On This Day

Events in History on September 28


48 BC Pompey the Great is assassinated on orders of King Ptolemy of Egypt after landing in Egypt.

Roman Military and Political Leader Pompey the Great
Roman Military and Political Leader
Pompey the Great
  • 235 Bishop of Rome Pontianus steps down
  • 351 Battle at Mursa: emperor Constantine II beats emperor Magnentius
  • 365 Roman usurper Procopius bribes two legions passing by Constantinople, and proclaims himself Roman emperor.
  • 935 Saint Wenceslas is murdered by his brother, Boleslaus I of Bohemia
  • 995 Members of Slavník's dynasty - Spytimír, Pobraslav, Pořej and Čáslav are murdered by Boleslaus's son, Boleslaus II the Pious.

Declaration of WarNorman Invasion of England

1066 William the Conqueror invades England landing at Pevensey Bay, Sussex
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William the Conqueror and his army land at Pevensey as depicted in the Bayeux Tapestry
William the Conqueror and his army land at Pevensey as depicted in the Bayeux Tapestry
  • 1106 Battle at Tinchebrai: English King Henry I beats his brother Robert
  • 1322 Battle of Muhldorf: the Duchy of (Upper) Bavaria defeats Austrian forces
  • 1362 Guillaum de Grimoard elected as Pope Urban V
  • 1394 Cardinal Pedro de Luna of Aragon chosen (anti)pope Benedictus XIII
  • 1448 Christian I is crowned king of Denmark.
  • 1528 Spanish fleet sinks in Florida hurricane; about 380 die
  • 1538 Battle at Preveza: Ottoman fleet under Barbarossa beats Papal alliance off Northwestern Greece

DiscoveryHistoric Discovery

1542 Explorer Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo discovers California, at San Diego Bay, naming it San Miguel and claims it for Spain

Conquistador and Explorer Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo
Conquistador and Explorer
Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1621 Battle at Chocim Dniester: King Sigismund III Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth defeats an invading Ottoman Imperial army

  • 1652 English-Dutch sea battle at Kentish Knock
  • 1687 Venetians take Athens from the Turks
  • 1701 Divorce legalized in Maryland
  • 1760 Russian & Austrian army occupies Berlin
  • 1767 Gentlemen 17 forbid private slave transport India to Cape of Good Hope

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1779 American Revolution: Samuel Huntington is elected President of the Continental Congress, succeeding John Jay

1st US Chief Justice John Jay
1st US Chief Justice
John Jay

Victory in BattleSurrender at Yorktown

1781 9,000 American and 7,000 French troops begin siege of Yorktown
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'Surrender of Lord Cornwallis' by John Trumbull depicting the British surrender which ended the American Revolutionary War
'Surrender of Lord Cornwallis' by John Trumbull depicting the British surrender which ended the American Revolutionary War

A Salute to the Military Genius, Napoleon BonaparteA Salute to the Military Genius, Napoleon Bonaparte

1785 Napoléon Bonaparte, aged 16, graduates from the elite École Militaire in Paris (42nd in a class of 51)
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Death and despair as Napoléon and his Grand Army retreat from Russia. Artist: Adolf Northen
Death and despair as Napoléon and his Grand Army retreat from Russia. Artist: Adolf Northen
  • 1787 Congress sends Constitution to state legislatures for their approval
  • 1815 Joachim Murats fleet sails from Corsica to Naples
  • 1829 Walker's Appeal, racial antislavery pamphlet, published in Boston
  • 1844 Oscar I of Sweden-Norway is crowned king of Sweden
  • 1850 US Navy abolishes flogging as punishment
  • 1858 Donati's comet becomes 1st to be photographed
  • 1864 -30) Battle of Fort Harrison Virginia (Chaffin's Farm New Market Heights)
  • 1867 Toronto becomes capital of Ontario
  • 1868 Battle of Alcolea, causes Queen Isabella II of Spain to flee to France
  • 1868 Opelousas Massacre at St Landry Parish Louisiana (200 blacks killed)
  • 1879 Sydney Australia inaugurates steam motor tram route
  • 1887 Yellow River or Huáng Hé floods in China, killing between 900,000 and 2 million people, one of the deadliest natural disasters in history

  • 1889 The first General Conference on Weights and Measures (CGPM) defines the length of a meter as the distance between two lines on a standard bar of an alloy of platinum with ten percent iridium, measured at the melting point of ice
  • 1892 1st night football game played (Mansfield Pa)
  • 1894 Simon Marks & Tom Spencer open Penny Bazaar in Manchester
  • 1899 Transvaal mobilizes its army - leadup to Second Boer War
  • 1901 Guerrilla's assault unarmed US soldiers in Balangiga Phil, 38 killed
  • 1904 Woman arrested for smoking a cigarette in a car on 5th Avenue, NYC
  • 1906 US troops reoccupy Cuba, stay until 1909
  • 1912 SS Kichemaru disappears in storm off Japanese coast, 1,000 die
  • 1914 German forces move into Antwerp Belgium (WWI)
  • 1915 Battle of Kut-el-Amara: British defeat Turks in Mesopotamia
  • 1920 Dirk Fock appointed as governor-general of Dutch East Indies
  • 1923 Abyssinia (Ethiopia) leaves League of Nations
  • 1923 Radio Times 1st published
  • 1924 2 US Army planes end around-world flight, Seattle to Seattle, 57 stops
  • 1924 French government names Gen Serrail governor-general of Syria
  • 1924 General Plutarco Calles elected president of Mexico
  • 1926 Russia & Latvia treaty of neutrality signed
  • 1928 1st recording session in Nashville (Warmack's Gully Jumpers)
  • 1928 Juan de la Cierva makes 1st helicopter flight over English Channel

