Poets in History (Part 11)

Poetry: Poetesses

Historical Events


Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1001 - 1,100 of 1,601

  • 1900-07-20 Maurice Gilliams, Flemish writer/poet/essayist (Maria's Life)
  • 1900-12-21 Oda Schaefer, German writer & journalist (Die Windharfe, Ladies Only), born in Wilmersdorf, Berlin
  • 1901-01-08 Edmond Vandercammen, French-Belgian painter and poet (Grand Combat), born in Ohain, Belgium (d. 1980)
  • 1901-02-28 Rudolf W. Nilsen, Norwegian poet (Hverdagen)
  • 1901-03-04 Jean Joseph Rabearivelo, Malagasy/French poet (d. 1937)
  • 1901-03-05 Julian Przybos, Polish poet (Sruby)
  • 1901-03-29 Uuno Kailas, Finnish poet, born in Heinola, Finland (d. 1933)
  • 1901-06-22 Willem Jacobus du Plooy Erlank (Eitemal), South African poet and professor in Afrikaans and Dutch literature at the University of Stellenbosch, born in Wolmaransstad, Transvaal
  • 1901-06-23 Ahmet Hamdi Tanpınar, Turkish poet, novelist, recognized as one of the most important representatives of modernism in Turkish literature (A Mind at Peace, The Time Regulation Institute), born in Istanbul, Ottoman Empire (d. 1962)
  • 1901-07-17 Bruno Jasieński, Polish poet (d. 1938)

Person of interestSalvatore Quasimodo

1901-08-20 Salvatore Quasimodo, Italian poet, critic and translator (Nobel 1959), born in Modica, Italy (d. 1968)

Author/Poet Salvatore Quasimodo
Author/Poet
Salvatore Quasimodo
  • 1901-09-02 Andreas Embirikos, Greek surrealist poet (d. 1975)
  • 1901-09-23 Jaroslav Seifert, Czech poet (Nobel 1984)
  • 1901-10-02 Roy Campbell, South African poet (Flowering Rifle), born in Durban, South Africa (d. 1957)
  • 1901-10-28 Eileen Shanahan, Irish poet (The Three Children (Near Clonmel)), born in Dublin (d. 1979)
  • 1902-01-15 Nazim Hikmet, Turkish poet (Tosun Pasa, The Passenger), born in Salonica, Ottoman Empire (d. 1963)

Person of interestLangston Hughes

1902-02-01 Langston Hughes, American poet (Weary Blues), playwright (Mulatto), and librettist (Troubled Island), born in Joplin, Missouri (d. 1967)

Poet and Playwright Langston Hughes
Poet and Playwright
Langston Hughes
  • 1902-02-10 Armand Bernier, Belgian poet (Sorcier Triste)
  • 1902-04-01 Maria Polydouri, Greek poet (d. 1930)
  • 1902-04-04 Louise Lévêque de Vilmorin, French poet and author (Lutin Sauvage), born in Verrières-le-Buisson, Essonne, Paris (d. 1969)
  • 1902-05-11 Kaarlo Sarkia, Finnish poet (Unen Kaivo)
  • 1902-06-05 Hugo Huppert, Austrian writer and poet, born in Bielitz, Silesia (d. 1982)
  • 1902-07-28 Kenneth F. Fearing, American poet (Dead Reckoning), born in Oak Park, Illinois (d. 1961)
  • 1902-08-15 Jan Campert, Dutch resistance fighter and poet (Song the 18 dead), born in Spijkenisse, Netherlands (d. 1943)
  • 1902-08-19 Ogden Nash, American humorous poet (I'm a Stranger Here Myself, Masquerade Party), born in Rye, New York (d. 1971)
  • 1902-09-20 Stevie [Florence Margaret] Smith, English poet and novelist (Not Waving but Drowning), born in Kingston upon Hull, England
  • 1902-10-12 Dick Binnendijk, Dutch poet and literary critic (Authoritarian Regimes in Transition), born in Leiden, Netherlands (d. 1984)

Person of interestArna Bontemps

1902-10-13 Arna Bontemps, American poet (100 years of negro freedom), born in Alexandria, Louisiana (d. 1973)

