Events in History on September 18


96 Nerva is proclaimed Roman Emperor after Domitian is assassinated

Historic Event

324 Chrysopolis Emperor Constantine beats Emperor Licinius

  • 1180 Philip Augustus becomes king of France
  • 1437 Peasant uprising in Transsylvania
  • 1454 In the Battle of Chojnice, the Polish army is defeated by the Teutonic army during the Thirteen Years' War.

Historic Discovery

1502 Christopher Columbus lands at Costa Rica on his 4th & last voyage

Historic Event

1544 English King Henry VIII's troops occupy Boulogne

Historic Event

1544 Peace of Crépy signed by Holy Roman Emperor Charles V & French King Francis I ending the Fourth Hapsburg-Valois War

Declaration of War

1635 Emperor Ferdinand II declares war on France

Appointment of Interest

1670 French bishop Jacques-Bénigne Bossuet appointed tutor to the dauphin, son of Louis XIV

  • 1679 New Hampshire becomes a county in Massachusetts Bay Colony
  • 1739 Turkey & Austria sign peace treaty - Austria cedes Belgrade to Turks
  • 1755 Fort Ticonderoga in New York opens
  • 1759 Battle of Quebec ends, French surrender to British who capture Quebec City
  • 1789 1st loan is made to pay salaries of the presidents & Congress

Historic Event

1793 US President George Washington lays the cornerstone of the Capitol Building in Washington, D.C.

  • 1810 Chile declares independence from Spain (National Day)

Victory in Battle

1811 British East India Company force led by Baron Minto conquers Java, part of the Dutch East Indies, Stamford Raffles appointed lieutenant governor

Great Fire of Moscow

1812 Great Fire of Moscow burns out after 5 days, 75% of the city destroyed and 12,000 killed

Historic Event

1837 Charles Lewis Tiffany and John B. Young co-found a "stationery and fancy goods emporium" in New York City, later renamed in 1853 as "Tiffany & Co."

  • 1838 Anti-Corn Law League established in Great Britain by Richard Cobden
  • 1842 1st edition of Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, published

Historic Event

1846 Elizabeth Barrett and Robert Browning exchange their last letters before they move to Italy

  • 1849 De Kempenae's Dutch government resigns

Compromise of 1850

1850 US Congress passes Fugitive Slave Law as part of Compromise of 1850

  • 1851 New York Times starts publishing (2 cents a copy)
  • 1862 Confederate armies officially divide into corps
  • 1862 General Read army pulls out of Antietam Creek Virginia
  • 1864 Battle of Martinsburg, Virginia
  • 1864 Hood's Tennessee campaign begins (also called The Franklin–Nashville Campaign), American Civil War
  • 1872 King Oscar II accedes to the throne of Sweden-Norway
  • 1873 Government bond agent Jay Cooke & Co collapses, causing panic on Wall St, the start of the panic of 1873 and the Long depression
  • 1882 Pacific Stock Exchange opens (as Local Security Board)
  • 1885 Riots break out in Montreal to protest against compulsory smallpox vaccination.
  • 1891 Harriet Maxwell Converse is 1st white woman to become an Indian chief

Historic Event

1895 Booker T. Washington delivers 'Atlanta Compromise' address

  • 1895 Daniel David Palmer of Davenport, Iowa, gives the first chiropractic adjustment

Historic Event

1898 Lord Kitchener's ships reach Fashoda, Sudan

  • 1905 Electric tramline opens in Rotterdam
  • 1906 A typhoon with tsunami kills an estimated 10,000 people in Hong Kong
  • 1908 Cleveland Indian Bob "Dusty" Rhoades no-hits Boston, 2-1
  • 1910 25,000 demonstrate in Amsterdam for general male/female suffrage
  • 1911 Britain's 1st twin-engine airplane (Short S.39) test flown

Historic Event

1911 Louis Napoleon Parker's "Disraeli" premieres in NYC

  • 1914 Battle of Aisne ends with Germans beating French during WW I

Historic Event

1914 General Paul von Hindenburg named commander of German armies on the Eastern Front

  • 1914 Irish Home Rule bill receives Royal assent
  • 1914 South African troops land in German South West Africa
  • 1915 Jeeves and Bertie Wooster make their first appearance in P. G. Wodehouse short story "Extricating Young Gussie" published in "The Saturday Evening Post" in the US
  • 1919 Dutch second chamber accepts female suffrage
  • 1919 Hurricane tides 16 feet above normal drowns 280 along Gulf Coast
  • 1922 2nd government of Ruys de Beerenbrouck installed in Netherlands
  • 1922 Browns George Sisler's 41-game hit streak is stopped by NY's Joe Bush
  • 1922 Hungary admitted to League of Nations
  • 1924 Government routes 7 Provinces to Peking
  • 1926 Hurricane hits Miami, kills 250
  • 1927 The Columbia Broadcasting System goes on the air. with 18 stations (and WOR as NYC affiliate)
  • 1928 Juan de la Cierva flies 1st helicopter above Channel
  • 1928 San Felipe Segundo/Okeechobee hurricane makes fifth and final landfall near Edisto Island, South Carolina, as category 1 storm; total impact of event - over 4,100 killed and $100M ($1.6B in 2020) in damage
  • 1929 Preston Sturges' "Strictly Dishonorable" premieres in NYC
  • 1930 Philadelphia A's win AL championship for 2nd year in a row
  • 1931 To create a pretext for the invasion of Manchuria, China, a railway explosion is faked by the Japanese
  • 1934 St Louis Brown Bobo Newsom loses no-hitter to Boston in 10, 2-1
  • 1934 USSR admitted to League of Nations
  • 1937 The first New Zealand State house opens in Miramar
  • 1939 Polish government of Moscicki flees to Romania

