Events in History on September 27

  • 70 Walls of upper city of Jerusalem battered down by Roman army
  • 1290 Earthquake in the Gulf of Chihli (Bohai Sea) near China, reportedly kills 100,000 people
  • 1312 Duke of Brabant John II signs the Charter of Kortenberg creating a Parliament of Kortenberg (The Lords of Kortenberg)
  • 1331 Battle of Płowce: Kingdom of Poland defeats the Teutonic Order in a strategic victory
  • 1540 Pope Paul III officially recognizes the Society of Jesus (Jesuit) co-founded by Ignatius of Loyola as a religious order of the Catholic church
  • 1590 Pope Urban VII dies 13 days after being chosen as the Pope, making his reign the shortest papacy in history
  • 1605 The armies of Sweden are utterly defeated by the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth in the Battle of Kircholm.
  • 1694 Hurricane hits Carlisle Bay Barbados; 27 British ships sink & 3,000 die

Historic Event

1779 John Adams negotiates Revolutionary War peace terms with Great Britain

  • 1794 French troops conquer Dutch fortress Fort Crèvecoeur after a short siege

Victory in Battle

1810 Battle of Bussaco: Arthur Wellesley's Anglo-Portuguese Army defeats a larger French force led by Marshal André Masséna with the French suffering 4,500 dead and wounded

Historic Event

1821 Mexican revolutionary forces led by Agustín de Iturbide occupy Mexico City as Spanish withdraw, bringing an end to the Mexican War of Independence

Rosetta Stone

1822 French scholar Jean-François Champollion announces he has deciphered Egyptian hieroglyphics using the Rosetta Stone

Historic Event

1824 Charles X, King of France, makes his state entry into Paris to popular acclaim

Railroad History

1825 George Stephenson's "Locomotion No. 1" becomes the 1st steam locomotive to carry passengers on a public rail line, the Stockton and Darlington Railway in England

  • 1830 Dutch army leaves Brussels, after hundreds killed

War Breaks Out Behind Uncle Tom's Cabin

1852 George Aiken's play "Uncle Tom's Cabin" an adaptation of Harriet Beecher Stowe's famous anti-slavery novel premieres in Troy, New York

  • 1854 French fishing vessel SS Vesta collides with American passenger paddle-wheel ship SS Arctic off Newfoundland in heavy fog, sinking the larger passenger ship; 322 killed, most of the survivors were crew members
  • 1863 Jo Shelby's cavalry in action at Moffat's Station, Arkansas
  • 1864 Battle at Pilot Knob (Ft Davidson) American Civil War, Missouri: 1700 killed/injured

Historic Event

1864 Centralia Massacre: Pro-Confederate guerrillas led by William T. Anderson with Jesse James loot Centralia and attack a train on the North Missouri Railroad, executing 24 Union soldiers. Later the same day the guerillas defeat the newly formed 39th Missouri Infantry Regiment, killing 123 of its 147 solders.

  • 1865 Circus performer James Cooke walks a 150 yard tightrope from Cliff House to Seal Rocks in San Francisco
  • 1877 John Mercer Langston named minister of Haiti
  • 1892 Book matches are patented by Diamond Match Company
  • 1894 Aqueduct racetrack opens in NY
  • 1900 Victory Theater (Republic, Belasco) opens at 207 W 42nd St NYC
  • 1903 Wreck of the Old 97, a train crash made famous by the song of the same name.

Historic Publication

1905 The physics journal Annalen der Physik publishes Albert Einstein's paper "Does the Inertia of a Body Depend Upon Its Energy Content?", introducing the equation E=mc².

Model T

1908 Henry Ford's first Ford Model T automobile leaves the Piquette Plant in Detroit, Michigan

Historic Event

1909 US President William Howard Taft sets aside some 3 million acres of oil-rich public land (including Teapot Dome, Wyoming) for conservation purposes

  • 1910 1st test flight of a twin-engined airplane (France)
  • 1916 1st Native American Day celebrated, honoring American Indians
  • 1916 Emperor Lidj Jasu of Ethiopia flees a palace coup by his aunt Zauditu
  • 1917 Broadhurst Theater opens at 235 W 44th St NYC
  • 1919 British troops withdraw from the North Russian town of Archangelsk after fighting Bolsheviks/Soviets
  • 1919 Democratic National Committee votes to allow female members

Historic Event

1922 King Constantine I of Greece abdicates

  • 1923 Italian troops leave occupied Corfu
  • 1924 Giants clinch their 4th straight pennant, beating Phils 5-1
  • 1928 The Nationalist Republic of China is recognised by the United States.

