On This Day

Events in History on September 8

  • 1024 Duke Conrad II chosen as German king and crowned at Mainz Cathedral
  • 1141 -9] Battle of Samarkand: Yelutashi defeats Islams
  • 1156 Henry II Jasormigott leaves Bavaria
  • 1264 The Statute of Kalisz, guaranteeing Jews safety and personal liberties and giving battei din jurisdiction over Jewish matters, is promulgated by Boleslaus the Pious, Duke of Greater Poland.
  • 1276 John XXI [Peter Juliani] elected Pope, only Portuguese Pope
  • 1303 Anagni: French King Philip IV captures Pope Boniface VIII
  • 1331 Stefan Dušan declares himself king of Serbia
  • 1380 Battle on Kulikovo: Moscow's great monarch Dimitri defeats the Mongols beginning the decline of the Tatars
  • 1449 Battle of Tumu Fortress - Mongolians capture the Chinese emperor

ItalyThe Statue of David

1504 Michelangelo's statue of David is unveiled in Florence

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A masterpiece of Renaissance sculpture, The Statue of David completed by Michelangelo in 1504
A masterpiece of Renaissance sculpture, The Statue of David completed by Michelangelo in 1504
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  • 1514 Battle of Orsha: Polish/Lithuania army defeat the Russian army

DiscoveryHistoric Expedition

1522 Spanish navigator Juan de Elcano returns to Spain, completing 1st circumnavigation of the globe (expedition began under Ferdinand Magellan)

  • 1536 Earl of Nassau disbands siege of Peronne
  • 1545 English Earl of Hertford leads retaliatory mission against Scotland
  • 1553 City of Lichfield, England, founded
  • 1563 Maximilian chosen king of Hungary

  • 1565 1st permanent European settlement in the US founded at St. Augustine, Florida
  • 1565 Turkish siege of Malta broken by Maltese & Knights of St John

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1628 Dutch privateer Piet Heyn captures Spanish silver fleet in the Bay of Matanzas, Cuba

Dutch Admiral and Privateer Piet Heyn
Dutch Admiral and Privateer
Piet Heyn
  • 1664 Dutch surrender colony of New Netherlands (including New York) to 300 English soldiers
  • 1689 China & Russia signs Treaty of Nertsjinsk (Nierchul)
  • 1713 Pope Clemens XI publishes decree "Unigenitus" against Jansenism
  • 1727 A barn fire during a puppet show in the village of Burwell in Cambridgeshire, England kills 78 people, many of whom are children.
  • 1755 Battle of Lake George in the Province of New York: British army beats French
  • 1756 French and Indian War: Kittanning Expedition.
  • 1760 French army surrenders Montreal to General Jeffrey Amherst
  • 1771 Mission San Gabriel Archangel forms in California
  • 1796 Battle of Bassano-French beat Austrians
  • 1831 William IV is crowned King of Great Britain.
  • 1847 US under Gen Scott defeat Mexicans at Battle of Molino del Rey
  • 1855 French forces successfully assault the Malakoff Line during the Crimean War
  • 1855 British and French troops capture Sevastopol from the Russians, effectively ending the Crimean War

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1858 Abraham Lincoln supposedly says in a speech "You may fool all the people some of the time; you can even fool some of the people all the time; but you can’t fool all of the people all the time"

16th US President Abraham Lincoln
16th US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • 1860 Excursion steamer "Lady Elgin" sinks after being rammed in a storm on Lake Michigan drowning about 300. Largest loss of life on the Great Lakes.
  • 1863 -10] Federal troops reconquer the Cumperland Gap, Tennessee
  • 1863 Battle of Sabine Pass TX: 47 Texas volunteers repel Federal forces

  • 1863 Battle of Telford's Depot TN
  • 1868 New York Athletic Club forms
  • 1870 Netherlands and Britain sign "Koelietraktaat" an agreement to allow Indian contract workers from Calcutta to work in sugar plantations in Suriname
  • 1883 Northern Pacific RR's last spike driven at Independence Creek, Mont
  • 1888 In England the first six Football League matches ever are played.
  • 1892 1st appearance of "Pledge of Allegiance" (Youth's Companion)
  • 1899 British government sends an additional 10,000 troops to Natal, South Africa
  • 1900 6,000 killed when a hurricane & tidal wave strikes Galveston, Texas
  • 1907 Pope Pius X publishes encyclical Pasceni dominici gregis (anti-modernism)
  • 1914 HMS (formerly RMS) Oceanic, sister ship of RMS Titanic, sinks off Scotland
  • 1914 Private Thomas Highgate becomes the first British soldier to be executed for desertion during WW1
  • 1915 Association of Negro Life & History founded

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1916 US President Woodrow Wilson signs the Emergency Revenue Act, doubling the rate of income tax and adding inheritance and munitions profits tax

