Events in History on September 17

  • 642 Arab forces under Amr ibn al-'As conquer Alexandria
  • 1048 Battle of Kapetron: night battle between invading Seljuk Turks and Byzantine-Georgian forces of Constantine IX, Byzantines drive back Turks but unable to stop huge plunder

Historic Event

1156 Emperor Frederick Barbarossa issues the 'Privilegium Minus' decree, which elevated Austria to a duchy

  • 1176 At the Battle of Myriokephalon the Byzantines fail to recover Anatolia from Turkish rule
  • 1394 Jews are expelled from France by order of King Charles VI
  • 1462 The Battle of Świecino (or Battle of Żarnowiec) is fought during Thirteen Years' War.
  • 1562 Council of Trente takes ecclesiastical canon
  • 1584 Gent surrenders to Duke of Parma

Historic Event

1595 Pope Clemens VIII recognizes Henry IV as King of France

  • 1598 Dutch sailors discover island of Mauritius
  • 1631 Battle of Breitenfeld: King Gustaaf Adolf of Sweden defeats Johann Tserclaes, Count of Tilly.
  • 1644 French troops occupy Mainz
  • 1678 France & Spain sign Treaties of Nijmegen
  • 1683 Dutch scientist Antonie van Leeuwenhoek is the first to report the existence of bacteria
  • 1691 Massachusetts Bay Colony granted new charter
  • 1730 Turkish coup under Mahmud I; Sultan Ahmed III flees
  • 1737 Georg-August University opens in Göttingen

Historic Event

1745 Edinburgh occupied by Jacobites under Charles Edward Stuart (aka the Young Pretender or Bonny Prince Charlie)

  • 1776 The Presidio of San Francisco is founded in New Spain.
  • 1778 1st treaty between the US & Indian tribes signed (Fort Pitt)
  • 1787 Prussian troops conquer Gorinchem

Constitution of the United States

1787 The US Constitution is signed by delegates at the Philadelphia Convention

Historic Discovery

1789 William Herschel discovers Mimas, satellite of Saturn

  • 1809 Peace between Sweden and Russia in the Finnish War. The territory to become Finland is ceded to Russia by the Treaty of Fredrikshamn.
  • 1819 First whaling ship arrives in Hawaii

Historic Expedition

1835 Charles Darwins lands on Chatham in Galapagos archipelago

Historic Event

1849 Harriet Tubman 1st escapes slavery in Maryland with two of her brothers

  • 1850 Fourth great fire in San Francisco

Murder of Interest

1859 James Donnelly is sentenced to hang for murdering Patrick Farrell, but a petition for clemency reduces his sentence to 7 years in Kingston Penitentiary

Historic Event

1859 Joshua Abraham Norton, English-born resident of San Francisco, proclaims himself his Imperial Majesty Emperor Norton I, Emperor of the United States of America

  • 1861 First class for escaped slaves taught by Mary Peake at Fortress Monroe Virginia (now Hampton University).
  • 1862 American Civil War: The Allegheny Arsenal explosion results in the single largest civilian disaster during the war; 78 workers killed.
  • 1862 Battle of Antietam [Battle of Sharpsburg], bloodiest day in the American Civil War: 22,000 dead, wounded or missing in first battle on Union soil
  • 1862 Battle of Cumberland Gap, Tennessee - evacuated by Federals
  • 1862 Battle of Mumfordville, Kentucky, US Col J Wilder surrenders city
  • 1863 Pope Pius IX encyclical On Persecution published in New Grenada
  • 1864 American Civil War: Grant approves Sheridan's plan for Shenandoah Valley Campaign
  • 1871 Mont Cenis railway tunnel in Switzerland opens
  • 1872 Phillip W. Pratt patents his sprinkler system for extinguishing fires
  • 1873 19 students attend opening class at Ohio State University
  • 1876 Race riots in South Carolina
  • 1899 1st British troops leave Bombay for South Africa
  • 1900 Philippine–American War: Filipinos under Juan Cailles defeat Americans under Colonel Benjamin F. Cheatham at Mabitac.
  • 1900 The Commonwealth of Australia is proclaimed
  • 1900 USA, Anthracite coal miners go out on strike for better wages until the October 25, by which time the owners are persuaded that their stand is harming President McKinley's campaign
  • 1901 Battle at Elands River Port: Boer General Smuts destroys unit 17th Lancers

Victory in Battle

1901 Battle of Blood River Port: Boer commandos led by Louis Botha defeat a British Mounted Infantry force commanded by Major Hubert Gough

  • 1902 US protests anti-semitism in Romania
  • 1903 Boston Pilgrims clinch AL pennant, beating Cleveland, 14-3
  • 1908 Thomas Selfridge becomes first fatality of powered flight
  • 1909 Denis Peyrony and Louis Capitan discover the skull of an adult male Neanderthal (La Ferrassie 1) during excavations in a rock shelter near La Ferrassie, France
  • 1911 1st transcontinental airplane flight, NY-Pasadena in 82 hrs 4 min

