Events in History on September 22

Historic Event

66 Emperor Nero creates the Legion I Italica

  • 530 Boniface II begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 530 Discorus begins his reign as Catholic anti-Pope
  • 530 St Felix IV reign as Catholic Pope ends
  • 1236 The Lithuanians and Semigallians defeat the Livonian Brothers of the Sword in Battle of Šiauliai.
  • 1499 Switzerland becomes an independent state
  • 1504 Settled engagement of Karel of Luxembourg & Claudia the Beaujeu

Treaty of Interest

1504 Treaty of Blois signed between Philip of Burgundy, Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I and French King Louis XII

  • 1528 Remaining crew of Spanish Narváez Expedition depart Florida in 5 crude boats destined for Texas, by sailing along the coast, a course disrupted by storms that carry them out to open Gulf of Mexico waters; boats land on barrier islands in early November [1]
  • 1529 Cardinal Thomas Wolsey stripped of office as Lord Chancellor of England
  • 1586 Battle at Zutphen: Dutch army, assisted by the English, against the Spanish

Historic Event

1598 Playwright and poet Ben Jonson is indicted for manslaughter as the result of a duel

  • 1656 All female jury hears case of Judith Catchpole, accused of killing her child (acquit her) in Patuxent County, Maryland

Theater Premiere

1665 Moliere's comedic play "L'amour Medecin" premieres for King Louis XIV at Versailles

Salem Witch Trials

1692 Last people hanged for witchcraft (8) in the US, 19 hanged overall, with six other deaths during Salem witch trials

  • 1699 People of Rotterdam strike over high cost of butter
  • 1711 French troops occupy Rio de Janeiro
  • 1733 Polish King Lesczynski flees to Danzig

Historic Event

1735 Robert Walpole becomes the first British "Prime Minister" (actually First Lord of the Treasury) to live at 10 Downing Street

  • 1753 Pangeran Gusti installed as Sultan of Banten
  • 1756 Nassau Hall opens at Princeton University

Royal Coronation

1761 Coronation of King George III of the United Kingdom and Queen Charlotte

  • 1772 1st Partition of Poland is ratified by Austria, Prussia and Russia

Historic Publication

1773 Benjamin Franklin publishes a hoax letter "An Edict by the King of Prussia" in the Public Advertiser, criticising Britain's colonial policies in the American colonies

  • 1784 Russian trappers establish a colony on Kodiak Island, Alaska
  • 1789 US Congress passes act requiring the first Postmaster General to report to the President through the Secretary of the Treasury
  • 1792 Day one of the short-loved French Republican calendar (declared 1793, abandoned 1806)

Historic Event

1792 French First Republic formed by the National Convention, stripping the French king of his powers

Historic Event

1817 John Quincy Adams becomes US Secretary of State

Scientific Discovery

1832 During his HMS Beagle voyage Charles Darwin discovers a large number of fossils at Punta Alta in Argentina

  • 1851 City of Des Moines, Iowa incorporated as Fort Des Moines

Historic Event

1862 US President Abraham Lincoln issues preliminary Emancipation Proclamation, threatening to free all enslaved people in the rebel southern states if those states fail to re-join the Union by January 1, 1863 [1]

  • 1864 Battle of Fisher's Hill, Virginia - General Early Retreats to Brown's Gap
  • 1864 Sheridan sets up camp in Harrisonburg, Virginia

Victory in Battle

1866 War of the Triple Alliance: Decisive battle of Curupayty results in a Paraguayan victory and heavy losses for Argentinian and Brazilian forces

  • 1868 Race riots in New Orleans, Louisiana

Historic Event

1877 Rudolf Virchow delivers an anti-Darwinian speech to the Congress of German Naturalist and Physicians, Munich where he speaks against the teaching of the theory of evolution in schools

  • 1885 Lord Randolph Churchill makes a speech in Ulster in opposition to Home Rule e.g. "Ulster will fight and Ulster will be right"
  • 1890 Fist known ascent of Mt. Olympus, Washington, by an expedition led by Joseph P. O'Neil [1]

