Writers in History (Part 11)

Historical Events


Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1001 - 1,100 of 2,893

  • 1891-04-19 Ricardo Bacchelli, Italian playwright and poet (La Ronda), born in Bologna, Italy (d. 1985)
  • 1891-05-15 David Vogel, Russian-born Hebrew writer (Huwelijksleven), born in Satanov, Russian Empire (d. 1944)
  • 1891-05-22 Johannes R. Becher, German writer and politician, born in Munich (d. 1958)
  • 1891-05-23 Pär Lagerkvist, Swedish writer, Nobel laureate (d. 1974)
  • 1891-06-22 Franz de Backer, Flemish writer (White Enemy)
  • 1891-06-23 Vladislav Vančura, Czech writer (Rozmarné léto), born in Háj ve Slezsku, Austria-Hungary (d. 1942)
  • 1891-06-28 Esther Forbes, American novelist (Johnny Tremain), born in Westborough, Massachusetts (d. 1968)
  • 1891-07-08 Elisabeth Zernike, Dutch writer (Poor Part, Bruidstijd)
  • 1891-07-08 Josef Hora, Czech writer/poet (Working Day)
  • 1891-08-25 Alberto Savinio [Andrea Francesco Alberto de Chirico], Italian composer (Capitano Ulisse), born in Athens (d. 1952)
  • 1891-09-03 Bessie [Annie Elizabeth] Delany, American dentist and civil rights pioneer, born in Raleigh, North Carolina (d. 1995)
  • 1891-11-27 Pedro Salinas, Spanish writer (Generation of 1927), born in Madrid (d. 1951)
  • 1891-12-02 Charles H. Wesley, American author and historian (The History of Alpha Phi Alpha), born in Louisville, Kentucky (d. 1987)

Person of interestJ. R. R. Tolkien

1892-01-03 J. R. R. Tolkien, British author (The Hobbit, The Lord of the Rings), born in Bloemfontein, South Africa (d. 1973)

Writer and Academic J. R. R. Tolkien
Writer and Academic
J. R. R. Tolkien
  • 1892-01-06 Ludwig Berger, German film director and cinematographer (The Thief of Bagdad), born in Mainz (d. 1969)
  • 1892-02-05 George Saiko, Austrian writer, born in Seestadtl, Bohemia (d. 1962)
  • 1892-02-17 Theodor Plievier, German writer (Des Kaisers Kulis, Stalingrad)
  • 1892-03-01 Ryunosuke Akutagawa, Japan, writer (Rashomon in Kappa)
  • 1892-03-09 Josef Weinheber, Austrian poet and writer (Adel und Untergang), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1945)
  • 1892-04-23 Minus van Looi [Benjamin van der Voort], Flemish writer, born in Tessenderlo, Belgium (d. 1952)
  • 1892-04-23 Richard Huelsenbeck, German Dada writer, born in Frankenau, Hessen-Nassau (d. 1974)
  • 1892-05-31 Konstantin Georgiyevich Paustovsky, Russian writer (d. 1968)
  • 1892-06-20 Sergei Tretyakov, Russian constructivist writer, playwright and special correspondent for Pravda, born in Kuldīga, Latvia (d. 1937)
  • 1892-07-08 Richard Aldington, writer
  • 1892-07-12 Bruno Schulz, Polish writer (The Street of Crocodiles), born in Drohobych, Austrian Galicia (d. 1942)
  • 1892-07-15 Walter Benjamin, German literature critic/writer
  • 1892-07-21 Anton Schnack, German writer and poet, born in Rieneck, Germany (d. 1973)
  • 1892-08-01 Constant Burniaux, Belgian writer (The Abandoned) and art historian (Temps Inquiets), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1975)
  • 1892-10-28 Ludwig Strauss, German-Israeli writer (Night Watch), born in Aachen, Germany (d. 1953)
  • 1892-11-16 Guo Moruo, Chinese scholar and writer, born in Leshan, Sichuan, China (d. 1978)
  • 1892-12-06 Osbert Sitwell, English poet, writer (Out of the Flame), born in London, England (d. 1969)
  • 1892-12-21 Amy Key Clarke, English mystical poet & writer, born in England, United Kingdom (d. 1980)
  • 1893-01-15 Ivor Novello [David Ivor Davies], Welsh composer, writer and actor (Keep the Home Fires Burning, The Truth Game), born in Cardiff, Wales (d. 1951)
  • 1893-01-31 Freya Stark, English explorer/ travel writer
  • 1893-04-20 Hermann Ungar, Moravian writer, born in Boskovice (d. 1929)
  • 1893-05-03 Konstantine Gamsakhurdia, Georgian writer and public benefactor, born in Abasha, Kutais Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1975)
  • 1893-05-09 William Moulton Marston, American psychologist (inventor of an early prototype of the lie detector) and writer (co-creator, Wonder Woman), born in Saugus, Massachusetts (d. 1947)
  • 1893-07-07 Miroslav Krleža, Croatian writer (d. 1981)
  • 1893-07-14 Spencer Williams, American director, writer and actor (The Amos 'n' Andy Show), born in Vidalia, Louisiana (d. 1969)
  • 1893-07-20 Richard Billinger, Austria poet/writer (From Where I Came)
  • 1893-07-21 Hans Fallada [Rudolf Wilhelm Friedrich Ditzen], German writer, born in Greifswald (d. 1947)

