Events in History on September 9

  • 701 St Sergius I reign as Catholic Pope ends

Battle of Svolder

1000 Battle of Svolder, Baltic Sea: King Olaf on board the Long Serpent defeated in one of the greatest naval battles of the Viking Age. He leaps to his death overboard.

  • 1379 Treaty of Neuberg, splitting the Austrian Habsburg lands between the Habsburg Dukes Albert III and Leopold III.
  • 1493 Battle of Krbava field, a decisive defeat of Croats in Croatian struggle against the Ottoman Empire invasion.

Victory in Battle

1513 Battle of Flodden: English forces defeat the Scots near Branxton in Northumberland and kill King James IV of Scotland, the last monarch in Great Britain to be killed in battle

Royal Coronation

1543 Mary Stuart, at nine months old, is crowned "Queen of Scots" in the central Scottish town of Stirling

  • 1553 The Roman Inquisition burns all copies of the Talmud and other Jewish texts in Rome's Campo de Fiori

Historic Event

1556 Pope Paul IV refuses to crown Ferdinand I of Austria Holy Roman Emperor

Conference of Interest

1561 Conference of Poissy: Religious theologians gathered by Catherine de' Medici

  • 1567 Lomaraal van Egmond & Philip van Hoorne captured
  • 1570 Cyprian city of Nicosia falls to the Ottomans, afterwards an estimated 20,000 citizen are massacred and the rest sold into slavery
  • 1591 -10] Battle at Flores Azores: Spanish beat English
  • 1675 New England colonies declare war on Wampanoag indians
  • 1683 Expelled Polish & Lotharings reach Wienerwald
  • 1739 Slave revolt in Stono SC led by Jemmy (25 whites killed)
  • 1753 1st steam engine arrives in north American colonies
  • 1767 Colegio de San Ignacio de Loyola Vizcaínas - the oldest continuously operating educational institution in Mexico, opens for the education of girls and women in Mexico City [1]
  • 1776 Congress officially renames the country as the United States of America (from the United Colonies)
  • 1817 Alexander Twilight, probably first African American to graduate from a US college, receives BA degree at Middlebury College
  • 1830 Charles Durant, 1st US aeronaut, flies a balloon from Castle Garden, NYC to Perth Amboy, NJ, a dsstance of about 25 miles, covered in 3 hours

Historic Publication

1836 Ralph Waldo Emerson publishes his influential essay "Nature" in the US, outlining his beliefs in transcendentalism

Famous Photo

1839 English scientist and astronomer John Herschel takes 1st glass plate photograph

  • 1841 Great Lakes steamer "Erie" sinks off Silver Creek NY, kills 300
  • 1850 California is admitted as the thirty-first state of the Union
  • 1850 Territories of New Mexico & Utah created
  • 1861 Nurse Sally Tompkins is officially commissioned as an officer (and its only woman officer) by the Confederate US Army

Historic Event

1862 Robert E. Lee splits his army & sends Jackson to capture Harpers Ferry

  • 1863 Battle of Cumberland Gap, TN
  • 1867 Luxembourg gains independence
  • 1875 Lotta's Fountain (Kearny & Market) dedicated
  • 1881 Egyptian military coup under colonel Arab "El Wahid"
  • 1886 The Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works is finalized
  • 1892 E. E. Barnard at Lick discovers Amalthea, 5th Jupiter moon
  • 1892 Manifesto of the Queensland Labour Party to the people of Queensland issued, detailing grievances of working class towards ruling class. Pivotal document in Australian labor and political history. [1]
  • 1895 American Bowling Congress forms (NYC)
  • 1898 Ottawa Football Club re-organizes into the Rough Riders

Historic Event

1899 French Capt Alfred Dreyfus sentenced on unjust grounds

  • 1903 6 km long Engadin-railroad tunnel in Switzerland inaugurated
  • 1904 Mounted police 1st used in NYC

