Events in History on September 3

Victory in Battle

36 BC Battle of Naulochus: Admiral of Octavian, Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa defeats son of Pompey, Sextus Pompeius, ending Pompeian resistance to the Second Triumvirate

  • 301 San Marino, one of the smallest nations in the world and the world's oldest republic still in existence, founded by Saint Marinus

Historic Event

590 Roman noble Gregory I begins his reign as Catholic Pope

Royal Coronation

1189 Richard the Lionheart is crowned in Westminster. 30 Jews are massacred after the coronation - Richard ordered the perpetrators be executed

  • 1260 Battle of Ain Jalut: Bahr: Mamluk of Egypt defeat Mongol army led by Kitbuqa in the Levant - often labelled a turning point in world history, saving the Arabic-Islamic civilization from destruction
  • 1483 Utrecht surrenders to Habsburg army

Appointment of Interest

1501 Nicolás de Ovando y Cáceres appointed Governor of the Indies by Spanish Queen Isabella I

  • 1543 Cardinal Beaton replaces the Earl of Arran as regent for Queen Mary of Scotland
  • 1632 Battle of Nuremberg: Duke Wallenstein beats Sweden

Victory in Battle

1650 Battle of Dunbar; Oliver Cromwell's English New Model Army defeats Scottish force in surprise attack

  • 1651 Battle of Worcester: Oliver Cromwell's New Model army destroys English royalist force of mainly Scots in last battle of English Civil War
  • 1658 Richard Cromwell ("Tumbledown Dick") succeeds his father as Lord Protector of the Commonwealth
  • 1683 Turkish troops break through defense of Vienna
  • 1697 King William's War in America ends with Treaty of Ryswick
  • 1709 1st major group of Swiss German colonists reaches North and South Carolina
  • 1725 Britain, France, Hannover & Prussia sign Covenant of Hannover
  • 1731 Willem KH Friso installed as viceroy of Friesland

Gregory Conquers Julius Caesar

1752 Britain and the British Empire (including the American colonies) adopt the Gregorian Calendar, losing 11 days. People riot thinking the government stole 11 days of their lives

  • 1777 Flag of the United States flown in battle for the 1st time at Cooch's Bridge, Delaware, a skirmish during American Revolutionary War
  • 1779 Earl d'Orvilliers (French/Spanish Armada) sails back to Brest
  • 1783 Treaty of Paris signed in Paris ends the American Revolutionary War between Great Britain and United States of America

French Revolution

1791 French Revolution: The new French Constitution, declaring France a constitutional monarchy, is passed by the National Assembly

  • 1798 Battle of St. George's Caye: Week long battle begins between the Spanish Empire and Great Britain off the coast of Belize
  • 1812 World's first cannery (Donkin, Hall and Gamble) opens in London, England to supply food to the Royal Navy
  • 1826 USS Vincennes leaves NY to become 1st warship to circumnavigate globe
  • 1832 Rebellious slaves set fire to Paramaribo Suriname
  • 1833 New York Sun begins publishing (1st daily newspaper)

Historic Event

1838 Frederick Douglass escapes from slavery disguised as a sailor

  • 1852 Anti-Jewish riots break out in Stockholm, Sweden
  • 1855 Indian Wars: In Nebraska, 700 soldiers under American General William S. Harney avenge the Grattan Massacre by attacking a Sioux village, killing 100 men, women, and children.
  • 1861 Confederate forces enter Kentucky, thus ending its neutrality
  • 1864 Battle of Berryville, Virginia, Confederate forces retreat in face of Union strength
  • 1864 US, British, French & Dutch naval officer sails Straits of Simonoseki
  • 1865 Army commander in SC orders Freedmen's Bureau to stop seizing land
  • 1874 The congress of the state of México elevates Naucalpan to the category of Villa, with the title of "Villa de Juárez"
  • 1878 British passenger paddle steamer Princess Alice sunk in a collision on the River Thames with the collier Bywell Castle; 645 die
  • 1880 Jess James' gang robs the Mammoth Cave stagecoach, Kentucky
  • 1882 French/Vietnamese/Chinese battle at Hanoi, 100s die
  • 1891 Cotton pickers organize union & stage strike in Texas
  • 1891 John Stephens Durham named US minister to Haiti
  • 1900 Russian troops now control both sides of the Amur River on the Russo-Manchurian boundary
  • 1900 With a proclamation by General Lord Roberts, Britain annexes the Boer Republic of South Africa
  • 1901 Boer General Smuts enters Kiba Drift in Cape Colony
  • 1908 James Barries "What Every Woman Knows" premieres in London
  • 1914 British expeditionary army/general Lanrezacs army attack the Marne

