On This Day

Events in History on September 26

BattleBattle of Interest

46 BC Julius Caesar dedicates a temple to his mythical ancestor Venus Genetrix in accordance with a vow he made at the Battle of Pharsalus

Roman Military Commander and Statesman Julius Caesar
Roman Military Commander and Statesman
Julius Caesar
  • 715 Ragenfrid defeats Theudoald at the Battle of Compiègne
  • 1212 Golden Bull of Sicily certified hereditary royal title in Bohemia for Přemyslid dynasty
  • 1371 Battle of Maritsa: Serbia-Turkey
  • 1396 Sultan Bajezid I beheads hundreds of crusaders
  • 1404 Brussels Brabants/Limburgse audit-office established
  • 1580 Frances Drake completes circumnavigation of the world, sailing into Plymouth aboard the Golden Hind
  • 1629 Sweden & Poland signs Peace of Altmark
  • 1655 Peter Stuyvesant recaptures Dutch Ft Casimir from Swedish in Delaware

Historic DiscoveryGreat Plague of London

1665 Height of the Great Plague of London as 7,165 people die throughout the previous week
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Drivers of death carts in London would go street-to-street extolling people to
Drivers of death carts in London would go street-to-street extolling people to "bring out your dead" at the height of the London plague outbreak in 1665
  • 1680 Tax revolt in Gorinchem due to tax on cereal

New SettlementParthenon

1687 Acropolis in Athens attacked by Venetian army trying to eject Turks, damaging the Parthenon
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The Parthenon, former temple dedicated to the goddess Athena, on the Athenian Acropolis, Greece
The Parthenon, former temple dedicated to the goddess Athena, on the Athenian Acropolis, Greece
  • 1687 City council of Amsterdam votes to support William of Orange's invasion of England, which became the Glorious Revolution
  • 1733 France, Spain & Sardinia sign anti-German covenant

AgreementContract of Interest

1738 Scottish philosopher David Hume enters into a contract to publish the first two volumes of his seminal work "A Treatise of Human Nature" with John Noon in London

Philosopher David Hume
David Hume

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1771 Denis Diderot's "Le Fils Naturel" premieres in Paris

Enlightenment Philosopher Denis Diderot
Enlightenment Philosopher
Denis Diderot

  • 1772 New Jersey passes bill requiring a license to practise medicine

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1777 British General William Howe occupies Philadelphia during American Revolution

Military Leader William Howe
Military Leader
William Howe
  • 1783 Fayette County, Pennsylvania created
  • 1786 Britain & France sign trade agreement
  • 1789 4th US Postmaster General: Samuel Osgood of Mass takes office

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1789 Thomas Jefferson appointed 1st US Secretary of State; John Jay becomes 1st US Chief Justice

3rd US President Thomas Jefferson
3rd US President
Thomas Jefferson
1st US Chief Justice John Jay
1st US Chief Justice
John Jay
  • 1789 Edmund J Randolph becomes 1st US Attorney General

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1792 Marc-David Lasource begins accusing Maximilien Robespierre of wanting a dictatorship for France

Revolutionary Maximilien Robespierre
Maximilien Robespierre
  • 1810 A new Act of Succession is adopted by the Riksdag of the Estates and Jean Baptiste Bernadotte becomes heir to the Swedish throne.
  • 1815 Russia, Prussia and Austria sign the Holy Alliance

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1815 Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord resigns as Prime Minister of France

Politician and Diplomat Talleyrand
Politician and Diplomat
  • 1824 Kapiolani defies Pele (Hawaiian volcano goddess) & lives
  • 1831 Robert Montgomery Bird's play "The Gladiator" premieres in NYC
  • 1872 The first Shriners Temple (called Mecca) was established in New York City.
  • 1874 1st Grand International Rifle match held
  • 1876 1st Belgian parachute jump (Glorieux)
  • 1884 Suriname army shoots on British-Indian contract workers, 7 killed
  • 1887 Emile Berliner patents the Gramophone
  • 1890 US stops minting $1 & $3 gold coin & 3 cent piece
  • 1895 Italian general Oreste Baratieri lands in Massawa, Eritrea

  • 1901 Boer General Botha fails to capture Fort Itala in Natal
  • 1901 Great Britain annexes the Ashanti Kingdom and places it under the governor of the Gold Coast (Ghana)
  • 1904 Earl Grey is named British governor-general of Canada
  • 1904 GB Shaw's "How He Lied to Her Husband" premieres in NYC
  • 1907 New Zealand and Newfoundland each become dominions within the British Empire
  • 1914 Federal Trade Commission formed to regulate interstate commerce
  • 1914 Germans arrest A Max, mayor of Brussels
  • 1916 Bishop speak against Catholics in trade unions
  • 1917 British assault on Menin-street, France
  • 1918 Beginning of the Meuse-Argonne Offensive, more than 1 million American soldiers in the largest and most costly offensive of WWI
  • 1923 Gustav Stresemann government ends resistance against occupiers in Ruhrgebied
  • 1923 The Commonwealth Conference is held in London, where Britain recognizes the right of the Dominions to make treaties with foreign powers
  • 1925 Italian sub "Sebastiano Veniero" lost off Sicily with 54 dead
  • 1926 JB Fagan's "And So to Bed" premieres in London
  • 1929 John Schrober becomes chancellor of Austria
  • 1933 Sidney Kingsley's "Men in White" premieres in NYC
  • 1934 British liner Queen Mary is launched

