Events in History on September 20

  • 368 Emperor Valentinianus visits Nijmegen
  • 622 Islamic Prophet Muhammed/Abu Bakr arrives in Jathrib (Medina)
  • 1066 Battle of Fulford, Yorkshire: Harald III Hardrada of Norway defeats Northern Saxon Earls Edwin and Morcar

Historic Siege

1187 Saladin begins the Siege of Jerusalem.

  • 1258 Salisbury Cathedral in south west England inaugurated
  • 1378 Robert de Geneve, "butcher of Cesena" crowned anti-pope Clemens VII

Historic Expedition

1519 Spanish expedition led by Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan sets off on the 1st successful circumnavigation of the globe (Magellan killed on route)

  • 1530 Luther advises protestant monarch compromise
  • 1565 Spaniards capture Fort Caroline Florida & massacre the French
  • 1596 Diego de Montemayor founded the city of Monterrey in New Spain.
  • 1602 Spanish held city of Grave surrenders to Maurice of Orange during Eighty Years' War
  • 1604 Spanish army under Spinola recaptures Oostende

Historic Event

1620 Battle at Jassy: Turks beat king Sigismund III of Poland

Victory in Battle

1643 First Battle of Newbury (English civil war): King Charles I's forces beaten by a parliamentary army led by the Earl of Essex and Philip Stapleton

  • 1664 Maryland passes 1st anti-amalgamation law to stop intermarriage of English women & black men
  • 1674 2nd West Indies Company forms
  • 1688 French troops occupies Palts
  • 1697 Peace of Saki (ends 9 years war)
  • 1737 Runner Edward Marshall completes his journey in the Walking Purchase forcing the cession of 1.2 million acres (4,860 km²) of Lenape-Delaware tribal land to the Pennsylvania Colony

Battle of Interest

1777 Battle of Paoli; British forces under Major General Charles Grey attacks Brigadier General Anthony Wayne's encampment. Claims the British gave no quarter leads to engagement becoming known as the "Paoli Massacre"

  • 1787 Prince Willem V returns to Hague
  • 1792 French defeat Prussians at Valmy
  • 1793 British troops under Major-general Williamson lands on (French) Haiti
  • 1814 "Star Spangled Banner" published as a song, lyrics by Francis Scott Key, tune by John Stafford Smith
  • 1830 1st Negro Convention of Free Men agree to boycott slave-produced goods

Historic Event

1833 Charles Darwin arrives in Buenos Aires after travelling through the Argentine interior with guachos

  • 1835 Farroupilha's Revolution begins in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.
  • 1839 1st railroad in Netherland opens (Amsterdam-Haarlem)
  • 1848 The American Association for the Advancement of Science is created.
  • 1850 Slave trade abolished in DC, but slavery allowed to continue

Battle of the Alma

1854 Battle of the Alma: British, French and Ottoman alliance defeat the Russian Empire in the 1st major battle of the Crimean War

  • 1859 George Simpson patents electric range

Historic Event

1860 First British royalty to visit US, Prince of Wales (later King Edward VII)

  • 1861 Battle of Lexington, MI-captured by Union
  • 1863 Battle of Shepardstown VA

Battle of Interest

1863 US Civil War Battle of Chickamauga, near Chattanooga, Tennessee ends with a Union withdrawal

  • 1870 Capture of Rome by Italian army, Pope Pius IX surrenders to King Victor Emmanuel which unifies Italy and ends 1,116 year reign of Papal States

Historic Event

1870 Mayor William Tweed accused of robbing NY treasury

  • 1871 Bishop John Coleridge Patteson martyred on the island of Nukapu, a Polynesian outlier island now in the Temotu province of the Solomon Islands. He was the first bishop of Melanesia.
  • 1873 Panic sweeps NY Stock Exchange (railroad bond default/bank failure) NY shut banks for 10 days due to a bank scandal
  • 1877 Chase National Bank opens in NYC (later merges into Chase Manhattan)

Historic Event

1879 Ulysses S. Grant and family go to SF for elaborate extended visit

Historic Event

1881 Chester A. Arthur sworn in as 21st president

  • 1884 6.2 mile Arlberg railroad tunnel completed in Austria
  • 1884 Equal Rights Party nominates female candidates for US President and Vice President
  • 1893 The first gasoline-powered car debuts in Springfield, Massachusetts
  • 1904 George Ade's "College Widow," premieres in NYC

Historic Event

1904 Orville and Wilbur Wright fly a circle in their Flyer II

  • 1905 Cleveland makes AL record 7 errors in an inning
  • 1906 Cunard Line's RMS Mauretania is launched at the Swan Hunter & Wigham Richardson shipyard in Newcastle, England.
  • 1909 The British Parliament passes the South Africa Act; it calls for union of Cape Colony, Natal, Orange River Colony, and Transvaal; and both English and Dutch as official languages
  • 1914 John Redmond urges Irish Volunteers to enlist in the British Army
  • 1917 British assault on Polygon Forest, France
  • 1917 Paraguay becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
  • 1918 Royal Dutch Blast furnace & Steel factory opens in Hague
  • 1919 Booth Tarkington's play "Clarence," premieres in NYC
  • 1920 Foundation of the Spanish Legion.