Historic Event

1939 William Joyce's first Nazi propaganda broadcast

  • 1940 19 German aircraft shot down above England
  • 1940 Elmer Harris' "Johnny Belinda" premieres in NYC
  • 1940 Italian troops conquer Sidi Barrani
  • 1942 Canadian Broadcasting Corporation authorized for radio service
  • 1942 The order for "extermination of asocials through labour" is approved by Nazi Minister of Justice, Otto Thierack

Historic Event

1943 Adolf Hitler orders deportation of Danish Jews (unsuccessful)

  • 1943 Cardinals clinch NL pennant
  • 1944 WWII: British submarine Tradewind torpedoes Junyo Maru: 5,600 killed, including 1,377 allied POWs and 4,200 Javanese slave laborers
  • 1944 WWII: Eindhoven, Netherlands freed by American and British troops (Lightly Day)
  • 1944 WWII: US 266th division defeats German troops at Brest Bretagne in Brittany, France after a 7 week siege; 37,000 prisoners taken, ports rendered useless
  • 1945 1000 whites walk out of Gary, Indiana, schools to protest integration

Historic Event

1947 The Central Intelligence Agency officially comes into existence after being established by President Truman in July

  • 1947 US Air Force created as a separate military service by passing of the National Security Act
  • 1947 US Department of Defense 1st day of operation
  • 1948 Communist Madiun-uprising in Dutch Indies (Muso/Sjarifudin)

Appointment of Interest

1948 Ralph Bunche confirmed as acting UN mediator in Palestine

  • 1950 Nakagawa Soen, Japanese Zen teacher, receives dharma transmission
  • 1957 Electric train joining in Amsterdam-Brussels
  • 1958 The Fresno Drop: Bank of America mails out 60,000 BankAmericards in Fresco, California, the first credit card (later renamed VISA)
  • 1959 Vanguard 3 launched into Earth orbit

Historic Event

1961 Transair Sweden DC-6 passenger aircraft chartered by the United Nations for transit to cease-fire negotiations during the Congo Crisis, crashed near Ndola, Northern Rhodesia (present-day Zambia), killing 16, including UN Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjöld, the second Secretary-General of the United Nations, and 15 others; official inquiries never determined the cause

  • 1961 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1962 Charlie Finley is denied permission to move As to Dallas-Fort Worth
  • 1962 Rwanda, Burundi, Jamaica & Trinidad admitted (105th-108th) to UN
  • 1962 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1963 USSR orders 58.5 million barrels of cereal from Australia
  • 1964 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1967 Yellowknife replaces Ottawa as capital of NW Territories, Canada

Historic Event

1971 Momofuku Ando markets the first Cup Noodle, packaging it in a waterproof polystyrene container

  • 1973 German FR & German DR admitted to UN
  • 1974 Hurricane Fifi hits coast of Honduras with 110 mph winds; about 5,000 die
  • 1975 Heiress-turned-bank robber Patricia Campbell Hearst captured by FBI in San Francisco

Historic Event

1976 Chinese Communist Party Chairman Mao Zedong's funeral takes place in Beijing, China

  • 1976 Dom Mintoff's Labour Party wins Malta election
  • 1976 Rev Sun Myung Moon holds "God Bless America" convention at Yankee Stadium in New York City
  • 1977 US Voyager I takes 1st space photograph of Earth & Moon together
  • 1978 All four Kiss members release solo albums
  • 1979 Steven Lachs, appointed as California's first openly gay judge
  • 1980 Royals Willie Wilson steals AL-record 28 consecutive base
  • 1980 Soyuz 38 carries 2 cosmonauts (1 Cuban) to Salyut 6 space station
  • 1981 Assemblée Nationale votes to abolish capital punishment in France.
  • 1982 Sabra and Shatila massacres - Christian militia massacre at least 700 Palestinians in retaliation for assassination of Bachir Gemayel
  • 1983 George Meegen completes 2,426d (19K mi) walk across Western Hemisphere
  • 1983 Lebanese & Syrian army battle
  • 1984 Joe Kittinger completes 1st solo balloon crossing of Atlantic
  • 1984 Tigers clinch AL East championship (spent all year in 1st place)
  • 1985 BBC Radio reports prime # 2^216091-1 found in Houston
  • 1987 US & USSR sign accord to remove mid range missiles
  • 1987 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1988 Burma suspends its constitution
  • 1988 Coup in Haiti: General Prosper Avril takes control, Henri Namphy flees
  • 1988 Magna Charta Universitatum signed to celebrate university traditions and mark 900th anniversary of the founding of Bologna University, the oldest in the world
  • 1989 Hurricane Hugo causes extensive damage in Puerto Rico
  • 1990 500 lb 6' Hershey Kiss is displayed at 1 Times Square, NYC
  • 1990 Crude prices outpace increases in product prices and there is talk of cutting refinery runs
  • 1990 Liechtenstein becomes a member of the United Nations.
  • 1991 Space shuttle STS 48 (Discovery 14) lands
  • 1991 Yugoslavia begins a naval blockade of 7 Adriatic port cities.
  • 1994 Austrian conservative FVP wins election; extreme right gets 18.5%
  • 1994 Sweden social-democratic SPD wins parliamentary election
  • 1995 Art Modell 1st meets (he claims) with Baltimore to move Browns there from Cleveland
  • 1995 Space shuttle STS-69 (Endeavour 9), lands
  • 1997 Controversial art exhibition "Sensation" featuring works by Young British Artists from the collection of Charles Saatchi opens at the Royal Academy in London

