Events in History on September 30

  • 489 Germanic King of Italy Odoacer attacks Ostrogothic leader Theodoric the Great at the Battle of Verona and is defeated again
  • 1124 Orval abbey church consecrated in southeast Belgium
  • 1199 Rambam (Maimonides) authorizes Samuel Ibn Tibbon to translate Guide of Perplexed from Arabic into Hebrew

Historic Event

1399 King Richard II of England's (supposed) abdication read out in the House of Commons by the Archbishop of Canterbury. In reality deposed by his cousin and successor Henry IV

Historic Event

1520 Suleiman the Magnificent succeeds his father Selam I as Ottoman Sultan (rules till 1566)

Historic Event

1544 King Henry VIII draws his armies out of France

  • 1555 Bishop of Oxford Nicholas Ridley sentenced to death as a heretic
  • 1619 Remonstrant Society forms in Antwerp
  • 1626 Battle between King Bethlen Gabor & Earl Mansfeld-Wallenstein ends
  • 1649 Last Swedish troops vacate Prague

Historic Event

1659 Robinson Crusoe is shipwrecked (according to Daniel Defoe's famous novel)

  • 1681 Netherlands & Sweden sign treaty

Historic Event

1730 Duke of Savoy Victor Amadeus II abdicates his throne amid scandal after marrying his mistress Anna Canalis di Cumiana

  • 1744 France and Spain defeat the Kingdom of Sardinia at the Battle of Madonna dell'Olmo.
  • 1777 Continental Congress, flees to York, Pennsylvania, as British forces advance
  • 1787 1st US voyage around the world - Columbia leaves Boston

Historic Event

1791 The National Constituent Assembly in Paris is dissolved; Parisians hail Maximilien Robespierre and Jérôme Pétion as incorruptible patriots

Historic Event

1805 Napoleon Bonaparte's army draws into the Rhine

  • 1808 Covent Garden Theatre Royal destroyed by fire in London

Victory in Battle

1813 Battle of Bárbula: Simón Bolívar defeats Santiago Bobadilla

  • 1818 Congress of Aken: Russia, Austria, Prussia, France & England
  • 1841 Samuel Slocum patents the stapler
  • 1846 Anesthetic ether is used for the 1st time, by American dentist Dr William Morton who extracts a tooth
  • 1857 US occupies Sand, Baker, Howland & Jarvis Island, south of Hawaii
  • 1862 First Battle of Newtonia (American Civil War), Newton County, Missouri

Historic Event

1862 Minister-President of Prussia Otto von Bismarck delivers his famous "Blood and Iron" speech on the unification of German territories

  • 1864 Battle of Preble's Farm Virginia (Poplar Springs Church)
  • 1864 Black soldiers given US Medal of Honor
  • 1867 Midway Islands formally declared a US possession
  • 1868 Spain's Queen Isabella is deposed, flees to France
  • 1877 1st US amateur swim meet (NY Athletic Club)
  • 1878 1st Portuguese immigrants arrive in Hawaii
  • 1878 Great Flood hits New Zealand's South Island
  • 1880 American amateur astronomer Henry Draper takes the 1st ever photograph of the Orion Nebula
  • 1885 Bechuanaland becomes a British protectorate
  • 1888 "Jack the Ripper" murders 2 more women, Liz Stride & Kate Eddowes, in Whitechapel, London
  • 1895 France proclaims a protectorate over Madagascar
  • 1898 City of NY established
  • 1903 New Gresham's School officially opened by Field Marshal Sir Evelyn Wood in Norfolk, England (expansion of original school founded 1555)
  • 1906 Real Academia Galega, Galician language biggest linguistic authority starts working in Havana
  • 1907 Cards Ed Konetchy steals home twice & Joe Delahanty also steals home for record 3 steals of home (vs Boston)

Theater Premiere

1908 Maurice Maeterlinck's play "L'Oiseau bleu" (The Blue Bird) premieres at the Moscow Art Theatre

Historic Event

1916 Eleftherios Venizelos announces he is forming a Provisional Government in Crete as an alternative to the one in Athens; he is determined to bring Greece into the war on the side of the Allies

  • 1919 Avery Hopwood's "Gold Diggers" premieres in NYC
  • 1919 Elaine Massacre: Arkansas state militia and rioters kill over 200 hundred Black people in response to sharecroppers' attempt to organize against landowners; trials of survivors for murder leads to Supreme Court enacted judicial reforms [1] [2] [3]
  • 1920 Time Square Theater opens at 217 W 42nd St NYC
  • 1922 Government of Alexandros Zaimis forms in Greece
  • 1924 Allies stop checking on German navy
  • 1925 General Pangulos disbands Greek parliament
  • 1926 German/French/Belgian/Luxembourg steel cartel closes