Victory in Battle

1936 Franco troops conquer Toledo

  • 1936 Netherlands leave Gold Standard/devaluate guilder
  • 1937 1st Santa Claus Training School opens (Albion NY)
  • 1937 Balinese Tiger declared extinct
  • 1938 British ocean liner "Queen Elizabeth" launches at Clydebank, Scotland
  • 1938 Jewish lawyers forbidden to practise in Germany
  • 1938 League of Nations declares Japan the aggressor against China
  • 1939 Warsaw surrenders to Germans after 19 days of resistance
  • 1940 55 German aircraft shot down above England
  • 1940 Black leaders protest discrimination in US armed forces
  • 1940 Nazi Germany, Italy & Japan sign 10 year formal alliance (Axis)

Appointment of Interest

1941 Reinhard Heydrich, "butcher of Prague," appointed SS-general (Gruppenfuehrer)

Historic Event

1941 US President Roosevelt launches the 1st Liberty ship, freighter SS Patrick Henry

  • 1942 Heavy German assault in Stalingrad
  • 1942 St Louis Cards win NL pennant on last day of season
  • 1943 Anti-fascism opposition begins in Naples
  • 1943 Dutch opposition newspaper "The Slogan" publishes KZ-Lower letter
  • 1944 Helmond & Oss Neth liberated

MacArthur Meets Hirohito

1945 US General and head of the Allied occupation of Japan, Douglas MacArthur, meets Emperor Hirohito in Tokyo for the first time

  • 1946 King George II of Greece returns from exile to Athens
  • 1951 Persian troops occupy oil refinery at Abadan
  • 1953 Baltimore Colt Bert Rechichar kicks a 56-yard field goal
  • 1953 Typhoon destroys one third of Nagoya, Japan
  • 1954 1st African American Supreme Court page is CV Bush
  • 1954 School integration begins in Washington, D.C. & Baltimore Md public schools
  • 1956 Great Britain commences 'Operation Buffalo' testing four nuclear fission bombs at Maralinga, South Australia

Historic Event

1959 Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev concludes his US visit

  • 1960 Europe's 1st "moving pavement" (travelator), opens at Bank station on the London Underground
  • 1961 Sierre Leone becomes 100th member of UN
  • 1962 Military uprising under Col Abdullah as-Sallal North Yemen

Historic Publication

1962 Rachel Carson publishes 'Silent Spring' about the deleterious impacts of pesticide use in the US on the environment

  • 1962 US sells Israel Hawk anti-aircraft missiles
  • 1963 At 10:59 AM census clock, records US population at 190,000,000

Historic Event

1963 Lee Harvey Oswald visits Cuban consulate in Mexico City, seeking a visa

  • 1964 Findings of the Warren Commission into the assassination of President John F. Kennedy released, finds Lee Harvey Oswald acted alone
  • 1967 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1968 "Hair" opens in London
  • 1968 France denies UK entry into common market
  • 1971 Tripartite talks involving the prime ministers of Northern Ireland, Britain, and the Taoiseach (Irish Prime Minister) of the Republic of Ireland take place at Chequers, England
  • 1971 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1973 Soyuz 12 carries 2 cosmonauts into Earth orbit (2 days)
  • 1973 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1974 -10/26] Rome: 4th bishop synod
  • 1974 Australian National Gallery buys W de Kooning's "Woman V" for $850,000
  • 1975 Government De Uyl recalls Dutch ambassador from Spain
  • 1978 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1978 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1979 US Congress' final approval to create Department of Education
  • 1979 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1980 WHOT (Brooklyn New York pirate radio station) begins on 1620 AM & 92.5 FM
  • 1981 Iran defends its besieged port of Abadan, driving back Iraqi forces
  • 1982 Cards clinching NL East title
  • 1982 Jan Wolkers awarded but refuses Constantine Huygens-prize
  • 1982 John Palmer becomes news anchor of Today Show
  • 1983 South African worker's union leader Curnick Ndlovu freed from prison after 19 years
  • 1985 8 killed as roof collapses in Brussel's supermarket
  • 1985 Hurricane Gloria's 130 MPH wind hits Atlantic coast
  • 1986 Senate joins House of Reps voting for sweeping tax reforms
  • 1988 Canadian Finn class sailor Lawrence Lemieux abandons race 5 to assist injured competitor after being in 2nd place; selfless act is awarded with the Pierre de Coubertin medal
  • 1988 Grand jury evidence shows Tawana Brawley fabricated rape story
  • 1988 Senate votes for major federal tax code changes

