Events in History on September 4

  • 422 St Boniface I ends his reign as Catholic Pope

End of the Western Roman Empire

476 Romulus Augustulus, last Western Roman Emperor, abdicates after forces led by Odoacer invade Rome. Traditional end of the Western Roman Empire.

  • 626 Shimin becomes Emperor Taizong of Tang, Emperor of China, when his father abdicates in his favour
  • 925 Aethelstan crowned King of the Anglo Saxons by the Archbishop of Canterbury at Kingston upon Thames
  • 1260 Battle at Montaperti, Tuscany, between rival factions the Guelphs and Ghibellines
  • 1282 King of Aragon Pedro III annexes Sicily

Historic Event

1414 Peace of Atrecht: John the Fearless & Armagnacs

  • 1479 King Alfonso I of Portugal recognizes Isabella as queen of Castile
  • 1571 Catholic rebellion in Scotland

Historic Event

1609 Navigator Henry Hudson is the first European to discover island of Manhattan [or Sep 11]

  • 1618 "Rodi" avalanche destroys Plurs, Switzerland, 1,500 killed
  • 1778 City of Amsterdam signs trade agreement with American rebels
  • 1781 Los Angeles is founded by 44 Spanish speaking mestizos in the Bahia de las Fumas (Bay of Smokes)
  • 1786 -5] William of Orange's troops plunder Netherlands towns of Hattem and Elburg
  • 1805 1st edition of Batavian State Courier published

Historic Event

1807 Robert Fulton begins operating his steamboat between New York and Albany

  • 1813 First US religious newspaper (Religious Remembrancer (Christian Observer))

Historic Event

1821 Chilean independence figure José Miguel Carrera shot and killed after a show trial in Mendoza, Argentina

  • 1833 1st newsboy hired (Barney Flaherty, 10 years old by the NY Sun)
  • 1842 Work on Cologne cathedral recommences after a 284-year hiatus
  • 1854 English and French lay siege to the eastern Russian city of Petropavlovsk Kamchatsky during the Crimean war

Historic Event

1861 British Association for Advancement of Science proposes standard units of electrical measurement (the Volt after Alessandro Volta; the Ohm after Georg Ohm) at its 31st annual meeting (Manchester, England)

Historic Event

1862 General Lee begins the Maryland Campaign invading the North with 50,000 Confederate troops (US Civil war)

  • 1862 North Beach & Mission Railway Company organized in San Francisco
  • 1864 Bread riots in Mobile, Alabama

Historic Event

1870 The Third French Republic proclaimed as French overthrow Emperor Napoleon III (who ironically was the elected president of the Second French Republic) after his defeat by Prussia at Sedan

Historic Event

1882 In its 1st large-scale test, Thomas Edison's light bulb is used to light NY's Pearl Street Station

  • 1884 Britain ends its policy of penal transportation to New South Wales in Australia
  • 1885 1st cafeteria opens (NYC)

Victory in Battle

1886 Apache Chief Geronimo surrenders ending last major US-Indian war

Roll-film Camera

1888 George Eastman patents the first roll-film camera and registers the brand name "Kodak"

Historic Event

1893 English author Beatrix Potter first writes the story of Peter Rabbit for a 5 year old boy

  • 1894 In NYC, 12,000 tailors went on strike protesting against sweat shops
  • 1899 8.3 earthquake shakes Yakutat Bay, Alaska
  • 1904 Dalai Lama signs treaty allowing British commerce in Tibet
  • 1911 French aviator Roland Garros sets world altitude record of 4,250 m (13,944 ft)
  • 1912 First accident (collision) in London Underground: 22 people injured
  • 1914 France, Russia, and Britain agree in a Pact of London that none will make a separate peace
  • 1914 General von Moltke ceases German advance in France
  • 1918 Jhr Ch Ruys de Beerenbrouck becomes 1st Dutch Catholic premier
  • 1918 US troops land in Archangel, Russia, stay 10 months
  • 1919 British intervene in Petrograd

Historic Event

1919 Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, who founded the Republic of Turkey, gathers a congress in Sivas to make decisions as to the future of Anatolia and Thrace.

