Events in History on September 2

Historic Event

44 BC Queen Cleopatra VII of Egypt declares her son Caesarion co-ruler as Ptolemy XV Caesar

Historic Event

44 BC The first of Cicero's Philippics (oratorical attacks) on Mark Antony. He will make 14 of them over the next several months.

Victory in Battle

31 BC Battle of Actium: decisive naval battle that effectively ends the Roman Republic. Octavian's forces defeat those under Mark Antony and Cleopatra off the western coast of Greece.

  • 911 Viking-monarch Oleg of Kiev-Russia signs treaty with Byzantines

Treaty of Interest

1192 Sultan Saladin and King Richard the Lionheart of England sign treaty over Jerusalem, at end of the Third Crusade

  • 1519 1st Battle of Tehuacingo, San Salvador vs Mexico

Historic Publication

1537 Danish King Christian III publishes "Ordinance on the Danish Church" establishing Lutheranism as the state religion within his realms

  • 1644 Robert Devereux's Parliamentarian infantry surrenders to Royalist forces in Battle of Lostwithiel, Cornwall, during English Civil War

Historic Event

1649 The Italian city of Castro is completely destroyed by the forces of Pope Innocent X, ending the Wars of Castro.

  • 1686 Habsburg armies take Buda from Turks
  • 1732 Pope Clement XII renews anti-Jewish laws of Rome

Gregory Conquers Julius Caesar

1752 Last Julian calendar day in Great Britain and British colonies including America. To sync to the Gregorian calendar, 11 days are skipped and the next date is Sep 14.

  • 1789 US Treasury Department established by Congress

French Revolution

1792 September Massacres of the French Revolution: In Paris rampaging mobs slaughter 3 Roman Catholic bishops, more than two hundred priests, and prisoners believed to be royalist sympathizers.

  • 1796 Jews of the Netherlands are emancipated
  • 1798 First bank robbery in the US: Bank of Pennsylvania robbed of $162,821 at Carpenter's Hall, Philadelphia
  • 1806 A side of Rossberg Peak collapses into Goldau Valley Switzerland, kills 500

Historic Event

1807 The Royal Navy bombards Copenhagen with fire bombs and phosphorus rockets to prevent Denmark from surrendering its fleet to Napoleon.

  • 1839 Salon of Varietes opens in Amsterdam
  • 1856 Tianjing's struggle Incident in Nanjing, China.
  • 1859 A solar super storm affects electrical telegraph service.
  • 1859 Gas lighting introduced to Hawaii

Victory in Battle

1864 Union General William T. Sherman captures and burns Atlanta during Savannah Campaign (US Civil War)

  • 1867 1st girls School opens in Haarlem, The Netherlands

Victory in Battle

1870 Napoleon III surrenders to Prussian armies at the Battle of Sedan

  • 1885 In Rock Springs, Wyoming, 150 white miners, who were struggling to unionize so they could strike for better wages and work conditions, attack their Chinese fellow workers, killing 28, wounding 15, and forcing several hundred more out of town.
  • 1894 -3] Amsterdam Municipal theater opens
  • 1894 Forest fires destroy Hinckley Minnesota: about 600 die
  • 1897 "McCal" magazine first published

Battle of Interest

1898 Battle of Omdurman: Lord Kitchener retakes Sudan for Britain

  • 1898 Machine gun 1st used in battle
  • 1900 A large demonstration by Nationalists in Dublin's Phoenix Park demand that Ireland be free of British rule
  • 1900 Telegraph use between Germany & US begins

Historic Event

1901 Theodore Roosevelt advises "Speak softly & carry a big stick"

  • 1902 "A Trip To The Moon", the first sci-fi film, released
  • 1905 Chinese crown discontinues its Imperial Examinations (Golden Lists), civil service recruitment exams that dated back in some form to 581AD and influenced British civil service and beyond [1]

