event

1763 Catherine II of Russia endorses Ivan Betskoy's plans for a Foundling Home in Moscow

  • 1772 Mission San Luis Obispo de Tolosa forms in California
  • 1797 2nd National Meeting in Hague
  • 1798 Britain signs treaty with Nizam of Hyderabad, India
  • 1799 Bank of Manhattan Company opens in NYC (forerunner to Chase Manhattan)
  • 1804 Juno, one of the largest main belt asteroids discovered by German astronomer Karl Ludwig Harding.

Historic Event

1807 Aaron Burr acquitted of charges of plotting to set up an empire

  • 1821 1st colonies along Santa Fe Trail
  • 1836 Narcissa Whitman, one of the first white women to settle west of the Rocky Mountains, arrives at Walla Walla, Oregon Country (now US state of Washington)
  • 1836 Reconstruction begins on Synagogue of Rabbi Judah Hasid in Jerusalem
  • 1849 California Constitutional Convention convenes in Monterey
  • 1858 1st transatlantic cable fails after less than 1 month
  • 1859 1st Pullman sleeping car in service
  • 1859 R C Carrington & R Hodgson make 1st observation of a solar flare
  • 1861 Grant assumes command of Federal forces at Cape Girardeau MI
  • 1861 Skirmishes at Boone Court House WV & Blue Creek WV
  • 1862 Battle at Chantilly (Ox Hill) Virginia (2100 casualties)
  • 1862 Federal tax levied on tobacco
  • 1863 6th Ohio Cavalry ambush at Barbees Crossroads Virginia
  • 1863 Federal troops reconquer Fort Smith Arkansas
  • 1863 Rail & ferry connection between San Francisco & Oakland inaugurated
  • 1864 2nd day of battle at Jonesboro Georgia, about 3,000 casualties
  • 1864 Skirmish at Hood evacuated confederates from Atlanta GA
  • 1866 Last Navaho chief Manuelito turns himself in at Fort Wingate

Historic Event

1869 Construction begins on the Grand Central Depot for Cornelius Vanderbilt's New York and Harlem Railroad (later replaced by Grand Central Station)

Historic Event

1870 Napoleon III captured at Sedan

  • 1873 Cetshwayo ascends to the throne as king of the Zulu nation following the death of his father Mpande.
  • 1874 28th US Postmaster General: Marshall Jewell of Connecticut takes office
  • 1874 Sydney General Post Office opens in Australia
  • 1875 A murder conviction effectively forces the violent Irish anti-owner coal miners, the "Molly Maguires", to disband
  • 1878 1st female telephone operator starts work, Emma Nutt for the Edwin Holmes Telephone Despatch Company in Boston
  • 1886 The Netherlands New Code of Criminal Law is enforced
  • 1887 Dutch Amateur Photography Cooperation established
  • 1888 Dutch Railway Deventer-Almelo opens
  • 1893 Gladstones' Second Home Rule Bill for Ireland passes in the House of Commons but vetoed by The House of Lords by 419 votes to 41
  • 1894 A wildfire destroys the town of Hinckley, Minnesota, killing 438 people
  • 1897 The Boston subway opens, becoming the first underground rapid transit system in North America.
  • 1898 First forestry school in America opens at Biltmore Estate, North Carolina

Historic Event

1898 Lord Kitchener's troops attack Omdurman, Sudan

Historic Event

1900 Cumann na nGaedheal (Irish Council) founded by Arthur Griffith in order to promote a buy Irish campaign

  • 1901 Construction begins on NY Stock Exchange

Historic Event

1905 Wilfrid Laurier oversees Alberta and Saskatchewan joining the Confederation of Canada as its 8th and 9th Canadian provinces

  • 1906 Alberta adopts Mountain Standard Time
  • 1906 British New Guinea placed under Australian administration
  • 1906 Joseph Harris (Boston) & Jack Coombs (A's) pitch complete 24 inn game
  • 1906 The International Federation of Intellectual Property Attorneys (FICPI) is established.
  • 1911 M Fourny sets world aircraft distance record of 720 km

