Events in History on September 20

  • 368 Emperor Valentinianus visits Nijmegen

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

451 Roman General Flavius Aetius defeats Attila the Hun at The Battle of the Catalaunian Plains (Chalons-sur-Marne), halting Hun invasion of Roman Gaul

Roman General Flavius Aetius
Roman General
Flavius Aetius
  • 622 Islamic Prophet Muhammed/Abu Bakr arrives in Jathrib (Medina)
  • 1066 Battle of Fulford, Yorkshire: Harald III Hardrada of Norway defeats Northern Saxon Earls Edwin and Morcar

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1187 Saladin begins the Siege of Jerusalem.

1st Sultan of Egypt and Syria Saladin
1st Sultan of Egypt and Syria
  • 1258 Salisbury Cathedral inaugurated
  • 1378 Robert de Geneve, "butcher of Cesena" crowned anti-pope Clemens VII

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1519 Spanish expedition led by Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan sets off on the 1st successful circumnavigation of the globe (Magellan killed on route)

  • 1530 Luther advises protestant monarch compromise
  • 1565 Spaniards capture Fort Caroline Florida & massacre the French
  • 1596 Diego de Montemayor founded the city of Monterrey in New Spain.
  • 1602 Spanish held city of Grave surrenders to Maurice of Orange during Eighty Years' War
  • 1604 Spanish army under Spinola recaptures Oostende

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1620 Battle at Jassy: Turks beat king Sigismund III of Poland

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1643 First Battle of Newbury (English civil war): King Charles I's forces beaten by a parliamentary army led by the Earl of Essex and Philip Stapleton

King of England Charles I
King of England
Charles I
  • 1664 Maryland passes 1st anti-amalgamation law to stop intermarriage of English women & black men

  • 1674 2nd West Indies Company forms
  • 1688 French troops occupies Palts
  • 1697 Peace of Saki (ends 9 years war)
  • 1737 Runner Edward Marshall completes his journey in the Walking Purchase forcing the cession of 1.2 million acres (4,860 km²) of Lenape-Delaware tribal land to the Pennsylvania Colony
  • 1746 Bonnie Prince Charlie flees to France from Scotland

BattleBattle of Interest

1777 Battle of Paoli; British forces under Major General Charles Grey attacks Brigadier General Anthony Wayne's encampment. Claims the British gave no quarter leads to engagement becoming known as the "Paoli Massacre"

Military Leader Anthony Wayne
Military Leader
Anthony Wayne
  • 1787 Prince Willem V returns to Hague
  • 1792 French defeat Prussians at Valmy
  • 1793 British troops under Major-general Williamson lands on (French) Haiti
  • 1814 "Star Spangled Banner" published as a song, lyrics by Francis Scott Key, tune by John Stafford Smith
  • 1830 1st Negro Convention of Free Men agree to boycott slave-produced goods

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1833 Charles Darwin arrives in Buenos Aires after travelling through the Argentine interior with guachos

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin
  • 1835 Farroupilha's Revolution begins in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.
  • 1839 1st railroad in Netherland opens (Amsterdam-Haarlem)
  • 1848 The American Association for the Advancement of Science is created.
  • 1850 Slave trade abolished in DC, but slavery allowed to continue
  • 1859 George Simpson patents electric range
  • 1860 First British royalty to visit US, Prince of Wales (later King Edward VII)
  • 1861 Battle of Lexington, MI-captured by Union
  • 1863 Battle of Shepardstown VA
  • 1863 Civil War Battle of Chickamauga, near Chattanooga Tenn, ends

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1870 Capture of Rome by Italian army, Pope Pius IX surrenders to King Victor Emmanuel which unifies Italy and ends 1,116 year reign of Papal States

King of Sardinia and Italy Victor Emmanuel II
King of Sardinia and Italy
Victor Emmanuel II

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1870 Mayor William Tweed accused of robbing NY treasury

Politician Boss Tweed
Boss Tweed
  • 1871 Bishop John Coleridge Patteson martyred on the island of Nukapu, a Polynesian outlier island now in the Temotu province of the Solomon Islands. He was the first bishop of Melanesia.

  • 1873 Panic sweeps NY Stock Exchange (railroad bond default/bank failure) NY shut banks for 10 days due to a bank scandal
  • 1877 Chase National Bank opens in NYC (later merges into Chase Manhattan)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1879 Ulysses S. Grant and family go to SF for elaborate extended visit

Union General and US President Ulysses S. Grant
Union General and US President
Ulysses S. Grant

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1881 Chester A. Arthur sworn in as 21st president

21st US President Chester A. Arthur
21st US President
Chester A. Arthur
  • 1884 6.2 mile Arlberg railroad tunnel completed in Austria
  • 1884 Equal Rights Party nominates female candidates for US President and Vice President
  • 1893 The first gasoline-powered car debuts in Springfield, Massachusetts
  • 1904 George Ade's "College Widow," premieres in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1904 Orville & Wilbur Wright fly a circle in their Flyer II

