Events in History on September 12

  • 490 BC Traditional date of the Battle of Marathon, where a small Athenian force defeats the Persian Empire
  • 1015 Henry I becomes Count of Leuven
  • 1213 Battle at Muret: Crusade of Simon de Montfort beat Pedro II of Aragon
  • 1217 French prince Louis & English King Henry III sign peace treaty
  • 1229 The Aragonese army under the command of James I of Aragon disembarks at Santa Ponça, Majorca, with the purpose of conquering the island.
  • 1396 Crusaders under earl of Nevers reaches Nicopolis

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1543 Treaty of Venlo signed by Duke Willem of Gulik and Holy Roman Emperor Charles V during Italian Wars

Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V
  • 1556 Emperor Charles abdicates in favour of his brother Ferdinand I

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1624 1st submarine publicly tested in London on the Thames for King James I

King of Great Britain James I and VI
King of Great Britain
James I and VI
  • 1635 Sweden & Poland sign ceasefire Treaty of Stuhmsdorf
  • 1639 Viceroy Thomas Wentworth sails back to England
  • 1662 John Flamsteed sees partial solar eclipse, stirs his interest in astronomy
  • 1673 Prince Willem III occupies Naarden
  • 1683 Austro-Ottoman War: Battle of Vienna - several European armies join forces to defeat the Ottoman Empire
  • 1695 New York Jews petition governor Dongan for religious liberties
  • 1703 Emperor Leopold I ends contacts on Spanish heritage

  • 1703 English army under arch duke Charles of Austria lands in Portugal
  • 1720 Isaak of Hoornbeek elected Dutch pension advisor
  • 1722 Russian troops occupy Baku & Derbent in Persia
  • 1733 Polish Landowners select Stanislaw Lesczynski king
  • 1751 Amsterdam refuses establishment of Jewish ghetto

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1755 Giacomo Casanova is sentenced to 5 years imprisonment in Venice without trial for affront to religion and common decency

Adventurer, Writer and famous Lover Giacomo Casanova
Adventurer, Writer and famous Lover
Giacomo Casanova
  • 1758 French astronomer Charles Messier mistakenly identifies the Crab Nebula so begins his Messier Catalogue
  • 1759 British soldiers capture the town of Quebec.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1776 Nathan Hale leaves Harlem Heights Camp (127th St) for spy mission

US Patriot and Soldier Nathan Hale
US Patriot and Soldier
Nathan Hale

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1787 American statesman George Mason suggests the addition of a Bill of Rights to the Constitution modeled on previous state declarations, but the motion is defeated

American Statesman George Mason
American Statesman
George Mason
  • 1814 Battle of North Point fought near Baltimore during War of 1812
  • 1829 Greek War of Independence ends after 8 years and 6 months
  • 1847 Mexican-American War: the Battle of Chapultepec begins.
  • 1848 Switzerland becomes a Federal state.
  • 1857 423 die when "Central America" sinks off Cape Romain SC
  • 1862 Battle of Harpers Ferry VA
  • 1867 2nd synagogue in Curacao, Emanu-El of Willemstad, inaugurated
  • 1874 1874 The District of Maple Ridge, British Columbia, Canada is founded.
  • 1876 King Leopold II opens Congo-conference
  • 1878 Cleopatra Needle installed in London
  • 1882 Belgian King Leopold II receives Pierre de Brazza
  • 1888 Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Greek Interpreter" (BG)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1890 Cecil Rhodes' colonists found Fort Salisbury (now Harare, Zimbabwe)

British Businessman and Imperialist Politician Cecil Rhodes
British Businessman and Imperialist Politician
Cecil Rhodes
  • 1897 Tirah Campaign: Battle of Saragarhi
  • 1901 Arabs attack Gedara Palestine

  • 1906 The Newport Transporter Bridge is opened in Newport, South Wales by Viscount Tredegar.
  • 1908 Canada appoints a Civil Service Commission, initiating a more equitable system for selecting civil servants
  • 1909 World's first patent for synthetic rubber granted to German chemist Fritz Hofmann
  • 1910 United States' 1st known female cop appointed, Alice Stebbins Wells by LAPD
  • 1912 Dutch Olympian Committee forms (NOC)
  • 1918 WWI: US forces launch an attack on German-occupied St Mihiel
  • 1919 The poet Gabriele D'Annunzio organizes a militant nationalist group and takes Fiume (Rijeka) for Italy

AgreementAgreement of Interest

1919 Adolf Hitler joins the obscure German Worker's Party as its seventh member, agreeing not with worker's rights, but with its German Nationalism and antisemitism