Theater Premiere

1913 George Bernard Shaw's play "Androcles and the Lion" premieres in London

Victory in Battle

1913 Zhang Xun's Wuwei Corps captures Nanjing on behalf of Emperor Yuan Shikai in the Republic of China's Second Revolution, ending Chinese independence and causing Sun Yat Sen to flee to Japan

  • 1914 Lord Kitchener arrives in Paris
  • 1914 St Petersburg, Russia changes name to Petrograd
  • 1914 The last passenger pigeon, a female named Martha, dies in captivity in the Cincinnati Zoo (Cincinnati, Ohio)
  • 1915 The German ambassador to the US pledges again that German submarines will no longer sink liners without warning and providing safety of passengers and crew following the sinking of the British liner "Arabic"
  • 1916 Annie Besant founds the India Home Rule League
  • 1916 Bulgaria declares war on Romania
  • 1916 US Keating-Owen Act bans child labor banned from interstate commerce
  • 1918 Battle of Megiddo starts, the final Allied offense during Sinai and Palestine campaign won by the Allies
  • 1918 US troops land in Vladivostok, Siberia, stay until 1920
  • 1920 France creates Greater Lebanon
  • 1920 New town hall of Rotterdam opens
  • 1921 Nederlander Theater opens at 208 W 41 St NYC (Billy Rose, Trafalgar)
  • 1923 A magnitude 7.9 earthquake strikes Tokyo and Yokohama in Japan, killing 142,000 people
  • 1924 Kenchoji Rinzai temple in Kamakur Japan, heavily damaged by earthquake
  • 1926 Turkey allows civil marriage
  • 1928 Albania becomes a kingdom, with Zogu I as king
  • 1930 NY World reports disappearance of supreme court justice Joseph Crater
  • 1932 NYC Mayor James J "Gentleman Jimmy" Walker resigns (graft charges)
  • 1934 SMJK Sam Tet was founded by Father Fourgs from the St. Michael Church, Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia.
  • 1934 Spelling-Marchand Laws enforced
  • 1937 4th Chicago College All-Star Game: All-Stars beat Green Bay, 6-0; 84,560 at Soldier Field
  • 1937 Battle of Gijon in Spain begins

Historic Event

1938 Benito Mussolini cancels civil rights of Italian Jews

Historic Event

1939 Adolf Hitler orders extermination of mentally ill through the "T4 Euthanasia Program," arguing that wartime "was the best time for the elimination of the incurably ill"

Historic Event

1939 General George Marshall sworn in as the United States Army Chief of Staff

Historic Event

1939 In the "scoop of the century," Telegraph journalist Clare Hollingworth becomes the first to report the outbreak of World War II

  • 1939 Scientific journal "Physical Review" publishes 1st paper to deal with "black holes"
  • 1939 Switzerland mobilizes its forces and the Swiss Parliament elects Henri Guisan to head the Swiss Army (an event that can happen only during war or mobilization)
  • 1939 Switzerland proclaims neutrality at the outbreak of WWII
  • 1939 The Wound Badge for Wehrmacht, SS, Kriegsmarine, and Luftwaffe soldiers is instituted. The final version of the Iron Cross was also instituted on this date
  • 1939 World War II starts when Germany invades Poland by attacking the Free City of Danzig
  • 1941 Jews living in Germany are required to wear a yellow star of David
  • 1942 German troops land on Taman peninsula
  • 1942 US Federal judge upholds detention of Japanese-Americans