Historic Event

1896 Queen Victoria surpasses her grandfather King George III as the (then) longest reigning monarch in British history

  • 1905 Race riot in Atlanta Georgia (10 blacks & 2 whites killed)
  • 1906 In New Zealand Domestic workers call for a 68-hour working week
  • 1906 Race riot in Atlanta Georgia, kills 21
  • 1908 Bulgaria declares independence from the Ottoman Empire (Turkey)
  • 1910 The Duke of York's Cinema opens in Brighton. It is still operating today as the oldest continually operating cinema in Britain
  • 1913 Coal mine explosion kills 263 at Dawson, New Mexico
  • 1913 The first batch of Indian passive resisters, consisting of 12 men and 4 women (including Mrs. Kasturba Gandhi) are arrested at Volksrust and imprisoned in Pietermaritzburg, South Africa
  • 1914 1 German submarine sinks 3 British ironclads, 1,459 die

Historic Event

1914 Louis Botha, premier of the Union of South Africa, assumes command of the armed forced after having dismissed General Beyers because of his resistance to aiding British in the war against Germany

  • 1915 Southern Methodist University (Dallas, Texas) holds its 1st class
  • 1915 Xavier University, 1st Black Catholic College in US, opens in NO LA
  • 1919 -Jan 20] Steel strike in the US
  • 1921 The League of Nations accepts membership of independent Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania
  • 1922 US Congress passes the Cable Act, under which an American women who marries an 'alien' will not lose citizenship; neither will a women marrying an American automatically become a citizen
  • 1926 Belgian crown prince Leopold and Swedish Princess Astrid get engaged
  • 1931 Coalition Government forms in New Zealand to combat the Depression (their lack of success led to the election of the First Labour Government in 1935)
  • 1932 Hungarian government of Károlyi falls
  • 1934 An explosion takes place at Gresford Colliery in Wales, leading to the deaths of 266 miners and rescuers
  • 1937 Date celebrated as the first International Hobbit Day and the birthdays of Bilbo and Frodo Baggins
  • 1937 Forest fire kills 14 and injures 50 in Cody, Wyoming
  • 1937 Spanish Civil War: Peña Blanca is taken; the end of the Battle of El Mazuco.
  • 1941 British signal officer Bill Hudson lands in Montenegro
  • 1943 British dwarf submarines attack German battleship Tirpitz
  • 1943 Destroyer HMS Itchen torpedoed and sinks
  • 1943 Destroyer HMS Keppel sinks U-229
  • 1944 Boulogne reoccupied by the Allies

Historic Event

1944 President Jose P. Laurel declares the Philippines under martial law in 1944 through Proclamation No. 29

  • 1944 US troops land on Ulithi atoll, western Pacific
  • 1946 Canadian woman Evelyn Dick charged with butchering her husband in Hamilton, Ontario

Historic Event

1950 Omar Bradley promoted to rank of 5-star general in the United States Army

  • 1953 Islamic uprising in Atjeh, Indonesia
  • 1955 -28] Hurricane Janet, kills 500 in the Caribbean
  • 1958 US nuclear submarine USS Skate remains 31 days under the Pole (record)
  • 1960 Mali (formerly French Sudan) declares independence from France
  • 1961 Antonio Albertondo (Argentina) completes 1st "double" crossing swim of English Channel in 43 hrs 10 min at 42.
  • 1963 Czechoslovakian premier Viliam Široký deposed by Josef Lenart
  • 1965 India and Pakistan cease-fire goes into effect, ending the Indo-Pakistani War
  • 1966 Surveyor 2 crashes on the Moon, and all contact with it is lost
  • 1967 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR

Historic Event

1968 Ceremony to mark relocation of ancient Egyptian Abu Simbel temples, honoring Ramesses II after rebuilt 200 meters inland away from Aswan Dam

  • 1968 Iraq adopts constitution
  • 1969 China performs nuclear test at Lop Nor, PRC

Historic Event

1970 US President Richard Nixon requests 1,000 new FBI agents for college campuses

  • 1971 OPEC directs members to negotiate price increases to offset the devaluation of the US dollar
  • 1971 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Historic Event

1973 Henry Kissinger sworn in as America's 1st Jewish Secretary of State, succeeds William Rogers

Assassination Attempt

1975 Second assassination attempt on US President Gerald Ford by Sara Jane Moore fails in San Francisco

  • 1975 World Football League folds
  • 1977 Preston Jones' "Texas Trilogy" premieres in NYC
  • 1977 West German Red Army Faction terrorist kills policeman in Utrecht

Summit of Interest

1978 Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin returns home after Camp David summit

  • 1979 Israel performs nuclear test at Indian Ocean
  • 1980 Iraq invades Iran in an attempt to control the Shatt al-Arab waterway

Appointment of Interest

1981 Sandra Day O'Connor appointed to US Supreme Court

  • 1982 San Francisco's cable cars made a final run before closing down for 20-month
  • 1983 NASA launches Galaxy-B
  • 1983 USSR performs underground nuclear test

The Sinking of the Rainbow Warrior

1985 French Prime Minister Laurent Fabius appears on TV to confess "Agents of the DGSE sank this boat [Rainbow Warrior]. They acted on orders.”