Aviator Wilbur Wright
Wilbur Wright
  • 1905 Cleveland makes AL record 7 errors in an inning
  • 1906 Cunard Line's RMS Mauretania is launched at the Swan Hunter & Wigham Richardson shipyard in Newcastle, England.
  • 1909 The British Parliament passes the South Africa Act; it calls for union of Cape Colony, Natal, Orange River Colony, and Transvaal; and both English and Dutch as official languages
  • 1911 Yanks set team record 12 errors in a double header
  • 1914 John Redmond urges Irish Volunteers to enlist in the British Army
  • 1917 British assault on Polygon Forest, France
  • 1917 Paraguay becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
  • 1918 Royal Dutch Blast furnace & Steel factory opens in Hague
  • 1919 Booth Tarkington's "Clarence," premieres in NYC
  • 1920 Foundation of the Spanish Legion.
  • 1922 Rogers Hornsby ends hitting streak of 33 games

MurderAssassination Attempt

1926 Bugs Moran attempts to assassinate Al Capone in a drive-by shooting but fails

Gangster Bugs Moran
Bugs Moran
Gangster Al Capone
Al Capone
  • 1930 Syro-Malankara Catholic Church is formed by Archbishop Mar Ivanios.
  • 1932 Dutch South Seas rebaptized in IJsselmeer

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1932 Gandhi begins hunger strike against treatment of untouchables

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • 1935 Pitts Crawfords beat NY Cubans to win Negro NL Championship, 3-0
  • 1938 Emlyn Williams' "Corn is Green," premieres in London
  • 1939 British navy captures German U-27 boat
  • 1942 Gunther Hagg becomes world champ of all records from 1500m to 5000m
  • 1943 Liberator bomber sinks U-338
  • 1944 Nijmegen is liberated from German occupation
  • 1944 Polish forces free Terneuzen Neth
  • 1945 German rocket engineers begin work in US
  • 1946 Churchill argues for a 'United States of Europe'
  • 1949 Dutch Guilder devalued 30.3%
  • 1951 1st North Pole jet crossing
  • 1951 NL President Ford Frick elected 3rd commissioner of baseball
  • 1951 Swiss males votes against female suffrage
  • 1954 1st FORTRAN computer program run
  • 1954 1st National People's Congress adopts Chinese constitution
  • 1954 Los Stravinsky's "In Memoriam Dylan Thomas," premieres in Angeles

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1954 Roger Bannister awarded Britain's Silver Pears Trophy

Middle-Distance Runner Roger Bannister
Middle-Distance Runner
Roger Bannister
  • 1954 New Zealand's Special Committee on Moral Delinquency in Children and Adolescents reports just ten days after concluding hearings.
  • 1958 Ferhat Abbas forms Algerian government in exile (Cairo)
  • 1958 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1960 UN General Assembly admit 13 African countries & Cyprus (96 nations)
  • 1961 After 84 1/3 innings Bill Fischer gives up a base on balls
  • 1961 James Meredith refused enrollment to the segregated University of Mississippi
  • 1961 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1962 Ben Bella wins 1st elections in independent Algeria
  • 1962 Mississippi Governor Ross Barnett refuses to admit an African-American, James Meredith, to Mississippi University

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 JFK proposes a joint US-Soviet voyage to the moon

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy

Music releaseTheater Premiere

1964 Günter Grass' play "Die Plebejern proben den Aufstand," premieres in Berlin

Writer and playwright Günter Grass
Writer and playwright
Günter Grass
  • 1966 US Surveyor B launched toward Moon; crashed Sept 23
  • 1967 Benin separates from Nigeria
  • 1967 British liner Queen Elizabeth II launched at Clydebank Scotland
  • 1967 Hurricane Beulah hits Texas-Mexican border, kills 38
  • 1970 Soviet spcecraft Luna 16 lands on Moon's Mare Fecunditatis, drills core sample
  • 1972 Libya acquires a 50 percent interest in two ENI oil concessions
  • 1972 The Social Democratic and Labour Party issues a document entitled "Towards a New Ireland", proposing that the British and Irish governments should have joint sovereignty over Northern Ireland
  • 1975 Gary Sentman draws a record 176 lb longbow to a maximum 28½" draw
  • 1976 Metroliner official opens in Brussels

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1976 Playboy releases Jimmy Carter's interview that he lusts for women

39th US President Jimmy Carter
39th US President
Jimmy Carter
Playboy Founder & Businessman Hugh Hefner
Playboy Founder & Businessman
Hugh Hefner
  • 1977 Vietnam & Djibouti ask for membership in UN
  • 1978 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1978 Yamada Mumon Roshi visits Benedictine Abbey of Maria Laach Germany
  • 1979 Jose E dod Santos becomes president of Angola
  • 1979 NASA launches HEAO 3
  • 1979 Lee Iacocca is elected president of the Chrysler Corporation.
  • 1979 The Punjab wing of the Unity Centre of Communist Revolutionaries of India (Marxist-Leninist) formally splits and constitutes a parallel UCCRI(ML).