Person of interestDorothy Parker

1893-08-22 Dorothy Parker, American short story writer (1958 Marjorie Peabody Award), born in Long Branch, New Jersey (d. 1967)

Short Story Writer Dorothy Parker
Short Story Writer
Dorothy Parker
  • 1893-09-17 Abel Herzberg, Russian-Dutch Jewish lawyer and writer (Persecution of Jews), born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1989)
  • 1893-09-18 William March, American writer (Company K), born in Mobile, Alabama (d. 1954)
  • 1893-10-09 Mário de Andrade, Brazilian writer, photographer and modernist, born in São Paulo (d. 1947)
  • 1893-11-10 John P. Marquand, American writer (The Late George Apley), born in Wilmington, Delaware (d. 1960)
  • 1893-11-14 Carlo E Gadda, Italian engineer/writer (Madonna dei filosofi)
  • 1893-11-14 Carlo Emilio Gadda, Italian writer, born in Milan (d. 1973)
  • 1893-12-01 Ernst Toller, German playwright, President of Bavarian Soviet Republic (1919), born in Samotschin (d. 1939)
  • 1894-01-10 Reginald Denham, English writer & director (Obsession, The Bad Seed), born in London, England (d. 1983)
  • 1894-01-22 Charles Morgan, England, writer (Fountain)
  • 1894-03-09 Frank Arnau [Heinrich Schmitt], German crime fiction writer, born in Vienna (d. 1976)
  • 1894-04-07 Gerald Brenan, English writer
  • 1894-05-27 Louis-Ferdinand Céline, French writer (Die Nacht), born in Courbevoie, Seine, France (d. 1961)
  • 1894-06-06 Violet Trefusis, English writer and socialite who had a famous affair with writer Vita Sackville-West, born in London England (d. 1972)
  • 1894-06-21 Milward Kennedy, British public servant and mystery writer (d. 1968)
  • 1894-07-13 Isaak Babel, Russian writer (Konarmija, Marija) [OS Jun 30]
  • 1894-07-22 Oskar Maria Graf, German writer, born in Berg, Bavaria (d. 1967)
  • 1894-08-31 Albert Facey, Australian writer (A Fortunate Life), born in Maidstone, Victoria, Australia (d. 1982)
  • 1894-09-02 Joseph Roth, Austrian journalist/writer (Hotel Savoy)
  • 1894-09-13 J. B. Priestly, English novelist and scriptwriter (The Good Companions, An Inspector Calls), born in Bradford, United Kingdom
  • 1894-09-19 Kees Rijnsdorp, Dutch writer (Kings Children), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1982)
  • 1894-12-10 Gertrud Kolmar, German lyric poet and writer, born in Berlin (d. 1943)
  • 1894-12-17 Hans Henny Jahnn, writer
  • 1894-12-26 Jean Toomer, American writer (d. 1967)
  • 1895-01-13 Anton Betzner, German writer, born in Cologne (d. 1976)
  • 1895-01-14 George Richard Samways, English children's writer, born in Hampshire, England (d. 1996)
  • 1895-01-24 Eugen Roth, German poet, born in Munich (d. 1976)
  • 1895-03-05 Fritz Usinger, German writer (Eternal Struggle)
  • 1895-03-30 Jean Giono, French writer (World Chant)
  • 1895-04-15 Corrado Alvaro, Italian writer (Gente in Aspromonte), born in San Luca, Italy (d. 1956)
  • 1895-04-16 Robert Dean Frisbie, American writer of travel literature (Life on Puka Puka), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 1948)
  • 1895-04-23 Ngaio Marsh, New Zealand detective writer and producer, born in Christchurch, New Zealand (d. 1982)
  • 1895-04-30 Philippe Panneton, Canadian physician, diplomat and writer (Trente arpents), born in Trois-Rivières, Quebec (d. 1960)
  • 1895-05-02 Alfred Kurella, German author and functionary of the Socialist Unity Party of Germany in East Germany, born in Brieg, Silesia (d. 1975)
  • 1895-05-06 Júlio César de Mello e Souza, Brazilian writer (The Man Who Counted), born in Rio de Janeiro (d. 1974)
  • 1895-05-08 Edmund Wilson, American critic/writer (Patriotic Gore)
  • 1895-05-11 Jan Parandowski, writer
  • 1895-06-10 Immanuel Velikovsky, Russian writer (Worlds in Collision), born in Vitebsk, Russian Empire (d. 1979)
  • 1895-07-08 Anton G J van de Velde, Flemish writer/director (God & the Worms)
  • 1895-07-24 Robert Graves, English writer and poet (I Claudius) [or 6/26], born in London, England (d. 1985)
  • 1895-08-19 Arnoldt Bronnen, Austrian playwright, born in Vienna (d. 1959)
  • 1895-09-10 Kavi Samrat Viswanatha Satyanarayana, Telugu writer (d. 1976).
  • 1895-10-04 Sergei Yesenin, Russian lyric poet, born in Konstantinovo, Ryazan Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1925)
  • 1895-10-06 Caroline Gordon, Kentucky, writer (Green Centuries)
  • 1895-10-19 Louis Mumford, cultural historian/city planner/writer
  • 1895-11-08 Photis Kontoglou, Greek writer, painter and iconographer, born in Ayvalık, Turkey (d. 1965)
  • 1895-11-15 Antoni Słonimski, Polish writer (d. 1976)
  • 1895-11-16 Michael Arlen [Dikran Kouyoumdjian], British author and scriptwriter (An American Verdict), born in Ruse, Bulgaria (d. 1956)
  • 1895-11-25 Helen Hooven Santmyer, American writer ("...And Ladies of the Club"), born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 1986)
  • 1895-12-04 Fritiof Nilsson Piraten, Swedish writer (Bombi Bitt Och Jag), born in Vollsjö, Sweden (d. 1972)
  • 1896-01-08 Manuel Rojas Sepulveda, Chile, writer (Men of the South)
  • 1896-01-18 C. M. Eddy, Jr., American writer, born in Providence, Rhode Island (d. 1967)
  • 1896-02-03 Johannes Urzidil, writer
  • 1896-02-04 Friedrich Glauser, writer
  • 1896-02-07 Jacob Paludan, Danish pharmacist/writer (Jorgen Stein)