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler

Sports record brokenWorld Record

1922 Paavo Nurmi runs world record 5000m (14:35.4)

Runner nicknamed the
Runner nicknamed the "Flying Finn"
Paavo Nurmi
  • 1923 Britain takes over Southern Rhodesia from British South Africa Co
  • 1928 -17] Hurricane in Florida, kills 6,000
  • 1932 Bkln Dodger Johnny Frederick hits his record 6th pinch hit HR
  • 1932 German government of Papen falls/Reichstag dissolved
  • 1933 Alejandro Lerroux forms new Spanish government
  • 1933 Dutch parliament accepts ban on uniforms
  • 1933 Leó Szilárd, waiting for a red light on Southampton Row in Bloomsbury, conceives idea of a nuclear chain reaction
  • 1934 Estonia, Latvia & Lithuania signs Baltic Entente, against USSR

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1935 Millionaire Howard Hughes flies his own designed plane at 352.46 mph

Aviator and Businessman Howard Hughes
Aviator and Businessman
Howard Hughes
  • 1938 Adolf Hitler demands self-determination for Sudeten Germans in Czech
  • 1940 49 die & 200 injured when Hercules Powder Co plant explodes (NJ)
  • 1940 Italian troops enter Egypt
  • 1940 4 teens, following their dog down a hole near Lascaux France discover 17,000-year-old drawings now known as Lascaux Cave Paintings
  • 1941 1st German ship in WW II captured by US ship (Busko)
  • 1942 Battle of Edson's Ridge begins at Guadalcanal
  • 1942 Free-Poland & Belgium asks pope to condemn nazi-war crimes
  • 1943 Free French lands on Corsica

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 Waffen-SS (Skorzeny) frees Benito Mussolini at Gran Sasso

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • 1944 -16] Hurricane, kills 389 in NC
  • 1944 Noorbeek & Mheer freed
  • 1944 US Army troops entered Germany for 1st time
  • 1946 Court martial convicts Henry de Man to 20 years, in Brussels
  • 1947 Pirate Ralph Kiner hits his record 8th HR in 4 games
  • 1948 Invasion of the State of Hyderabad by the Indian Army on the day after the Pakistani leader Jinnah's death.

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1949 Theodor Heuss elected 1st President of the German Federal Republic (West Germany) with Konrad Adenauer the 1st Prime Minister

Chancellor of West Germany Konrad Adenauer
Chancellor of West Germany
Konrad Adenauer
  • 1950 Belgian government dismisses all communist civil servants
  • 1952 Noel Coward's "Quadrille," premieres in London
  • 1954 Indians sweep Yanks at Municipal Stadium; largest AL crowd (86,563)
  • 1956 Black students enter & are barred from Clay Ky elementary school
  • 1957 Archbishop Makarios of Cyprus visits US
  • 1958 US Supreme Court orders the all-white Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas to integrate
  • 1958 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1958 Jack Kilby demonstrates his first integrated circuit (IC) to his supervisor

Engineer Jack Kilby
Jack Kilby
  • 1959 Janos Kádár becomes premier of Hungary
  • 1959 Luna 2 launched by USSR; 1st spacecraft to impact on the Moon

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1960 John F. Kennedy avers he does not speak for the Roman Catholic Church, and neither does the Church speak for him.

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1961 NASA civilian pilot Joseph A Walker takes X-15 to 34,840 m
  • 1961 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1964 1st football game at Shea Stadium, Jets defeat Denver 30-6
  • 1964 Canyonlands National Park is designated as a National Park.
  • 1965 Hurricane Betsy strikes Florida & Louisiana kills 75
  • 1966 Gemini XI (Charles Conrad & R Gordon) launched for 71-hour flight
  • 1966 Washtenaw Community College in Ann Arbor Mich begins teaching
  • 1968 Albania announces it is withdrawing from the Warsaw Pact
  • 1970 Soviet unmanned spacecraft Luna 16 launched to the moon
  • 1970 Supersonic airliner Concorde lands for the 1st time at Heathrow airport
  • 1970 US LSD professor Timothy Leary escapes from California jail
  • 1970 Palestinian terrorists blow up three hijacked airliners in Jordan, continuing to hold the passengers hostage in various undisclosed locations in Amman.
  • 1973 2 bettors win largest US Daily Double ($19,909.60 in Detroit)
  • 1973 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR

BattleCoup d'état

1974 Coup overthrows Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie on Ethiopia's national day

Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie
Ethiopian Emperor
Haile Selassie
  • 1974 Jeff "Skunk" Baxter joins Doobie Brothers
  • 1977 Anti-apartheid activist Steve Biko dies in police custody from his injuries after being beaten and tortured by police

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1978 Fidel Castro visits Addis Abba