  • 1902-10-31 Charles Drummond de Andrade, Brazilian poet (Claro Enigma), born in Itabira, Minas Gerais, Brazil
  • 1902-11-01 Nordahl Grieg, Norwegian poet, dramatist and novelist (The Defeat), born in Bergen, Norway (d. 1943)
  • 1902-11-02 Gyula Illyés, Hungarian author and poet (Az Ismertlen Illyes), born in Felsőrácegres, Pálfa, Hungary (d. 1983)
  • 1903-01-17 Jyoti Prasad Agarwala, Assamese poet, playwright, filmmaker (d. 1953)
  • 1903-02-04 Edwin Denby, Tientsin China, US dance critic/poet (Snoring in N)
  • 1903-03-03 Rabbe A Enckell, Fins author/poet (Lutad about Brunnen)
  • 1903-04-03 Peter Huchel, German poet, born near Berlin (d. 1981)
  • 1903-04-15 Erich Arendt, German poet and writer, born in Neuruppin, Germany (d. 1984)
  • 1903-05-30 Countee Cullen, African American poet of the Harlem Renaissance (Black Christ & Other Poems), born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • 1903-06-17 Mikhail Svetlov, Russian poet and writer, born in Yekaterinoslav, Russian Empire (d. 1964)
  • 1903-08-27 Xavier Villaurrutia, Mexican poet (Nocturno de los Angeles), born in Mexico City, Mexico (d. 1950)
  • 1903-12-16 Rafael Alberti, Spanish poet (El hombre deshabitado)
  • 1904-01-21 Richard P Blackmur, Mass, critic/poet (Good European)
  • 1904-02-21 Armand Preud'homme, Flemish organist/poet
  • 1904-03-18 Srečko Kosovel, Slovenian poet (d. 1926)
  • 1904-04-01 Juan Gil-Albert, Spanish poet and writer, born in Alcoy (d. 1994)
  • 1904-04-27 Cecil Day-Lewis, Irish poet (British Poet Laureate 1968-72) and detective writer (Nicholas Blake), born in Ballintubbert, Queen's County (d. 1972)
  • 1904-05-06 Harry Martinson, Swedish novelist and poet (Trade Wind-Nobel 1974), born in Jämshög, Sweden (d. 1978)
  • 1904-05-13 Earle Birney, Canadian poet and novelist who twice won the Governor General's Award, born in Calgary, Northwest Territories (d. 1995)
  • 1904-05-22 Paul Viiding, Estonian poet, born in Valga, Governorate of Livonia, Russian Empire (d. 1962)

Person of interestPablo Neruda

1904-07-12 Pablo Neruda, Chilean poet (Residence on Earth-Nobel 1971), born in Parral, Chile (d. 1973)