  • 1920 Last day of Julian civil calendar (in parts of Bulgaria)

Historic Event

1922 William Walmsley and William Lyons officially found the Swallow Sidecar Company (later Jaguar Cars) in Blackpool, England

  • 1923 A Charlot & N Coward's revue "London Calling" premieres in London
  • 1923 Maiden flight of the first U.S. airship, the USS Shenandoah
  • 1930 Cambridge Theatre opens in London
  • 1933 1st airplane to exceed 300 mph (483 kph), JR Wendell, Glenview, Il

Coup d'état

1933 Coup against Cuban president Carlos Manuel de Céspedes y Quesada by Fulgencio Batista

  • 1936 British-Kenyan aviator Beryl Markham takes off from Abingdon in England on a solo flight across the Atlantic Ocean; crash-lands at Baleine Cove on Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia, Canada, becoming the 1st woman to make the east-west trip [1]

Victory in Battle

1936 Franco's troops conquer Irun & Talavera de la Reina, Spain

  • 1936 Largo Caballero becomes Spanish premier
  • 1939 Dutch Second Chamber affirms the Netherlands is in a State of War with Germany
  • 1939 German troops move into Danzig
  • 1939 Mir, a Nazi ghetto in occupied Poland, is exterminated
  • 1939 Netherlands & Belgium declare neutrality
  • 1939 RAF bombs Wilhelmshafen, Germany

Historic Event

1939 Surgeon Archibald McIndoe sets up new Centre for Plastic and Jaw Surgery at Queen Victoria Hospital, East Grinstead, England to treat injured airmen

  • 1940 Gerbrandy becomes premier of Dutch government in exile

Historic Event

1940 Nazi collaborator Mussert puts the fate of Netherlands in Hitler's hands

  • 1941 US destroyer Greer fires on German submarine U-652
  • 1942 Transport #28 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • 1943 British 8th Army lands at Taranto, South Italy
  • 1944 2,087 Jews transported for Westerbork to KZ-Lower Theresienstadt
  • 1944 British 11th Armoured Division frees Antwerp
  • 1944 Finland breaks diplomatic contact with Nazi Germany
  • 1944 US 1st Army frees Namur, Belgium
  • 1945 US regains possession of Wake Island from Japan

Historic Event

1948 Queen Wilhelmina abdicates the Dutch throne in favour of her daughter Juliana because of illness, after 58 years, longest of any Dutch monarch

  • 1949 Marie Robie sinks 393 yd hole-in-one (1st hole in Furnace Brook)
  • 1950 "Beetle Bailey" comic strip debuts in twelve newspapers
  • 1950 D McI Hodgson of St Ann Bay, Nova Scotia catches a 997 lb tuna
  • 1950 First helicopter rescue of American pilot behind enemy lines
  • 1950 Heavy typhoon strikes Japan, kills about 250

Conference of Interest

1951 US President Harry Truman addresses opening of Japanese Peace Treaty Conference

  • 1954 Peter B. Cortese of US achieves a one-arm deadlift of 370 lbs; 22 lbs over triple his body weight, at York, Pennsylvania
  • 1957 Ford Motor Co. introduces Edsel automobile range

Little Rock Crisis

1957 Governor of Arkansas, Orval Faubus, calls out National Guard to prevent 9 black students from entering a Little Rock's Central High School

  • 1960 -12] Hurricane Donna, kills 148 in the Caribbean & US
  • 1961 US authorizes Agency for International Development

Historic Event

1962 French President Charles de Gaulle visits German FR

  • 1963 Swissair Flight 306 crashes near Dürrenäsch, Switzerland, killing all 80 people on board
  • 1964 Eduardo Frei Montalva elected President of Chile
  • 1964 NASA launches its 1st Orbital Geophysical Observatory (OGO-1)
  • 1964 Scottish Forth Road Bridge opens (then the longest in Europe)
  • 1967 6.5 earthquake of Kolya Dam India, kills 200
  • 1967 Train crash at Arnhem, Netherlands, kills 5
  • 1968 Nigerian troops conquer the city of Aba, Biafra during the Nigerian Civil War
  • 1970 -5) 29.0 cm rainfall at Workman Creek, Arizona (state record)
  • 1970 An Irish Republican Army (IRA) member, Michael Kane (35), is killed in the premature explosion of the bomb he was planting at an electricity transformer in Belfast