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • 1920 US Air Mail service begins (NYC to San Francisco)
  • 1923 Honda Point Disaster: nine US Navy destroyers run aground off the California coast. Seven are lost.
  • 1924 Alexandra Kollontai of Russia becomes 1st woman ambassador
  • 1926 League of Nations Assembly votex unanimously to admit Germany
  • 1930 1st appearance of comic strip "Blondie"
  • 1930 NYC public schools begin teaching Hebrew
  • 1930 Richard Drew creates Scotch tape

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933 Second Spanish government of Manuel Azaña forms

President of the Spanish Republic Manuel Azaña
President of the Spanish Republic
Manuel Azaña
  • 1934 Luxury passenger ship Morro Castle bound for NJ catches fire, 133 die
  • 1935 Willy de Supervise swims runs world record 200 m freestyle (2:25.2)
  • 1936 Princess Juliana of The Netherlands & German prince Bernard Lippe-Biesterfeld become engaged
  • 1937 Pan Arab conference about Palestine opens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1939 FDR declares "limited national emergency" due to war in Europe

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1939 Gen Von Reichenau's panzer division reaches suburbs of Warsaw

Soviet UnionSiege of Leningrad

1941 WWII: Siege of Leningrad by German, Finnish, and eventually Spanish troops begins; battle lasted over 28 months, as Russia repels the invasion; well over a million lives

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Two young girls help assemble Soviet submachine guns during the Siege of Leningrad
Two young girls help assemble Soviet submachine guns during the Siege of Leningrad
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  • 1941 Blockade of Leningrad (St Petersburg) by Germany begins
  • 1941 Entire Jewish community of Meretsch, Lithuania, is exterminated
  • 1943 Italy surrenders to Allies in WWII

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 Lieutenant-General Omar Bradley flies to Carthago/Algiers from Sicily

US WWII General Omar Bradley
US WWII General
Omar Bradley
  • 1944 1st V-2 rockets land in London & Antwerp
  • 1944 Russians march into Bulgaria; Bulgaria declares war on Germany
  • 1945 US invades Japanese-held Korea
  • 1946 Bill Kennedy of Rocky Mount (CPL) strikes out minors record 456
  • 1946 Bulgaria ends monarchy
  • 1948 British De Havilland DH108-fighter flies faster than sound
  • 1951 Japan signs peace treaty with 48 countries in San Francisco

BeatificationCatholic Encyclical

1951 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Sempiternus Rex

260th Pope Pius XII
260th Pope
Pius XII

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1952 Ernest Hemingway's novel "The Old Man & the Sea" published

  • 1953 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Fulgeno corona
  • 1954 Alan Freed leaves Cleveland to NYC for WINS radio
  • 1954 SE Asia Treaty Org (SEATO) forms to stop communist spread in SE Asia
  • 1957 Jackie Wilson, releases his 1st solo single "Reet Petite"
  • 1958 Oman turns over Gwadur (on Baluchistan coast) to Pakistan
  • 1958 Paul Anka opens Asian tour in Tokyo
  • 1959 The Asian Institute of Technology (AIT) is established.
  • 1960 German Democratic Republic limits access to East-Berlin for West Berliners
  • 1962 Chinese troops exceed Mac-Mahon-line (Tibet-India boundary)
  • 1962 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1962 Last run of the famous Pines Express over the Somerset and Dorset Railway line (UK) fittingly using the last steam locomotive built by British Railways, 9F locomotive 92220 'Evening Star'
  • 1963 Algerian population accepts constitution
  • 1963 Ines Cuervo de Priete, 34, gives birth to quintuplets, all boys
  • 1965 Hurricane Betsy kills 75 in Louisiana & Florida

Hey, Hey – We're The MonkeesHey, Hey – We're The Monkees

1965 A small ad in New York’s Daily Variety attracts 437 young men interested in forming the world’s first manufactured boy band, "The Monkees"

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The Monkees riding high in 1966
The Monkees riding high in 1966
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Event of interestEvent of Interest

1966 The Severn Bridge is officially opened by Queen Elizabeth II

Queen of the United Kingdom Elizabeth II
Queen of the United Kingdom
Elizabeth II
  • 1967 Surveyor 5 launched; makes soft landing on Moon Sept 10
  • 1967 Uganda abolishes traditional tribal kingdoms, becomes a republic
  • 1967 The formal end of steam traction in the North East of England by British Railways.