Election of Interest

1914 Andrew Fisher becomes Prime Minister of Australia for the third time

  • 1916 40,000 Amsterdam demonstrators demand general voting right

Historic Event

1916 WWI flying ace The Red Baron of the German Luftstreitkräfte, wins his first aerial combat near Cambrai, France

  • 1920 Cards set a record of 12 consecutive hits in 4th (10) & 5th (2) innings
  • 1922 Radio Moscow begins transmitting (12 KWs-most powerful station)
  • 1923 Sutton Vane's "Outward Bound," premieres in London
  • 1924 Italy signs treaty of Rapallo
  • 1926 Hurricane hits Miami & Palm Beach Florida; about 450 die

Historic Event

1927 Charles Lindbergh visits San Francisco

  • 1928 San Felipe Segundo/Okeechobee hurricane makes landfall in West Palm Beach-Lake Okeechobee, Florida as category 4 storm, killing 2,500- 3,000 and causing $25M in damages (about $345M in 2020 dollars)
  • 1929 British troops begin withdrawal from occupied Germany
  • 1931 1st LP record demonstrated (RCA Victor, NYC), venture failed
  • 1934 USSR joins League of Nations (Netherland, Switzerland & Portugal vote no)

Historic Event

1935 Manuel Luis Quezon y Molina chosen as the 2nd President of the Philippines

Historic Event

1938 British premier Neville Chamberlain leaves Munich

  • 1939 German U-29 sinks British aircraft carrier Courageous, 519 die
  • 1939 Poland's President Ignacy Mościck and Prime Minister Felicjan Sławoj Składkowski flee to Romania
  • 1939 Soviet Union invades Eastern Poland allowing Germans to advance West, taking 217,000 Poles prisoner, without a formal declaration of war
  • 1939 Taisto Mäki of Finland becomes first man to run 10,000 metres in under 30 minutes, in a time of 29:52.6 in Helsinki

Historic Event

1940 Adolf Hitler indefinitely postpones Operation Sealion, the planned German invasion of Great Britain

  • 1940 Nazis deprive Jews of possessions

Meeting of Interest

1941 Famous meeting between Danish physicist Niels Bohr and German head of nuclear energy project Werner Heisenberg in Copenhagen to discuss nuclear weapons (date approximate)

  • 1941 The New Zealand Labour Party abolishes the death penalty (It is reintroduced by the National government in 1950 before being finally removed from the statute book in 1961)
  • 1941 World War II: A decree issued by the Soviet State Committee of Defense, restoring Vsevobuch "Universal compulsory military training of the citizens of the USSR" in the face of the "Great Patriotic War"
  • 1943 Load of "ammunition in transit" explodes at Norfolk Naval Air Station
  • 1943 World War II: Soviet city of Bryansk is liberated from Nazi control

Historic Event

1944 British Premier Winston Churchill travels to US

  • 1944 Dutch begin railroad strike against German occupiers
  • 1944 Operation Market Garden: In the largest airborne operation of WWII, Allied paratroopers land in the Netherlands in a failed attempt to capture the Arnhem bridge over the Rhine
  • 1947 James Forrestal sworn in as 1st US Secretary of Defense
  • 1949 128 die as fire guts Canadian passenger steamer Noronic in Toronto
  • 1949 North Atlantic Treaty Council meets for 1st time
  • 1951 Romanian bishop A. Pacha of Timisoara sentenced to 18 years
  • 1952 "I am an American Day" & "Constitution Day" renamed "Citizenship Day"

Historic Publication

1954 "Lord of the Flies" by William Golding is published by Faber and Faber in London

  • 1956 Black students enter Clay elementary school in Kentucky
  • 1957 Scott Crossfield takes X-15 up for 1st powered flight
  • 1957 Thailand military coup under marshal Sarit Thanarat
  • 1957 The North East Humanists group is founded in Newcastle upon Tyne
  • 1958 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1959 Transit 1A, 1st navigational satellite launched; failed to orbit
  • 1959 Typhoon kills 2,000 in Japan & Korea
  • 1960 Cuba nationalizes US banks
  • 1961 "Car 54, Where are You?" premieres on US TV

Historic Event

1961 Samuel Beckett's "Happy Days," premieres in NYC

  • 1961 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1962 Justice Department files 1st suit to end segregation in public schools
  • 1962 US space officials announce selection of 9 new astronauts
  • 1963 Train struck makeshift bus full of migrant workers, killing 32
  • 1967 Mount Washington cog railway train derails, kills 8 (NH)
  • 1968 Zond 5 completes circumnavigation of Moon
  • 1970 Jordan launches offensive against guerrilla army
  • 1972 BART begins passenger service in San Francisco
  • 1972 Tanzania troops march in to Uganda
  • 1975 Rollout of 1st space shuttle orbiter Enterprise (OV-101)
  • 1976 Amnesty International receives Erasmus-prize
  • 1977 China performs nuclear test at Lop Nor, PRC

Historic Event

1978 Anwar Sadat, Menachem Begin and Jimmy Carter sign the Camp David Accords, frameworks for peace in the Middle East and between Egypt and Israel

