Events in History on September 12

Victory in Battle

490 BC Traditional date of the Battle of Marathon, where a small Athenian force defeats the Persian Empire

  • 1015 Henry I becomes Count of Leuven
  • 1213 Battle at Muret: Crusade of Simon de Montfort beat Pedro II of Aragon
  • 1217 French prince Louis & English King Henry III sign peace treaty
  • 1229 Aragonese army led by James I of Aragon disembarks at Santa Ponça, Majorca, to conquer the island
  • 1396 Crusaders under earl of Nevers reaches Nicopolis

Treaty of Interest

1543 Treaty of Venlo signed by Duke Willem of Gulik and Holy Roman Emperor Charles V during Italian Wars

Historic Event

1624 1st submarine publicly tested in London on the Thames for King James I

  • 1635 Sweden & Poland sign ceasefire Treaty of Stuhmsdorf
  • 1639 Viceroy Thomas Wentworth sails back to England

Historic Event

1662 John Flamsteed sees partial solar eclipse, stirs his interest in astronomy

  • 1673 Prince William of Orange occupies Naarden
  • 1683 Austro-Ottoman War: Battle of Vienna - several European armies join forces to defeat the Ottoman Empire
  • 1695 New York Jews petition governor Dongan for religious liberties
  • 1703 Emperor Leopold I ends contacts on Spanish heritage
  • 1703 English army under arch duke Charles of Austria lands in Portugal
  • 1720 Isaak of Hoornbeek elected Dutch pension advisor
  • 1722 Russian troops occupy Baku & Derbent in Persia
  • 1733 Polish Landowners select Stanislaw Lesczynski king
  • 1751 Amsterdam refuses establishment of Jewish ghetto

Historic Event

1755 Giacomo Casanova is sentenced to 5 years imprisonment in Venice without trial for affront to religion and common decency

Historic Event

1758 French astronomer Charles Messier mistakenly identifies the Crab Nebula so begins his Messier Catalogue

  • 1759 British soldiers capture the town of Quebec

Historic Event

1776 Nathan Hale leaves Harlem Heights Camp (127th St) for spy mission

Bill of Rights

1787 American statesman George Mason suggests the addition of a Bill of Rights to the Constitution modeled on previous state declarations, but the motion is defeated

Historic Publication

1789 Jean-Paul Marat publishes the first issue of his radical newspaper Le Publiciste parisien, later called L'Ami du peuple (The Friend of the People) in Paris

Mutiny On The Bounty

1792 Court martial begins for instigators of the mutiny on the Bounty on board HMS Duke in Portsmouth harbour, presided over by Vice-Admiral Samuel Hood

  • 1814 Battle of North Point fought near Baltimore during War of 1812
  • 1824 Moreton Bay Penal Settlement established at Redcliffe, Queensland, with about 30 convicts (modern Brisbane, Australia) [1]
  • 1829 Greek War of Independence ends after 8 years and 6 months
  • 1847 Mexican–American War: the Battle of Chapultepec begins
  • 1848 Switzerland becomes a Federal state
  • 1857 423 die when "Central America" sinks off Cape Romain SC
  • 1862 Battle of Harpers Ferry VA
  • 1867 2nd synagogue in Curacao, Emanu-El of Willemstad, inaugurated
  • 1874 1874 The District of Maple Ridge, British Columbia, Canada is founded.
  • 1876 King Leopold II opens Congo-conference
  • 1878 Cleopatra Needle installed in London
  • 1882 Belgian King Leopold II receives Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza

Historic Event

1890 Cecil Rhodes' colonists found Fort Salisbury (now Harare, Zimbabwe)

  • 1897 Battle of Saragarhi: Thousands of Orakzai and Afridi tribesmen overwhelm and kill at great cost to themselves 21 British Raj Sikh Soldiers led by Havildar Ishar Singh at Tirah, North-West Frontier Province, British India
  • 1901 Arabs attack Gedara Palestine
  • 1906 The Newport Transporter Bridge is opened in Newport, South Wales by Viscount Tredegar.
  • 1908 Canada appoints a Civil Service Commission, initiating a more equitable system for selecting civil servants
  • 1909 World's first patent for synthetic rubber granted to German chemist Fritz Hofmann
  • 1910 United States' 1st known female cop appointed, Alice Stebbins Wells by LAPD
  • 1912 Dutch Olympian Committee forms (NOC)
  • 1918 WWI: US forces launch an attack on German-occupied St Mihiel

Agreement of Interest

1919 Adolf Hitler joins the obscure German Worker's Party as its seventh member, agreeing not with worker's rights, but with its German Nationalism and antisemitism

