On This Day

Events in History on September 29

  • 522 BC Darius I of Persia kills Magian usurper Gaumâta, securing his hold as king of the Persian Empire
  • 480 BC Battle of Salamis: The Greek fleet under Themistocles defeats the Persian fleet under Xerxes I

<b>Pirate</b> DefeatPirate Defeat

61 BC Pompey the Great celebrates his third triumph for victories over the pirates and the end of the Mithridatic Wars on his 45th birthday.

Roman Military and Political Leader Pompey the Great
Roman Military and Political Leader
Pompey the Great
  • 219 Batavian soldiers consecrate altar on Hercules Magusanus Rome
  • 235 St Pontianus ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 440 Pope Leo I the Great, installed
  • 855 Benedict III begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1227 Pope Gregory IX excommunicate German emperor Frederik II
  • 1349 People of Krems Austria accuse Jews of poisoning wells
  • 1364 Battle of Auray, English forces defeat French in Brittany
  • 1564 Robert Dudley becomes Earl of Leicester

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1567 War of Religion breaks out in France - Huguenots try to kidnap King Charles IX

  • 1567 At a dinner, the Duke of Alba arrests the Count of Egmont and the Count of Hoorn for treason
  • 1608 Captain Newport arrives from England with supplies for colonists
  • 1650 2nd Fronde, the Fronde of the Princes uprising ends in France
  • 1650 Henry Robinson opens 1st marriage bureau (England)

  • 1678 France & Brandenburg signs peace treaty
  • 1785 Chasidic sect is excommunicated in Kraków Poland
  • 1789 US War Department established a regular army
  • 1815 King Willem I forms Dutch Order of the Lion
  • 1829 The first units of the London Metropolitan Police appear on the streets of the British capital
  • 1848 Battle of Pákozd: Hungarian forces defeat Croats at Pákozd; the first battle of the War of Independence
  • 1849 1st passenger train service to Peekskill, New York (New Haven Railroad)
  • 1853 Emigrant ship "Annie Jane" sinks off Scotland, drowning 348
  • 1859 Great auroral display in US
  • 1864 Battle of Chaffin's Farm and New Market Heights in Henrico County, Virginia
  • 1872 "3 Fingers" Mackenzie destroys Kwahadi-Commanche village
  • 1872 Kiowa-chief Lone Wolf captures Satanta & Big Tree
  • 1875 US-Spanish relations decline in wake of Cuban rebellion
  • 1879 NL owners meeting in Buffalo adopt reserve clause, giving each team exclusive rights to their players
  • 1885 The first practical public electric tramway in the world is opened in Blackpool, England.
  • 1898 French troops reach Guinea & Sudan, Samori caught
  • 1902 Impresario David Belasco opens his 1st Broadway theater
  • 1904 1st monument honoring Spanish–American War erected, in Monroeville, Ohio
  • 1906 US intervenes in Cuba ousts dictator Estrada Palma
  • 1907 Construction begins on Washington National Cathedral

  • 1910 National Urban League founded as Committee on Urban Conditions Among Negroes by Ruth Standish Baldwin and Dr. George Edmund Haynes in New York City
  • 1911 Gun magazine of French battleship Liberte explode

Declaration of WarItalo-Turkish War

1911 Italy declares war on Turkey, starting the Italo-Turkish War

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Italian airships bomb Turkish positions. The Italo-Turkish War was the first conflict to feature aerial bombardment.
Italian airships bomb Turkish positions. The Italo-Turkish War was the first conflict to feature aerial bombardment.
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  • 1913 Sam S Shubert Theater opens at 225 W 44th St NYC
  • 1913 The Treaty of Constantinople between Turkey and Bulgaria restores peace; the Turks recover Adrianople and Maritza River line
  • 1915 1st transcontinental radio telephone message is sent
  • 1915 British army conquers Chilly al Imara, Mesopotamia
  • 1915 Hurricane claims 275 in Mississippi Delta

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1916 American oil tycoon John D. Rockefeller becomes the world's first billionaire

Oil Industrialist John D. Rockefeller
Oil Industrialist
John D. Rockefeller
  • 1918 WWI: Allied forces scored a decisive breakthrough of Hindenburg Line
  • 1920 Belgium annexes Eupen/Malmö dy
  • 1920 Joseph Horne Company in Pittsburgh sells radios for $10
  • 1921 Pirates drop doubleheader to Cards to allow idle Giants to clinch NL
  • 1922 Benito Mussolini ask Vatican for support of fascist party program
  • 1923 Steinhart Aquarium in Golden Gate Park opens to public
  • 1924 Santo Domingo joins League of Nations
  • 1925 French Gen of Morocco, marshal Lyautey, is dismissed
  • 1925 Greek republican constitution enforced
  • 1927 Telephone service begins between US & Mexico
  • 1927 Tornado strikes St Louis Missouri, 85 die