'I Have Heard The Voice of Adolf Hitler . . .''I Have Heard The Voice of Adolf Hitler . . .'

1938 Adolf Hitler issues ultimatum to Czech government, demanding Sudenten Land
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The 'mad dog of Europe' makes his demands with oratory so menacing 'that he chills one's blood.'
The 'mad dog of Europe' makes his demands with oratory so menacing 'that he chills one's blood.'
  • 1939 German seaplane shoots KLM-aircraft (1 killed)
  • 1940 Luftwaffe bombs Spitfire factory in Woolston, Southampton for second time, 30 killed
  • 1940 Japanese troops attack French Indo-China
  • 1944 Soviet forces occupy Estonia
  • 1944 World War II: Battle of Arnhem ends in Allied failure as German forces link up on both sides of the Lower Rhine river and mop up last British resistance
  • 1945 All old Dutch banknotes declared invalid

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1946 1st edition of Tintin (Kuifje), publishes until June 1993

Cartoonist Hergé
  • 1950 Because of forest fire in Br Columbia, blue moon appears in England
  • 1950 UN troops in Korean War recapture South Korean capital of Seoul
  • 1951 Prof Youngblood demonstrates artificial heart in Paris
  • 1953 Polish government fires/imprisons Cardinal Wyszynski
  • 1953 US & Spain sign defense treaty (4 US bases in Spain)
  • 1954 Japanese ferry boat Toya Maru sinks in Strait of Tsugaru during a typhoon, 1,153 people die
  • 1955 NY Stock Exchange worst price decline since 1929
  • 1957 Dag Hammarskjöld re-elected secretary-general of UN
  • 1957 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1958 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1959 Typhoon Vera, hits Japanese island of Honshu, causing the deaths of 4,580 people with 658 missing
  • 1960 1st of 4 TV debates Nixon & Kennedy took place (Chicago)

United Nations <b>Speech</b>United Nations Speech

1960 Cuban leader Fidel Castro delivers a 4 hour and 29 minute long speech at the United Nations

Cuban Revolutionary and President Fidel Castro
Cuban Revolutionary and President
Fidel Castro
  • 1962 Yemen Arab Republic proclaimed (National Day)
  • 1963 1st edition of NYC Review of Books

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 Lee Harvey Oswald travels on Continental Trailways bus to Mexico

Former Soldier and Assassin Lee Harvey Oswald
Former Soldier and Assassin
Lee Harvey Oswald
  • 1965 Minnesota gains its 1st AL pennant by defeating Washington, 2-1
  • 1966 "Staten Island" 1st icebreaker to enter San Francisco Bay
  • 1968 Marcelo Caetano elected premier of Portugal
  • 1968 St Louis Cards' Bob Gibson's 13th shutout ends with 1.12 ERA
  • 1968 Theatre censorship ends in Britain
  • 1969 Bolivia military coup under general Ovando Candia
  • 1969 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • 1970 The Laguna Fire starts in San Diego County, California, burning 175,425 acres (710 km²).
  • 1970 A groups of Protestant youths attack the Catholic Unity Flats as rioting continues in the Protestant Shankill Road area
  • 1971 Jim Palmer is 4th Oriole to win at least 20 games this season
  • 1971 MP David Bleakley resigns in protest over the introduction of Internment and the lack of any new political initiatives by the Northern Ireland government
  • 1972 American Museum of Immigration dedicated
  • 1972 Norway rejects membership in European Common Market
  • 1973 Turkey's state of siege ends (after 2½ years)

  • 1973 Concorde makes its first non-stop crossing of the Atlantic (Washington, D.C. to Paris) in record-breaking time (3h33m).
  • 1974 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1976 China performs nuclear test at Lop Nor, PRC
  • 1976 Denver's Rick Upchurch returns 2 punts for TDs against Cleveland
  • 1977 Sir Freddie Laker begins cut-rate "Skytrain" service, London to NY
  • 1978 RR clerks go on strike, halting more than 2/3s of rail service
  • 1979 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1980 Bomb attack on Octoberfest in Munich, 12 killed
  • 1980 Cuban government closes Mariel Harbor ending "freedom flotilla"
  • 1980 Soyuz 38 returns to Earth
  • 1981 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • 1983 Cosmonauts Titov & Strekalov are saved from exploding Soyuz T-10
  • 1983 Lebanon premier Chafiq Wazzan offers to resigns
  • 1983 St Louis Card Bob Forsch 2nd no-hitter beats Montreal Expos, 3-0
  • 1983 Soviet military officer Lt. Col. Stanislav Petrov averts a worldwide nuclear war by judging supposed missile attack from the US an error
  • 1984 Britain & China initial agreement return Hong Kong to China in 1997
  • 1984 Dutch Queen Beatrice opens University
  • 1984 Phila's Juan Samuel sets record for steals by a rookie with his 72nd