  • 1919 The poet Gabriele D'Annunzio organizes a militant nationalist group and takes Fiume (Rijeka) for Italy
  • 1923 Britain takes over Southern Rhodesia from British South Africa Co
  • 1928 San Felipe Segundo/Okeechobee hurricane makes landfall in Guadeloupe, French Antilles as category 4 storm, killing 1,200; additional damage and fatalities on neighboring islands of Martinique, Montserrat, and Nevis
  • 1932 German government of Papen falls/Reichstag dissolved
  • 1933 Alejandro Lerroux forms new Spanish government
  • 1933 Dutch parliament accepts ban on uniforms

Historic Event

1933 Leó Szilárd, waiting for a red light on Southampton Row in Bloomsbury, conceives idea of a nuclear chain reaction

  • 1934 Estonia, Latvia & Lithuania signs Baltic Entente, against USSR

Historic Event

1935 Millionaire Howard Hughes flies his own designed H-1 racer plane at then record 352.46 mph (567 km/hr) at Santa Ana, California

  • 1938 Adolf Hitler demands self-determination for Sudeten Germans in Czech
  • 1940 49 die & 200 injured when Hercules Powder Co plant explodes (NJ)

Dog Unearths Cave of Antiquity

1940 Four teens, following their dog down a hole near Lascaux, France discover 17,000 year old drawings now known as the Lascaux Cave Paintings

  • 1940 Italian troops enter Egypt
  • 1941 1st German ship in WW II captured by US ship (Busko)
  • 1942 Battle of Edson's Ridge begins at Guadalcanal
  • 1942 Free-Poland & Belgium asks pope to condemn nazi-war crimes
  • 1943 Free French lands on Corsica

Historic Event

1943 Waffen-SS (Skorzeny) frees Benito Mussolini at Gran Sasso

  • 1944 Noorbeek becomes the first liberated community in the Netherlands during World War II

Conference of Interest

1944 Second Quebec Conference: Franklin D. Roosevelt, Winston Churchill and the Combined Chiefs of Staff meet in Quebec City, Canada to discuss Allied occupation zones, the Morgenthau Plan, U.S. Lend-Lease aid to Britain and the role of the Royal Navy

  • 1944 US Army troops enter Germany for 1st time
  • 1946 Court martial convicts Henry de Man to 20 years, in Brussels

Historic Event

1948 Indian Army Invades the State of Hyderabad a day after Pakistani leader Muhammad Ali Jinnah passes away

Election of Interest

1949 Theodor Heuss elected 1st President of the German Federal Republic (West Germany) with Konrad Adenauer the 1st Prime Minister

  • 1950 Belgian government dismisses all communist civil servants
  • 1956 Black students enter & are barred from Clay Ky elementary school
  • 1957 Archbishop Makarios of Cyprus visits US

Historic Event

1958 Jack Kilby demonstrates his first integrated circuit (IC) to his supervisor

  • 1958 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Little Rock Crisis

1958 US Supreme Court orders the all-white Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas to integrate

  • 1959 Janos Kádár becomes premier of Hungary
  • 1959 Luna 2 launched by USSR; 1st spacecraft to impact on the Moon

Historic Event

1960 John F. Kennedy avers he does not speak for the Roman Catholic Church, and neither does the Church speak for him.

Historic Event

1961 NASA civilian pilot Joseph A. Walker takes X-15 to 34,840 m

  • 1961 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1964 1st football game at Shea Stadium, Jets defeat Denver 30-6
  • 1964 Canyonlands National Park is designated as a National Park.
  • 1965 Hurricane Betsy strikes Florida & Louisiana kills 75
  • 1966 Gemini XI with Charles "Pete" Conrad and Richard F. Gordon aboard launched for 71-hour flight
  • 1966 Washtenaw Community College in Ann Arbor Mich begins teaching
  • 1968 Albania announces it is withdrawing from the Warsaw Pact
  • 1970 Palestinian terrorists blow up three hijacked airliners in Jordan, continuing to hold the passengers hostage in various undisclosed locations in Amman.
  • 1970 Soviet unmanned spacecraft Luna 16 launched to the moon
  • 1970 Supersonic airliner Concorde lands for the 1st time at Heathrow airport
  • 1970 US LSD professor Timothy Leary escapes from California jail
  • 1973 2 bettors win largest US Daily Double ($19,909.60 in Detroit)
  • 1973 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR

Coup d'état

1974 Coup overthrows Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie on Ethiopia's national day

  • 1974 Jeff "Skunk" Baxter joins Doobie Brothers
  • 1977 Anti-apartheid activist Steve Biko dies in police custody from his injuries after being beaten and tortured by police
  • 1979 Hurricane Frederick hits Mobile Alabama; 5 die & $23 million damage
  • 1979 Indonesia is hit with an earthquake that measures 8.1 on the Richter scale
  • 1980 Military coup under General Kenan Evren in Turkey
  • 1981 1981 Springbok tour of New Zealand: "All hell breaks loose" as anti-tour supporters fight police and planes flour-bomb the deciding third match won by the All Blacks 25-22 [1]
  • 1983 Albert Rizzo trod water at sea for 108 hours 9 minutes
  • 1983 Security guard Victor Gerena robs West Hartford company of $7 million
  • 1983 USSR vetoes UN resolution deploring its shooting down of Korean plane
  • 1984 Ethiopia forms socialist republic
  • 1985 Flight readiness firing of Atlantis' main engines; 20 seconds
  • 1986 240.49 million shares traded in NY Stock Exchange
  • 1986 Twins fire manager Ray Miller & replace him with coach Tom Kelly
  • 1986 US professor Joseph Cicippio is kidnapped & held hostage in Beirut
  • 1987 Ethiopia adopts constitution
  • 1988 Gilbert, strongest hurricane ever (160 mph), devastates Jamaica
  • 1990 US, United Kingdom, France, USSR, East & West Germanys sign agreements allowing 2 Germanys to merge
  • 1991 Space shuttle STS 48 (Discovery 14) launched
  • 1992 Hurricane Inuki pounds Hawaii

Historic Event

1992 Mae Jemison is the 1st African American woman to go into space (aboard Endeavour STS-47)

  • 1992 NASA launches STS-47 (Endeavour 2)
  • 1993 STS-51 (Discovery) launches into orbit
  • 1993 Wang Junxia runs a women's 3000 m world record (8:12.29) at the Chinese National Games
  • 1994 Frank Eugene Corder crashes a Cessna plane into the south lawn of the White House, killing himself
  • 1994 Parti Québécois wins parliamentary election
  • 1995 Belarus military shoots down a hydrogen balloon, killing its two American pilots.
  • 1997 The UN passes a resolution allowing Iraq to reach the $2.14 billion oil sales limit under its oil-for-food program
  • 1999 Indonesia announces it will allow international peace-keepers into East Timor
  • 2000 Holland (the Netherlands) passes law allowing same-gender marriage, adoption and divorce.
  • 2001 Ansett Australia, Australia's first commercial interstate airline, collapses due to increased strain on the international airline industry leaving 10000 people unemployed.
  • 2001 Article V of the NATO agreement is invoked for the first and only time in response to the September 11, 2001 attacks against the United States of America.
  • 2003 In Fallujah, US forces mistakenly shoot and kill eight Iraqi police officers.
  • 2003 The United Nations lifts sanctions against Libya after that country agreed to accept responsibility and recompense the families of victims in the 1988 bombing of Pan Am Flight 103.
  • 2005 Israel completes its withdrawal of all troops and settlers from the Gaza Strip.
  • 2005 The bodies of more than 40 patients discovered in a flooded hospital in New Orleans.
  • 2005 The red-green coalition, led by Jens Stoltenberg, wins the Norwegian parliamentary election, taking 87 of 169 seats in the parliament.

Historic Event

2007 Former Philippine President Joseph Estrada is convicted of the crime of plunder.

Historic Event

2007 Shinzō Abe announces his intention to resign as Prime Minister of Japan.

  • 2009 The 9-12 Project organized multiple marches and demonstrations across the USA to protest government spending.
  • 2012 18 soldiers are killed by a rebel car bomb in Syria
  • 2012 314 people are killed in factory fire in Karachi and Lahore, Pakistan
  • 2012 Apple unveils its iPhone 5 and iOS 6

Historic Event

2012 Excavators announce that they may have found the remains of King Richard III of England under a carpark in Leicester

  • 2015 12 tourists mistaken for militants, are killed by Egyptian forces in Egypts Western Desert
  • 2015 Jeremy Corbyn is elected leader of the UK Labour party
  • 2017 Apple unveils premium iPhone X costing $999, along with iPhone 8
  • 2017 Hope Hicks appointed permanent White House Communications Director after working in an interim role
  • 2017 Monster fatburg 250m long, 130 tons, size of 11 buses found in sewers under east London
  • 2018 European parliament votes to pursue disciplinary action against Hungary for anti-democratic actions, first ever such vote
  • 2018 More than 3,600 children reported abused by Catholic priests in Germany (1946-2014) in leaked report
  • 2018 Oldest known human drawing discovered, a hashtag-like abstract drawing with red ochre, 73,000 years old, in Blombos Cave, South Africa published in "Nature"
  • 2021 Paris's Arc de Triomphe covered in fabric in tribute to the late artist Christo, his unfulfilled project
  • 2021 Taliban says women must study in gender-segregated classrooms in Afghanistan
  • 2021 World's largest container ship, the Ever Ace, 400m-long (1,300ft) carrying 23,992 containers arrives in Felixstowe on its maiden voyage [1]
  • 2022 Modern slavery (forced labor and forced marriages) has increased by 10 million to 50 million people in the last five years according to the UN's International Labour Organization [1]
  • 2022 Outbreak of fighting between Armenia and Azerbaijan kills about 100 soldiers [1]

Historic Event

2022 Queen Elizabeth II's coffin makes a ceremonial procession down the Royal Mile, Edinburgh, from the Palace of Holyroodhouse to St Giles' Cathedral where 20,000 people queue to pay their respects [1]