Historic Event

1908 Orville Wright makes 1st 1-hr airplane flight, Fort Myer, Va

  • 1908 Russia takes part of Poland
  • 1909 China's Metropolitan Library established by the Qing Dynasty in Beijing Guanghua temple (now the National Library of China) [1]
  • 1911 1st European post delivered by air (Hendon to Windsor, England)
  • 1912 J Verdrines becomes 1st to fly over 100 mph (107 mph/172 kph)
  • 1913 Russian pilot Pyotr Nesterov becomes the first pilot to fly a loop, doing so in his Nieuport IV monoplane; he is arrested for ten days for endangering government property
  • 1914 -12] Belgian offensive from Antwerp
  • 1914 First fully mechanized unit in the British Army created - the Canadian Automobile Machine Gun Brigade (WWI)
  • 1914 Meeting held at Gaelic League headquarters between Irish Republican Brotherhood and other extreme republicans; initial decision made to stage an uprising while Britain is at war
  • 1915 Association for the Study of Negro Life and History formed in Chicago by Carter G. Woodson and others. Now the Association for the Study of African American Life and History.
  • 1918 Dutch government of Ruijs de Beerenbrouck forms
  • 1919 Boston's police force strikes
  • 1921 Guatemala, Honduras and San Salvador agree to Central American Union
  • 1922 St Louis Brown "Baby Doll" Jacobson hits 3 triples beating Tigers 16-0
  • 1922 Turkish troops conquer Smyrna/murder Greek citizens
  • 1922 William T Cosgrave replaces Irish premier Collins
  • 1923 Albin Stenroos runs world record 20 km (1:07:11.2)
  • 1924 Hanapepe Massacre occurs on Kauai, Hawaii.
  • 1926 National Broadcasting Company created by Radio Corporation of America
  • 1926 Train disaster at Wassenaar, Netherlands, 4 die
  • 1932 Frank Crosetti ties record, striking out twice in 1 inning
  • 1932 Mine strikes at Belgian Borinage ended
  • 1932 Spanish Cortes grants Catalonia autonomy
  • 1932 Steamboat SS Observation explodes in NYC East River (71 killed)
  • 1934 G Kaufman & M Hart's "Merrily We Roll Along" premieres in NYC
  • 1939 Nazi army reaches Warsaw
  • 1940 28 German aircraft shot down above England
  • 1942 1st bombing on continental US soil at Mount Emily, Oregon during WWII by Japanese planes
  • 1942 Compulsory work for women, children and old males in Batavia
  • 1943 15 German JU-88's sink Italian flag ship Rome

Historic Event

1943 Lieutenant-General Omar Bradley flies from Algiers to Marrakech/Prestwick

  • 1943 Red Army occupies Bachmatsj
  • 1943 US, British & French troops land in Salerno (operation Avalanche)
  • 1944 Allied forces liberate Luxembourg
  • 1944 Red Army supports coup in Bulgaria, instituting new Communist government (1946-1990) during the "National Uprising"
  • 1944 Resistance fighter Jaap Musch arrested in Nijverdal, Netherlands
  • 1944 US 113th cavalry passes Belgian-Dutch borders

Historic Event

1945 1st "bug" in a computer program discovered by Grace Hopper, a moth was removed with tweezers from a relay & taped into the log

  • 1945 Japanese in South Korea, Taiwan, China, Indochina surrender to Allies
  • 1945 Philadelphia A's Dick Fowler no-hits St Louis Browns, 1-0
  • 1950 1st use of TV laugh track by "The Hank McCune Show" in the US
  • 1950 Mass arrests of communists in France
  • 1954 Earthquake strikes Orleansville (now Chlef), Algeria: 1,250 killed with many aftershocks
  • 1954 Indians becomes 1st Cleveland team to win 100 games in a season
  • 1956 African Party for Liberation of Guinea-Bissau & Cape Verde forms
  • 1957 Nashville's new Hattie Cotton Elementary School dynamited

Historic Event

1957 US President Eisenhower signs 1st civil rights bill since Reconstruction

  • 1958 Race riots in Notting Hill Gate, London
  • 1962 Soviet economist Liberman plead for autonomous businesses

Historic Event

1963 Alabama Governor George Wallace served a federal injunction to stop orders of state police to bar black students from enrolling in white schools

  • 1964 German DR government allows short visits to West Germany
  • 1964 John Osborne's "Inadmissible Evidence" premieres in London

Historic Event

1965 François Mitterrand nominated for French presidency

  • 1965 Tibet is made an autonomous region of China

Historic Event

1966 The National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act is signed into law by U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson.

  • 1967 1st successful Test flight of a Saturn V
  • 1967 Uganda declares independence from Great Britain
  • 1969 Allegheny Airlines flight 853 collides with a Piper Cherokee above Indiana, kills all 83 occupants
  • 1971 1,000 convicts riot & seize Attica, NY prison
  • 1972 Connection found between Mammoth Cave Ridge and Flint cave systems in Kentucky, joining 144 miles of passages - making it the world's longest known cave system (later mapped at 420 miles) [1]
  • 1975 Viking 2 Mars probe launches
  • 1976 New Zealand government establishes the country’s first centralised electronic database through the Wanganui Computer Act, raising questions about the state’s ability to gather information on its citizens
  • 1977 Tiger rookies Lou Whitaker & Allan Trammell debut together & will play together for 19 years

Historic Event

1978 Ayatollah Khomeini calls for an uprising in the Iranian army

  • 1981 Vernon E Jordan resigns as president of National Urban League
  • 1982 Columbia mated with SRBs & external tank in preparation for STS-5
  • 1982 Conestoga 1, 1st private commercial rocket, makes suborbital flight
  • 1983 Challenger returns to Kennedy Space Center via Sheppard AFB, Texas
  • 1983 Radio Shack announces their color computer 2 (Coco2)