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1928 Prussia forbids speech from Adolf Hitler

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1928 US acknowledge Chinese government of Chiang Kai-shek

Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek
  • 1928 Valentin Katayev's "Kvadratura Kruga" premieres in Moscow
  • 1928 UK passes the Dangerous Drugs Act outlawing cannabis.
  • 1929 1st CF interception return for a touchdown (Joe Hess-U of Alberta)
  • 1931 200,000 demonstrators demand declaration of war on Japan in Peking

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1937 FDR dedicates Bonneville Dam on Columbia River (Oregon)

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1938 Clare Boothe's "Boys Goodbye" premieres in NYC
  • 1938 Dutch Premier Colijn sends radio message "No war coming"
  • 1939 Estonia accepts Soviet military bases
  • 1939 Final broadcast of The Fleischmann Hour was heard on radio

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1939 German-Soviet Frontier Treaty is signed by Joachim von Ribbentrop and Vyacheslav Molotov; redraws German and Soviet spheres of influence in central Europe and transfers most of Lithuania to the USSR

Foreign Minister of the German Reich Joachim von Ribbentrop
Foreign Minister of the German Reich
Joachim von Ribbentrop
Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov
Soviet Foreign Minister
Vyacheslav Molotov
  • 1940 Michigan's Tom Harmon runs 72, 86 & 94 yard touchdowns
  • 1940 Nazi occupiers present "New Dutch Culture" in German
  • 1940 Bud Brennan, a fan at Memorial Stadium, races out of stands & attempts to tackle Tom Harmon at 3-yard line, Harmon easily evades Brennan
  • 1942 Luftwaffe bombs Stalingrad

Battle of InterestD-Day

1944 Theodore Roosevelt Jr., son of President Theodore Roosevelt, is posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor for directing troops at Utah Beach during the D-Day landings
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"Into the Jaws of Death" by Robert F. Sargent
  • 1944 Nazi forces begin killing civilians in the Italian village of Marzabotto
  • 1945 Canadian football's Calgary Bronks changes its name to Stampeders
  • 1945 Robert T Duncan appears as Tonio in "I Pagliacci"
  • 1950 Indonesia becomes 60th member of UN
  • 1953 Dutch government proclaims 5% general pay increase on Jan 1, 1954
  • 1957 Dutch Queen Juliana opens Velser Tunnels
  • 1958 France adopts constitution
  • 1958 Guinea votes for independence from France
  • 1958 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1958 USAF selects Thor over Jupiter rocket for mass production as ICBM's

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1959 Edward Franklin Albee's "Zoo Story" premieres in Berlin

Playwright Edward Albee
Edward Albee
  • 1959 Explorer VI reveals an intense radiation belt around Earth
  • 1960 "Sunrise at Campobello" premieres at Palace theater
  • 1961 Syria withdraws from United Arab Republic
  • 1961 USN Comdr Forrest S Petersen takes X-15 to 30,720 m
  • 1962 Alouette (Canada), 1st Canadian satellite, launched
  • 1962 Paddington tram depot fire destroys 65 trams in Brisbane, Australia.
  • 1963 Giuseppe Cantarella roller-skates record 25.78 mph (415 k) for 440 yds
  • 1963 NYC DJ "Murray The K" plays "She Loves You" on the radio

  • 1964 Suriname governor A Currie resigns
  • 1965 Jack McKay in X-15 reaches 90 km
  • 1965 Taal Volcano explodes on Luzon Philippines killing around 100
  • 1967 Walter Washington elected 1st mayor of Washington, D.C.
  • 1968 Alberto Giolani of Italy roller skates record 23.133 miles in 1 hr
  • 1968 Atlanta Chiefs beat San Diego Toros 3-0 for NASL championship
  • 1968 Chuck Hixson (Southern Methodist) completes 37 of record 69 passes
  • 1968 Marisa Danisi of West Germany roller skates record 21.995 miles in 1 hr
  • 1969 Minnesota vs Baltimore, gains 530 yards passing!
  • 1969 SPD wins West German Parliament elections

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1970 Anwar Sadat replaces Gamal Abdel Nasser as acting Egyptian President

