Events in History on September 11

  • 9 The Battle of the Teutoburg Forest ends after four days with a Germanic alliance defeating Roman forces and putting an end to expansion of the empire east of the Rhine

Royal Coronation

813 Louis the Pious crowned co-Emperor with Charlemagne of the Carolingian Empire

  • 910 Benedictine abbey of Cluny founded by William, Duke of Aquitaine, in Burgundy, France, one of the greatest monasteries of Western Europe
  • 1185 Isaac II Angelus kills Stephanus Hagiochristophorites and then appeals to the people, resulting in the revolt that deposes Andronicus I Comnenus and places Isaac on the throne of the Byzantine Empire.
  • 1213 Chinese general Chih-Chung assassinates Emperor Wei Shao Wang (former Prince of Wei) in Peking and proclaims himself Regent
  • 1226 The Roman Catholic practice of public adoration of the Blessed Sacrament outside of Mass spreads from monasteries to parishes

Election of Interest

1229 Ögedei, son of Genghis Khan, is elected the Mongolian Khan, succeeding Genghis after his father's death (or 13 Sept)

Victory in Battle

1297 Battle at Stirling Bridge, Scottish rebel William Wallace defeats the English

  • 1304 William the Good becomes Earl of Holland
  • 1390 Lithuanian Civil War (1389-1392): the Teutonic Knights begin a five-week siege of Vilnius

Florence Cathedral

1503 Michelangelo begins sculpting the 12 Apostles for the Cathedral of Florence, over-life-sized marble statues of which only 1 was partly finished, that of St. Matthew

  • 1541 Santiago, Chile, is destroyed by indigenous warriors, lead by Michimalonko
  • 1557 Catholic & Lutheran theology debated in Worms
  • 1609 Expulsion order announced against the Moriscos of Valencia; beginning of the expulsion of all Spain's Moriscos
  • 1645 Thomas Fairfax's New Model Army occupies Bristol
  • 1648 -13] Battle at Pilawce: Bohdan Chmielricki's beats John Casimir [OS]

Historic Event

1649 Massacre of Drogheda, Ireland - Oliver Cromwell kills 3,000 royalists

  • 1697 Battle of Zenta: forces of Prince Eugen of Savoye defeat the Turks, ending Ottoman control of large parts of Central Europe

Victory in Battle

1708 Great Northern War: Charles XII of Sweden stops his march to conquer Moscow outside Smolensk, marking the turning point in the war

  • 1709 Battle at Malplaquet during War of the Spanish Succession: English, Austrian and Dutch Great Alliance defeat France
  • 1714 French & Spanish troops under Duke of Berwick occupy Barcelona
  • 1741 Queen Maria Theresa addresses Hungarian Parliament
  • 1758 Battle of Saint Cast: France repels British invasion during the Seven Years' War

Historic Event

1773 Benjamin Franklin writes "There never was a good war or bad peace"

Victory in Battle

1777 Battle of Brandywine, Pennysylvania; Americans lose to the British, Polish soldier Casimir Pulaski saves life of George Washington

  • 1786 Annapolis Convention to determine interstate commerce

Appointment of Interest

1789 Alexander Hamilton appointed 1st Secretary of the US Treasury

  • 1792 The French Blue gem (later the Hope Diamond) is stolen with other French crown jewels from Royal storehouse in Paris during Reign of Terror
  • 1802 France annexes the Kingdom of Piedmont
  • 1814 Battle of Lake Champlain, NY; American Navy defeats British
  • 1814 Begun on the 6th Sept, Americans defeat British at Battle of Plattsburgh during War of 1812

Music History

1847 1st singing of Stephen Foster's "Oh! Susanna" (in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania)

  • 1852 Olympia Columbian is 1st newspaper published north of Columbia River
  • 1853 1st electric telegraph used - Merchant's Exchange, San Francisco to Pt Lobos, California
  • 1857 Mountain Meadows Massacre, Mormons dressed as Indians murder 120 colonists in Utah
  • 1877 Rijkslandbouwhoge school opens in Wageningen
  • 1881 Triple landslides bury Elm, Switzerland
  • 1883 American architect James Cutler patents postal mail chute for Elwood Building, Rochester, New York

