Events in History on September 13

  • 509 BC The temple of Jupiter on Rome's Capitoline Hill is dedicated on the ides of September

Historic Event

122 Building begins on Hadrian's Wall, Northern England

  • 335 Church of Holy Sepulchre consecrated in Jerusalem
  • 533 General Belisarius of the Byzantine Empire defeats Gelimer and the Vandals at the Battle of Ad Decimium, near Carthage, North Africa
  • 604 Sabinian begins his reign as Pope replacing Pope Gregory the Great
  • 1125 Duke Lotharius of Supplinburg crowned as German king Lotharius III

Historic Event

1224 Francis of Assisi is afflicted with stigmata after a vision praying on Mount Verna

  • 1440 Gilles de Rais is finally taken into custody upon an accusation brought against him by the Bishop of Nantes.
  • 1500 Predro Álvares Cabral and his Portuguese expedition arrive in Calicut, India
  • 1504 Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand of Spain issue a Royal Warrant for the construction of a Royal Chapel (Capilla Real) to be built.

Victory in Battle

1515 First day of two-day Battle of Marignano: Francis I's French army defeats Swiss army force near Milan

  • 1549 Pope Paul III signs Council of Bologna
  • 1553 English bishop Hugh Latimer arrested
  • 1574 Turkish fleet recaptures Tunis
  • 1579 Breda forms Union of Utrecht
  • 1625 16 Rabbis (including Isiah Horowitz) are imprisoned in Jerusalem
  • 1631 Admiral Tholen conquers 30+ Spanish frigates
  • 1663 1st serious slave conspiracy in colonial America (Virginia)
  • 1743 Great Britain, Austria and Savoye-Sardinia sign Treaty of Worms
  • 1751 Britain signs Austrian & Russian alliance
  • 1759 British beat French forces at Plains of Abrahams (Quebec)
  • 1775 Gotthold Lessing's "Die Juden," premieres in Frankfurt-am-Main
  • 1787 Prussian army moves into Netherlands
  • 1789 1st loan to US government (from NYC banks)

Historic Event

1791 France's King Louis XVI accepts constitution

  • 1800 Curacao in British hands (until Jan 1803)
  • 1808 Finnish War: In the Battle of Jutas, Swedish forces under Lieutenant General Georg Carl von Döbeln beat the Russians, making von Döbeln a Swedish war hero.

Scientific Discovery

1845 English chemist Michael Faraday discovers the 'Faraday effect', the influence of a magnetic field on polarized light

  • 1847 American-Mexican war: US General Winfield Scott captures Mexico City
  • 1849 1st US prize fight fatality (Tom McCoy)
  • 1850 The main-belt asteroid "12 Victoria" is discovered by J R Hind
  • 1858 Hamburg-US ship Austria catches fire & sinks, 471 die
  • 1861 1st naval battle of Civil War, Union frigate "Colorado" sinks privateer "Judah" off Pensacola, Fla
  • 1867 General Edward Canby orders South Carolina courts to impanel blacks jurors
  • 1869 Jay Gould & James Fisk attempt to control US gold market
  • 1881 America Lewis Howard Latimer invents and patents electric lamp with a carbon filament
  • 1882 Battle at Count el-Kebir: British troops defeat Egyptian force in the decisive battle of the Anglo-Egytian War

British Empire

1890 Cecil Rhodes' colonists hoist the Union Jack in Mashonaland & Salisbury (modern Zimbabwe)

  • 1898 20,000 Paris construction workers go on strike
  • 1899 Mackinder, Ollier and Brocherel make the first ascent of Batian (5,199m - 17,058 ft), the highest peak of Mount Kenya
  • 1900 Filipino resistance fighters defeat a small American column in the Battle of Pulang Lupa, during the Philippine–American War
  • 1906 First airplane flight in Europe, Brazilian Alberto Santos-Dumont test flies his hybrid 14-bis plane (attached to a hydrogen balloon for take-off)
  • 1907 Lusitania arrives in New York City after record 5 day crossing of Atlantic
  • 1918 Train accident at Weesp Netherlands, kills 42
  • 1919 Guy Bolton & George Middleton's "Adam & Eve," premieres in NYC
  • 1922 "Straw Hat Riot" begins in New York City as youths aggressively taunt men wearing straw hats, getting an early jump on unofficial season's end date of September 15; confrontations continue longer than usual, lasting 8 days
  • 1922 Alleged world record temperature of 136.4°F (58°C) in El Aziziyah, Libya, in the shade (invalidated 2012 by the World Meteorological Organization)

Coup d'état

1923 Miguel Primo de Rivera leads a military coup with the support of King Alfonso XIII to become Prime Minister of Spain