Historic Event

1943 Chiang Kai-shek again becomes Chairman of the Nationalist Government of China

  • 1944 Bulgaria government of Bagrjanow, resigns

Historic Event

1944 King George VI promotes Montgomery to field marshal

  • 1946 Greece votes for monarchy
  • 1947 With a victory by Armed in the Washington Park Handicap, Calumet Farm becomes the first stable to surpass $1 million in annual earnings; leads all owners with total earnings of $1,402,436
  • 1948 Communist form North China People's Republic
  • 1949 1st network detective series-Private Eyes-premieres
  • 1950 13 North Korean divisions open assault on UN lines
  • 1950 West Berlin granted a constitution

Historic Event

1951 Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion orders establishment of Israeli secret service Mossad

  • 1951 US, Australia and New Zealand sign the ANZUS mutual defense treaty
  • 1952 Sutro Baths, San Francisco purchased by George Whitney
  • 1952 Willem Drees forms new Dutch government
  • 1953 101°F highest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in Sept
  • 1953 Fokker begins building F-27 Fokker Friendship
  • 1954 Hurricane Carol strikes Long Island and New England, kills 68
  • 1955 2 Egyptian fighters shot down over Israel
  • 1956 Indian state of Tripura becomes a territory
  • 1957 Excursion train crashed into a ravine killing 175, injuring over 700, in Kendal, Jamaica
  • 1961 1st conference of neutral countries held in Belgrade
  • 1961 The Eritrean War of Independence officially begins with the shooting of the Ethiopian police by Hamid Idris Awate
  • 1961 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1962 12,000 die in an earthquake in western Iran
  • 1962 United Nations announces Earth's population has hit 3 billion
  • 1962 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1963 Language laws in Belgium goes into effect causing a riot
  • 1965 Indo-Pakistani conflict - Pakistani counter-attack (Operation Grand Slam,)
  • 1968 Earthquake destroys Ferdows Persia, 2,000 killed
  • 1968 Pirate Radio Marina (Netherlands) begins transmitting

Historic Event

1969 Colonel Muammar Gaddafi deposes King Idris in the Libyan revolution

  • 1970 Failed assassination attempt on Jordanian king Hussain
  • 1970 Jose Velasco Ibarra re-elected president of Ecuador
  • 1971 The Irish Republican Army set off a series of bombs across Northern Ireland injuring a number of people
  • 1972 Egypt & Libya form federation
  • 1973 74-year-old Hafnia Hotel burns, killing 35 (Copenhagen, Denmark)
  • 1973 Libya nationalizes 51 percent of nine other oil companies' concessions
  • 1974 Dutch law against pirate radio goes into effect
  • 1974 The SR-71 Blackbird sets (and holds) the record for flying from New York to London: 1 hour 54 minutes and 56.4 seconds.
  • 1974 Train accident at Zagreb Yugoslavia, 121 killed
  • 1975 5 Protestant civilians are killed and 7 were wounded in a Provisional Irish Republican Army gun attack on Tullyvallen Orange Hall near Newtownhamilton, County Armagh
  • 1975 All political parties forbidden in Bangladesh
  • 1975 KOL-AM in Seattle, Washington changes call letters to KMPS
  • 1975 NYC transit fare rises from 35 cents to 50 cents
  • 1975 US stripper well oil prices decontrolled
  • 1976 American politician Wayne L Hays, (Rep-D-Oh), resigns amid scandal with Elizabeth Ray
  • 1976 NASA launches space vehicle S-197
  • 1976 The Meadowlands Race Track opens in East Rutherford, New Jersey
  • 1977 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1978 #4655 Marjoriika, #4814 Casacci, #5344 Ryabov, #6262 Javid & #8064
  • 1978 Jacqueline Smith of Great Britain scores 10 straight dead center strikes on a 4" disk in World Parachute Championships in Yugoslavia
  • 1979 Debbie Boone & Gabriel Ferrer wed in LA
  • 1979 LA Court orders Clayton Moore to stop wearing Lone Ranger mask
  • 1979 Pioneer 11 makes 1st fly-by of Saturn, discovers new moon, rings
  • 1980 Dutch embassy in Israel moves from Jerusalem to Tel Aviv
  • 1981 Fiona Brothers sets women's propeller boat speed record (116.279 MPH)
  • 1981 Military coup under general Kolingba in Central African Republic, President Dacko flees
  • 1981 Northern Ireland’s first religiously integrated secondary school opens
  • 1981 RKO radio network premieres America Overnight talk show