Historic Event

1885 Ambrose Bierce finishes as editor of The Wasp magazine

  • 1885 Moses Hopkins, named minister to Liberia
  • 1888 Death of the Argentine politician Domingo Sarmiento, after whom the Latin American Teacher's Day is chosen.
  • 1891 The Jewish Colonization Association is established by Baron Maurice de Hirsch
  • 1893 Bronx Gas & Electric Company opens on Frisby & Tremont Ave
  • 1893 First conference of the World Parliament of Religions is held in Chicago, Indian monk Swani Vivekananda gives influential speech
  • 1893 Shaku Soen is 1st Zen teacher to visit the West (Chicago)

Historic Event

1897 After months of pursuit, generals of Menelik II of Ethiopia capture Gaki Sherocho, the last king of Kaffa, bringing an end to that ancient kingdom

Historic Event

1900 President of Transvaal Paul Kruger crosses border into Mozambique

  • 1903 The first race at The Milwaukee Mile in West Allis, Wisconsin is held. The oldest major speedway in the world.

Historic Event

1906 Mahatma Gandhi coins the term "Satyagraha" to characterize the Non-Violence movement in South Africa.

  • 1909 German astronomer Max Wolf rediscovers Halley's comet
  • 1914 Australia invades New Britain, defeating a German contingent there.
  • 1916 German troops conquer Kavalla, Greece
  • 1916 The Quebec Bridge's central span collapses during reconstruction, killing 11 men
  • 1919 US Marines again send troops to Honduras
  • 1921 Nahalal, the first moshav in Israel, is settled
  • 1922 Australian newspaper The Sun News-Pictorial is founded, predecessor for the Herald Sun of Melbourne
  • 1922 British mandate of Palestine begins
  • 1922 The Treaty of Kars is ratified in Yerevan, Armenia
  • 1923 ZR-1 (biggest active dirigible) flies over NY's tallest skyscraper, Woolworth Tower
  • 1926 Aloha Tower dedicated in Honolulu
  • 1926 Spain leaves the League of Nations due to Germany joining
  • 1927 After losing 21 in a row to NY, the Browns win their last meeting, 6-2
  • 1929 San Francisco Mayor Rolph inaugurates new pedestrian traffic light system
  • 1930 Stromboli volcano, Sicily throws 2-ton basaltic rocks 2 miles

Murder of Interest

1931 Salvatore Maranzano is murdered by one of Charles Luciano's hitmen

  • 1932 Franciszek Żwirko and Stanisław Wigura, Polish Challenge 1932 winners, are killed in a plane crash when their RWD 6 crashes into the ground during a storm.
  • 1939 Battle of Kutno-pocket: Germans advance to Warsaw
  • 1939 British submarine Triton torpedoes British submarine Oxley
  • 1939 Iraq and Saudi Arabia declare war on Nazi Germany
  • 1940 -12] Buckingham Palace damaged by German bombs
  • 1940 54th US Postmaster General: Frank C. Walker of Pennsylvania takes office
  • 1940 Anton Mussert establishes Dutch SS
  • 1940 George Stibitz pioneers the first remote operation of a computer

Historic Event

1940 Nazi Germany begins Operation Seelöwe (Sealion - aborted invasion of England)

Historic Event

1941 Charles Lindbergh, claims the "British, Jewish and Roosevelt administration" are trying to get the US into World War II

Historic Event

1941 Construction of the Pentagon begins in Arlington County, Virginia (completed Jan 15, 1943). Designed by architect George Bergstrom and built by contractor John McShain, construction was overseen by Leslie Groves.

Historic Event

1941 FDR orders US Navy that any Axis ship found in American waters be shot at on sight

Historic Publication

1942 Enid Blyton publishes "Five on a Treasure Island" first of her "Famous Five" children's novels, start of one of the best-selling children's series ever with over 100 million sold

  • 1942 Transport #31 departs with French Jews to Nazi Germany
  • 1943 Allied armed forces conquer Salerno, Italy
  • 1943 Jewish ghettos of Minsk & Lida Belorussia liquidated
  • 1943 Last German Q/pirate ship sinks near Easter Island / Rapa Nui
  • 1943 US & Australian troops join in Salamaua, New Guinea
  • 1944 A reconnaissance squadron of the US 5th Armored Division "Victory Division" is 1st allied force to enter Nazi-Germany