  • 1925 1st US University for African Americans, Xavier University, opens in New Orleans
  • 1928 KOH-AM in Reno NV begins radio transmissions
  • 1928 San Felipe Segundo/Okeechobee hurricane makes landfall in Puerto Rico as a category 5 storm, killing over 300, leaving 500,000 homeless, and causing $50M in damages (about $790M in 2020 dollars)
  • 1931 British RAF pilot George Stainworth flies world speed record (655 kph)
  • 1931 Right-radical coup of Dr Pfrimer fails in Austria
  • 1933 Elizabeth McCombs becomes the first New Zealand female Member of Parliament
  • 1935 Rockslide near Whirlpool Rapids Bridge ends the Great Gorge and International Railway

Murder of Interest

1936 Acting on the orders of Louis Buchalter, Murder Inc. killers gun down Joseph Rosen, a Brooklyn candy store owner

  • 1940 Buckingham Palace damaged by German bombs
  • 1940 Italian troops under Marshal Graziani attack Egypt
  • 1942 Battle of Edson's Ridge (2nd Japanese assault) at Guadalcanal
  • 1942 German forces attack Stalingrad
  • 1943 German counter attack at Salerno
  • 1943 The Municipal Theatre of Corfu is destroyed during an aerial bombardment by Luftwaffe
  • 1944 30th Infantry division of US 1st Army frees Margraten

Historic Event

1944 Amon Göth removed as head of Kraków-Płaszów concentration camp by the SS for stealing state property

  • 1944 Great Atlantic hurricane reaches peak intensity as a Category 4 storm, goes on to kill 300-400 along the US East Coast
  • 1944 Last transport out camp Westerbork to Bergen Belsen
  • 1944 US 28th Infantry division opens assault on Siegfried line/Westwall
  • 1948 Margaret Chase Smith, American politician (R-Me) elected senator, 1st woman to serve in both houses of US Congress
  • 1952 Adolfo Ruiz Cortinez elected president of Mexico
  • 1955 Swiss inventor George de Mestral is granted a patent for what would become known as Velcro
  • 1956 Dike around Dutch polder Eastern Flevoland closes
  • 1956 Stravinsky's "Canticum Sacrum," premieres in Venice
  • 1958 Queen Juliana christens passenger ship Rotterdam
  • 1959 USSR's Luna 2 becomes 1st probe to contact another celestial body
  • 1961 Battles between UN & Katanga troops in Congo
  • 1961 Unmanned Mercury-Atlas 4 launched into Earth orbit
  • 1961 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1961 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1963 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1964 3rd sitting of 2nd Vatican council opens in Rome
  • 1964 St Louis is 1st NL to score runs in every game since 1923, win 15-2
  • 1965 Today Show's 1st totally color broadcast
  • 1966 Johannes Balthazar Vorster sworn in as premier of South Africa
  • 1968 Albania leaves Warsaw pact
  • 1970 IBM announces System 370 computer
  • 1970 Palestine guerillas conquer Irbid Jordania
  • 1971 11 guards & 31 prisoners die in take over at Attica State Prison

Historic Event

1971 Nikita Khrushchev, Soviet premier, buried in Moscow

  • 1971 Two North Ireland Loyalists are mortally injured when the bomb they were preparing exploded prematurely in a house in Bann Street, Belfast
  • 1971 World Hockey Association forms
  • 1973 Syrian-Israeli dogfight over Mediterranean Sea
  • 1974 -17] 3 Japanese kidnap French ambassador in Hague
  • 1974 OPEC instructs its Secretary General to "carry out a study of supply and demand in relation to possible production controls"
  • 1974 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1975 -27] Hurricane Eloise, kills 71 in the Caribbean & US
  • 1977 1st TV viewer discretion warning-Soap
  • 1977 2nd Test flight of Space Shuttle Enterprise
  • 1977 General Motors introduces 1st US diesel auto (Oldsmobile 88)
  • 1978 1st flight of McDonnell Douglas F-18A Hornet
  • 1979 China performs nuclear test at Lop Nor, PRC
  • 1979 South Africa grants Venda independence (Not recognized out of South Africa)
  • 1980 1st United Negro College Fund
  • 1981 April Moon sets women's handbow distance record of 1,039 yds & 13"
  • 1981 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1982 50 die in Spantax Airlines DC-10 on takeoff from Malaga, Spain
  • 1983 Steve O'Shaughnessy scores 100 in 35 mins, Lancs v Leics

Historic Event

1984 Shimon Peres becomes the 8th Prime Minister of Israel, succeeding Yitzhak Shamir

  • 1984 Shimon Peres forms Israeli government with Likud
  • 1984 STS 41-G launch vehicle moves to launch pad
  • 1985 John Williams introduces new Today Show theme

