Events in History on September 15

  • 608 St Boniface IV begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 668 Eastern Roman Emperor Constans II is assassinated in his bath at Syracuse, Italy.
  • 921 Saint Ludmila is murdered at the command of her daughter-in-law at Tetin
  • 1514 Thomas Wolsey appointed English Archbishop of York

Historic Event

1556 Charles V and Maria of Hungary return to Spain and retired to the Monastery of Yuste in Extremadura

  • 1584 San Lorenzo del Escorial Palace in Madrid finished
  • 1590 Giambattista Catagna elected as Pope Urban VII
  • 1600 Battle of Sekigahara, rise of the Tokugawa shogunate in Japan
  • 1616 First non-aristocratic, free public school in Europe is opened in Frascati, Italy
  • 1619 Prince Bethlen Gabor's troops occupy Pozsony (Pressburg) Hungary
  • 1621 Swedish troops occupy Riga

Historic Event

1644 Giambattista Pamfili replaces Pope Urban VIII as Innocent X

  • 1656 England & France sign peace treaty
  • 1683 Germantown in Pennsylvania is founded by 13 immigrant families

Agreement of Interest

1707 Ferenc Rákóczi II, Prince of Transylvania and Tsar Peter the Great sign social security agreement

  • 1733 King Frederik Willem I divides Prussia-Brandenburg in Cantons
  • 1762 Battle of Signal Hill, the last battle of the North American theatre of the Seven Years' War
  • 1774 Cossack pretender to the Russian throne Yemelyan Ivanovich Pugachev captured
  • 1776 British forces capture Kip's Bay, Manhattan, during Revolution

Historic Event

1777 George Washington, on authorization of Congress, appoints Casimir Pulaski as brigadier general in Continental Army cavalry

  • 1787 -16] Utrecht patriots flee to Amsterdam
  • 1789 US Department of Foreign Affairs, renamed Department of State

Historic Publication

1795 "Lyrical Ballads" published by Samuel Taylor Coleridge and William Wordsworth - 1st work of English Romantic movement (probable date)

  • 1795 Dutch East India controlled Cape Colony (present day South Africa) surrenders to Britain

Historic Event

1812 French army under Napoleon Bonaparte reaches the Kremlin in Moscow

  • 1820 Constitutionalist revolution in Lisbon, Portugal
  • 1821 Act of Independence of Central America: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras & Nicaragua declare their independence from the Spanish Empire
  • 1830 Duke of Wellington opens Liverpool & Manchester Railway
  • 1830 First National Negro Convention begins in Philadelphia
  • 1830 First passenger to be killed by a railway train (William Huskisson in England)
  • 1831 The locomotive "John Bull" operates for the first time in New Jersey on the Camden and Amboy Railroad

Historic Event

1835 HMS Beagle with Charles Darwin on board reaches the Galapagos Islands

  • 1846 Jung Bahadur Rana grabs power in Nepal
  • 1851 Saint Joseph's University is founded in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1853 Antoinette Blackwell is the first US woman to be ordained a minister
  • 1857 Timothy Alder of NY patents a typesetting machine
  • 1862 Confederates conquer Union-weapon arsenal at Harpers Ferry, West Virginia
  • 1870 Dutch 1st Chamber abolishes Capital punishment (20-18)
  • 1873 Last German troops leave France
  • 1882 British General Wolseley occupies Cairo
  • 1887 Philadelphia celebrates 100th anniversary of US Constitution
  • 1894 Japan defeats China in Battle of Ping Yang
  • 1898 National Afro-American Council forms in Rochester NY
  • 1900 A Boer delegation issues an appeal at the Hague, Netherlands, that the major powers intervene in the war in South Africa

Historic Event

1903 Queen Wilhelmina calls railroad strikers "criminals"

  • 1910 Boers & Afrikaners win 1st general elections in Union of South-Africa
  • 1912 War between Turkey & Montenegro breaks out in Albania
  • 1913 1st US milch goat show held, Rochester, NY
  • 1914 First Battle of Aisne finishes, Germans vs. French & British during WWI
  • 1914 US Marines march out of Vera Cruz, Mexico