Historic Event

1945 Hideki Tojo, Japanese Prime Minister during most of World War II, attempts suicide rather than face war crimes tribunal but fails - later he is hanged

  • 1945 Physician Willem J. Kolff performs the first successful kidney dialysis using his artificial kidney machine in the Netherlands
  • 1946 1st mobile long-distance car-to-car telephone conversation
  • 1950 1st typesetting machine to dispense with metal type exhibited
  • 1950 33 die in a train crash in Coshocton, Ohio

Treaty of Interest

1952 West German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer signs a reparation pact for the Jewish people

  • 1954 20.4 cm rainfall at Brunswick, Maine (state record)
  • 1955 Dedication of the first Temple of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in Europe, the Bern Switzerland Temple
  • 1956 Vladimir Kuts runs world record 10k (28:42.8)
  • 1958 Great Britain performs atmospheric nuclear test at Christmas Island
  • 1959 Congress passes a bill authorizing food stamps for poor Americans
  • 1960 The Young Americans for Freedom, meeting at home of William F. Buckley, Jr., promulgate the Sharon Statement
  • 1961 Founding of the World Wildlife Fund in Morges, Switzerland
  • 1961 Hurricane Carla strikes near Port O'Connor, Texas with winds of 175 mph
  • 1963 Typhoon Gloria strikes Taiwan killing 330, with $17.5 million damage
  • 1965 The 1st Cavalry Division of the United States Army arrives in Vietnam
  • 1966 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • 1967 A's drop grievance filed with National Labor Relations against C Finley

Historic Event

1967 French President Charles de Gaulle visits Poland

  • 1967 Indian/Chinese border fights
  • 1967 US Surveyor 5 makes 1st chemical analysis of lunar material
  • 1968 Air France Flight 1611 crashes off Nice, France, killing 89 passengers and 6 crew.
  • 1969 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1970 Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine members release majority of 310 hostages from the Dawson's Field hijackings, near Zarqa, Jordan; 56 hostages, mostly Jews and Israeli citizens, are held until September 25
  • 1971 Egypt adopts its constitution
  • 1972 BART begins service with a 26-mi (42-km) line from Oakland to Fremont

Coup d'état

1973 Chilean President Salvador Allende, the 1st elected Marxist president of a South America country, is deposed in a military coup led by general Augusto Pinochet

  • 1974 Cards beat Mets, 4-3, in 25 (7h4m), record 202 plate appearances, Félix Millán & John Milner come to bat 12 times each
  • 1978 The last known person dies of smallpox - medical photographer Janet Parker through infection in a laboratory, in Birmingham, England
  • 1980 Chile adopts its constitution
  • 1980 Ron LeFlore (91st) & Rodney Scott (58th), set teammate steal record
  • 1981 2nd government of Van Agt forms in Netherlands
  • 1983 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1985 Intl Cometary Explorer (ISEE 3) passes Giacobini-Zinner by 7900 km
  • 1986 Dow Jones Industrial Avg suffered biggest 1-day decline ever, plummeting 86.61 points to 1,792.89. 237.57 million shares traded

Historic Event

1986 Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak receives Israeli Prime Minister Shimon Peres

  • 1986 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1987 Shoot out at Jean-Bertrand Aristides' church in Haiti, 12 die
  • 1988 1/3 of population argues for Estonia autonomy
  • 1988 Lost steamship 'the Ship of Gold' SS Central America, sunk in 1857, rediscovered in waters off North Carolina by group led by Tommy Gregory Thompson using Bayesian search theory [1]
  • 1989 Drexel formally pleads guilty to security fraud
  • 1989 KSO-AM in Des Moines Iowa changes call letters to KGGO
  • 1991 "La Toya: Growing Up in The Jackson Family" goes on sale
  • 1991 14 die in a Continental Express commuter plane crash near Houston
  • 1992 Hurricane Iniki hits Kauai Hawaii; 3 die & 8,000 injured
  • 1993 Junxia Qu runs 1500m ladies' world record (3:50.46)
  • 1994 Jingyi Le swims female world record 50m freestyle
  • 1995 Eastern Tennessee begins using new area code 423
  • 1995 Soyuz TM-22, lands
  • 1996 Union Pacific Railroad purchases Southern Pacific Railroad.
  • 1997 After a nationwide referendum, Scotland votes to establish a devolved parliament, within the United Kingdom.
  • 1998 16th Commonwealth Games open in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia making Malaysia the first Asian country to host the games

Historic Event

1998 Independent counsel Ken Starr sends a report to the U.S. Congress accusing President Bill Clinton of 11 possible impeachable offenses.

