Events in History on September 21

Roman Empire

46 BC Julius Caesar celebrates first of four triumphal processions in Rome - over Gaul, Egypt, Pontus and Africa with leader of the Gauls Vercingetorix led in chains

Historic Event

1192 English King Richard I the Lion hearted, captured by Leopold V, Duke of Austria

  • 1217 The Estonian tribal leader Lembitu of Lehola was killed in a battle against Teutonic Knights
  • 1348 Jews in Zurich, Switzerland, are accused of poisoning wells

Treaty of Interest

1435 Treaty of Arras (1435) signed between Charles VII of France and Philip the Good of Burgundy

  • 1451 Cardinal Nicholas of Cusa orders Jews of Holland to wear a badge

Royal Coronation

1513 James V crowned King of Scotland in the Chapel Royal at Stirling Castle, aged 17 months

  • 1538 Shrine of Saint Swithun in Winchester smashed up in the middle of the night as part of the English Reformation

Victory in Battle

1589 Battle at Arques: French King Henry IV beats Catholic League

Historic Event

1621 King James I of England gives Sir William Alexander a royal charter for colonisation of Nova Scotia

  • 1648 -23] Battle at Pilawce: Bohdan Chmielricki's beats John Casimir [NS]
  • 1676 Benedetto Odescalchi elected as Pope Innocent XI
  • 1677 Jan and Nicolaas van der Heyden patent the fire hose
  • 1745 Battle of Preston Pans: Bonnie Prince Charles beats British government army
  • 1746 French expeditionary army occupies Labourdonnais and Dupleix Madras
  • 1765 Antoine de Beauterne announces he has killed the Beast of Gévaudan, but was later proved wrong by more attacks
  • 1776 5 days after British take New York, a quarter of the city burns down

Historic Event

1776 Nathan Hale, spied on British for American rebels, arrested

Historic Event

1780 Benedict Arnold gives British Major John André plans to West Point

  • 1784 Pennsylvania Packet and Daily Advertiser becomes the 1st successful daily newspaper in the United States

French Revolution

1792 French Revolution: The National Convention passes a proclamation announcing the formal abolition of the French monarchy

Historic Event

1794 French National Convention orders the remains of Comte de Mirabeau be removed from the Panthéon after his double-dealings with court revealed

Historic Event

1794 Jean-Paul Marat's remains are transferred to the Panthéon in Paris, with the eulogy given by the Marquis de Sade

  • 1815 King Willem I takes oath in Brussels

Historic Event

1823 Moroni first appears to Joseph Smith, according to Smith

  • 1827 According to Joseph Smith Jr., the angel Moroni gave him a record of gold plates, one-third of which Joseph translated into The Book of Mormon
  • 1860 In the Second Opium War, an Anglo-French force defeats Chinese troops at the Battle of Baliqiao
  • 1863 Union forces retreat to Chattanooga after defeat at Chickamauga
  • 1872 John Henry Conyers of South Carolina becomes first black student at Annapolis
  • 1883 First direct US-Brazil telegraph connection
  • 1885 Dutch demonstrate for general voting right
  • 1893 Frank Duryea drives the 1st American-made gas propelled vehicle
  • 1895 America's first automotive producer, the Duryea Motor Wagon Company, is founded by Charles and J. Frank Duryea

Historic Event

1896 British General Kitchener's army occupies Dongola, Sudan

  • 1897 NY Sun runs famous "Yes, Virginia there is a Santa Claus" editorial
  • 1898 Empress Dowager Cixi seizes power and ends the Hundred Days' Reform in China, imprisoning the Guangxu Emperor
  • 1903 First cowboy film "Kit Carson" premieres in US
  • 1904 The general strike called by the Socialist Party that spread throughout Italy ends
  • 1905 Atlanta Life Insurance Co forms

Election of Interest

1911 Canadian Prime Minister Wilfrid Laurier loses the election to Robert Bordon of the Conservative Party

  • 1913 1st aerobatic maneuver, sustained inverted flight, performed in France
  • 1913 Turkey and Bulgaria sign peace treaty in Constantinople

Stonehenge

1915 Cecil Chubb buys English prehistoric monument Stonehenge for £6,600

  • 1915 Emanuel Querido ("Kerido") begins publishing Querido
  • 1921 A storage silo at a BASF fertiliser producing plant explodes in Oppau, Germany, 500—600 killed
  • 1921 Pope Benedictus XV donates 1 million lire to feed Russians

Historic Event

1922 US President Warren G. Harding signs a joint resolution of approval to establish a Jewish homeland in Palestine

Historic Expedition

1922 Wallal expedition of astronomers and local Nyangumarta people south of Broome, Australia, photograph total solar eclipse proving Albert Einstein's Theory of Relativity, that space is curved by showing deflection of starlight round the sun [1]

  • 1928 "My Weekly Reader" magazine made its debut
  • 1929 1st legal pass in Canada was thrown by Gerry Seiberling & 1st reception by Ralph Losie of Calgary Altomah-Tigers against Edmonton
  • 1930 Johann Ostermeyer patents flashbulb
  • 1931 Britain abandons gold standard; pound devalues 20%
  • 1933 Trial against Marinus der Lubbe opens
  • 1934 Typhoon strikes Honshu Island Japan, kills 4,000

Appointment of Interest

1936 Spanish fascist junta names Francisco Franco to Generalissimo and Supreme Commander

Historic Event

1938 British politician Winston Churchill condemns Germany's Adolf Hitler's annexation of Czechoslovakia

  • 1938 The Great Hurricane of 1938 makes landfall on Long Island in New York. The death toll is estimated at 500-700 people.