Election of Interest

1970 Marxist Salvador Allende wins a narrow plurality of votes in Chile's presidential election

  • 1971 Alaskan 727 crashes into Chilkoot Mountain, kills 109 (Alaska)
  • 1972 Thieves steal 18 paintings from the Montreal Museum of Fine Arts in what was at the time the largest art theft in North America
  • 1972 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • 1973 William E. Colby, becomes 10th director of the CIA
  • 1975 Egypt and Israel sign the Sinai Interim Agreement (aka Sinai II Agreement), with the intention of peacefully resolving territorial disputes, in Geneva, Switzerland
  • 1976 Palestinians hijack KLM DC-9 to Cyprus
  • 1979 India need 438 to win v England, game ends at 8-429
  • 1979 Iran army conquers Baneh
  • 1981 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1982 Arson fire engulfs apartment-hotel in LA, 25 die
  • 1982 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • 1983 Californian skier Scott Michael Pellaton sets barefoot waterski speed record; 119.36 mph
  • 1986 189.42 million shares traded in NY Stock Exchange
  • 1989 Monday demonstrations demanding political reforms begin at St Nicholas's church in Leipzig, East Germany, would later be replicated around the country
  • 1991 Rte 35 Theater in Hazlit, last drive-in in NJ, closes
  • 1994 Bulgarian government of Lyuben Berov falls
  • 1994 Kansai International airport officially opens near Osaka, Japan
  • 1995 The Fourth World Conference on Women opens in Beijing with over 4,750 delegates from 181 countries in attendance.
  • 1997 Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in Louisville, Kentucky on WTFX 100.5 FM

Historic Event

1998 Google is formally incorporated by Larry Page and Sergey Brin, two students at Stanford University

  • 2010 Canterbury earthquake: a 7.1 magnitude earthquake which struck the South Island of New Zealand at 4:35 am causing widespread damage and several power outages.
  • 2012 25 people are killed at a funeral suicide bombing in Nangarhar, Pakistan
  • 2012 42 people are killed and 25 injured as a passenger bus falls down a ravine in Morocco
  • 2012 Carpet that can help prevent falls among the elderly by warning them of unusual footsteps is developed
  • 2012 Pauline Marois becomes the first female premier of Quebec
  • 2014 Aracheological remains of a Viking fortress from the 900s CE, the Vallø Borgring, is discovered in Denmark
  • 2014 Monsoon rains begin and cause flooding over a sustained period that kills over 400 people in India & Pakistan

Canonization

2016 Mother Teresa canonized by Pope Francis in a ceremony at the Vatican

Nobel Prize

2017 Nobel Peace laureate Malala Yousafzai criticizes Suu Kyi's lack of response to the Rohingya crisis in Myanmar

Historic Event

2017 US President Donald Trump announces Dreamers program, The Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (Daca), will be stopped

  • 2018 400-year old sunken Portuguese spice trade ship discovered near port of Cascais, Portugal
  • 2018 Amazon becomes America's second trillion dollar company

The Wizard of Oz

2018 F.B.I. announces it has recovered a pair of Dorothy's ruby slippers from "The Wizard of Oz", stolen 13 years earlier

  • 2018 Italian city Florence bans people eating in the street in its historic center
  • 2018 Strongest typhoon to hit Japan in 25 years, Jebi hits Tokushima prefecture, swamping Kansai airport and killing at least 11
  • 2018 WHO reports more than a quarter of people worldwide (1.4 billion) don't get enough physical exercise to avoid major diseases

Election of Interest

2019 British rebel alliance of MPs vote to ban a no-deal Brexit and reject PM Boris Johnson's call for a snap election

  • 2019 Hong Kong leader Carrie Lam withdraws controversial extradition bill to China after three months of massive protests
  • 2020 Record 52% of American 18-29-year-olds are living with their parents because of the pandemic according to Pew Research Center study [1]

Historic Event

2021 Nigerian government announces it is suspending Twitter indefinitely after it removed a post by President Muhammadu Buhari

  • 2022 Mass stabbing leaves 10 people dead and 19 injured with two suspects on the run in James Smith Cree Nation, in Canadian province of Saskatchewan [1]