  • 2000 Activists protest against the World Economic Forum meeting in Melbourne, Australia.

Historic Event

2001 Attempt by passengers and crew of United Airlines Flight 93 to retake control of their hijacked plane from terrorists causes plane to crash in Pennsylvania field killing all 64 people on board

  • 2001 Terrorists hijack a passenger plane and crash it into the Pentagon causing the deaths of 125 people

9/11 Attack on NY's World Trade Towers

2001 Two passenger planes hijacked by Al Qaeda terrorists crash into New York's World Trade Towers causing the collapse of both and deaths of 2,606 people

  • 2002 Through extreme and coordinated effort, The Pentagon is rededicated after repairs are completed, exactly one year after the attack on the building.
  • 2003 Swedish foreign minister Anna Lindh dies after being assaulted and fatally wounded on September 10.
  • 2003 The Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety enters into effect.
  • 2004 All passengers are killed when a helicopter crashes in the Aegean Sea. Passengers include Patriarch Peter VII of Alexandria and 16 others (including journalists and bishops of the Greek Orthodox Church of Alexandria)
  • 2005 The State of Israel completes its unilateral disengagement from the Gaza Strip.
  • 2007 Russia tests the largest conventional weapon ever, the Father of all bombs.
  • 2009 Sweden emerges from the recession after witnessing GDP growth of 0.2% in the second quarter
  • 2009 The Brazilian economy technically leaves the recession when GDP grew 1.9% in the second quarter of 2009 after having fallen in the first quarter of 2009 and last quarter of 2008
  • 2012 29 people are killed and 11 injured after a bus runs off a mountain highway in Nepal
  • 2012 50 Al-Shabaab fighters are killed in conflict with the Somali National Army
  • 2012 Japan nationalizes three of the disputed Senkaku Islands
  • 2012 The US consulate in Benghazi, Libya, is stormed, looted and burned down, killing five people, including the US ambassador
  • 2012 The US is warned by Moody's that its AAA credit rating is at risk if lawmakers fail to produce a long-term debt reduction plan
  • 2013 12 Alawite sect members are killed by rebel fighters in central Syria
  • 2015 A large crane collapses killing more than 100 people in Mecca, Saudi Arabia
  • 2015 Ex-Governor of Texas, Rick Perry becomes the first candidate to drop out of race for the Republican nomination

Hurricane Irma

2017 Hurricane Irma leaves 7 million US homes without power in Florida and Georgia

  • 2017 Norwegian Conservative Prime Minister Erna Solberg, heading a right-wing coalition, claims victory in Norway's general election

Historic Event

2017 One million march on this state's national day in Barcelona in support of independence for Catalonia

  • 2017 UN imposes new export sanctions on North Korea

Historic Publication

2018 "Fear: Trump in the White House" by Bob Woodward is published by Simon and Schuster

  • 2018 American-backed militia begins final push to oust militants from Hajin, Syria, last area under Islamic State control
  • 2018 Bus crash in southern Indian state of Telangana kills 53

Historic Event

2018 Former UN Secretary General Kofi Annan lies in state in Accra, Ghana, ahead of a state funeral

Historic Event

2018 Imprisoned Brazilian Ex-president Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva abandons his presidential campaign

  • 2018 Russia launches its largest military exercise since 1981 involving 300,000 personal with Chinese troops participating
  • 2018 Suicide bombing in Nangarhar province, Afghanistan, kills 68 and injures 165
  • 2019 Water detected for first time on planet outside out solar system, on exoplanet K2-18b 110 light-years away, in findings published in "Nature Astronomy"

Historic Event

2021 Twentieth anniversary of 9/11 marked by US President Joe Biden and former presidents Barack Obama and Bill Clinton in New York

  • 2022 Swedish General Election narrowly won by right-wing coalition defeating sitting center-left government headed by Magdalena Andersson [1]
  • 2022 Ukraine's military says it has retaken 3,000 sq km during a rapid counter-offensive in eastern Ukraine in the last few days [1]