  • 1968 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • 1968 Saundra Williams wins 1st Miss Black America pageant
  • 1969 Suleiman Maghrabi appointed premier of Libya
  • 1970 Black September hijackings begin, three airliners hijacked and blown up by Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine
  • 1971 John F. Kennedy Center for Performing Arts opens in Washington, D.C.
  • 1972 Jim Ryan (US) & Billy Fordjour (Ghana) collide & fall in qualifying competitions for 1,500m finals, ending Ryan's chances for gold

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1974 US President Gerald Ford pardons former President Richard Nixon of all federal crimes

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
38th US President Gerald Ford
38th US President
Gerald Ford

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1974 Evil Knievel attempts to jump the Snake River Canyon in Idaho but fails, escaping with minor injuries

Motorcycle Daredevil Evel Knievel
Motorcycle Daredevil
Evel Knievel
  • 1975 Boston begins court-ordered bussing of public schools
  • 1975 Guinee-Bissau declares independence from Portugal
  • 1976 Fons Rademakers' film "Max Havelaar" premieres in Amsterdam
  • 1977 Jimmy McCulloch quits Wings

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1978 Iranian army fires on Khomeini followers in Tehran, 100s killed

Supreme Leader of Iran Ayatollah Khomeini
Supreme Leader of Iran
Ayatollah Khomeini
  • 1979 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1982 Dutch social democratic party wins elections, fascist enters Dutch parliament
  • 1983 NASA launches RCA-6
  • 1984 Challenger moves to Vehicle Assembly Building at Kennedy Space Center (Florida) for mating of STS 41G mission
  • 1985 "USA Weekend's" 1st issue, appears in 255 newspapers
  • 1985 7 die in a car & train crash in San Jose, California
  • 1985 Alayson Gibbons sets 24 hr women swim record of 42.05 mi in 25 m pool

  • 1985 Shuttle Discovery flies back to Kennedy Space Center via Kelly AFB

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1986 "The Oprah Winfrey Show" is first broadcast nationally

Talk show host Oprah Winfrey
Talk show host
Oprah Winfrey
  • 1989 Mausoleum of Beatrice of Brabant (1288) discovered in Kortrijk, Belgium
  • 1989 Norwegian Convair 580 crashes at Jutland in sea (55 murder)
  • 1990 Ellis Island Historical Site opens on Ellis Island NYC
  • 1991 Macedonia votes for independence from Yugoslavia
  • 1992 Howard Stern Radio Show begins broadcasting in Dallas (KGEL-FM 97.1)
  • 1993 Wang Junxia creates a women's world record 10,000m (29:31.78) at the Chinese National Games
  • 1994 Last US, British & French troops leave West Berlin
  • 1994 Man shoots another man on IRT #4 train at Grand Central Station
  • 1994 USAir Boeing 737 crashes at Pitts Airport, killing all 132 on board
  • 2004 The NASA unmanned spacecraft Genesis crash-lands when its parachute fails to open.
  • 2005 Two EMERCOM Il-76 aircraft land at a disaster aid staging area at Little Rock Air Force Base; the first time Russia has flown such a mission to North America.
  • 2008 Latvia joins its northern neighbor Estonia in recession as GDP falls 0.2% in the second quarter from the first quarter, when it fell 0.3%; property markets and construction have suffered in both Baltic states
  • 2010 Egypt's Minister of Finance, Dr. Youssef Butros Ghali, states that Egypt is emerging from the recession as indicated by increased total revenue from sales taxes and customs revenues
  • 2011 Fashion designer John Galliano is found guilty of anti-semitic remarks in a Paris court and fined €6,000
  • 2012 6 people are killed by a Taliban suicide bombing in Kabul, Afghanistan
  • 2012 8 people are killed after a tractor is hit by a train in Romania
  • 2013 11 people are killed and 18 are injured after a gunfire attack in Guatemala City
  • 2013 11 people are killed after a minibus collides with a train in Lasi, Romania
  • 2013 6 people are killed and 9 are injured after a minibus collides with a car in Jakarta, Indonesia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2014 Haider al-Abadi becomes the 75th Prime Minister of Iraq

Prime Minister of Iraq Haider al-Abadi
Prime Minister of Iraq
Haider al-Abadi

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2015 Pope Francis announces moves to streamline the annulment process within the Catholic Church

  • 2016 Giraffe DNA study published in "Current Biology" reveals there are 4 species not just 1, as previously assumed
  • 2016 NASA launches Osiris-Rex probe to retrieve a rock sample from the 500m-wide Bennu asteroid
  • 2018 Egypt sentences over 700 people, including 75 death sentences for 2013 pro-Muslim Brotherhood sit-in at Rabaa al-Adawiya square
  • 2018 Archaeologists uncover more than 300 gold coins from late imperial period from theatre in Como, Italy
  • 2019 Typhoon Faxai makes landfall near Tokyo, Japan, with winds of up to 210km/h (130mph)
  • 2019 Estimated 1 million attend a mass held by Pope Francis near Antananarivo, Madagascar
  • 2019 Cargo ship Golden Ray catches fire and capsizes in St Simons Sound, off coast of Georgia, trapping four crew inside
  • 2019 Brazil's Supreme Court rules Marvel comic depicting two men kissing can be sold after mayor of Rio de Janeiro attempted to ban it
  • 2020 Two ex-Myanmar soldiers testify they were ordered to rape and kill Muslim Rohingya villagers, 1st public confession of army-directed crimes against Rohingya [1]
  • 2020 Moria refugee camp, Europe's biggest migrant camp burns down on the Greek island of Lesbos, leaving 13,000 without shelter