Meeting of Interest

1939 Reinhard Heydrich meets in Berlin to discuss final solution of Jews

  • 1942 116 hostages executed by Nazis in Paris
  • 1942 Transport #35 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • 1943 Arundel (Solomon Island) in US hands
  • 1943 Lynch Triangle (Square) in Bronx named
  • 1943 Soviet 13th/61st Army reconquer Chyernigov
  • 1943 Soviet forces reach Dnjepr
  • 1944 Operation Market Garden: Last British paratroopers at Arnhem Bridge surrender after several days of fighting
  • 1944 Operation Market Garden: Polish paratroopers land at Driel after a delay due to bad weather and a shortage of planes
  • 1946 Indians play their final game in League Park, ending a 55-year stay
  • 1949 Chinese Communist leaders proclaim the People's Republic of China

Historic Event

1950 George Marshall sworn in as the 3rd Secretary of Defense of the United States

  • 1954 Eelco Van Kleffens appointed President of the ninth session of the UN General Assembly
  • 1955 Last allied occupying troops leave Austria
  • 1955 USSR performs nuclear test
  • 1957 German sail training ship Pamir sails Atlantic Ocean
  • 1957 Olav V becomes king of Norway
  • 1957 Pote Sarasin forms government in Thailand
  • 1958 American pilots Jim Heth and Bill Burkhart complete 1st airplane flight exceeding 1200 hours (50 days, 16 minutes), landing "The Old Scotchman", their modified Cessna 172 in Dallas, Texas; record broken 123 days later [1]
  • 1958 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1959 600 Indian Dutch emigrate to US
  • 1961 Antonio Abertondo swims English Channel both ways (44 miles)
  • 1961 Maiden flight of the CH-47 Chinook transportation helicopter.
  • 1964 Malta becomes independent from the United Kingdom.
  • 1964 The North American XB-70 Valkyrie, the world's first Mach 3 bomber, makes its maiden flight from Palmdale, California
  • 1965 O Kommissarova (USSR) sets women's longest parachute jump (46,250')
  • 1965 Singapore admitted as part of the United Nations.
  • 1966 Five inches of rain falls on NYC
  • 1967 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1968 Soviet spacecraft Zond 5 lands in the Indian ocean after a six-day flight - first successful circumlunar mission with two onboard tortoises surviving the trip
  • 1970 New York Times starts first modern op-ed page
  • 1970 Soviet space probe Luna 16 leaves the Moon

Historic Event

1972 Philippines President Ferdinand Marcos declares martial law in the Philippines (not publicly announced until 23rd Sep)

  • 1972 USSR performs underground nuclear test

Historic Event

1973 Jackson Pollocks painting "Blue Poles" sold for $2,000,000

  • 1974 US Mariner 10 makes 2nd fly-by of Mercury

Assassination

1976 Orlando Letelier is assassinated in Washington, D.C. He was a member of the Chilean socialist government of Salvador Allende, overthrown in 1973 by Augusto Pinochet.

  • 1976 Wings performs in Zagreb Yugoslavia
  • 1978 The Provisional Irish Republican Army explodes bombs at the RAF airfield near Eglinton, County Londonderry; the terminal building, two aircraft hangars and four planes are destroyed
  • 1979 José Eduardo dos Santos becomes President of Angola

Historic Publication

1979 Stephen Jay Gould and Richard Lewontin publish influential paper (cited more than 4,000 times) "The Spandrels of San Marco and the panglossian paradigm", introducing idea of "spandrels" into evolutionary biology

  • 1979 Two RAF Hawker Siddeley Harrier jump-jets from RAF Wittering collide over Wisbech in Cambridgeshire. Both pilots eject safely, but three people killed and several injured when one of the aircraft destroys 3 dwellings
  • 1980 Kerry GAA beat Roscommon GAA in Croke Park during the All-Ireland Football Final by 1-9 to 1-6 thus winning the championship and a three-in-a-row.
  • 1981 Belize (British Honduras) gains independence from UK
  • 1982 San Francisco cable cars cease operations for 2 years of repairs
  • 1982 STS-5 vehicle moves to launch pad
  • 1983 11 killed in anti Marcos demonstrations in Manila

Historic Event

1983 David Mamet's "Glengarry Glen Ross" premieres in London

  • 1983 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1984 NASA launches Galaxy-C

