Events in History on September 5

  • 1198 Philips of Zwabia, Prince of Hohenstaufen, crowned King of Germany and King of the Romans

Battle of Interest

1519 Second Battle of Tehuacingo, Mexico: Hernán Cortés vs Tlascala Aztecs

  • 1550 William Cecil appoints himself English minister of foreign affairs

Historic Siege

1590 Alexander Farnese's army forces Henry IV of France to raise the siege of Paris

Historic Event

1596 Dutch fleet commander Cornelis de Houtman taken hostage in Java, is later ransomed

Appointment of Interest

1622 Richelieu appointed Cardinal under French King Louis XIII

  • 1634 -6] Battle at Nordlingen: King Ferdinand III & Spain beat Sweden & German protestants

Victory in Battle

1644 Prince Frederick Henry conquers Sas of Gent

  • 1646 First public library in the Americas established when Bishop Palafox y Mendoza donates his personal library of 5,000 volumes to Tridentine colleges in Puebla, Mexico [1]

Historic Event

1661 Nicolas Fouquet, French Superintendent of Finances under Louis XIV is arrested for maladministration of state funds; he died in 1680, never seeing freedom again.

Historic Event

1698 Russian Tsar Peter the Great imposes a tax on beards

Pirate Attack

1717 Britain's King George I issues Proclamation "For Suppressing Pirates in the West Indies", granting pirates who surrender a pardon (re-issued 1718)

  • 1750 Decree issued in Paderborn Prussia allows for annual search of all Jewish homes for stolen or "doubtful" goods
  • 1774 The 1st Continental Congress, a meeting of delegates from 12 of the 13 British colonies that later became the United States, convenes at Carpenters' Hall in Philadelphia
  • 1774 Twelve of the thirteen American colonies adopt a trade embargo against Great Britain at the first Continental Congress at Carpenters' Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1774 With the meeting of the Continental Congress, Philadelphia becomes the 1st capital of the United States

Victory in Battle

1781 American Revolutionary War: French fleet of 24 ships under Comte de Grasse defeat British forces under Admiral Graves at the Battle of the Chesapeake [Battle of the Virginia Capes] and trap Cornwallis

  • 1786 Montplaisir Ceramic factory opens in Schaarbeek Belgium

French Revolution

1793 French Revolution: the "Reign of Terror" begins

  • 1795 USA and Algiers sign peace treaty
  • 1796 General Salicetti orders equal rights for Jews of Bologna, Italy
  • 1798 New conscription law goes into effect in France
  • 1800 Malta surrenders to British after they blockade French troops
  • 1814 -15] Battle of Masurische Meren: Germans chase Russians out of East Prussia

Historic Event

1816 Louis XVIII has to dissolve the Chambre introuvable ("Unobtainable Chamber").

Election of Interest

1836 Sam Houston elected President of the Republic of Texas

  • 1838 Central Museum opens in Utrecht Netherlands
  • 1839 The First Opium War begins in China
  • 1844 Iron ore discovered in Minnesota's Mesabi Mountains

Historic Event

1862 General Lee crosses Potomac & enters Maryland

  • 1863 Bread revolt in Mobile, Alabama
  • 1864 Achille François Bazaine becomes Marshall of France.
  • 1864 British, French & Dutch fleets attacked Japan in Shimonoseki Straits
  • 1877 Southern blacks led by Pap Singleton settle in Kansas
  • 1879 George Washington De Long, American Arctic Explorer, and commander on board the Jeannette, becomes trapped with his crew in pack ice during his attempt to reach the North Pole
  • 1882 10,000 workers march in 1st Labor Day parade in NYC
  • 1885 1st gasoline pump is delivered to a gasoline dealer (Ft Wayne, Ind)
  • 1887 Gas lamp at Theatre Royal in Exeter catches fire killing about 200
  • 1889 German Christine Hardt patents the first modern brassiere
  • 1895 George Washington Murray elected to Congress from SC
  • 1900 France proclaims a protectorate over Chad
  • 1905 50 prominent men meet in Sydney's Australia Hotel to found the National Defense League fueled by fear of Japan after its victory over Russia
  • 1905 Lillian Mortimer's "No Mother to Guide" premieres in Detroit

Treaty of Interest

1905 The Treaty of Portsmouth is signed concluding the Russo-Japanese War; US President Theodore Roosevelt will receive the Nobel Peace Prize for his role as mediator

Meeting of Interest

1907 King Edward VII of Great Britain meets Russia's Foreign Minister Alexander Izvolski in an attempt to strengthen Russia's relationship with Britain