  • 1979 Pietro Mennea runs world record 200 m (19.72")
  • 1980 Iraq breaks 1975 treaty with Iran and proclaims sovereignty over Shatt al-Arab waterway
  • 1980 Iraq under Saddam Hussein signs accord with Algeria
  • 1980 Oak A's Rick Langford is removed with 2 outs in 9th inning ending his consecutive complete-game streak at 22

Historic Event

1980 Polish workers under the leadership of Lech Wałęsa found the Solidarity movement at the Gdańsk Shipyard

Historic Event

1980 South Korea opposition leader Kim Dae-jung sentenced to death

  • 1984 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • 1985 Soyuz T-14 carries 3 cosmonauts to Salyut 7 space station
  • 1986 Bomb attack in Paris, 6 killed
  • 1986 Marina Stepanova of USSR sets 400m hurdle woman's record (52.94)
  • 1986 Mets clinch NL East Championship
  • 1986 US Senate confirms William Rehnquist as 16th chief justice
  • 1987 Philadelphia celebrates 200th anniversary of Constitution

Papal Visit

1987 Pope John Paul II arrives in San Francisco, meets with AIDS patients, and embraces an AIDS infected child

  • 1989 -21] Hurricane Hugo, kills 85 in Charleston, South Carolina
  • 1989 Hurricane Hugo begins 4 day sweep through Caribbean, killing 62
  • 1990 Newspaper Guild votes 242-35 to keep NY Post publishing
  • 1990 Soviet Union & Saudi Arabia restore diplomatic ties
  • 1991 The first version of the Linux kernel (0.01) is released to the Internet.
  • 1991 UN admits Estonia, Latvia, Lithuiania, North & South Korea, Marshall Islands & Micronesia
  • 1992 Amsterdam stock exchange hits record Ÿ8.8 billion
  • 1992 Theodore (Ted) Weiss wins democratic primary for NYC congressional seat despite having died on 14th
  • 1993 Last Russian troops leave Poland.
  • 1994 Andy Waller out handled the ball for Mashonaland CD v Mash U24
  • 1997 Dr Sam Sheppard's body (Fugitive) is exhumed for DNA test
  • 2001 Major trading markets in the United States, including the New York Stock Exchange and the New York Mercantile Exchange (NYMEX), reopen for the first time since September 11
  • 2004 Tamil is declared the first classical language in India.
  • 2007 AOL, once the largest ISP in the U.S., officially announces plans to refocus the company as an advertising business and to relocate its corporate headquarters from Dulles, Virginia to New York City
  • 2008 The IAU named another dwarf planet, Haumea
  • 2011 Occupy Wall Street movement against economic inequality and the influence of money in politics begins in Zucotti Park, New York City
  • 2012 13 people are killed in a bus accident in Jubail, Saudi Arabia
  • 2012 China dispatches 1,000 fishing boats to Senkaku Islands
  • 2012 Panasonic suspends operations at its three factories in China

Historic Event

2012 Swedish forensic scientists find no conclusive evidence of Wikileaks founder Julian Assange's DNA in a torn condom

  • 2012 United States and Japanese government officials agree to put a second missile defence system in Japan
  • 2013 6 people are killed after a train and double-decker bus collide in Ottawa, Canada
  • 2014 Voreqe Bainimarama's Fiji First Party wins the first Fijian elections since his coup in 2006
  • 2015 US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration reports 2015 Northern Hemisphere summer hottest on record
  • 2016 Terror bomb in Chelsea, New York injures 29
  • 2017 Wanda Metropolitano stadium, new home of football team Atlético Madrid hosts its 1st match (against Malaga) in Madrid, Spain
  • 2018 50 girls treated in hospital in Kaya, Burkina Faso after illegal botched circumcisions
  • 2018 Flooding in Nigeria kills over 100 people as Benue and Niger Rivers overflow
  • 2018 Hurricane Florence has caused 900 people to be rescued from flooding, death toll at 23, city of Wilmington isolated officials announce
  • 2018 Needles purposely hidden in strawberries in Australia prompt government to order an investigation
  • 2018 US border control agent confesses to the murder of four women and assault of another in Laredo, Texas
  • 2019 Indonesia raises the female marriage age to 19, in line with males, to curb child marriages

Historic Event

2019 Swedish climate activist Greta Thunberg tells US Congress "I know you are trying but just not hard enough. Sorry.”

  • 2020 More than 15,000 fires have caused widespread devastation in Brazil's Pantanal wetlands in 2020, according to its National Institute for Space Research
  • 2021 France recalls its ambassadors to the US and Australia, describing their new Aukus pact and the cancellation of a major military contract as a 'stab in the back'
  • 2022 Cheetahs re-introduced to India from Namibia, after being extinct 70 years ago, at Kuno National Park in Madya Pradesh state [1]
  • 2022 Protests erupt in Iran and continue the next few days at the treatment of women, after the funeral of Mahsa Amini, a 22-year old who died in morality police custody [1]