Historic Event

1914 Cardinal Giacome della Chiesa becomes Pope Benedict XV

  • 1914 French troops vacate Rheims
  • 1914 Lemburg capital of Galicia, is taken after a three-day battle in which the Russians rout the Austrians
  • 1914 Prince Wilhelm von Wied leaves Albania
  • 1916 Battle of Verdun: French counterattacks on German flanks push their frontline further from the town

Historic Event

1916 US President Woodrow Wilson signs Adamson Act, providing an 8-hour day on interstate railroads, preventing a national railroad strike

  • 1917 1st night bombing of London by German aircraft
  • 1917 German troops overrun Riga, Latvia
  • 1917 Grover Cleveland Alexander pitches complete wins in a doubleheader
  • 1918 5 soldiers hanged for alleged participation in Houston riot (or Camp Logan riot); in all 19 mutineers were executed.
  • 1918 Allies forced Germans back across Hindenburg Line

Signing of the Treaty of Versailles

1919 President Woodrow Wilson set out on a tour of the USA to rouse public opinion behind the Treaty of Versailles and the League of Nations

  • 1921 KPB, Communist Party of Belgium forms
  • 1923 Dorothys Donelly's "Poppy" premieres in NYC
  • 1924 Civil war breaks out in China (Gen Tsi moves to Shanghai)
  • 1924 L Stallings & M Anderson's "What Price Glory?" premieres in NYC
  • 1925 The airship USS Shenandoah (ZR-1) crashes in a storm near Caldwell, Ohio, killing 14, 29 survive
  • 1929 Dow Jones Industrial Average reaches all time high of 381.17, to be shortly followed by the Crash of 1929.
  • 1930 Hurricane kills 2,000, injures 4,000 (Dominican Republic)
  • 1933 Yevgeniy Abalakov reaches the highest point of the Soviet Union - Communism Peak (7495 m)
  • 1934 Tunisia began its move for independence
  • 1935 Andrew Varipapa sets bowling record of 2,652 points in 10 games
  • 1939 German submarine U-30, commanded by Oberleutnant Fritz-Julius Lemp, sinks British passenger ship SS Athenia; 117 people die, among them 28 Americans
  • 1939 Mitford sister and Nazi sympathizer Unity Mitford attempts suicide after Britain declares war on Germany, bullet lodged in her brain eventually kills her in 1948
  • 1939 World War II: Britain declares war on Germany after invasion of Poland. France follows 6 hours later quickly joined by Australia, New Zealand, South Africa & Canada
  • 1940 39.4 cm rainfall at Sapulpa, Oklahoma (state record)

Historic Event

1940 Adolf Hitler orders an invasion of Great Britain for Sept 21 (Operation Seelöwe/Sealion)

  • 1940 Dutch government in exile of Gerbrandy forms in London
  • 1940 Sicherheits police bans Free masons, Rotary & Red Cross
  • 1940 US gives Britain 50 destroyers in exchange for Newfoundland base lease
  • 1941 1st use of Zyclon-B gas in Auschwitz (on Russian prisoners of war)
  • 1943 British 8th Army lands in Southern Italy (Messina)
  • 1943 General Castellano signs cease fire treaty in Sicily

Historic Event

1944 68th and last transport of Dutch Jews (including Anne Frank) from Westerbork leaves for Auschwitz concentration camp

  • 1944 Canadian troops liberate Abbeville, France
  • 1944 French troops liberate Lyon
  • 1944 Holocaust diarist Anne Frank sent to Auschwitz concentration camp [1]
  • 1944 Prince Bernhard appointed supreme commander of Netherlands Domestic Armed Forces
  • 1944 Tank division of British Guards free Brussels
  • 1945 World War II: Japanese forces in the Philippines surrender to the Allies
  • 1948 W Gomulka deposed as general secretary of Polish Worker's party
  • 1949 Fire in Chiang-king, China, destroys 7,000 lives
  • 1953 European Convention on Human Rights goes into effect

Historic Event

1953 French minister François Mitterrand, resigns due to colonial policy

  • 1954 Espionage & Sabotage Act of 1954 signed in the US, prompted by the cold war
  • 1954 Pope Pius X canonized a saint
  • 1954 The German U-Boat U-505 began its move from a specially constructed dock to its final site at Chicago's Museum of Science and Industry.
  • 1954 The People's Liberation Army begin shelling the ROC-controlled islands of Quemoy & Amoy
  • 1956 Tanks are deployed against racist demonstrators in Clinton, Tennessee
  • 1964 2nd incident that year of race riots in Singapore between Chinese and Malay, 13 people killed, 106 injured

Historic Event

1964 US attorney general Robert F. Kennedy resigns

Historic Event

1964 Wilderness Act signed into law by President Lyndon B. Johnson

  • 1965 Garcia Godoy forms government in Dominican Republic

Catholic Encyclical

1965 Pope Paul VI publishes encyclical Mysterium Fidei

  • 1966 24th World Science Fiction Convention honors Gene Roddenberry
  • 1967 Final episode of "What's My Line?" hosted by John Charles Daly on CBS TV