Assassination Attempt

1926 Bugs Moran attempts to assassinate Al Capone in a drive-by shooting but fails

  • 1930 Syro-Malankara Catholic Church is formed by Archbishop Mar Ivanios.
  • 1932 Dutch South Seas rebaptized in IJsselmeer

Historic Event

1932 Mahatma Gandhi begins a hunger strike against the way Hindu untouchables are treated

  • 1935 Pitts Crawfords beat NY Cubans to win Negro NL Championship, 3-0
  • 1939 British navy captures German U-27 boat
  • 1942 Gunther Hagg becomes world champ of all records from 1500m to 5000m
  • 1943 Liberator bomber sinks U-338
  • 1944 Nijmegen is liberated from German occupation
  • 1944 Polish forces free Terneuzen Neth
  • 1945 German rocket engineers begin work in US
  • 1946 Churchill argues for a 'United States of Europe'
  • 1949 Dutch Guilder devalued 30.3%
  • 1951 1st North Pole jet crossing
  • 1951 Swiss males votes against female suffrage
  • 1954 1st FORTRAN computer program run
  • 1954 1st National People's Congress adopts Chinese constitution

Historic Event

1954 Los Stravinsky's "In Memoriam Dylan Thomas," premieres in Angeles

  • 1954 New Zealand's Special Committee on Moral Delinquency in Children and Adolescents reports just ten days after concluding hearings.
  • 1958 Ferhat Abbas forms Algerian government in exile (Cairo)
  • 1958 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1960 UN General Assembly admit 13 African countries & Cyprus (96 nations)

Historic Event

1961 African-American student James Meredith is refused enrolment to the segregated University of Mississippi

  • 1961 After 84 1/3 innings Bill Fischer gives up a base on balls
  • 1961 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1962 Ben Bella wins 1st elections in independent Algeria
  • 1962 Mississippi Governor Ross Barnett refuses to admit an African-American, James Meredith, to Mississippi University

Voyage of Discovery

1963 JFK proposes a joint US-Soviet voyage to the moon

Theater Premiere

1964 Günter Grass' play "Die Plebejern proben den Aufstand," premieres in Berlin

  • 1966 US Surveyor B launched toward Moon; crashed Sept 23
  • 1967 Benin separates from Nigeria

Historic Event

1967 British liner Queen Elizabeth II launched at Clydebank Scotland

  • 1967 Hurricane Beulah hits Texas-Mexican border, kills 38
  • 1970 Soviet spcecraft Luna 16 lands on Moon's Mare Fecunditatis, drills core sample
  • 1972 Libya acquires a 50 percent interest in two ENI oil concessions
  • 1972 The Social Democratic and Labour Party issues a document entitled "Towards a New Ireland", proposing that the British and Irish governments should have joint sovereignty over Northern Ireland
  • 1975 Gary Sentman draws a record 176 lb longbow to a maximum 28½" draw
  • 1976 Metroliner official opens in Brussels

Historic Event

1976 Playboy releases Jimmy Carter's interview which includes the quote “I’ve looked on a lot of women with lust."

  • 1977 Russell Means addresses the UNHCR in Geneva: criticizes the United States, describing Native Americans as "people who live in the belly of the monster"
  • 1977 Vietnam & Djibouti ask for membership in UN
  • 1978 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1978 Yamada Mumon Roshi visits Benedictine Abbey of Maria Laach Germany
  • 1979 Assassination of French left-wing militant Pierre Goldman.
  • 1979 Lee Iacocca is elected president of the Chrysler Corporation
  • 1979 NASA launches HEAO 3
  • 1979 The Punjab wing of the Unity Centre of Communist Revolutionaries of India (Marxist-Leninist) formally splits and constitutes a parallel UCCRI(ML).
  • 1981 Joe Danelo kicks then NY Giant record 55 yard field goal
  • 1982 Jalaluddin takes a one-day hat-trick Pakistan v Australia
  • 1983 Cryptographic Communications System & Method (RSA) patented
  • 1984 Suicide car bomb attacks US Embassy annex in Beirut, kills 23
  • 1986 Wichita State Shockers blow a 35-3 lead; lose 36-35 to Morehead State
  • 1989 USAir overshoots runway at LaGuardia Airport in NYC, 2 people die
  • 1990 Both East and West Germany ratify reunification
  • 1990 South Ossetia declares its independence from Georgia
  • 1990 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1991 Lion's Terry Taylor reinstated after 1 year drug related suspension
  • 1992 France votes in favor of Maastricht treaty
  • 1992 Phils' Mickey Moradini makes an unassisted triple play
  • 1992 Space shuttle STS-47 (Endeavour 2) lands
  • 1994 Space shuttle STS-64 (Discovery 20), lands
  • 2000 Patent on RSA cryptograph algorithm ends
  • 2000 The British MI6 Secret Intelligence Service building is attacked by a Russian-built Mark 22 anti-tank missile.