Cuban Revolutionary and President Fidel Castro
Cuban Revolutionary and President
Fidel Castro
  • 1979 Hurricane Frederick hits Mobile Alabama; 5 die & $23 million damage
  • 1979 Indonesia is hit with an earthquake that measures 8.1 on the Richter scale.
  • 1980 Military coup under General Kenan Evren in Turkey
  • 1983 Albert Rizzo trod water at sea for 108 hours 9 minutes
  • 1983 Security guard Victor Gerena robs West Hartford company of $7 million
  • 1983 USSR vetoes UN resolution deploring its shooting down of Korean plane
  • 1984 Cyndi Lauper sings "She-Bop" on Tonight Show

  • 1984 Ethiopia forms socialist republic
  • 1985 Flight readiness firing of Atlantis' main engines; 20 seconds
  • 1986 240.49 million shares traded in NY Stock Exchange
  • 1986 Twins fire manager Ray Miller & replace him with coach Tom Kelly
  • 1986 US professor Joseph Cicippio is kidnapped & held hostage in Beirut
  • 1987 Ethiopia adopts constitution
  • 1987 Vince Coleman steals his 100th base for 3rd straight year
  • 1988 Gilbert, strongest hurricane ever (160 mph), devastates Jamaica
  • 1990 US, United Kingdom, France, USSR, East & West Germanys sign agreements allowing 2 Germanys to merge
  • 1991 Space shuttle STS 48 (Discovery 14) launched
  • 1992 Hurricane Inuki pounds Hawaii
  • 1992 STS-47 (Endeavour 2) launches

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1992 Mae Jemison is the 1st African American woman to go into space (aboard Endeavour STS-47)

Astronaut and Physician Mae Jemison
Astronaut and Physician
Mae Jemison
  • 1993 Wang Junxia runs a women's 3000 m world record (8:12.29) at the Chinese National Games
  • 1993 Paul Molitor at 37 is oldest to reach 100 RBIs for 1st time in career
  • 1993 STS-51 (Discovery) launches into orbit
  • 1994 Frank Eugene Corder crashes a Cessna plane into the south lawn of the White House, killing himself
  • 1994 Parti Québécois wins parliamentary election
  • 1995 Belarus military shoots down a hydrogen balloon, killing its two American pilots.
  • 1997 The UN passes a resolution allowing Iraq to reach the $2.14 billion oil sales limit under its oil-for-food program
  • 1999 Indonesia announces it will allow international peace-keepers into East Timor.
  • 2000 Holland (the Netherlands) passes law allowing same-gender marriage, adoption and divorce.
  • 2001 Article V of the NATO agreement is invoked for the first and only time in response to the September 11, 2001 attacks against the United States of America.
  • 2001 Ansett Australia, Australia's first commercial interstate airline, collapses due to increased strain on the international airline industry leaving 10000 people unemployed.
  • 2003 In Fallujah, US forces mistakenly shoot and kill eight Iraqi police officers.
  • 2003 The United Nations lifts sanctions against Libya after that country agreed to accept responsibility and recompense the families of victims in the 1988 bombing of Pan Am Flight 103.
  • 2005 The red-green coalition, led by Jens Stoltenberg, wins the Norwegian parliamentary election, taking 87 of 169 seats in the parliament.
  • 2005 Israel completes its withdrawal of all troops and settlers from the Gaza Strip.
  • 2005 The bodies of more than 40 patients discovered in a flooded hospital in New Orleans.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2007 Shinzō Abe announces his intention to resign as Prime Minister of Japan.

Prime Minister of Japan Shinzō Abe
Prime Minister of Japan
Shinzō Abe

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2007 Former Philippine President Joseph Estrada is convicted of the crime of plunder.

President of the Philippines Joseph Estrada
President of the Philippines
Joseph Estrada
  • 2009 The 9-12 Project organized multiple marches and demonstrations across the USA to protest government spending.
  • 2012 18 soldiers are killed by a rebel car bomb in Syria
  • 2012 314 people are killed in factory fire in Karachi and Lahore, Pakistan
  • 2012 Apple unveils its iPhone 5 and iOS 6
  • 2012 Excavators announce that they may have found the remains of King Richard III of England under a carpark in Leicester
  • 2015 Jeremy Corbyn is elected leader of the UK Labour party
  • 2015 12 tourists mistaken for militants, are killed by Egyptian forces in Egypts Western Desert
  • 2017 Hope Hicks appointed permanent White House Communications Director after working in an interim role
  • 2017 Monster fatburg 250m long, 130 tons, size of 11 buses found in sewers under east London
  • 2017 Apple unveils premium iPhone X costing $999, along with iPhone 8
  • 2018 Oldest known human drawing discovered, 73,000 years old, in Blombos Cave, South Africa published in "Nature"
  • 2018 More than 3,600 children reported abused by Catholic priests in Germany (1946-2014) in leaked report
  • 2018 European parliament votes to pursue disciplinary action against Hungary for anti-democratic actions, first ever such vote