Appointment of Interest

1981 Uruguay's Ruling Council names Gregorio Álvarez as transitional President (he rules till 1985)

  • 1982 Caryl Churchill's "Top Girls" premieres in London
  • 1982 Max speedometer reading mandated at 85 MPH
  • 1982 Mexico President Lopez Portillo nationalizes banks
  • 1982 Palestinian Liberation Organization leaves Lebanon
  • 1982 The United States Air Force Space Command is founded.
  • 1983 Korean Boeing 747, flight 007, strays into Siberia & is shot down by a Soviet jet
  • 1983 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1983 WGH-AM in Newport News VA changes call letters to WNSY
  • 1985 US-French expedition locates wreckage of Titanic off Newfoundland
  • 1986 Henri Debehogne discovers asteroid #8265 La Silla
  • 1987 Smoking forbidden in public buildings in Belgium
  • 1988 Timberlake Westenbaker's "Our Country's Good" premieres in London
  • 1989 Princess Anne & Mark Phillips announce their separation
  • 1991 Richard J Kerr, serves as acting director of CIA
  • 1992 NYC police commissioner Brown resigns
  • 1992 Tommy Smothers undergoes arthroscopic surgery
  • 1995 Infinity Radio agrees to voluntarily pay $1.7 million to US Treasury
  • 1995 New York reinstates the death penalty
  • 2004 Beslan school hostage crisis begins as armed terrorists take hundreds of school children and adults hostage in the Russian town of Beslan in North Ossetia
  • 2005 Seven members and former members of the AFL-CIO form a new trade union organization, the Change to Win Federation.

Spring Temple Buddha Completed

2008 Spring Temple Buddha statue of Vairocana Buddha, then the world's tallest statue at 128 meters (420 ft), completed in Zhaocun township, Henan, China

  • 2012 Grenade injures 41 festival celebrants in Paquibato, Philippines
  • 2012 Islamist rebels seize Douentza, Mali
  • 2012 Two suicide bombings kill 12 people and wound 50 in a NATO base in Afghanistan's Sayed Abad district
  • 2012 US drone strike kills 5 people in North Waristan, Pakistan
  • 2014 Nalanda University in eastern Indian begins its first academic year, on the site of the world's oldest university, a Buddhist monastic institution that operated 427 to 1197 CE
  • 2015 EU Migrant Crisis: Hungary closes Keleti Railway Station in Budapest to try and stop migrants travelling
  • 2015 Google changes its logo, biggest redesign since 1999

Historic Event

2015 Pope Francis tells priests to pardon women who have had an abortion, in a letter released by the Vatican

Election of Interest

2017 Kenyan Chief Justice David Maraga invalidates Kenyan re-election of President Uhuru Kenyatta

Historic Event

2018 Memorial service for Senator John McCain at Washington National Cathedral with his daughter Meghan McCain, Barack Obama and George W. Bush speaking

Historic Event

2019 Co-founder and CEO of Twitter Jack Dorsey has his Twitter account hacked

Historic Event

2019 Exhibition on Christian Dior sets new attendance record of almost 595,000 in seven months on closing at the Victoria and Albert Museum, London

  • 2019 German President Frank-Walter Steinmeier asks for Polish forgiveness for WWII at 80 year commemoration in Pilsudski Square, Warsaw
  • 2019 Hurricane Dorian makes landfall on Elbow Cay in the Abaco islands, northern Bahamas as a category five storm with winds of 180mph (285km/h)
  • 2019 Saudi-led coalition air strikes on Yemen city of Dhamar kills more than 100 people according to the Red Cross