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1984 President Reagan vetoes sanctions against South Africa

US President & Actor Ronald Reagan
US President & Actor
Ronald Reagan
  • 1985 Tunisia drops diplomatic relations with Libya
  • 1986 Antonin Scalia, sworn in as US Supreme Court Justice
  • 1986 William Hubbs Rehnquist, sworn in as Chief Justice of Supreme Court
  • 1986 Bobby (Patrick Duffy) returns to Dallas, his death is attributed to his wife Pam's bad dream (erases all of last season)
  • 1988 Canada's Ben Johnson stripped of his 100-m gold failing drug test
  • 1988 NYC's Rockefeller Center declared a national landmark
  • 1988 Polish communist party picks propaganda chief Rakowski as new PM
  • 1988 US space shuttle STS-26 launched
  • 1989 Last Vietnamese soldiers leave Cambodia
  • 1989 Soviet Foreign Minister Eduard Shevardnadze calls for total destruction of Soviet & US chemical weapons
  • 1990 Motion Picture Association of America creates new NC-17 rating

  • 1991 2 year experimental Biosphere 2 in Oracle Arizona begins
  • 1992 Nigerian Air Force Hercules C-130 crashes three minutes after take-off from Lagos, Nigeria, killing 163
  • 1992 Tsuruhiko Kiuchi rediscovers Comet Swift-Tuttle, the first time it has been spotted since 1862
  • 1993 Seattle's Randy Johnson joins 300-strikeout club
  • 1994 Estonia government of Laar flees
  • 1994 Switzerland bans racist propaganda

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1995 "George" magazine premieres, published by John F. Kennedy Jr

Publisher and Lawyer John F. Kennedy Jr.
Publisher and Lawyer
John F. Kennedy Jr.
  • 1996 Space Shuttle STS 79 (Atlantis 17), lands
  • 1997 An earthquake strikes the Italian regions of Umbria and the Marche, causing part of the Basilica of St. Francis at Assisi to collapse
  • 2000 Anti-globalization protests in Prague (some 20,000 protesters) turned violent during the IMF and World Bank summits.
  • 2000 M/S Express Samina sinks off Paros in the Agean sea killing 80 passengers.
  • 2002 Overcrowded Senegalese ferry MV Joola capsizes off the coast of Gambia killing more than 1,000

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2007 Shinzō Abe formally ends his first term as Prime Minister of Japan

Prime Minister of Japan Shinzō Abe
Prime Minister of Japan
Shinzō Abe
  • 2008 Swiss pilot and inventor Yves Rossy becomes first person to fly a jet engine-powered wing across the English Channel.
  • 2009 Typhoon Ketsana (2009) hit the Philippines, China, Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos and Thailand, causing 700 fatalities.
  • 2012 Syrian army massacres 40 civilians in Thiabieh, Damascus
  • 2012 Greek trade unions call a general strike to protest austerity measures
  • 2012 Japanese automakers suspend operations in China
  • 2014 World Health Organizations estimates that Ebola death toll has reached 3,091 - with Liberia, Guinea and Sierra Leone hit hardest

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2016 First US Presidential debate: Democratic nominee Hillary Clinton vs Republican Donald Trump at Hofstra University

Politician and US First Lady Hillary Clinton
Politician and US First Lady
Hillary Clinton
45th US President, Businessman and TV Personality Donald Trump
45th US President, Businessman and TV Personality
Donald Trump
  • 2017 Saudi Arabia announces it is overturning its ban on women driving - last country in the world to do so
  • 2017 Fights break out in Uganda's parliament during debate to raise presidential age limit
  • 2017 World's second-largest gem-quality diamond, the "Lesedi La Rona", sells for $53m
  • 2017 The video game Fortnite: Battle Royale is released, eventually becoming one of the most popular games worldwide
  • 2019 US Income inequality widest for over 50 years, worst in California, Connecticut, Florida, Louisiana and New York, according to new census figures
  • 2019 WHO announces 800,000 children in DR Congo will be vaccinated in nine days in worlds's largest measles epidemic that has taken over 3,500 lives
  • 2019 Abortion is decriminalized in New South Wales, the last remaining Australian state to do so