  • 1985 The Plaza Accord was signed in New York City.
  • 1986 35 countries signs disarmament accord in Stockholm
  • 1987 Dow-Jones index rises record 75.23 points
  • 1988 Canada begins production of a $5 silver Maple Leaf bullion coin
  • 1989 IRA bomb kills 10 Royal Marines bandsmen in Kent
  • 1990 Saudi Arabia expels many Jordanian & Yemeni envoys
  • 1991 ABN & AMRO Dutch banks merge
  • 1991 California University makes Dead Sea Scrolls public
  • 1991 Harry Gant wins NSACAR Goody's 500
  • 1992 Heavy storm in South France, 34 die
  • 1993 A Transair Georgian Airlines Tu-154 is shot down by a missile in Sukhumi, Georgia
  • 1993 STS-51 (Discovery) lands

Historic Event

1993 Supreme Soviet dismisses President Boris Yeltsin

  • 1993 Ukrainian Prime Minister Leonid Kuchma resigns due to the "slow pace of reform"
  • 1994 Rasmussen government in Denmark resigns
  • 1995 E-3B AWACS crash outside of Elmendorf AFB, Alaska after multiple bird strikes to two of the four engines soon after takeoff; all 24 on board killed
  • 1997 Bentalha massacre in Algeria; over 200 villagers killed
  • 2003 David Hempleman-Adams becomes the first person to cross the Atlantic Ocean in an open-air, wicker-basket hot air balloon.
  • 2006 A German maglev train crashes, killing 23.
  • 2006 Hezbollah claims "Divine Victory" over Israel in a massive demonstration in Beirut.
  • 2006 The F-14 Tomcat retires from the United States Navy
  • 2012 7 pedestrians are killed by a drunk driver who hit a bus stop at 200km an hour in Moscow
  • 2013 78 people are killed in a church suicide bombing in Peshawar, Pakistan

Election of Interest

2013 Angela Merkel and the Christian Democrats win a third term with their best result since 1990 in German Federal elections

  • 2014 NASA's MAVEN space probe successfully arrives in orbit over Mars

Historic Event

2015 Chinese President Xi Jinping arrives in Seattle to start his first state visit to the US

  • 2015 Palangkaraya in Indonesian Borneo records the highest air pollutant index (API) value ever recorded of 1,986 due to haze caused by forest fires deliberately lit to clear land for palm oil plantations

Papal Visit

2015 Pope Francis greeted by President Obama and Vice President Biden as he arrives at Joint Base Andrews, Maryland, for his 6 day tour of the US

  • 2015 Volkswagen admits that 11 million cars have been wrongly programmed to appear to emit lesser emissions than they are
  • 2016 Police officer Betty Shelby charged with manslaughter for fatally shooting unarmed black man Terence Crutcher in Tulsa, Oklahoma
  • 2018 Four gunmen open fire on Revolutionary Guard soldiers at a parade in Ahvaz, Iran, killing 25 including civilians

Historic Event

2019 "Howdy, Modi!" US President Donald Trump holds a mass rally for Indian PM Narendra Modi in Houston, Texas

Historic Event

2019 US President Donald Trump admits he spoke to Ukrainian President about Joe Biden's son, after news a US intelligence officer made an official complaint about the call

  • 2020 America's COVID-19 death toll passes 200,000, more than any other country

Historic Event

2020 PM Boris Johnson announces that the UK has reached a 'perilous turning point' in the pandemic as he announces new restrictions

  • 2020 President Xi Jinping of China pledges at the UN that the country will adopt stronger climate targets including becoming carbon neutral by 2060
  • 2021 WHO warns urgent action needed on air pollution, is on a par with smoking and a poor diet, causing seven million premature deaths a year
  • 2022 Catholics at 45.7% outnumber Protestants at 43.48% in Northern Ireland for the first time according to the result of the 2021 census [1]