  • 1904-07-30 Salvador Novo, Mexican writer and poet, born in Mexico City, Mexico (d. 1974)
  • 1904-10-21 Patrick Kavanagh, Irish poet (d. 1967)
  • 1904-11-17 Salomėja Nėris [Salomėja Bačinskaitė - Bučienė], Lithuanian poet, born in Kiršai, Poland (d. 1945)
  • 1905-01-08 Giacinto Scelsi, Italian composer and surrealist poet, born in La Spezia, Italy (d. 1988)
  • 1905-01-23 Konstanty Ildefons Gałczyński, Polish poet (Zielona Ges), born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1953)
  • 1905-02-28 Glyn Jones, Welsh, novelist, poet and literary historian, born in Merthyr Tydfil, Wales (d. 1995)
  • 1905-03-09 Rex Warner, English poet and writer (Wild Goose Chase), born in Birmingham (d. 1986)
  • 1905-03-21 Phyllis McGinley, American poet (Pulitzer 1961, Love Letters)
  • 1905-03-22 Phyllis McGinley, American children's author and poet (Pulitzer Prize 1961), born in Ontario, Oregon (d. 1978)
  • 1905-04-11 József Attila, Hungarian poet, born in Ferencváros, Budapest, Austria-Hungary (d. 1937)
  • 1905-04-22 Robert Choquette, French Canadian novelist, poet and diplomat, born in Manchester, New Hampshire (d. 1991)
  • 1905-04-24 Robert Penn Warren, American poet and novelist (All the King's Men, Pulitzer 1946), born in Guthrie, Kentucky (d.1989)
  • 1905-05-20 Gerrit Achterberg, Dutch poet (Sailing)
  • 1905-05-29 Sebastian Shaw, British actor, director, playwright and poet (High Season, Ace of Spades, Caste), born in Holt, England (d. 1994)
  • 1905-06-08 Brian Coffey, Irish poet (Avent), born in Dublin (d. 1995)
  • 1905-06-29 Manuel Altolaguirre, Spanish poet and publisher (La lenta libertad), born in Málaga, Spain (d. 1959)
  • 1905-07-29 Stanley Kunitz, American poet (d. 2006)
  • 1905-08-20 Jean Gebser, German-born author, linguist, and poet, born in Poznań, Poland (d. 1973)
  • 1905-09-16 Vladimír Holan, Czech poet, born in Prague, Czech Republic (d. 1980)
  • 1905-11-17 Wazyk [Adam Wagman], Polish poet/author (Eyes & Mouth)
  • 1905-12-16 Piet Hein, poet/inventor
  • 1905-12-22 Kenneth Rexroth, American poet & translator & critical essayist (Birds in the Bush), born in South Bend, Indiana (d. 1982)
  • 1905-12-30 Daniil Kharms [Yuvatchov], Russian surrealist and absurdist writer, poet, and playwright, born in St. Petersburg, Russian Empire (d. 1942)
  • 1906-01-06 Benedict Vilakazi, South African Zulu poet & educator (Zulu-English Dictionary), born in KwaDukuza, Natal (d. 1947)
  • 1906-04-08 Charles J. B. Jonckheere, Flemish poet and writer (Mirror of the Sea)
  • 1906-04-18 Clara Eggink, Dutch poet (Life with J C Bloem), born in Utrecht, Netherlands (d. 1991)
  • 1906-06-12 Sandro Penna, Italian poet, born in Perugia, Italy (d. 1977)
  • 1906-06-27 Vernon Watkins, Welsh poet (Ballad of Mari Lwyd), born in Maesteg, Wales (d. 1967)
  • 1906-08-28 John Betjeman, poet (Mount Zion) and English Poet Laureate (1972-1984), born in London (d. 1984)
  • 1906-09-04 Han G. Hoekstra, Dutch poet (Ongerijmde life), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1988)
  • 1906-09-05 Semjon I Kirsanov, Ukrainian poet (Semj Dnej Nedeli), born in Odessa, Ukraine [NS=Sept 18]
  • 1906-09-18 Semjon I Kirsanov, Ukrainian poet (Semj Dnej Nedeli), born in Odessa, Ukraine [OS=Sept 5]
  • 1906-09-27 William Empson, English poet and critic (Milton's God), born in Hawdon, Yorkshire, England (d. 1984)
  • 1906-10-09 Léopold Sédar Senghor, Senegalese poet and 1st President of Senegal (1960-80), born in Joal-Fadiouth, Senegal (d. 2001)
  • 1906-11-02 Daniil Andreev, Russian writer, poet and Christian mystic, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1959)
  • 1906-12-25 Herman J Scheltema [NEM Pareau], Dutch jurist/poet
  • 1907-02-02 Bernardas Brazdzionis, Lithuania, poet/editor/critic
  • 1907-02-21 Wystan Hugh Auden, American poet (Age of Anxiety-Pulitzer 1948)
  • 1907-02-25 Sabahattin Ali, Turkish poet, author and journalist (Esirler, Içimizdeki Şeytan), born in Eğridere, Gümülcine, Ottoman Empire (d. 1948)
  • 1907-03-26 Mahadevi Varma, Indian poet and freedom fighter, born in Farrukhabad, British India (d. 1987)
  • 1907-05-11 Rose Ausländer, German poet (d. 1988)
  • 1907-06-04 Patience Strong [Winifred Emma May], English poet and journalist, born in Catford, London (d. 1990)
  • 1907-06-14 René Char, French poet and painter, born in L'Isle-sur-la-Sorgue, France (d. 1988)
  • 1907-06-24 Arseny Tarkovsky, Russian poet (d. 1989)
  • 1907-07-07 Helene Johnson, American Harlem Renaissance poet, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1995)
  • 1907-09-12 Louis MacNeice, Irish poet and playwright, born in Belfast, Ireland (d. 1963)
  • 1907-10-21 Nikos Engonopoulos, Greek painter and poet (d. 1985)
  • 1907-10-28 John Hewitt, Northern Irish poet, born in Belfast, Northern Ireland (d. 1987)
  • 1907-11-07 Maurits Mok, Dutch author and poet (Cheese & Bread Game), born in Haarlem, Netherlands (d. 1989)
  • 1907-11-18 Halldis Moren Vesaas, Norwegian author and poet (Harp and Dagger), born in Trysil, Norway (d. 1995)
  • 1907-12-21 Garmt Stuiveling, Dutch poet & literary (Poet in Love), born in Stroobos, Netherlands (d. 1985)