  • 1910 Jack Coombs begins a record streak of 53 shutout innings
  • 1914 French headquarters move to Chatillon-sur-Seine
  • 1914 Great Britain, France, Belgium and Russia sign pact of London
  • 1914 Proclamation prohibits Canadian mint from issuing gold coins

Historic Communication

1914 US President Woodrow Wilson orders US Navy to make its wireless stations accessible for any transatlantic communications - even to German diplomats sending coded messages; leads to interception of the Zimmermann telegram, helping bring the US into the war

  • 1915 Anti-war conference in Zimmerwald, Switzerland

Historic Event

1915 Tsar Nicholas II, distressed by increasing Russian losses, assumes personal command of his nation's military forces; clearly a symbolic act and devastating for his leadership

  • 1918 Decree "On Red Terror" is published in Russia
  • 1920 Iron monument unveiled at Stone churches, Flanders
  • 1925 112 F (44°C), Centerville, Alabama (state record)

Historic Event

1929 French premier Aristide Briand requests a United States of Europe

  • 1932 The French Upper Volta is broken apart between Ivory Coast, French Sudan, and Niger
  • 1937 Spanish Civil War: Llanes falls

Historic Event

1939 FDR declares US neutrality at start of WW II in Europe

Historic Event

1939 J. B. M. Hertzog resigns as South African Prime Minister after losing a vote in parliament on neutrality in WWII

Historic Event

1939 New Zealand Prime Minister Michael Joseph Savage declares New Zealand's support for Britain in the war with Germany; Savage famously told the nation 'where she goes, we go. Where she stands, we stand'

  • 1942 Battle at Alam Halfa ends
  • 1942 British & US bomb Le Havre & Bremen
  • 1943 US airland at Nadzab, New Guinea
  • 1944 "Mad Tuesday" 65,000 Dutch nazi collaborators flee to Germany
  • 1944 5 resistance fighter executed in Terneuzen
  • 1944 Allies liberate Brussels
  • 1944 Belgium, Luxembourg & Netherlands sign customs Unity treaty

Historic Event

1944 British premier Winston Churchill travels to Scotland

  • 1944 Dutch Armed Forces forms, under prince Bernhard

Historic Event

1946 Amon Göth, former head of Kraków-Płaszów concentration camp, found guilty of imprisonment, torture, and extermination of individuals and groups of people, the first conviction of homicide at a war crimes court

  • 1948 In France, Robert Schuman becomes President of the Council while being Foreign minister, As such, he is the negotiator of the major treaties of the end of World War II.
  • 1952 General Carlos Ibáñez elected president of Chile
  • 1953 1st privately operated atomic reactor-Raleigh, NC
  • 1953 US give Persian premier Zahedi $45 million aid
  • 1954 Dutch Super Constellation crashes at Shannon, 28 die
  • 1955 Fred Kaps becomes world champion magician
  • 1956 20 die in a train crash in Springer NM

Historic Publication

1957 "On the Road" by Jack Kerouac is published by Viking Press in New York

Historic Event

1957 Cuban dictator Fulgencio Batista bombs an uprising in Cienfuegos

Historic Event

1957 Yugoslavia bans Milovan Djilas' book "new class marine officers"

Historic Publication

1958 "Doctor Zhivago" novel by Boris Pasternak published in US

Television Premiere

1958 "The Huckleberry Hound Show" by Hanna-Barbera featuring Yogi Bear premieres on US TV

  • 1959 Wash Senator Jim Lemon is 7th to get 6 RBIs in an inning (3rd)

Election of Interest

1960 Poet Léopold Sédar Senghor is elected as the 1st President of Senegal

Historic Event

1960 President Kasavubu fires premier Patrice Lumumba of Congo

Historic Event

1961 JFK begins underground nuclear testing

  • 1961 US President JFK signs law against hijacking (death penalty)
  • 1961 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1967 -23] Hurricane Beuleah, kills 54 in the Caribbean, Mexico & Texas
  • 1968 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1969 Frente Obrero wins Dutch Antilles national elections
  • 1970 Estimated 15 cm (6") of rainfall, Bug Point, Utah (state record)
  • 1972 Chemical spill with fog sickens hundreds in Meuse Valley Belgium
  • 1973 Conference of less developed countries approves forming "producers' associations" and calls for withdrawal of Israeli forces from occupied Arab lands