1st Use of Tanks in War

1916 First use of tanks in warfare, "Little Willies" at Battle of Flers-Courcelette, part of the Battle of the Somme

  • 1917 Forbes Magazine founded by B. C. Forbes and Walter Drey in the US
  • 1917 Russia proclaimed a republic by Alexander Kerensky's Provisional government

Catholic Encyclical

1921 Pope Benedict XV publishes encyclical Alcohol Paraclitus

  • 1921 WBZ-AM in Boston MA begins radio transmissions
  • 1923 Governor Walton of Oklahoma declares state of siege because of Ku Klux Klan terror
  • 1928 400 kg Fournier-albums (forged postage stamps) burn in Geneva

Scientific Discovery

1928 Scottish bacteriologist Alexander Fleming discovers penicillin while studying influenza

  • 1930 1st international bridge match is held in London. US team defeats England
  • 1931 British naval fleet mutinies at Invergordon over pay cuts
  • 1931 Philadelphia A's clinch pennant, beating Cleveland
  • 1935 Nuremberg Laws deprives German Jews of citizenship & makes swastika official symbol of Nazi Germany
  • 1937 Works Progress Administration (WPA) extends L-Taraval streetcar line to San Francisco Zoo, at Sloat Blvd (San Francisco, California)
  • 1938 John Cobb sets world auto speed record at 350.2 MPH (lasts 1 day)
  • 1938 Only time brothers hit back-to-back HRs (Lloyd & Paul Waner, Pitts)

'Hitler Will Have to Break Us or Lose the War'

1940 Battle of Britain Day: climax of the Battle of Britain, tide begins to turn as the Royal Air Force repulses a major Luftwaffe attack, losing 29 aircraft to the Germans' 57-61

Victory in Battle

1940 UK Prime Minister Winston Churchill visits Royal Air Force 11th Fighter Group on what would be the fiercest day of the Battle of Britain

  • 1941 Nazis kill 800 Jewish women at Shkudvil, Lithuania
  • 1942 US aircraft carrier Wasp torpedoed at Guadalcanal

Historic Event

1943 Benito Mussolini forms a rival fascist government in Italy

  • 1943 Concentration Camp Kauwen in Lithuania opens
  • 1943 Concentration Camp Vaivara in Estonia opens
  • 1944 British bombers hit German battleship Tirpitz with Tallboy bombs
  • 1944 Soviet troops free Sofia, Bulgaria
  • 1944 US 1st Infantry division pushes through to Westwall
  • 1944 US 28th Infantry division occupies Hill 555 at Roscheid
  • 1944 US troops land on islands of Palau and Morotai, western Pacific
  • 1945 A hurricane in southern Florida and the Bahamas destroys 366 planes and 25 blimps at NAS Richmond
  • 1947 First four-engined jet-propelled fighter plane tested, Columbus, Ohio
  • 1947 RCA releases the 12AX7 miniature dual triode vacuum tube; it is still in production
  • 1947 Typhoon Kathleen hit Tone River, Saitama and Tokyo area, killing at least 1,930 and injuring 1,750
  • 1948 F-86 Sabre sets world aircraft speed record of 1080 kph
  • 1948 WHN-AM in NY City changes call letters to WMGM
  • 1950 During Korean conflict, UN forces land at Inchon in South Korea
  • 1950 East German premier Grotewohl pleads for German reunification
  • 1950 Longest game in Phila's Shribe Park, Phils beat Reds 8-7 in 19
  • 1950 US troop land on Wolmi-Do island off of Seoul
  • 1951 Emile Zatopek runs world record 20k (1:01:15.8)

Catholic Encyclical

1951 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Ingruentium Malorum

  • 1952 European Parliament forms in Strasbourg
  • 1952 UN turns over Eritrea to Ethiopia

Election of Interest

1957 Konrad Adenauer's CDU wins parliamentary election in West Germany

  • 1958 Commuter train crashes through drawbridge, killing 48 in Elizabethport, New Jersey