President of Egypt and Nobel Laureate Anwar Sadat
President of Egypt and Nobel Laureate
Anwar Sadat
  • 1971 Hungarian cardinal József Mindszenty after 15 years refuge in US Embassy in Budapest is allowed to leave the country
  • 1971 UK passes the Misuse of Drugs Act banning the medicinal use of cannabis.
  • 1972 Japan & Communist China agree to re-establish diplomatic relations
  • 1973 Palestinian Terrorists hijack Austrian train
  • 1973 ITT Building in New York City bombed to protest ITT's involvement in the September 11 1973 coup d'état in Chile.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1974 US 1st Lady Betty Ford undergoes a radical mastectomy

US First Lady Betty Ford
US First Lady
Betty Ford
  • 1974 Mick Ronson joins Mott the Hoople
  • 1975 Bill authorizes admission of women to military academies
  • 1975 The Spaghetti House siege, in which nine people were taken as hostages, takes place in London.
  • 1976 US Congress passes Toxic Substances Control Act
  • 1978 Israeli Knesset endorses Camp David accord
  • 1978 Pieter Botha succeeds Vorster as premier of South Africa
  • 1978 Syrians & Lebanese engage in heavy fighting in Lebanon
  • 1980 Carl Sagan's 13 part "Cosmos" premieres on PBS
  • 1980 Jaromir Wagner is 1st to fly Atlantic standing on wing
  • 1981 Joseph Paul Franklin, avowed racist, sentenced to life imprisonment for killing 2 black joggers in Salt Lake City
  • 1982 1st reports appear of death from cyanide-laced Tylenol capsules
  • 1982 NASA launches Intelsat V satellite, no. 505
  • 1983 STS-9 vehicle moves to launch pad

  • 1984 1st floodlit ODI outside of Australia (India v Aust, New Delhi)
  • 1985 NASA launches Intelsat VA F-12
  • 1985 Riots in Brixton, London, rompted by police shooting of Dorothy Groce by police
  • 1987 Gladys Knight & Smokey Robinson on "$10,000 Pyramid"
  • 1988 Bronx Museum for Arts opens
  • 1988 LA Dodger Orel Herschiser breaks former Dodger Don Drysdale's record by pitching 59 consecutive scoreless innings
  • 1990 Exiled emir of Kuwait visits White House
  • 1991 "Shiny Happy People" by REM peaks to #10
  • 1991 UN weapons inspectors ends 5-day standoff with Iraq
  • 1992 Pakistani Airbus A-300 crashes into mountain at Kathmandu, 167 dies
  • 1993 Gas field in Caracas explodes, 53 killed
  • 1993 Ron Wood releases "Slide On Live"
  • 1994 909 people die when an Estonian ferry capsizes & sinks in Baltic sea

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1995 Yitzhak Rabin and Yasser Arafat sign accord to transfer West Bank to the PLO

Palestinian Leader Yasser Arafat
Palestinian Leader
Yasser Arafat
5th Prime Minister of Israel Yitzhak Rabin
5th Prime Minister of Israel
Yitzhak Rabin
  • 1995 Bob Denard and a group of mercenaries take the islands of Comoros in a coup.
  • 1996 1st ODI played in Kenya between home team & Sri Lanka
  • 1996 Joyce Giraud, crowned 8th Ms Venus Swimwear
  • 1996 Nebraska & Penn State are 5th & 6th major colleges to win 700
  • 2000 Al-Aqsa Intifada: Ariel Sharon visits the Temple Mount in Jerusalem.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2008 SpaceX launches the first ever private spacecraft, the Falcon 1 into orbit.

Entrepreneur Elon Musk
Elon Musk
  • 2009 The military junta leading Guinea, headed by Captain Moussa Dadis Camara, sexually assaulted, killed and wounded protesters during a protest rally in a stadium called Stade du 28 Septembre.
  • 2012 Aircraft crash kills 16 people in Kathmandu, Nepal
  • 2012 Nigeria suspends flights to Saudi Arabia after hundreds of Nigerian women travelled without a male escort
  • 2013 27 villagers are killed by Boko Harem in northeast Nigeria
  • 2013 Hawthorn defeats Fremantle to win the 2013 Australian Rules Premiership
  • 2015 DNA controllers for the age women go into menopause announced in "Nature Genetics" by research team from Exeter and Cambridge universities
  • 2015 NASA scientists announce the discovery of flowing water on Mars
  • 2016 Hurricane Matthew forms near the Windward Islands, will go on to kill over 1000 in Haiti, the Caribbean and the US
  • 2018 7.5 magnitude earthquake hits just off island of Sulawesi, Indonesia, setting off a tsunami that hits cities of Donggala and Palu, at least 1649 people killed
  • 2018 Up to 50 million Facebook accounts hacked due to a code weakness
  • 2019 Elon Musk unveils SpaceX spacecraft Starship, designed to travel to Mars and the solar system and land back on earth
  • 2019 Hurricane Lorenzo becomes 1st category 5 storm to be recorded so far north and east, 1,420 miles southwest of the Azores