Famous Weddings


Famous Divorces


Famous Deaths

Deaths 1001 - 1,100 of 1,513

  • 1961-01-06 Regina Ullmann, Swiss poet and writer, dies at 76
  • 1961-02-21 Blaise Cendrars [Frederic Sauser-Hall], Swiss poet, dies at 73
  • 1961-03-31 Seerp Anema, Dutch poet and writer (Modern Art & Degenerating), dies at 85
  • 1961-05-06 Lucian Blaga, Romanian philosopher and poet (Transcendental censor), dies at 65
  • 1961-06-26 Kenneth F. Fearing, American poet (Afternoon of a pawnbroker), dies at 58
  • 1961-06-27 Harry Hooton, Australian poet, dies of cancer at 52
  • 1961-09-27 Hilda Doolittle, American poetess (Bid Me to Live), dies at 75
  • 1961-10-21 Nils Johan Einar Ferlin, Swedish poet (Barfotabarn), dies at 62
  • 1962-01-17 Gerrit Achterberg, Dutch poet (Dead End), dies at 56
  • 1962-01-20 Robinson Jeffers, poet/playwright (Dear Judas), dies at 75
  • 1962-01-24 Ahmet Hamdi Tanpınar, Turkish poet, novelist, recognized as one of the most important representatives of modernism in Turkish literature (A Mind at Peace, The Time Regulation Institute), dies of a heart attack at 60
  • 1962-06-02 Vita Sackville-West, English novelist, poet (The Land) and gardener (Sissinghurst), dies at 70
  • 1962-06-25 Ephraim Lisitsky, Hebrew poet, dies
  • 1962-06-27 Paul Viiding, Estonian poet, dies at 58

Person of interestHermann Hesse

1962-08-09 Hermann Hesse, German-Swiss novelist and poet (Steppenwolf, Nobel 1946), dies at 85

Nobel Laureate Novelist Hermann Hesse
Nobel Laureate Novelist
Hermann Hesse
  • 1962-09-03 E. E. Cummings, American poet (Tulips & Chimneys), dies at 67
  • 1963-01-08 Kay [Katherine Linn] Sage, American artist and poet commits suicide aged 64

Person of interestRobert Frost

1963-01-29 Robert Frost, American poet (New Hampshire, 4 Pulitzers), dies at 88

Person of interestSylvia Plath

1963-02-11 Sylvia Plath, American poet/novelist (Ariel), commits suicide at 30

Author and Poet Sylvia Plath
Author and Poet
Sylvia Plath
  • 1963-03-04 William Carlos Williams, American physician and poet, dies at 79
  • 1963-06-03 Nazim Hikmet, Turkish poet (Tosun Pasa, The Passenger), dies at 61
  • 1963-06-26 Obe Postma, Fries, poet/geography/historian (Own Cart), dies
  • 1963-08-01 Theodore Roethke, American poet (Praise to the end!), dies at 55
  • 1963-10-11 Jean Cocteau, French poet and writer (Les Enfants Terribles), dies at 73
  • 1963-11-21 Luis Cernuda, Spanish poet (Perfil del Aire), dies at 61
  • 1963-12-25 Tristan Tzara [Samuel Rosenfeld] Romanian-French poet (Approximate Man), dies at 67

Person of interestBrendan Behan

1964-03-20 Brendan Behan, Irish author and poet (Borstal Boy, The Hostage), dies at 41

