Events in History on September 14

Roman Empire

81 Domitian becomes Emperor of the Roman Empire upon the death of his brother Titus

  • 786 Harun al-Rashid becomes the Abbasid caliph upon the death of his brother Al-Hadi
  • 891 Stephen V's reign as Catholic Pope end with his death, succeeded a few weeks later by Pope Formosus
  • 1163 Pastor Frederik forms convent at Mariengaarde Friesland
  • 1180 Minamoto no Yoritomo led force of 300 defeated at Battle of Ishibashiyama in Japan
  • 1515 Battle at Marignano ends after two days in a French and Venetian victory over a Swiss army
  • 1607 Flight of the Earls from Lough Swilly, Donegal, Ireland

Victory in Battle

1629 Siege of 's-Hertogenbosch: Spanish garrison surrenders to Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange

  • 1662 Netherlands & England sign peace treaty
  • 1682 Bishop Gore School, one of the oldest schools in Wales, founded
  • 1716 1st lighthouse in American colonies lit at Boston Harbor

Gregory Conquers Julius Caesar

1752 Britain and the British Empire (including the American colonies) adopt the Gregorian Calendar (no Sept 3 - Sept 13)

  • 1759 Austrian troops occupy Dresden

Historic Event

1807 Aaron Burr acquitted of a misdemeanor charge

Great Fire of Moscow

1812 Great Fire of Moscow begins as Napoleon approaches the city and retreating Russians burn it - fire continues to burn for five days

Fiery Birth for Star Spangled Banner

1814 Francis Scott Key pens the poem "Defence of Fort M'Henry", later known as "The Star-Spangled Banner" while witnessing the bombardment of Fort McHenry from a ship in Baltimore harbor

  • 1829 Peace of Adrianopel: ends Russian-Turkish war
  • 1847 US Marines under General Scott enter Mexico City (halls of Montezuma)
  • 1848 Alexander Stewart opens the 1st US department store, “The Marble Palace” in downtown New York City
  • 1852 Samuel D Hubbard of Conn takes office as 18th US Postmaster General
  • 1854 British and French forces land at Calamita Bay on the Crimean Peninsula, during the Crimean War
  • 1856 Battle of San Jacinto at Hacienda San Jacinto, Nicaraguan forces defeat American filibusters
  • 1862 Battle at Crampton's Gap: Union troops win a tactical victory over Confederate forces
  • 1862 Battle at South Mountain: Union troops defeat an outnumbered Confederate force
  • 1862 Battle of Munfordville, Kentucky, begins
  • 1862 Federal troops escape from beleaguered Harpers Ferry, West Virginia
  • 1862 Skirmish at Fox's Gap, American Civil War

Historic Publication

1867 Karl Marx publishes "Das Kapital" Volume 1, his theory of the Capitalist system and how it is doomed to destroy itself

  • 1872 Britain pays US$15½m for damages during Civil War

Historic Expedition

1876 Henry Morton Stanley's expedition leaves Rwanda

  • 1876 Leopold II closes Congo-conference
  • 1882 British General Wolseley reaches Cairo
  • 1886 George K Anderson of Memphis, Tennessee, patents typewriter ribbon
  • 1891 "Empire State Express" train goes from NYC to East Buffalo, a distance of 436 miles, in a record 7H6M
  • 1894 Hottentotten uprising in Southwest Africa fails
  • 1899 Henry Bliss becomes 1st recorded US death from an auto accident when he is hit by a taxicab in New York City
  • 1900 There are now 62,000 foreign troops in Peking and nearby cities, still defeating Boxer Rebels.

Historic Event

1901 Theodore Roosevelt is sworn in as the youngest man to serve as US President, after William McKinley finally dies after an anarchist shoots him in Buffalo

  • 1905 Albert Cuypstrat street market in Amsterdam inaugurated
  • 1905 Dutch AR-politician AWF Idenburg named governor of Suriname
  • 1905 RAC Tourist Trophy first run on Isle of Man
  • 1911 Russian Prime Minister Peter Stolypin is assassinated in Kiev; his regime had been characterized by harsh measures to control dissidents
  • 1914 German staff-of-chief Helmut von Moltke replaced by Erich von Falkenhayn
  • 1914 German troops withdraw from Aisne

Historic Event

1914 Lord Kitchener: "Your country needs you" appears as front cover design for the London Opinion magazine

  • 1918 WWI: Austria-Hungary sends a note to the Allies requesting peace discussions, but the Allies reject the offer
  • 1919 British regime forbids Sinn Féin Dáil
  • 1920 The Trial of Sacco & Vanzetti: Sacco and Vanzetti indicted for murder
  • 1923 Miguel Primo de Rivera becomes dictator of Spain
  • 1930 Nazis gain 107 seats in German election
  • 1932 Military coup in Chile under Arturo Alessandri
  • 1933 2 billion board feet of lumber destroyed in Tillamook Oregon fire
  • 1936 1st prefrontal lobotomy in America performed by Walter Freeman and James W. Watts at George Washington University Hospital in Washington D.C.