Election of Interest

1967 Nguyen Van Thieu elected President of South Vietnam under a new constitution

Historic Event

1970 Indonesian president Suharto visits Netherlands

  • 1971 A baby girl and an Ulster Defence Regiment (UDR) soldier are killed in separate shooting incidents in Northern Ireland
  • 1971 Manlio Brosio resigns as secretary general of NATO
  • 1971 Qatar regains complete independence from Britain
  • 1971 Watergate team breaks into Daniel Ellsberg's doctor's office
  • 1973 General Walters ends term as acting director of CIA
  • 1974 US & German Democratic Republic establish diplomatic relations
  • 1975 Chartered Boeing 707 crashes in Atlas Mts of Morocco, 188 die
  • 1976 Viking 2 soft lands on Mars (Utopia), returns photos
  • 1978 Crew of Soyuz 31 returns to Earth aboard Soyuz 29
  • 1978 Pope John Paul I officially installed as 263rd supreme pontiff
  • 1979 Hurricane David, a strong Atlantic storm kills over 1,000
  • 1979 Iran army conquers Mahabad
  • 1982 Anker Jørgensen government in Denmark resigns
  • 1984 28 year old Chicagoan wins $40 million in Illinois state lottery
  • 1984 South Africa adopts constitution
  • 1985 20th NASA Space Shuttle Mission (51-I): Discovery 6 returns to Earth
  • 1987 Coup in Burundi suspends constitution
  • 1988 Estimated by this date 50,000 Kurdish civilians and soldiers killed by Iraq, many using chemical weapons, in aftermath of Iran-Iraq War
  • 1989 Iljushin-62 crashes down on residential area of Havana, 170 die
  • 1990 Helen Hudson sings national anthem in 26th park of year (San Diego)
  • 1994 Circulation of Neth Telegraph/News of the Day reaches 800,000
  • 1995 eBay (Electronic Bay) founded by Pierre Omidyar
  • 1995 Soyuz TM-22, launched into orbit
  • 1996 Slowinski & Gage discovers 2^1257787-1 (34th known Mersenne prime)
  • 1997 A Vietnam Airlines Tupolev TU-134 crashes on approach into Phnom Penh airport, killing 64.
  • 2004 The Beslan school massacre ends in the deaths of approximately 344 people, mostly teachers and children.
  • 2007 Panama Canal's "Third Set of Locks" expansion project begins with a huge initial explosion under Paraíso Hill that is watched by thousands of people
  • 2012 3 people are killed and 19 wounded by a car bombing in Peshawar, Pakistan
  • 2012 New Zealand announces withdrawal of its forces from Afghanistan
  • 2012 Typhoon Bolaven kills 48 people in North Korea
  • 2013 15 militants are killed by an Egyptian Army helicopter in Sinai Peninsula
  • 2013 Microsoft purchases Nokia for $7.2 Billion
  • 2015 Chris the sheep breaks the world record for biggest shorn fleece 40kg (88lb) near Canberra, Australia
  • 2015 Kentucky clerk in Rowan County jailed for refusing to issue marriage licences to gay couples
  • 2017 1.4 ton WWII bomb defused in Frankfurt, Germany with 60,000 people evacuated, the largest postwar

Historic Event

2017 Governor of California Jerry Brown issues state of emergency due to La Tuna brush fire near Los Angeles

  • 2017 North Korea conducts its sixth and largest ever nuclear test, saying it had successfully conducted a test of a hydrogen bomb
  • 2018 2018 heatwave made summer hottest ever in England, joint hottest for UK according to UK Meteorological Office
  • 2018 Argentine President Mauricio Macri announces new austerity measures, including closing half of all government ministries, in televised address
  • 2018 First public caning and conviction of lesbian couple attempting to have sex, by Sharia High Court in Terengganu state, Malaysia

Historic Event

2019 British PM Boris Johnson loses significant vote in parliament as MPs gain control of the timetable, orders whip withdrawn from 21 rebel Tory MPs

  • 2019 Hurricane Dorian finally moves off Grand Bahama after stalling for more than a day bringing catastrophic devastation, killing at least 50 with over 2,000 people missing

Historic Event

2019 Unknown text by John Locke “Reasons for tolerateing Papists equally with others” (1667-68), an argument for religious toleration announced discovered at St John’s College, Annapolis

  • 2019 Walmart says it will stop selling handguns and some ammunition and ask customers not to openly carry firearms in response to El Paso shootings

Historic Event

2020 MacKenzie Scott, philanthropist and ex-wife of Amazon CEO Jeff Bezos, becomes world's richest woman worth $68 billion

  • 2020 More healthcare workers have died of COVID-19 in Mexico than any other country - 1320 deaths vs 1077 (US) and 649 (UK) according to Amnesty International [1]