United Nations

1997 Ted Turner gives $1 billion to the United Nations, creating the public charity, the United Nations Foundation

  • 1997 Voters in Wales vote yes (50.3%) in a referendum on Welsh autonomy
  • 1998 Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) is formed.
  • 2001 First mailing of anthrax letters from Trenton, New Jersey in the 2001 anthrax attacks.
  • 2003 The United Kingdom's Local Government Act 2003, repealing controversial Section 28 of the Local Government Act 1988, receives Royal Assent
  • 2007 Buddhist monks join anti-government protesters in Myanmar, starting what some called the 'Saffron Revolution'

Election of Interest

2007 Pervez Musharraf announces that he will step down as army chief and restore civilian rule to Pakistan, but only after he is re-elected president

  • 2012 10 Turkish soldiers are killed and 70 injured in missile attack by Kurdish militants in Bingol, Turkey
  • 2012 26 people are killed in a fire in a Pemex gas facility in Reynosa, Mexico
  • 2012 The Chicago Teachers Union and Chicago Public Schools reach a deal that ends an 8-day strike.
  • 2012 World's first mother-to-daughter uterus transplant undertaken at the University of Gothenburg
  • 2014 8 people (including 2 children) are shot dead in Bell, Florida
  • 2014 Scotland votes to stay a member of the United Kingdom in an independence referendum
  • 2015 Government of Uttar Pradesh, India, confirms 2.3 million people applied for 238 menial office jobs
  • 2016 Earliest known fishooks at 23,000 years old discovered on Okinawa Island, Japan, findings published in PNAS journal

Election of Interest

2016 In Russian elections Putin-backed United Russia party wins 54% of Parliamentary seats led by Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev

  • 2017 Hurricane Maria passes over the Caribbean island of Dominica as a category 5 hurricane, destroying 90% of structures and killing 27
  • 2018 Amnesty International says 400 civilians have been killed in conflicts between Cameroon soldiers and Anglophone separatists in 2018
  • 2018 China announces new $60 billion tariffs on US imports, a day after the US imposes $200 billion worth of new tariffs on Chinese goods
  • 2018 South Africa's Constitutional court legalizes cannabis use by adults in private places
  • 2019 Boarding school fire kills at least 27 in Monrovia, Liberia
  • 2019 Indian government proposes a ban on e-cigarettes

Election of Interest

2019 Photo of Canadian PM Justin Trudeau wearing brownface in 2001 emerges during Canadian election campiagn

  • 2019 Saudi Arabia's Defense Ministry says Iran was to blame for drone attack on Saudi oil facilities

Election of Interest

2019 Second Israel General Election in five months results in another deadlock between Benny Gantz's Blue and White Party and Likud Party under Benjamin Netanyahu

  • 2019 US White House bars California and other states from setting their own emission standards
  • 2020 Cyclone Ianos, a rare 'medicane' begins sweeping across Greece, killing three
  • 2020 Earliest dated evidence for the human species in the Arabian Peninsula as fossilized footprints 120,000 years old uncovered in Saudi Arabia's Nefud Desert [1]
  • 2021 US authorities begin moving, to repatriate, more than 10,000 mostly Haitian migrants living under a bridge in Del Rio, Texas
  • 2022 Hurricane Fiona makes landfall near Punta Tocon on Puerto Rico's southwest coast as a Category 1 storm with 85km winds causing catastrophic flooding [1]
  • 2022 Magnitude 6.9 earthquake strikes Taiwan’s southeastern coast, north of Taitung [1]
  • 2022 Typhoon Nanmadol, one of the biggest to ever strike Japan, makes landfall on Kyushu island, with winds of 180 km/h (112mph), forcing four million people to evacuate [1]

Historic Event

2022 US President Joe Biden says “we still have a problem with Covid” and “We’re still doing a lot of work on it. But the pandemic is over.” in a CBS TV interview [1]