Historic Event

1937 President Franklin D. Roosevelt bans US ships from trading arms with China or Japan

  • 1939 British fleet attacks German U-39 boat

Historic Event

1939 First Lord of the Admiralty Winston Churchill visits Scapa Flow, Orkney

Historic Event

1939 World’s 1st practical helicopter, the VS-300 designed by Igor Sikorsky takes (tethered) flight in Stratford, Connecticut

  • 1940 German bomb hits shelter in Chelsea; hundreds die
  • 1940 US Congress passes 1st peace-time conscription bill (draft law)
  • 1942 Battle of Edson's Ridge (Japanese assault) at Guadalcanal
  • 1942 German troops occupy train station Stalingrad-1

Historic Event

1942 US Navy Admiral Chester Nimitz presents the 1st Medal of Honor of WWII, for courage and valor beyond the call of duty during the attack on Pearl Harbor, to sailor John William Finn; ceremony took place in Pearl Harbor aboard USS Enterprise

  • 1944 6,500 Dutch/Indonesian captives sent to Junyo Maru
  • 1944 Great Atlantic hurricane hits New England, 300-400 die along the US East Coast
  • 1944 Gulpen, Meerssen & Maastricht freed
  • 1944 US 28th Infantry division occupies 1.5 km of Roscheid
  • 1944 US 4th Ivy League Inf division pushes through Westwall

Historic Event

1948 Gerald Ford upsets Representative Bartel J Jonkman in Michigan 5th Dist Republican primary

  • 1948 Groundbreaking ceremony for UN world headquarters in New York
  • 1949 India's Constituent Assembly adopts Hindi as an official language. Celebrated today as Hindi Day.
  • 1950 Western allies rearm West Germany
  • 1951 Giant's Bob Niemans homers on his 1st 2 at bats

Appointment of Interest

1953 Nikita Khrushchev appointed First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, succeeding Malenkov

  • 1954 Hurricane Edna (2nd of 1954) hits NYC, $50 million damage
  • 1954 USSR performs nuclear test

IBM 305 RAMAC

1956 IBM introduces the RAMAC 305, 1st commercial computer with a hard drive that uses magnetic disk storage, weighs over a ton

  • 1957 Great Britain performs nuclear test at Maralinga, Australia
  • 1957 UN resolution deplores & condemns USSR invasion of Hungary
  • 1957 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1958 Two rockets designed by the German engineer Ernst Mohr, the first German post-war rockets, reach the upper atmosphere.
  • 1959 Soviet Union's Luna-2 is 1st spacecraft to land on the Moon
  • 1960 Coup under Colonel Joseph-Desire Mobutu in Congo
  • 1960 Iraq, Iran, Kuwait, Saudi-Arabia and Venezuela form the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)
  • 1961 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1962 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1963 Mary Ann Fischer of Aberdeen, South Dakota, gives birth to America's 1st surviving quintuplets, 4 girls & a boy
  • 1964 President Lyndon Johnson presents Walter Lippmann with the Presidential Medal of Freedom
  • 1965 4th meeting of 2nd Vatican council opened
  • 1967 Melville Abrams Ball Field in Bronx named
  • 1967 Thomas Pell Wildlife Refuge & Sanctuary opens in The Bronx, NYC
  • 1968 USSR's Zond 5 is launched on 1st circumlunar flight
  • 1969 Male voters of Swiss Canton Schaffhausen reject female suffrage
  • 1970 Economic Council for Northern Ireland holds its first meeting
  • 1971 Two British soldiers are killed in separate shooting incidents in County Tyrone, Northern Ireland
  • 1972 2 people are killed and 1 mortally wounded in a Ulster Volunteer Force bomb attack on the Imperial Hotel, Belfast
  • 1972 Jason Miller's "That Championship Season," premieres in NYC
  • 1972 West Germany & Poland establish diplomatic relations
  • 1973 Indianapolis is awarded a WHA franchise
  • 1973 Israel shoots down 13 Syrian MIG-21s