  • 1928 Cardinals win NL pennant with a 3-1 win at Boston
  • 1930 1st Canadian football game played under lights, Hamilton-UBC
  • 1930 Boquerón battle ends Paraguay border dispute
  • 1930 NYC College offers 1st course in radio advertising
  • 1932 "Bill of Divorcement" premieres at the Mayfair
  • 1936 Radio used for 1st time for a presidential campaign
  • 1938 1st archival course is offered at Columbia University in NYC
  • 1940 "Double or Nothing", a radio quiz show, 1st heard on Mutual Radio Net
  • 1940 "Strike Up the Band" opens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940 1st US merchant ship "Booker T. Washington" commanded by a black captain (Hugh Mulzac), launched at Wilmington Delaware

Education Pioneer Booker T. Washington
Education Pioneer
Booker T. Washington
  • 1941 Nazi massacre at Babi Yar ravine (near Kiev) Ukraine begins, 33,771 mostly Jews murdered
  • 1942 32°F lowest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland, Ohio in September
  • 1942 French Government in exile of De Gaulle cancels agreement of Munich
  • 1943 1st Silbertanne-murder by German occupiers in Meppel

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 US General Dwight D. Eisenhower and Italian Marshal Pietro Badoglio sign an armistice

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1943 German riots at Amsterdam Jews
  • 1943 Zjadovs 5th Gardeleger/Managarovs 53rd Army reconquer Kremenchug
  • 1944 Soviet troops invade Yugoslavia
  • 1946 Al Couture knockouts Ralph Walton in Lewiston Maine in 10 secs
  • 1946 NPS, Nationale Party Suriname, forms

  • 1950 Telephone Answering Machine created by Bell Laboratories
  • 1951 Emile Zatopek runs world record 20,000 m & 10 mile
  • 1951 S B Nicholson discovers 12th satellite of Jupiter
  • 1953 1st department store to sell insurance is Carson Pirie Scott in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1953 Balt Mayor D'Alesandro buys Veeck's interest in Browns for $2,475,000
  • 1953 US government gives France $385 million for combat in Indo-China
  • 1955 Ali Sastroamidjojo's PNI wins elections in Indonesia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1955 Arthur Millers "View From The Bridge" premieres in NYC

Playwright Arthur Miller
Arthur Miller
  • 1957 Passenger train & oil train crash in Gambar West Pakistan, killing 300
  • 1957 An explosion at the Mayak plutonium production plant in the Soviet Union spreads radiation over 20,000 square miles (52,000 km2)
  • 1958 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1959 Little Anthony & the Imperials record "Shimmy Shimmy Ko Ko Bop"
  • 1959 Sultan of Brunei promulgates a constitution
  • 1961 Mamum Kuzbari becomes premier of Syria
  • 1962 Algerian government of Ben Bella forms
  • 1962 Indians & Angels set AL record of 40 strikeouts in a doubleheader

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1962 JFK authorized use of federal troops to integrate U of Mississippi

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1962 Launch of Alouette 1, 1st Canadian satellite (on US Delta rocket)
  • 1962 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1963 2nd session of Ecumenical council, `Vatican II,' opened in Rome by Pope Paul

  • 1963 Houston Colt .45 John Paciorek goes 3 for 3 in his only game
  • 1964 Greece & Bulgaria close boundaries
  • 1965 St L Cards Charlie Johnson passes for 6 touchdowns vs Cleve (49-13)
  • 1966 The Chevrolet Camaro, originally named Panther, is introduced.
  • 1967 -Oct 29] Rome: 1st bishop synod
  • 1967 Gladys Knight & Pips releases "I Heard it Through the Grapevine"
  • 1967 Intl Monetary Fund reforms world monetary system
  • 1969 China performs nuclear test at Lop Nor, PRC
  • 1969 Jackie DeShannon gets Gold Record for "Put Little Love in Your Heart"
  • 1970 "NET Festival" last aired
  • 1971 Cyclone & tidal wave off Bay of Bengal kills as many as 10,000
  • 1971 Orbiting Solar Observatory VII launched
  • 1971 Ron Hunt is hit by a pitch for record 50th time in a season
  • 1971 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1972 Japan & People's Republic of China begin diplomatic relations
  • 1972 Robert McNamara, former US Secretary of Defense, is almost thrown overboard on a ferry by an artist wanting to confront him on his role in escalating US involvement in the Vietnam war (no charges pressed)
  • 1973 Soyuz 12 returns to Earth
  • 1975 Jackie Wilson, slips into an irreversible coma; he dies in 1984
  • 1975 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • 1975 WGPR-TV Detroit, 1st Black-owned station in US, began broadcasting

  • 1976 2nd Chamber recognizes Dutch Liberals/social democratic abortion law
  • 1976 Syria drives Palestinian guerrillas out of Lebanon
  • 1976 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1977 Soviet space station Salyut 6 launched into Earth orbit
  • 1979 Gold hits record $400.20 an ounce in Hong Kong