Assassination Attempt

1975 First assassination attempt on US President Gerald Ford by Lynette "Squeaky" Fromme in Sacramento, California

  • 1975 Portugal Prime Minister Vasco Gonçalves dismissed
  • 1977 NASA launches Voyager 1 on a mission to initially just fly-by Jupiter and Saturn, later Uranus and Neptune also (2012 becomes the first human-made object to leave the solar system)
  • 1977 Red Army Faction kidnaps and subsequently murders West German business executive Hanns Martin Schleyer
  • 1979 Canada puts its first gold bullion coin on sale

Historic Event

1979 Earl of Mountbatten's Ceremonial Funeral held in Westminster Abbey

  • 1979 Iranian army occupies Piranshahr
  • 1980 Poland party leader Edward Gierek resigns
  • 1980 World's longest road tunnel, St Gotthard in Swiss Alps, opens
  • 1982 Eddie Hill sets propeller-driven boat water speed record of 229 mph
  • 1983 8th NASA Space Shuttle Mission: Challenger 3-lands at Edwards AFB
  • 1983 Elmer Trettr sets record for highest terminal velocity at 201.34 mph
  • 1984 12th NASA Space Shuttle Mission (41D): Discovery 1 lands at Edwards AFB
  • 1986 Hijacking of aircraft Pan Am 73 at Karachi airport, Pakistan, 20 passengers killed
  • 1986 NASA awards study contracts to 5 aerospace firms
  • 1986 NASA launches DOD-1
  • 1987 Carlton Fisk clubs his 300th career HR off Danny Jackson
  • 1989 Deborah Norville becomes news anchor of Today Show

Historic Event

1990 Iraqi President Saddam Hussein urges Arabs to rise against the West

Historic Event

1991 Nelson Mandela chosen as president of African National Congress

  • 1993 Noureddine Morceli runs world record mile (3:44,39)
  • 1994 Kirgizia government resigns
  • 1996 Following US cruise missile strikes on Iraq, crude oil prices rise as the market speculates when Iraq will begin exporting oil under UN Resolution 986
  • 2000 The Haverstraw-Ossining Ferry makes its maiden voyage.
  • 2005 Mandala Airlines Flight 91 crashes into a heavily-populated residential area, seconds after taking off from Medan in Sumatra, Indonesia, killing 100 people on board and 49 people on the ground
  • 2007 Three terrorists suspected to be a part of Al-Qaeda are arrested in Germany after allegedly planning attacks on both the Frankfurt International airport and US military installations.
  • 2009 Denmark celebrates the first national flagday, in memory of the fallen Danes in international operations since 1948.
  • 2012 25 are killed and 4 wounded after an ammunition store exploded in Afyon, Turkey
  • 2012 54 people are killed and 50 injured after a firecracker factory explodes in Nadu
  • 2012 Austerity measure requires Greece to increase its maximum working days to six per week
  • 2014 World Health Organization estimates 1,900 people have died from the Ebola virus out of 3,500 infected in Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, Senegal, and Sierra Leone
  • 2015 US health officials confirm a salmonella outbreak linked to cucumbers from Mexico is responsible for 1 death and for making hundreds sick
  • 2017 Barry Callebaut announce a 4th type of chocolate, "Ruby", made from the Ruby cocoa bean
  • 2017 Brenda Hale, Baroness Hale of Richmond, becomes the first woman President of the UK Supreme Court

Hurricane Irma

2017 Hurricane Irma becomes the most powerful hurricane ever recorded in the Atlantic Basin region with winds of 185mph (280km/h)

  • 2017 Togo's government shuts down the internet for a week to quell government opposition
  • 2018 Anonymous senior White house official opinion piece "I am part of the resistance inside the Trump administration" published by the New York Times

Historic Event

2018 UK Prime Minister Theresa May confirms in parliament two Russian military intelligence officers undertook novichok nerve agent attack, prompts international condemnation

  • 2019 Erramatti Mangamma becomes the world's oldest living mother giving birth to twins aged 74 in Hyderabad, India
  • 2019 New theory the Loss Ness monster may be a giant eel after DNA study reveals no plesiosaur or sturgeon DNA found
  • 2019 South African women march on parliament to protest violence against women after a month when 30 were killed by their spouses
  • 2020 More than 50 arrested as Portland, Oregon, marks 100 days of protests against racism and police brutality
  • 2021 Coup by soldiers in Guinea headed by Colonel Doumbouya deposes President Alpha Condé and his government, claiming rampant corruption
  • 2022 6.6-magnitude earthquake strikes Chinese city of Chengdu, while it was under lockdown, killing 65 people [1]

Historic Event

2022 UK's ruling Conservative party appoints Liz Truss as their next leader and Prime Minister, replacing scandal-ridden Boris Johnson [1]