Historic Event

1959 Soviet Premier Khrushchev arrives in US to begin a 13-day visit

  • 1962 KC A's Bill Fischer sets record of 69 1/3 innings without a walk
  • 1962 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1963 Ben Bella elected 1st president of Algeria
  • 1963 Church bombing in Birmingham Alabama, kills 4 African-American girls
  • 1964 Final edition of socialist British newspaper "Daily Herald"
  • 1966 Dutch political party (D'66) forms
  • 1966 First British nuclear ballistic missile submarine HMS Resolution launched
  • 1966 Gemini XI (Conrad/Gordon) returns to Earth

Historic Event

1966 U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson, responding to a sniper attack at the University of Texas at Austin, writes a letter to the United States Congress urging the enactment of gun control legislation.

  • 1968 Launch of Zond 5, 1st lunar fly-around with Earth reentry
  • 1968 NY Zendo (Shoboji) was opened by S Nakagawa & D S Harada
  • 1968 Probable Test flight for a manned fly-around (scooped by Apollo 8)
  • 1970 Officers of the Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) in Northern Ireland vote narrowly in favour of remaining unarmed
  • 1970 PLO leader Arafat threatens to make a cemetery of Jordan
  • 1970 Rotterdam dock strikes end
  • 1972 A magnitude 4.5 earthquake shakes Northern Illinois.
  • 1972 An SAS domestic flight from Gothenburg to Stockholm was hijacked and flown to Malmö-Bulltofta Airport.
  • 1973 Dutch Guilder devalued by 5%
  • 1973 Ohio State's Archie Griffith begins record 31 cons 100 yd rushing
  • 1973 OPEC supports price hikes and designates six Gulf countries to negotiate collectively with companies over prices; other members to negotiate individually

World Record

1973 Secretariat wins Marlboro Cup in world record 1:45 2/5 for 1¼ miles

  • 1974 Air Vietnam flight 727 is hijacked, then crashes while attempting to land with 75 on board.
  • 1974 Market Square Arena in Indianapolis opens
  • 1975 Mike Vail extends hitting streak ton rookie-record 23 straight game
  • 1975 The French département of Corse (the entire island of Corsica) is divided into two: Haute-Corse and Corse-du-Sud.
  • 1976 Ntozake Shange's "For Colored Girls Who ...," premieres in NYC
  • 1976 Soyuz 22 carries 2 cosmonauts into Earth orbit for 8 days
  • 1977 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Meeting of Interest

1977 US President Jimmy Carter meets with 15 record company executives

  • 1979 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR

Catholic Encyclical

1981 Pope John Paul II publishes encyclical "Laborem exercens" against capitalism/Marxism

  • 1981 The John Bull becomes the oldest operable steam locomotive in the world when the Smithsonian Institution operates it under its own power outside Washington, D.C.

Historic Event

1981 US Senate Judiciary Committee unanimously approves Sandra Day O'Connor for the US Supreme Court

  • 1981 Vanuatu becomes a member of the United Nations.
  • 1982 First issue of "USA Today" published by Gannett Co Inc
  • 1982 Israeli forces began pouring into west Beirut
  • 1982 Pope John Paul II receives PLO leader Yasser Arafat
  • 1983 Frances Schreuder is convicted for the first-degree murder of Franklin Bradshaw

Historic Event

1983 Israel premier Menachem Begin resigns

  • 1983 Police officers beat Michael Stewart to death for graffiting NYC subway
  • 1984 Morocco Showcase opens
  • 1984 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh, Semipalitinsk USSR

Historic Event

1985 Olof Palme forms Sweden minority government

  • 1986 Bomb attack in Paris, 1 dead
  • 1987 Italy sends a naval contingent to the Persian Gulf
  • 1987 Pope John Paul II arrives in Los Angeles for a two-day papal visit, and addresses U.S. entertainment leaders
  • 1987 US Senate Judiciary Committee begins confirmation hearings for Supreme Court nominee Robert Bork
  • 1988 Museum of Moving Image in London opens
  • 1989 The U.S. Congress recognizes Terry Anderson's continued captivity in Beirut.
  • 1990 Florida lottery goes over $100,000,000
  • 1990 France announce it will send 4,000 troops to Persian Gulf
  • 1991 "Party Machine with Nia Peeples" final show