Historic Event

1909 King Edward VII signs South Africa Act

  • 1911 Joao Chagas forms Portuguese government
  • 1913 Amsterdam reroutes sewage of canals to South Seas
  • 1914 -3] Gen von Hausen & countess of France regime flees to Bordeaux
  • 1914 The US Treasury Department establishes the Bureau of War Risk Insurance to provide up to $5 million worth of insurance for merchant ships and their crews
  • 1917 Pan-Germanic and nationalist Fatherland Party (Deutsche Vaterlands Partei) formed by former Grand Admiral Alfred von Tirpitz
  • 1919 Communist Party of America organizes in Chicago
  • 1919 Italy agrees to general voting rights and proportional representation
  • 1920 W Somerset Maugham's "East of Suez" premieres in London
  • 1924 Rudolf Friml and Herbert Stothart'soperetta "Rose-Marie" opens to rave reviews at the Imperial Theatre, NYC; runs for 577 performances
  • 1926 Italy signs treaty with Yemen
  • 1929 Unilever forms by merger of Margarine Union & Lever Bros
  • 1930 1st non-stop airplane flight from Europe to US (37 hrs)
  • 1935 Labor Day hurricane makes landfall in Florida, killing 423 people, the strongest and most intense hurricane ever to make landfall in the United States
  • 1936 1st transatlantic "ping-pong'' round-trip air flight from NY to England an back begins, piloted by Dick Merrill with Harry Richman
  • 1937 US Housing Authority created by National Housing Act
  • 1940 Great Smoky Mountains National Park dedicated
  • 1941 Academy copyrights Oscar statuette
  • 1942 German troops enter Stalingrad
  • 1944 Belgium's Emissie bank closes
  • 1944 Future US President George H. W. Bush bails from a burning plane during a mission in the Pacific
  • 1944 US leaders meet in Belgium

Historic Event

1945 Ho Chi Minh declares Vietnam independent from France (National Day)

Surrender of Japan

1945 V-J Day, formal surrender of Japan aboard USS Missouri marks the end of World War II (Japanese date, 1st September in US)

  • 1945 V-J Day, formal surrender of Japan signed aboard USS Missouri marks the end of World War II (US date, 3rd September in Japan)

Historic Event

1946 Jawaharlal Nehru forms government in India

  • 1949 Fire in riverfront area kills 1,700 (Chungking China)
  • 1951 Australia, NZ & US sign ANZUS-pact
  • 1952 Dr Floyd J Lewis 1st uses deep freeze technique in heart surgery
  • 1954 Hurricane Edna batters NE US, killing 20
  • 1956 Collapse of a rail bridge under a train kills 120 (India)
  • 1956 San Francisco Washington-Jackson cable line replaced by bus service
  • 1957 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1958 Great Britain performs atmospheric nuclear test at Christmas Island
  • 1958 Hendrik Verwoerd appointed Prime Minister of South Africa
  • 1958 Minn announces $9 million bond issue to improve Metropolitan Stadium
  • 1958 National Defense Education Act was signed
  • 1958 U.S. Air Force C-130A-II is shot down by fighters over Yerevan, Armenia when it strays into Soviet airspace while conducting a sigint mission. All crew lost.

Historic Event

1959 US President Eisenhower arrives in Paris

  • 1960 The first election of the Parliament of the Central Tibetan Administration, in history of Tibet. The Tibetan community observes this date as the Democracy Day.
  • 1962 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR

Historic Event

1963 Alabama Governor George Wallace prevents integration of Tuskegee High School

  • 1964 Indonesian paratroopers lands in Malaysia
  • 1965 Treblinka trial in Dusseldorf ends
  • 1967 The Principality of Sealand is established, ruled by Prince Paddy Roy Bates.
  • 1969 The first automatic teller machine in the United States is installed in Rockville Center, New York.
  • 1971 NY's Electric Circus Club goes out of business
  • 1971 There are further Irish Republican Army bombs set off across the region, including one in Belfast which wrecked the headquarters of the Ulster Unionist Party
  • 1972 The headquarters of the Ulster Unionist Party (UUP) in Belfast is severely damaged by an IRA bomb
  • 1972 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR

Historic Event

1974 US President Gerald Ford signs Employee Retirement Income Security Act

  • 1978 John McClain performs 180 outside loops in an airplane over Houston
  • 1981 USSR performs underground nuclear test

Historic Event

1983 Yitzḥak Shamir (Likud party) endorsed by Menachem Begin for Israeli Prime Minister

Historic Event

1987 Donald Trump takes out a full page NY Times ad lambasting Japan

  • 1987 Trial begins in Moscow for West German pilot Mathias Rust, who flew a private plane from Finland to Moscow, USSR

Historic Event

1989 Reverend Al Sharpton leads a civil rights march through Bensonhurst, Brooklyn

  • 1990 Steve Allen, installed as a new abbot of Hartford St Zen Center, San Francisco
  • 1991 US officially recognizes independence of Estonia, Latvia & Lithuania
  • 1992 Nicaragua struck by earthquake/floodings; 118 die
  • 1992 US dollar valued at 156.50 guilder (record)
  • 1993 Day of Peace in South Africa
  • 1995 Southern California begins using new area code 562
  • 1996 A peace agreement is signed between the Government of the Republic of the Philippines and the Moro National Liberation Front in Malacañang Palace.

Historic Event

1996 Museum of Contemporary Art of Niterói (MAC) designed by Oscar Niemeyer inaugurated in Niterói, Brazil

  • 1996 Soyuz TM-24, lands
  • 1997 Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in Montreal Canada on CHOM 97.7 FM and in Toronto Canada on CILQ 107.1 FM
  • 1998 Swissair Flight 111 crashes near Peggys Cove, Nova Scotia. All 229 people on board are killed.
  • 1998 The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda finds Jean-Paul Akayesu, the former mayor of a small town in Rwanda, guilty of nine counts of genocide
  • 2012 15 people are killed by a car bomb attack at a refugee camp in Sbeineh, Palestine
  • 2015 Earth's trees number just over 3 trillion according to study in "Nature" by Thomas Crowther of Yale University

Historic Event

2015 US President Barack Obama becomes the first president to visit the Arctic Circle at Kotzebue, Alaska

  • 2018 About 400 prisoners escape a jail near Tripoli in Libya during militia fighting
  • 2018 Major fire at the National Museum of Brazil in Rio de Janeiro destroys most of its 20 million artifacts

Election of Interest

2019 British Prime Minister Boris Johnson threatens a snap general election if rebel MPs pass bill against no-deal Brexit

  • 2019 Diving boat catches fire at night killing 34 asleep on board off Santa Cruz Island, California
  • 2019 Violence and looting directed at foreigners in Johannesburg results in five deaths and dozens arrested by South African police
  • 2020 Australia officially enters recession for the first time in almost 3 decades with GDP falling 7% (April-June)
  • 2020 British architect Richard Rogers designer of the Pompidou Centre and the Millennial Dome retires

COVID-19 Pandemic

2020 Former Italian PM Silvio Berlusconi tests positive for COVID-19 and is later hospitalized

  • 2020 Press conference with body camera evidence brings to light death of African American Daniel Prude after being retrained by police back in March
  • 2021 At least 43 people die as the remnants of Hurricane Ida hit the US Northeast with record rains, tornadoes and flooding with New York and New Jersey declaring state of emergency
  • 2022 Attempted assassination of Argentina's vice-president Cristina Fernández de Kirchner fails when the gun jams outside her home in Buenos Aires [1]
  • 2022 Russian state-controlled energy firm Gazprom indefinitely suspends supplies of natural gas to Germany and Europe via the Nord Stream 1 pipeline, amid accusations of weaponizing its energy supplies [1]