Historic Event

1985 American CIA case officer Edward Lee Howard flees to Russia after being identified as a KGB agent

  • 1986 Kerry GAA beat Tyrone GAA in Croke Park during the All-Ireland Football Final by 2-15 to 1-10 thus winning the championship and a three-in-a-row.
  • 1987 3 Belgian minesweepers depart to Persians Gulf
  • 1989 Poland's Sejm (National Assembly) approves prime minister Mazowiecki
  • 1990 Pirate Bobby Bond is 2nd to hit 30 HRs & steal 50 bases in a season (so he can play in 6 decades) because it is a publicity stunt

Historic Event

1990 Reports that US refinery problems will lead to a loss in capacity and aggressive remarks by Saddam Hussein send crude prices to new highs

  • 1991 Armenia votes on whether to remain in Soviet Union
  • 1993 Ukraine government of Kutshma resigns
  • 1994 Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in Ft Laud/Miami Fl (WBGG 105.9 FM)
  • 1995 The Hindu milk miracle occurs: statues of the Hindu God Ganesh begin drinking milk when spoonfuls were placed near their mouths
  • 1999 Chi-Chi earthquake occurs in central Taiwan, leaving about 2,400 people dead
  • 2001 AZF chemical plant explodes in Toulouse, France, killing 29 people
  • 2001 Deep Space 1 flies within 2,200 km of Comet Borrelly.
  • 2001 University of Roorkee, becomes India's 7th Indian Institute of Technology, rechristened as IIT Roorkee
  • 2003 Galileo mission terminated by sending the probe into Jupiter's atmosphere, where it is crushed by the pressure at the lower altitudes
  • 2004 Construction of the Burj Dubai starts
  • 2004 The Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) People's War and the Maoist Communist Centre of India merge to form the Communist Party of India (Maoist).
  • 2008 Goldman Sachs and Morgan Stanley, the two last remaining independent investment banks on Wall Street, become bank holding companies as a result of the subprime mortgage crisis.

Historic Event

2008 President Thabo Mbeki of South Africa resigns from office, effective September 25

  • 2008 Prime Minister Ehud Olmert of Israel formally resigns from office, effective as soon as his successor Tzipi Livni has successfully assembled a new government.
  • 2009 Macedonia officially enters the recession after experiencing a drop in GDP of 0.9% in the first quarter, followed by 1.4% in the second quarter
  • 2012 Japanese Prime Minister, Yoshihiko Noda, wins a leadership ballot
  • 2013 100 people are killed in a series of attacks across Iraq
  • 2013 59 people are killed and 175 wounded in a shopping mall gun battle in Nairobi, Kenya
  • 2013 6 people are killed in military and insurgent conflict in Zamboanga City, Philippines
  • 2015 Scott Walker, Governor of Wisconsin, pulls out of the Republican US Presidential race

Historic Event

2016 Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg and his wife Priscilla Chan pledge $3 billion to medical research to "cure, prevent or manage all diseases by the end of the century"

  • 2016 Genomic study finding Australian Aboriginal oldest known civilisation on earth published in "Nature"
  • 2016 Migrant boat carrying 450-600 people capsizes off the Egyptian coast, only 163 rescued
  • 2016 Three genetic studies published in "Nature" conclude all non-Africans descended from one migration out of Africa 50-80,000 years ago

Brainless Jellyfish that Sleeps

2017 Discovery of the first brainless animal that sleeps, the jellyfish Cassiopea, research published in "Current Biology" by Caltech scientists

  • 2018 Fossil of Dickinsonia, “the Holy Grail of palaeontology” proven to be oldest known animal fossil, 558 million years old from White Sea, Russia
  • 2019 "Queer Eye" star Jonathan Van Ness reveals he is living with HIV and is a sexual abuse survivor, ahead of the publication of his autobiography
  • 2019 Skies turn red over Jambi province, Indonesia, as worst illegal forest fires since 2015 burn more than 800,000 acres, creating respiratory problems for a million people
  • 2020 Canadian province of Quebec expands restrictions, declaring it is in a second COVID-19 wave as cases across the country average 1,000 a day

Historic Event

2020 WHO Director Tedros Ghebreyesus says countries representing 2/3 of the world's population have joined its COVAX vaccine-distribution initiative to deliver 2 billion doses by end 2021

  • 2021 McDonald's announces plans to "drastically" reduce plastic in its Happy Meals by 2025 (these meals make it one of largest toy distributors in the world) [1]

Historic Event

2021 World leaders address climate change at the UN, Joe Biden pledges to double financial aid to developing countries, President Xi Jinping says China will stop coal-fired projects abroad [1]

Historic Event

2022 New York Attorney General Letitia James files lawsuit against Donald Trump and three of his children, alleging widespread fraud through inflating his personal net worth by billions of dollars [1]

  • 2022 Russian authorities claim 5,397 Russian soldiers have died fighting in Ukraine, Westerns sources put the figure at 25,000 to over 80,000 (NY Times) [1]

Historic Event

2022 Vladimir Putin announces partial mobilization of Russian population, drafting between 300,000 and 1.2m men to fight in Russia's invasion of Ukraine, prompting demonstrations around the country [1] [2]