Historic Event

1973 US President Richard Nixon signed into law a measure lifting pro football's blackout

  • 1974 Charles Kowal discovers Leda, 13th satellite of Jupiter

Canonization

1975 Mother Elizabeth Ann Bayley Seton canonized as 1st US-born saint by Pope Paul VI

  • 1975 Rembrandt's oil painting "The Night Watch" slashed & damaged by an unemployed school teacher, in the Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam
  • 1977 Christmas Tinto sentenced to 7 years in Robben Island, South Africa
  • 1978 Portugal government of Da Costa falls
  • 1978 The Provisional Irish Republican Army explode over 50 bombs in towns across Northern Ireland over the next 5 days, injuring 37 people
  • 1979 Theodore Coombs completes 5,193 mile roller skate from LA to NYC & back to Yates Center, Ks
  • 1979 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1981 Judge Wapner & People's Court premiere on TV
  • 1982 36" snow (Red Lodge, MT)
  • 1982 Bomb at Lebanese Phalange party HQ kills President-elect Bachir Gemayel and 26 others
  • 1982 Cindy Nicholas of Canada makes her 19th swim of English Channel
  • 1983 Texan San Jacinto county sheriff James "Humpy" Parker convicted of violating inmates civil rights and of torture
  • 1983 US House of Representatives votes, 416 to 0, in favor of a resolution condemning Russia for shooting down a Korean jetliner
  • 1986 Bomb attack in Paris, 2 killed
  • 1986 Bomb explosion on airport Kimpo at Seoul, 5 killed
  • 1988 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1989 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1990 Ken Griffey, Sr & Jr, hit back-to-back HRs in 1st inning
  • 1991 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1992 1st subway car completed to be exported from US (to Taiwan)
  • 1995 Body Worlds opens in Tokyo, Japan
  • 1997 Chicago Whites Sox retire Carlton Fisk's #72
  • 1998 Telecommunications companies MCI Communications and WorldCom complete their $37 billion merger to form MCI WorldCom.
  • 1999 Kiribati, Nauru and Tonga join the United Nations.

9/11 Attack on New York's World Trade Towers

2001 Historic National Prayer Service held at Washington National Cathedral for victims of the September 11 attacks. A similar service is held in Canada on Parliament Hill, the largest vigil ever held in the nation's capital.

  • 2003 Estonia approves joining the European Union in a referendum.
  • 2003 Sweden rejects adopting the Euro in a referendum

Historic Event

2007 Restrictions on the traditional Latin Mass are officially removed in the Roman Catholic Church as Pope Benedict XVI's motu proprio Summorum Pontificum takes effect.

Election of Interest

2011 Elizabeth Warren announces she intends to run for the Democratic nomination for the 2012 Massachusetts Senatorial election

  • 2012 Ferry sinks amid 10 foot waves off Indonesia's Sumatra Island, killing 21 people
  • 2014 The United States defeats Serbia 129-92 to win the 2014 FIBA Basketball World Cup

Historic Event

2015 14 yr old Texan Ahmed Mohamed arrested at school when home-made clock assumed to be a bomb - Mark Zuckerberg and US President Barack Obama send supportive tweets

Historic Event

2015 Malcolm Turnbull ousts Tony Abbott as Australian Prime Minister and leader of the ruling Liberal Party

  • 2017 19 people die when a boat capsizes on Yamun River in Uttar Pradesh, India
  • 2017 Bodleian Library reveals earliest evidence of the zero symbol in 3rd or 4th Century Bakhshali (Pakistan) manuscript, through carbon dating
  • 2017 Fire at a religious school in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, kills 23
  • 2017 Two Islamic State terrorist attacks in Dhiqar province, Southern Iraq, kill at least 60
  • 2018 Former Trump campaign chair Paul Manafort pleads guilty to conspiracy charges and agrees to co-operative with Government investigations
  • 2018 Hurricane Florence makes landfall near Wrightsville Beach, North Carolina, as a category 1 hurricane
  • 2019 Drone attack on Abqaiq oil plant in Saudi Arabia takes out half of country's oil production and 5% of the world's. Yemen Houthi rebels claim responsibility.
  • 2020 Astronomers report possible sign of life on Venus, after detecting phosphine in planets's atmosphere by telescope [1]
  • 2020 Israel becomes the 1st country to announce a second national lockdown due to COVID-19, for 3 weeks
  • 2020 Jakarta, Indonesia's biggest city of 10 million, imposes widespread restrictions again, amid warnings the healthcare system is on the verge of collapse
  • 2020 WHO reports largest-ever one-day COVID-19 case rise of 307,930, daily death toll of 5,500, overall death total is 917,417
  • 2021 1 in 500 Americans have died of COVID-19 as the nation's known death toll reaches 663,913 (Johns Hopkins) [1]

Historic Event

2021 California Governor Gavin Newsom defeats a state vote to recall him from office

  • 2021 US records lowest level of people living in poverty since records began in 1967 (9.1% vs 11.8% in 2019), due to increase in government aid [1]
  • 2022 Florida Governor Ron DeSantis send two planes of Venezuelan immigrants to Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts, as a political ploy [1]

Historic Event

2022 Procession of Queen Elizabeth II's coffin from Buckingham Palace to the Palace of Westminster to lie in state, with queues of people paying their respects forming 2.4 miles (3.8km) [1]