BeatificationPapal Visit

1979 Pope John Paul II becomes 1st pope to visit Ireland

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II
  • 1980 Malcolm McDowell wed Mary Steenburgen
  • 1982 Cyanide laced Tylenol capsules kills 7 in Chicago
  • 1982 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1983 1st time Congress invokes War Powers Act
  • 1983 Beirut airport reopens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1983 US Congress authorizes President Reagan to keep 1,600 US Marines in Lebanon

US President & Actor Ronald Reagan
US President & Actor
Ronald Reagan
  • 1984 "Yes Or No" by Go-Go's peak at #84
  • 1985 1st of 5 cyanide-laced Tylenol victims dies
  • 1985 Deron Cherry, Kansas City vs Seattle, has 4 interceptions!
  • 1986 "Airwolf" TV Adventure; moves to USA
  • 1986 USSR releases American journalist Nicholas Daniloff confined on spy charges
  • 1988 26th Space Shuttle mission, Discovery 7 launched
  • 1988 China performs nuclear test at Lop Nor, PRC
  • 1988 UN peacekeeping forces win Nobel Peace prize

  • 1988 Union Station reopens in Washington, D.C.
  • 1990 Reds are 1st NL team to clinch title, staying in 1st place all year
  • 1990 US Secretary of State James Baker meets with Vietnam's foreign minister
  • 1990 Washington National Cathedral construction is completed after 83 years

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1990 "Millie's Book" written by 1st Lady Barbara Bush for president's dog is a best-selling non-fiction book

US First Lady Barbara Bush
US First Lady
Barbara Bush
  • 1990 The YF-22, which would later become the F-22 Raptor, flies for the first time.
  • 1991 "My Own Private Idaho" premieres
  • 1992 Parliament suspends president Fernando Collor
  • 1994 House votes to end lobbyists buying meals & entertainment for Congress
  • 1995 Indians break 1902 Pirates record for largest lead over 2nd-place team (KC) (27½ games)
  • 1995 Saleem Elahi scores century on ODI debut, Pakistan v Sri Lanka
  • 1995 US space probe Ulyssus completes 2nd passage behind Sun
  • 1996 Nintendo 64 video game system debuts in USA (3 months after Japan)
  • 1997 Jury selection in Terry Nichols Oklahoma bombing trial begins
  • 1998 Mercury Records releases Elvis Costello and Burt Bacharach's collaborative album "Painted from Memory"
  • 2001 The Syracuse Herald-Journal, a U.S. newspaper dating back to 1839, ceases publication.
  • 2003 Hurricane Juan makes landfall in Nova Scotia.
  • 2004 The asteroid 4179 Toutatis passes within four lunar distances of Earth.
  • 2004 The Burt Rutan Ansari X Prize entry SpaceShipOne performed a successful spaceflight, the first of two needed to win the prize
  • 2005 Amnesty referendum in Algeria.

  • 2006 US Representative Mark Foley resigns after allegations of inappropriate emails to house pages were introduced.
  • 2007 Calder Hall, the world's first commercial nuclear power station, the magnox reactor and Calder hall was demolished in a controlled explosion.
  • 2008 Dow Jones Industrial Average falls 777.68 points, its largest single-day point loss, following the bankruptcies of Lehman Brothers and Washington Mutual
  • 2009 An 8.0 magnitude earthquake near the Samoan Islands causes a tsunami.
  • 2009 MESSENGER spacecraft performs a third and final Mercury flyby
  • 2013 42 people are killed by Boko Harem in a college attack in Gujba, Nigeria
  • 2013 16 people are killed by a Syrian Army air strike that hit a secondary school in Raqqa, Syria
  • 2014 Ashraf Ghani becomes President of Afghanistan
  • 2017 Mysterious sonic attacks on US diplomats prompt US to warn citizens not to travel to Cuba and pull some embassy staff

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2018 Large demonstrations across Brazil against far-right presidential frontrunner Jair Bolsonaro

President of Brazil Jair Bolsonaro
President of Brazil
Jair Bolsonaro
  • 2019 In Austrian general election conservative People's Party led by Sebastian Kurz the leading party with 38% of the vote
  • 2019 Houthi rebels from Yemen claim they have killed 500 Saudi soldiers and captured 2,000 along with military a convoy in Najran region, Saudi Arabia
  • 2020 Scientists confirm the existence of three new underground lakes on Mars using radar on Esa's Mars Express spacecraft

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2020 First debate between US Presidential candidates Donald Trump and Joe Biden held, widely criticized as chaotic and ill-tempered

46th US President, Vice President and Senator Joe Biden
46th US President, Vice President and Senator
Joe Biden
45th US President, Businessman and TV Personality Donald Trump
45th US President, Businessman and TV Personality
Donald Trump