Historic Event

1992 George Soros' Quantum Fund begins selling large amounts of pound sterling, labelled "the man who broke the Bank of England" when pound crashes out of the ERM next day

  • 1993 Liechtenstein prince Hans-Adam II disbands parliament
  • 1994 "Sound of Motown" premieres in Rotterdam
  • 1994 Dennis Richardson sworn in as head of St Maarten
  • 1994 Muslim fundamentalists kidnap & behead 16 citizens in Algeria
  • 1996 Bangladesh beat UAE by 104 runs to win the ACC Trophy Final
  • 1997 Edison Intl purchases Anaheim Stadium naming rights for $50M
  • 1997 Google.com is registered as a domain name
  • 1998 With the landmark merger of WorldCom and MCI Communications completed the day prior, the new MCI WorldCom opens its doors for business.
  • 2011 Ford Motor Company closes St. Thomas Assembly automobile plant in Southwold, Ontario, after 44 years resulting in the loss of roughly 1,400 jobs
  • 2012 Japan announces that it will phase out nuclear energy by the 2030s
  • 2013 21 people are killed in a series of bombings in Baghdad and Shia provinces, Iraq
  • 2013 27 people are killed after a coal mine collapses in Afghanistan
  • 2013 Edi Rama is elected Prime Minister of Albania
  • 2013 Japan switches off its last working nuclear reactor
  • 2014 Ewa Kopacz becomes Prime Minister of Poland

Historic Event

2014 President Obama announces the US will send 3,000 troops to help combat spread of the Ebola virus

  • 2015 EU Migrant Crisis: Hungary seals its border with Serbia with a razor-wire fence, stranding thousands of migrants
  • 2017 Terrorist bomb only partially explodes in attack at Parsons Green tube station, London, injuring 29
  • 2018 Archaeologists find the oldest-known brewery and remains of 13,000-year-old beer in Haifa cave, Israel, belonging to nomadic Natufian people
  • 2018 Swimmer killed by shark at Newcomb Hollow Beach, first fatal shark attack in Massachusetts in 80 years
  • 2018 Typhoon Mangkhut (Ompong), category 5 strength, makes landfall in Cagayan province, Philippines, killing at least 100
  • 2019 Hong Kong police use water cannons and tear gas attempting to disperse thousands of protesters outside the British embassy, as protests continue in the city

Historic Event

2019 UK PM Boris Johnson compares himself to Marvel Hulk character in newspaper interview "The madder Hulk gets, the stronger Hulk gets" about UK exiting the EU

Historic Event

2020 Family of Breonna Taylor announce $12 million wrongful death settlement with city of Louisville, Kentucky, after her death in botched police raid March 13

Historic Event

2020 Scientific American issues its 1st ever presidential endorsement in 175 years by backing Joe Biden

Historic Event

2021 SpaceX launches the first all-civilian spaceflight from Cape Canaveral, Florida, for three-day orbit around Earth [1]

  • 2021 US, UK and Australia announce trilateral security partnership Aukus, to counteract influence of China, including helping Australia build nuclear-powered submarines [1]

Summit of Interest

2022 Chinese leader Xi Jinping meets Russian President Vladimir Putin and other regional leaders at a summit in Samarkand, Uzbekistan [1]

Historic Event

2022 European parliament says Hungary can no longer be considered a full democracy, saying Viktor Orbán’s government has become a “hybrid regime of electoral autocracy” [1]

  • 2022 Patagonia outdoor brand founder Yvon Chouinard, transfers ownership to a non-profit organization so future profits can fight climate change [1]
  • 2022 Ukrainian authorities reveal discovery of mass grave of 450 burials near Izyum, some showing evidence of torture, after the withdrawal of Russian forces [1]