Historic Publication

1928 Le Sifflet publishes 1st precursor of Kuifje (Tintin)

  • 1928 Leon Vanderstuyft of Belgium cycles record 76 mi 604 yds in 1 hr
  • 1929 1st manned rocket plane flight (by auto maker Fritz von Opel)
  • 1931 Start of "Die Voortrekkers" youth movement for Afrikaners in Bloemfontein, South Africa.
  • 1933 Berlin/Hart/Heyman/Myers ballet "As Thousands Cheer," premieres in NYC
  • 1934 Charley O'Leary becomes the oldest person at 58 to get a hit in the majors
  • 1934 St Louis Card clinch pennant as Dizzy Dean wins his 30th of year

Historic Event

1935 The Boulder Dam (later the Hoover Dam), astride the border of Arizona and Nevada, is dedicated by US President Franklin D. Roosevelt

  • 1936 International Commission of Straits (Dardanelles & Bosphorus) ends
  • 1936 Pinewood Studios opens in Buckinghamshire England

Treaty of Interest

1938 Treaty of Munich signed by Adolf Hitler, Benito Mussolini, Édouard Daladier and Neville Chamberlain, forces Czechoslovakia to give territory to Germany. Chamberlain infamously declares "Peace for our time" on his return to London.

  • 1939 Britain first evacuates citizens in anticipation of war.
  • 1939 Germany & Russia agree to partition Poland
  • 1940 47 German aircraft shot down above England
  • 1941 Approximately 33,771 Jews are shot to death or buried alive at Babi Yar ravine (near Kiev) Ukraine by Nazi troops over two days
  • 1941 German assault on Moscow, Operation Typhoon, begins

Historic Event

1942 Admiral Chester Nimitz's B-17 finds Guadalcanal using a National Geographic map

  • 1942 SS exterminates 3,500 Jews in Zelov Lodz Poland in 6 week period

Catholic Encyclical

1943 Pope Pius XII encyclical on Divine spirit

  • 1944 -Oct 1] Failed attack on German officers near Putten, Netherlands
  • 1944 Calais reoccupied by the Allies
  • 1944 Dutch General Mine Workers Union (ABWM) forms
  • 1945 Bourne End rail crash, Hertfordshire, England killed 43

Nuremberg Trials

1946 Twenty-two Nazi leaders, including Joachim von Ribbentrop and Hermann Goering, are found guilty of war crimes and sentenced to death or prison at the Nuremberg war trials

  • 1949 American chemist Percy L. Julian at the Glidden Company announces an improved method for producing cortisone
  • 1950 1st congress of International Astronautical Federation opens in Paris
  • 1953 Auguste/Jacques Piccard dives with bathosphere to 3150 m (record)

Appointment of Interest

1953 Earl Warren appointed Chief Justice of the US Supreme Court

  • 1953 Robert Anderson's "Tea & Sympathy" premieres in NYC
  • 1954 1st nuclear submarine, USS Nautilus, commissioned by the US Navy
  • 1957 French government of Mauroy resigns due to Algeria
  • 1958 French Guinee becomes independent republic Guinea
  • 1958 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1960 On Howdy Doody's last show Clarabelle finally talks "Goodbye Kids"
  • 1960 West Germany signs trade agreement with East Germany
  • 1961 Bill for Boston Tea Party is paid by Mayor Snyder of Oregon who wrote a check for $196, the total cost of all tea lost
  • 1962 A's Bill Fischer ends 84 1/3 consecutive innings pitched without a walk

Historic Event

1962 JFK sends 3,000 federal troops to University of Mississippi to quell riots protesting desegregation [1]

Historic Event

1962 Mexican-American labor leader César Chávez founds the United Farm Workers

  • 1963 56th Postmaster General: John A. Gronouski of Wisconsin takes office
  • 1966 Bechuanaland, in southern Africa, gains independence from Great Britain, becomes Republic of Botswana
  • 1966 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • 1967 Palace of Fine Arts reopens (1st time during 1915 exposition)
  • 1967 USSR's Kosmos 186 & 188 complete 1st automatic docking
  • 1968 1st Boeing 747 jumbo jet rolls out
  • 1969 Atlanta's 10th straight win, clinches NL West pennant
  • 1970 A Protestant man is shot and killed by Loyalists in Belfast, North Ireland
  • 1970 New American Bible published
  • 1971 -11/6] 3rd bishop synod held in Rome

Historic Event

1971 Ian Paisley and Desmond Boal launch the [Ulster] Democratic Unionist Party

  • 1972 Passenger train derails killing 48 (Rust Stasie South Africa)
  • 1973 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • 1974 General Francisco da Costa Gomesz succeeds General António de Spínola as President of Portugal
  • 1975 5 drown in flash flood of sewer & water tunnel (Niagara Falls NY)
  • 1975 The Hughes (later McDonnell-Douglas, now Boeing) AH-64 Apache makes its first flight.
  • 1977 Due to US budget cuts, the Apollo program's ALSEP experiment packages left on the Moon are shut down.
  • 1977 Dutch Antillean government-Evertsz resigns
  • 1977 Philippine political prisoners, Eugenio Lopez, Jr. and Sergio Osmeña III successfully escaped from Fort Bonifacio Maximum Security Prison in the Philippines
  • 1977 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR

Historic Publication

1980 Ethernet specifications published by Xerox working with Intel and Digital Equipment Corporation [1]

Historic Event

1980 Iran rejects a truce call from Iraqi President Saddam Hussein

  • 1980 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1981 French parliament votes to abolish the death penalty, led by Minister of Justice Robert Badinter
  • 1981 Last game at Minn's Metropolitan Stadium, lose to KC 5-2
  • 1982 12th Commonwealth Games open in Brisbane, Australia
  • 1982 National railroad strike in Belgium
  • 1984 Browns set a team record for allowing most sacks (11), KC wins 10-6
  • 1986 Mordechai Vanunu, who revealed details of Israel covert nuclear program to British media, is kidnapped in Rome, Italy
  • 1986 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1986 US releases Soviet spy Gennadiy Zakharov
  • 1987 Suriname constitution ratified
  • 1988 Andrei Andreyevich Gromyko retires as Soviet Foreign Minister
  • 1988 Dave Stieb loses 2nd consecutive no hitter bid with 2 outs in 9th
  • 1988 IBM announces shipment of 3 millionth PS/2 personal computer
  • 1989 NASA closes down tracking stations in Hawaii & Ascension
  • 1989 Senegambia separates back into Gambia & Senegal
  • 1989 West German Foreign Minister Hans-Dietrich Genscher grants escaping East Germans free passage to the West in speech from West German embassy balcony in Prague

Historic Event

1990 The Dalai Lama unveils the Canadian Tribute to Human Rights monument in Canada's capital city of Ottawa, Ontario [1]

Television Debut

1991 Jerry Springer's tabloid talk show "The Jerry Springer Show" debuts on TV

  • 1991 Rev Jean Betrand Aristide ousted as president of Haiti
  • 1993 6.4 earthquake at Latur, India, 28,000 killed

Historic Event

1993 US Army General Colin Powell retires at 56

  • 1994 Space shuttle STS-68 (Endeavour 7), launches into orbit
  • 1994 Sylvestre Ntibantunganya elected president of Burundi
  • 1994 Vladimir Meciars HZDDS wins Slovakia parliamentary election
  • 1995 Cleveland Indian Albert Belle hits his 50th home run of season
  • 1997 Hooters agrees to pay $2 million in discrimination suits

Historic Event

1997 John Howard's Australian government gun buy back scheme ends with more than 640,000 firearms compulsorily acquired, including many newly illegal semi-automatic rifles and shotguns

  • 1997 Microsoft releases Internet Explorer 4
  • 1999 Japan's worst nuclear accident at a uranium reprocessing facility in Tōkai-mura, northeast of Tokyo.
  • 2004 The AIM-54 Phoenix, the primary missile for the F-14 Tomcat, retired from service. Almost two years later, the Tomcat retires.
  • 2004 The first images of a live giant squid in its natural habitat are taken 600 miles south of Tokyo
  • 2005 The controversial drawings of Muhammad are printed in the Danish newspaper Jyllands-Posten.
  • 2005 The Parliament of Catalonia passes with 120 plus votes and 15 against, the Project of New Catalan Statute of Autonomy, proclaiming in its article 1, "Catalonia is a nation".
  • 2006 National Assembly of the Republic of Serbia adopts the Constitutional Act that proclaims the new Constitution of Serbia
  • 2012 Car bomb blasts kill at least 32 people across Iraq
  • 2012 Melbourne Storm defeat the Canterbury Bulldogs in the 2012 NRL Grand Final
  • 2012 Two opposition Venezuelan politicians are shot dead a week before the presidential election
  • 2013 54 people are killed by a series of car bombs in Baghdad, Iraq
  • 2014 A case of Ebola Virus reaches Dallas, Texas
  • 2017 Indonesian man survives a fight with giant python 7.8m long in Batang Gansal
  • 2018 Chinese-French painter Zao Wou-Ki's work "Juin-Octobre 1985" sells for $65 million in Hong Kong, in one of the most expensive art auctions ever in Asia
  • 2019 315 billion-tonne iceberg named D28 calves from Amery ice shelf, Antarctica
  • 2020 California becomes the 1st US state to pass a law allowing for reparations for black residents and descendants of slaves
  • 2020 Spanish government orders a COVID-19 lockdown in Madrid and surrounding areas after a rapid rise in cases
  • 2021 Canada observes its first National Day for Truth and Reconciliation, honoring victims and survivors of residential schools for indigenous children
  • 2021 Former UK policeman Wayne Couzens given rare life-sentence for raping and killing Sarah Everard, judge saying his crime as bad as a terrorist atrocity [1]
  • 2021 Land, including world's oldest living rainforest, Daintree National Park (180 million yrs old) returned to the Eastern Kuku Yalanji people in Far North Queensland, Australia [1]
  • 2022 Hurricane Ian makes another landfall, just south of Georgetown, South Carolina

Historic Event

2022 In defiance of international law Vladimir Putin announces Russia's illegal annexation of four Ukrainian provinces, Donetsk, Kherson, Luhansk and Zaporizhzhia. Despite Russia occupying only part of each region. [1]