Irish Poet and Playwright Brendan Behan
Irish Poet and Playwright
Brendan Behan
  • 1964-04-26 Edwin John Pratt, Canadian poet (Towards the Last Spike), dies at 81
  • 1964-04-27 Georg Britting, German poet, dies at 73
  • 1964-06-04 Samuil Marshak, Russian-Soviet writer, translator and children's poem poet, dies at 76
  • 1964-09-28 Mikhail Svetlov, Russian poet and writer, dies at 61
  • 1964-10-19 Nettie Palmer, Australian poet and essayist (Henry Handel Richardson: A Study), dies at 79
  • 1964-12-09 Edith Sitwell, English poet and author (Wheels), dies at 77

Person of interestT. S. Eliot

1965-01-04 T. S. Eliot, American-born British poet (The Waste Land) and Nobel laureate (1948), dies in London at 76

Poet, Author and Nobel Laureate T. S. Eliot
Poet, Author and Nobel Laureate
T. S. Eliot
  • 1965-03-13 Fan S. Noli, Albanian bishop, poet, and politician (b. 1882)
  • 1965-04-08 Erik A. Blomberg, Swedish art historian, poet and author, dies at 70
  • 1965-06-04 Bernard Verhoeven, Dutch poet (Pleidooi near een non), dies at 68
  • 1965-06-07 Richard Billinger, Austria poet/writer (Bauernpassion), dies
  • 1965-07-10 Jacques Audiberti, French poet (Le cavalier seul), dies at 66
  • 1965-08-14 Jan van Nijlen, Flemish poet and author (Walk at Dawn), dies at 80
  • 1965-09-02 Johannes Bobrowski, German poet and writer, dies at 48
  • 1966-03-05 Anna Achmatova, Ukrainian poet, dies at 76
  • 1966-03-27 Mien Labberton, Dutch poet, dies at 82
  • 1966-04-25 Maurice Roelants, Flemish novelist and poet (Komen en gaan, Prayer for a Good End), dies at 70
  • 1966-05-13 Henk [Hendrik M] of Randwijk, poet/editor in chief (illegal), dies
  • 1966-05-14 Georgia BD Camp Johnson, American poet/playwright, dies at 88
  • 1966-06-07 Jean Arp [Hans Arp], French-Swiss sculptor, artist and poet, dies at 78
  • 1966-06-27 Arthur D Waley [Schloss], British sinology/poet (Monkey), dies
  • 1966-07-02 Jan Brzechwa, Polish poet (The Beetle), dies at 67
  • 1966-07-11 Delmore Schwartz, American poet, short story writer and critic (Shenandoah), dies at 52
  • 1966-07-25 Frank O'Hara, American writer and poet, dies after being hit by a car at 40
  • 1966-08-10 Jacobus C Bloem, poet (Cinders), dies

Person of interestAndré Breton

1966-09-28 André Breton, French writer and poet, founder of Surrealism, dies at 70

Writer and Surrealist André Breton
Writer and Surrealist
André Breton
  • 1966-09-29 Maurits H E Uyldert, Dutch poet/writer (Motion), dies at 75
  • 1967-02-13 Forough Farrokhzad, Iranian pre-eminent poet and film director, dies in a car crash at 32
  • 1967-03-02 José Martínez Ruiz, Spanish poet and writer (b. 1873)
  • 1967-05-12 John Masefield, British writer and poet (Salt-Water Ballads), Poet Laureate (1930-67), dies at 88

Person of interestLangston Hughes

1967-05-22 Langston Hughes, American poet (Weary Blues) and playwright (Mulatto), and librettist (Troubled Island), dies at 65

Poet and Playwright Langston Hughes
Poet and Playwright
Langston Hughes
  • 1967-07-21 Pierre Kemp, Dutch poet (English paint box), dies at 80
  • 1967-07-22 Carl Sandburg, poet (Abraham Lincoln: Prairie Years), dies at 89
  • 1967-08-31 Ilja G Ehrenburg, Russian poet/writer (9th wave), dies at 76
  • 1967-09-01 Siegfried Sassoon, English poet and writer (Counterattack), dies at 80
  • 1967-10-08 Vernon Watkins, Welsh poet (Ballad of Mari Lwyd), dies at 61
  • 1968-01-14 Dorothea Mackellar, Australian poet (My Country) (b. 1885)
  • 1968-01-26 Yvor Winters, American poet (b. 1900)
  • 1968-02-04 Gerard den Brabander [Jan G Jofriet], poet (Nothing New), dies at 67
  • 1968-02-29 Tore Ørjasæter, Norwegian poet (b. 1886)
  • 1968-05-09 Mercedes de Acosta, American poet, playwright, costume designer, and socialite, dies at 75
  • 1968-06-01 [Johan] Erik Lindegren, Swedish poet/interpreter, dies at 57