Historic Event

2001 In an address to a joint session of Congress and the American people, US President George W. Bush declares a "war on terror"

  • 2002 The Kolka-Karmadon rock and ice slide starts in North Ossetia–Alania, Russia
  • 2003 A referendum is held in Latvia to decide the country's accession to the European Union
  • 2003 Maldives civil unrest: the death of prisoner Hassan Evan Naseem sparks a day of rioting in Malé
  • 2010 The National Bureau of Economic Research state today that the US left the recession in June 2009, with managing director Lakshman Achuthan of the Economic Cycle Research Institute saying GDP recovered to 70% of the pre-recession level
  • 2011 The United States ends its "Don't Ask, Don't Tell" policy, allowing gay men and women to serve openly for the first time.
  • 2012 14 people are killed in a cafe suicide bombing in Somalia
  • 2012 50 people are killed and dozens injured after a gas station is bombed by the Syrian Army in Ain Issa
  • 2012 AU Optronics fined $500 million for a LCD screen price-fixing
  • 2013 46 soldiers are killed in army-base attacks in Shabwah Governorate, Yemen
  • 2013 Grand Theft Auto becomes the fastest entertainment product to reach $1 Billion in sales
  • 2013 Greenpeace ship Arctic Sunrise is boarded by Russian military
  • 2014 New Zealand's National Government wins a 3rd term in the elections despite allegations of corruption and revelations about state surveillance

Election of Interest

2015 Alexis Tsipras and Syriza party declared the winners in Greek snap election

  • 2015 Martin Shkreli, CEO of Turing Pharmaceuticals, confirms raising the price of toxoplasmosis drug Daraprim by 5,000%

Meeting of Interest

2015 Pope Francis meets Fidel Castro in Havana, on the 1st day of his tour of Cuba

  • 2015 President Ram Baran Yadav signs Nepal's new constitution into law in Kathmandu
  • 2016 Black American Keith Lamont Scott is shot dead by a black police officer in Charlotte, North Carolina, provoking violent protests in the city
  • 2017 Hurricane Maria makes landfall on Puerto Rico as a category 4 hurricane, knocking out all power and killing 25
  • 2017 US Federal Reserve says it will start to unwind its bond portfolio employed in wake of the financial crisis

Summit of Interest

2018 EU leaders, including Donald Tusk and Emmanuel Macron, criticize Theresa May's Brexit plan at a summit in Salzburg, Austria

  • 2018 Overloaded ferry capsizes on Lake Victoria, Tanzania, killing at least 207, with one man surviving in air lock for two days
  • 2018 Woman shoots seven people, killing three and herself at a Rite Aid distribution center near Baltimore, Maryland

Historic Event

2019 Australian PM Scott Morrison welcomed for week-long visit at the White House by US President Donald Trump

  • 2019 Rare Egyptian political protests take place against corruption in President Abdul Fattah al-Sisi's government in Tahrir Square, Cairo and elsewhere
  • 2019 Researchers for SETI (Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence) propose that aliens may have bugged earths co-orbitals (nearby orbiting rocks) in "The Astronomical Journal"

Historic Event

2019 Students from 185 countries stage the world's largest-ever protest on climate change culminating in Manhattan rally led by Greta Thunberg

  • 2019 The MOSAiC expedition, the greatest Arctic research expedition ever, sets sail from Norway, aims to stay trapped in ice for a year to study climate change
  • 2020 FinCEN files leaked - over 2,000 mostly 'suspicious activity reports' to the US government showing banks allowed money laundering worth $2 trillion between 2000-17

World Record

2021 First edition of Mary Shelley's 1818 novel "Frankenstein" sells for $1.17 million, setting new world record for a printed work by a woman [1]

  • 2021 Pfizer announces they have developed a safe COVID-19 vaccine for 5-11 year olds with the dose 1/3 of the strength