Historic Event

1988 The National League for Democracy, led by Aung San Suu Kyi is founded in Burma (Myanmar)

  • 1989 Oakland wins AL West & SF wins NL West title
  • 1989 Sony purchases Columbia Pictures for $3.4 billion cash
  • 1990 Deposed emir of Kuwait address UN General Assembly
  • 1990 Gunman holds 33 people (killing 1) hostage in Berkeley Calif
  • 1990 Senate Judiciary committee approves Souter's Supreme Court
  • 1990 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Historic Event

1991 US President George H. W. Bush decides to end full-time B-52 bombers alert

  • 1992 ASPCA stops Santeria ceremony in Bronx halts sacrifice of 42 animals
  • 1992 Seattle's Randy Johnson ties AL record for lefties with 18 strike outs
  • 1993 The Sukhumi massacre takes place in Abkhazia.
  • 1996 In Afghanistan, the Taliban capture the capital city Kabul after driving out President Burhanuddin Rabbani and executing former leader Mohammad Najibullah.
  • 1996 The Julie N. tanker skip crashes into the Million Dollar Bridge in Portland, Maine spilling thousands of gallons of oil.

Election of Interest

1998 German Chancellor Helmut Kohl's CDU/CSU party suffers a heavy defeat in federal elections to Gerard Schroder's SPD party

  • 2001 At its two-day meeting in Vienna, OPEC decides to keep its production quotas unchanged at 23.2 million barrels per day, despite crude oil being at its lowest price levels since 1999
  • 2002 Timor-Leste (East Timor) joins the United Nations.
  • 2003 Smart 1 satellite is launched by the European Space Agency from the Guiana Space Centre in Kourou, French Guiana, for a moon orbit.
  • 2008 CNSA astronaut Zhai Zhigang becomes the first Chinese person to perform a spacewalk while flying on Shenzhou 7.

Election of Interest

2009 German Federal elections return Angela Merkel for second term as Chancellor at head of center-right coalition government

  • 2012 The 2004 Japanese discovery of the 133th element has been confirmed
  • 2012 The Mars Curiosity rover discovers what evidence of a fast-moving streambed-in Mars
  • 2012 UN publicly releases documents from China and Japan detailing their contesting claims for the Senkoku Islands
  • 2013 19 people are killed and 45 are injured in a bus bombing in Peshawar, Pakistan
  • 2013 60 people are killed after a building collapses in Mumbai, India
  • 2013 7 people are killed in mosque bombings in Baghdad, Iraq
  • 2013 At least 22 people are killed after a refugee ship capsizes off the island of Java
  • 2014 57 people are killed after Mount Ontake erupts in Japan
  • 2014 Hawthorn Football Club defeats the Sydney Swans in the 2014 AFL Grand Final 137-74
  • 2015 "Junts per Si" pro-independence alliance win parliamentary majority in Catalonia
  • 2015 A "Supermoon" coincides with a lunar eclipse creating a "Blood Moon" over much of the earth
  • 2017 Researchers confirm existence of giant tree rat "Vika" in the Solomon Islands that can crack open coconuts
  • 2017 Thai Ex-Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra found guilty of criminal negligence in rice subsidy scheme, sentenced to 5 years in absentia
  • 2018 Half of all orca could die through pollution involving polychlorinated biphenyls in the ocean, according to study published in "Science"
  • 2018 India's Supreme Court rules overturns 158-year old rule, section 497, decriminalizing adultery because it was discriminatory against women
  • 2018 Justin Milne, head of Australian Broadcasting Corporation resigns amid allegations of firing journalists for the government

Historic Event

2018 US Securities and Exchange Commission files lawsuit accusing Elon Musk of securities fraud

Historic Event

2018 US Senate hearing into alleged sexual assault by Judge Brett Kavanaugh with him and accuser Christine Blasey Ford giving evidence

Historic Event

2019 US Democrats issue their first subpoena to Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, in impeachment inquiry

  • 2020 Border fighting between Armenia and Azerbaijan forces over disputed region of Nagorno-Karabakh kills at least 23

Historic Event

2020 Details of President Donald Trump's tax returns released by the New York Times showing he paid $750 in income tax (2016 & 2017) revealing "chronic losses and years of tax avoidance" [1]

  • 2020 Houston officials confirm water supply around Lake Jackson, Texas, contaminated with brain-eating amoeba after death of six-year-old boy
  • 2021 NASA/USGS Landsat-9 earth-observing satellite launched from Vandenberg Space Force Base, California

Assassination

2022 Former Japanese Prime Minister Shinzō Abe receives a state funeral at Nippon Budokan Arena, Tokyo, after he was assassinated in July [1]

  • 2022 Hurricane Ian crosses western Cuba as a category 3 storm, wrecking the country's national grid and leaving the country without power, with three people killed