Person of interestSalvatore Quasimodo

1968-06-14 Salvatore Quasimodo, Italian poet/essayist (Nobel 1959), dies at 66

Author/Poet Salvatore Quasimodo
Author/Poet
Salvatore Quasimodo
  • 1968-10-28 Henricus WJM Keuls, lawyer/poet, dies at 85
  • 1969-06-16 Jan Hanlo, Dutch poet (Oote oote boe), dies at 57
  • 1969-11-10 Tadeusz Peiper, Polish poet, dies at 78
  • 1969-12-26 Louise Lévêque de Vilmorin, French poet and author (History d'aimer), dies at 67
  • 1970-01-24 Caresse Crosby, American poet (b. 1891)
  • 1970-03-01 Ed Hoornik, Dutch writer & poet (Na jaren), dies at 59
  • 1970-03-15 Tarjei Vesaas, Nowegian poet and author (Isslottet), dies at 72
  • 1970-04-20 Shakeel Badayuni, Indian poet and lyricist, dies at 53

Person of interestNelly Sachs

1970-05-12 leonie "Nelly" Sachs, German Swedish poet and playwright (Nobel prize for Literature 1966), dies at 78

  • 1970-06-01 Giuseppe Ungaretti, Italian poet (Hermeticism) and journalist, dies at 82
  • 1970-09-01 Francois Mauriac, French novelist, poet and playwright (Nobel 1952), dies at 84
  • 1970-10-12 Mustafa Zaidi, Pakistani Urdu poet, dies at 40
  • 1971-03-06 Raymond Herreman, Belgian poet, journalist and writer (Jericho's Rose), dies at 74
  • 1971-03-19 Jan Greshoff, Dutch poet/author/journalist (Last Things), dies at 82
  • 1971-03-23 Simon Vestdijk, Dutch author/poet (Brass Garden), dies at 72
  • 1971-05-19 Ogden Nash, American humorous poet (I'm a Stranger Here Myself, Masquerade Party), dies at 68
  • 1971-05-20 Waldo Williams, Welsh poet (b. 1904)
  • 1971-06-25 Charles Vildrac, French author, poet and playwright (La Brouille, Michel Auclair, Notes sur la technique poétique), dies at 88

Person of interestJim Morrison

1971-07-03 Jim Morrison, American singer-songwriter (The Doors) and poet, dies of heart failure at 27

Poet and Rocker Jim Morrison
Poet and Rocker
Jim Morrison
  • 1971-07-30 Kenneth Slessor, Australian poet (b. 1901)
  • 1971-12-12 John A Emmens, art historian/poet (Dog of Pavlov), dies at 47
  • 1971-12-18 Aleksandr Tvardovsky, Russian poet and editor in chief (Novyj Mir), dies at 61
  • 1972-01-07 John Berryman, American poet (The Dream Songs), dies at 57
  • 1972-01-12 Padraic Colum, Irish novelist and poet (Collected Poems), dies at 90
  • 1972-02-05 Marianne Moore, American poetess (Pulitzer 1951), dies at 84
  • 1972-02-15 Jef [Josephus CF] Last, Dutch poet/Indonesian politician, dies at 73
  • 1972-03-20 Jan Engelman, Dutch poet and art critic (At the Front), dies at 71
  • 1972-05-22 Cecil Day-Lewis, Irish poet (British Poet Laureate 1968-72) and detective writer (Nicholas Blake), dies of cancer at 68
  • 1972-08-02 Helen Hoyt, American poet (b. 1887)

Person of interestEzra Pound

1972-11-01 Ezra Loomis Pound, American poet (Throne), dies at 87



Famous Poets