Historic Event

1985 President Reagan orders sanctions against South Africa

  • 1985 Race riot in Birmingham, England
  • 1986 Minn Tommy Krammer passes for 6 touchdowns vs Green Bay (42-7)
  • 1986 NYC jury indicts Soviet United Nations employee Gennadly Zakharov of spying
  • 1990 George H. W. Bush and Mikhail Gorbachev meet in Helsinki & urge Iraq to leave Kuwait
  • 1990 Liberia president Samuel K Doe is captured by Mr Johnson's forces
  • 1993 Croupier of casino in Bristol, England, shoots a 4 a record eight times
  • 1993 Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization exchange letters of mutual recognition
  • 1994 Space shuttle STS 64 (Discovery 20) launches into orbit
  • 1994 Tu-22 crashes into Aeroflot Tu-134a at Zhukovsky, 7 killed
  • 1995 "Broadway Limited" last train ride (began in 1902)
  • 1995 Dean St Station in Brooklyn, is 6th MTA station to close since 1904
  • 1997 Sinn Féin accepts Mitchell Principles on para-military disarmament
  • 2001 At 01:46:40 UTC the time on the Unix clock in milliseconds passes 1 billion since January 1, 1970, which Unix systems recognize as zero-time

Historic Event

2001 Two al-Qaeda linked suicide bombers disguised as journalists kill Northern Alliance leader Ahmad Shah Massoud by detonating explosives hidden in a camera and a battery-pack belt while interviewing him in Takhar Province, northeastern Afghanistan

  • 2004 Bomb explodes outside the Australian embassy in Jakarta, killing 10 people
  • 2009 Cyprus enters recession after 0.6% contraction in the first quarter, followed by 0.4% in the second quarter

Historic Event

2010 A court in the Philippines orders Imelda Marcos to repay the government almost $280,000 for funds taken from the National Food Authority by Ferdinand Marcos in 1983

  • 2012 100 people are killed and 350 injured after a wave of attacks across Iraq
  • 2012 17 people are killed and at least 40 injured after two car bombs explode in Aleppo, Syria
  • 2013 18 people are killed in conflict between government and Boko Harem troops in Borno State, Nigeria
  • 2013 44 people are killed and 45 are injured after a bus crashes into a ravine in Northern Guatemala
  • 2013 60 people are killed in conflict between rebels and loyalists in the Central African Republic
  • 2013 Erna Solberg is elected Prime Minister of Norway after a centre-right coalition wins a majority in their elections

Historic Event

2014 Ali Hosseini Khamenei, Supreme Leader of Iran, undergoes prostate surgery

  • 2015 Apple unveils the iPad Pro and iPhone 6S in San Francisco
  • 2015 EU Migrant Crisis: European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker in his annual address proposes plan based on EU quotas

Historic Event

2015 Queen Elizabeth II becomes Great Britain's longest-reigning monarch at 63 years and seven months, beating the previous record set by her great-great-grandmother, Queen Victoria

  • 2016 North Korea conducts its fifth nuclear test at the Punggye-ri Nuclear Test Site, at the time its largest ever test at 10 kilotons but superseded by the 2017 test
  • 2017 Egyptian archaeologists announce the discovery of a 3,500-year-old tomb of a goldsmith and his family in Draa Abul-Naga, Egypt
  • 2018 Arirang Mass Games begins in North Korea to mark country's 70th anniversary featuring tens of thousands performing
  • 2018 Russian police detain over 1000 people amid nationwide protests against pension reform
  • 2018 Swedish General Election: no party wins a majority with far-right Sweden Democrats making gains
  • 2019 Australia experiences its earliest and most severe start to the fire season after fighting dozens of bushfires in Queensland and New South Wales
  • 2019 Nigerian government says it will repatriate 600 people from South Africa after two people killed in wave of xenophobic violence in Johannesburg

Historic Event

2019 Poet John Milton's own copy of Shakespeare's First Folio of 1623 has survived with his annotations according to scholar Jason Scott-Warren in Philadelphia library, could be world's most important modern literary discovery

  • 2019 Scientist reveal evidence of humans earliest milk consumption, 6,000 years ago from the dental plaque of teeth of prehistoric farmers from Britain

Historic Event

2020 Donald Trump purposely downplayed the pandemic in early 2020 to avoid panic according to Bob Woodward's new book "Rage"

  • 2020 Global death toll from COVID-19 passes 900,000 with the US the most deaths at 190,589
  • 2020 San Francisco Bay area blanketed by dark orange skies and smoke due to California wildfires
  • 2021 17 hospital patients die after heavy rainfall and flooding in Tula, central Mexico
  • 2021 US 2021 summer the hottest on record with average 74 degrees Fahrenheit, overtaking record set in 1936, during the Dust Bowl [1]

COVID-19 Pandemic

2021 US President Joe Biden announces widespread COVID-19 vaccine mandates for federal workers, contractors and large employers affecting 100 million people [1]