Historic Event

1985 Super Mario Bros game first appears, created by Shigeru Miyamoto at Nintendo

  • 1987 Cesium-137 stolen from abandoned hospital in Rio de Janeiro
  • 1987 Paul Lynch of Great Britain does 32,573 push-ups in 24 hours
  • 1988 9 hard/software manufacturers announce EISA computer bus in NY
  • 1988 Gilbert is strongest (26.13 barometer) hurricane in Western Hemisphere

Historic Event

1989 Archbishop Desmond Tutu leads biggest anti-apartheid protest march in South Africa

  • 1990 Commuter train at Johannesburg South Africa attacked, 36 die
  • 1990 Iraqi troops storm residence of French ambassador in Kuwait
  • 1990 Senate Judiciary Com opens hearing on confirmation of David Souter
  • 1991 55 ton concrete beam falls in Montreal's Olympic Stadium

Agreement of Interest

1993 Public unveiling of the Oslo Accords, an Israeli-Palestinian peace agreement initiated by Norway, signed by Israeli Minister of Foreign Affairs Shimon Peres and PLO official Mahmoud Abbas

  • 1993 Queens, NYC begins required recycling
  • 1993 Wang Junxia runs a new women's 3000m world record (8:06.11) 1 day after setting previous record at the Chinese National Games
  • 1994 George Burns undergoes surgery to drain fluid from his brain
  • 1994 Space probe Ulyssus passes south pole of Sun
  • 1995 The Kuwaiti Oil Ministry states its intention to seek a 200-million-barrels-per-day increase to its current 2-million-barrels-per-day crude oil production quota at OPEC meeting in Vienna
  • 1996 Phil Simmons scores 171 & takes 6-14 for Leics v Durham

Historic Event

1997 Mother Teresa's State Funeral held in India

  • 1999 Bomb explodes in Moscow, Russia. At least 119 people are killed.
  • 2001 Civilian aircraft traffic resumes in the U.S. after the September 11, 2001 attacks.
  • 2001 Relative calm returns to world oil markets as US retail gasoline prices return to normal levels; energy trading by Houston energy companies resumes and limited commercial aviation starts
  • 2006 At Dawson College (Montreal), Kimveer Gill kills one student and wounds 19 others before committing suicide.
  • 2008 Hurricane Ike makes landfall on the Texas Gulf Coast of the United States, causing heavy damage to Galveston Island, Houston and surrounding areas.
  • 2012 19 people are killed after a freight elevator crashes from 100 meters in Wuhan, China
  • 2012 33,000 people are evacuated after Guatemala's Volcano of Fire erupts
  • 2012 Dr Mustafa Abushagur is elected as Prime Minister of Libya

Historic Event

2012 Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev calls for Russian punk band Pussy Riot to be freed

  • 2013 30 people are killed by a mosque bombing attack in Baghdad, Iraq
  • 2013 9 people are killed after massive floods in Galati County, Romania
  • 2014 40 people are killed after T. B. Joshua's The Synagogue Church of All Nations collapses in Nigeria
  • 2014 At least 8 people are killed after the ferry MV Maharlika II sinks off the Philippines coast
  • 2015 EU Migrant Crisis: Germany introduces temporary border controls to cope with huge migrant numbers

Historic Event

2015 Governor of California Jerry Brown declares a State of Emergency after wildfires devastate Lake and Napa counties

Historic Event

2017 Martin Shkreli's bail revoked after he judged risk to community for posting $5,000 bounty for a strand of Hillary Clinton's hair

Hurricane Irma

2017 Nursing home inhabitants rescued after losing their air-conditioning in aftermath of Hurricane Irma in Hollywood, Florida, 11 die

Historic Event

2017 UN Secretary-General António Guterres says Rohingya refugee crisis now "catastrophic" as 370,000 confirmed to have fled Myanmar

Historic Event

2018 Islamic extremism by 121 groups caused 84,000 deaths in 2017 according to report by Global Extremist Monitor presented by Tony Blair

  • 2018 Nearly 40% (36.6%) of all female suicides occur in India according to report published in "The Lancet"

Meeting of Interest

2018 Pope Francis meets with leaders of the American Catholic Church in Rome to discuss sexual abuse

Historic Event

2018 Spanish parliament votes to exhume former dictator Francisco Franco from the Valley of the Fallen

  • 2021 Israeli Prime Minister Naftali Bennett makes first official visit to Egypt in a decade for talks with President Abdul Fattah al-Sisi in Sharm el-Sheikh