  • 1979 Assassination of French left-wing militant Pierre Goldman.
  • 1980 Bronze plaque dedicated to memory of Thurman Munson at Yankee Stadium
  • 1981 Joe Danelo kicks then NY Giant record 55 yard field goal
  • 1982 Jalaluddin takes a one-day hat-trick Pakistan v Australia
  • 1983 Cryptographic Communications System & Method (RSA) patented
  • 1984 Suicide car bomb attacks US Embassy annex in Beirut, kills 23
  • 1986 Wichita State Shockers blow a 35-3 lead; lose 36-35 to Morehead State
  • 1988 Darrell Evans hits his 400th career home run
  • 1988 Wade Boggs is 1st player to get 200 hits for 6 consecutive seasons
  • 1989 USAir overshoots runway at LaGuardia Airport in NYC, 2 people die
  • 1990 Both East and West Germany ratify reunification
  • 1990 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1990 South Ossetia declares its independence from Georgia
  • 1991 Lion's Terry Taylor reinstated after 1 year drug related suspension
  • 1992 France votes in favor of Maastricht treaty
  • 1992 Phils' Mickey Moradini makes an unassisted triple play
  • 1992 Space shuttle STS-47 (Endeavour 2) lands
  • 1994 Space shuttle STS-64 (Discovery 20), lands
  • 1997 Yanks clinch 37th appearance in post season, 3rd consecutive
  • 2000 Patent on RSA cryptograph algorithm ends
  • 2000 The British MI6 Secret Intelligence Service building is attacked by a Russian-built Mark 22 anti-tank missile.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2001 In an address to a joint session of Congress and the American people, U.S. President George W. Bush declares a "war on terror".

43rd US President George W. Bush
43rd US President
George W. Bush
  • 2002 The Kolka-Karmadon rock and ice slide starts
  • 2003 Maldives civil unrest: the death of prisoner Hassan Evan Naseem sparks a day of rioting in Malé
  • 2003 A referendum is held in Latvia to decide the country's accession to the European Union
  • 2010 The National Bureau of Economic Research state today that the US left the recession in June 2009, with managing director Lakshman Achuthan of the Economic Cycle Research Institute saying GDP recovered to 70% of the pre-recession level
  • 2011 The United States ends its "Don't Ask, Don't Tell" policy, allowing gay men and women to serve openly for the first time.
  • 2012 50 people are killed and dozens injured after a gas station is bombed by the Syrian Army in Ain Issa
  • 2012 14 people are killed in a cafe suicide bombing in Somalia
  • 2012 AU Optronics fined $500 million for a LCD screen price-fixing
  • 2013 46 soldiers are killed in army-base attacks in Shabwah Governorate, Yemen
  • 2013 Grand Theft Auto becomes the fastest entertainment product to reach $1 Billion in sales
  • 2013 Greenpeace ship Arctic Sunrise is boarded by Russian military
  • 2014 New Zealand's National Government wins a 3rd term in the elections despite allegations of corruption and revelations about state surveillance

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

2015 Alexis Tsipras and Syriza party declared the winners in Greek snap election

Prime Minister of Greece Alexis Tsipras
Prime Minister of Greece
Alexis Tsipras

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

2015 Pope Francis meets Fidel Castro in Havana, on the 1st day of his tour of Cuba

Pope Francis
Cuban Revolutionary and President Fidel Castro
Cuban Revolutionary and President
Fidel Castro
  • 2015 President Ram Baran Yadav signs Nepal's new constitution into law in Kathmandu
  • 2015 Martin Shkreli, CEO of Turing Pharmaceuticals, confirms raising the price of toxoplasmosis drug Daraprim by 5,000%
  • 2016 Black American Keith Lamont Scott is shot dead by a black police officer in Charlotte, North Carolina, provoking violent protests in the city
  • 2017 US Federal Reserve says it will start to unwind its bond portfolio employed in wake of the financial crisis
  • 2017 Hurricane Maria makes landfall on Puerto Rico as a category 4 hurricane, knocking out all power and killing 25
  • 2018 Woman shoots seven people, killing three and herself at a Rite Aid distribution center near Baltimore, Maryland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2018 EU leaders, including Donald Tusk and Emmanuel Macron, criticize Theresa May's Brexit plan at a summit in Salzburg, Austria

British Prime Minister Theresa May
British Prime Minister
Theresa May
President of France Emmanuel Macron
President of France
Emmanuel Macron
  • 2018 Overloaded ferry capsizes on Lake Victoria, Tanzania, killing at least 207, with one man surviving in air lock for two days