Person of interestAndré Breton

1896-02-18 André Breton, French writer and poet, founder of Surrealism, born in Tinchebray, France (d. 1966)

Writer and Surrealist André Breton
Writer and Surrealist
André Breton
  • 1896-02-22 Paul Van Ostaijen, Flemish poet/writer/critic (Occupied City)
  • 1896-03-01 Moriz Seeler, German writer and producer (d. 1942)
  • 1896-03-10 Nancy Cunard, British writer and activist, born in London (d. 1965)

Famous Weddings


Famous Divorces


Famous Deaths

Deaths 1001 - 1,100 of 2,566

  • 1947-02-05 Hans Fallada, German writer (Little Man, What Now?), dies at 53
  • 1947-04-12 Christian F L Leipoldt, South African writer (Die Moormansgat), dies
  • 1947-04-24 Willa Cather, American writer (My Ántonia), dies at 73
  • 1947-05-02 William Moulton Marston, American psychologist (inventor of an early prototype of the lie detector) and writer (co-creator, Wonder Woman), dies at 53
  • 1947-05-23 Charles-Ferdinand Ramuz, Swiss writer (Le Petit Village), dies at 68
  • 1947-09-26 Hugh Lofting, English writer (Dr Dolittle), dies at 61
  • 1947-10-13 Sydney Webb, English socialist and economist (founded London School of Economics) and husband of Beatrice Webb, dies at 88
  • 1947-11-17 Ricarda Huch, German writer and historian "First Lady of German humanism", dies at 83
  • 1947-11-20 Wolfgang Borchert, German writer, dies at 26
  • 1948-01-07 Raoul Auernheimer, writer, dies
  • 1948-01-08 Kurt Schwitters, German-British dada-artist and poet (collages), dies at 60
  • 1948-02-09 Karl Valentin, Bavarian comedian and film producer, dies at 65
  • 1948-03-03 Antonin Artaud, French songwriter and director (Theatre Seraphin), dies at 51
  • 1948-03-10 Zelda Fitzgerald, American writer (This Side of Paradise) and wife of writer F. Scott Fitzgerald, dies at 47
  • 1948-03-31 Egon Kisch, Austrian-Czech writer and journalist (Raging Reporter), dies at 62
  • 1948-04-08 Josef Kjellgren, Swedish writer (Guldkedjan), dies at 40
  • 1948-06-30 Karl Wolfskehl, writer, dies at 78
  • 1948-07-04 Monteiro Lobato, Brazilian writer (b. 1882)
  • 1948-07-05 G Bernanos, writer, dies at 60
  • 1948-08-10 E Ball-Hennings, writer, dies at 63
  • 1948-08-10 Montague Summers, English clergyman and writer (Malleus Maleficarum), dies at 68
  • 1948-09-08 Thomas Mofolo, Lesotho writer (b. 1876)
  • 1948-10-12 Alfred Kerr, German-British writer, dies at 80
  • 1948-10-31 Cissy van Marxfield, [Setske Beek-de Han], writer, dies
  • 1948-11-19 Robert Dean Frisbie, American writer of travel literature (Life on Puka Puka), dies at 52
  • 1948-11-23 Stanner E.V. Taylor, American director and screenwriter (Lucky Jim, Ramona), dies at 71
  • 1949-05-21 Klaus Mann, German-American author (Mephisto), dies at 42
  • 1949-05-22 Klaus H T Mann, German/American writer (Turning Point), dies
  • 1949-06-10 Sigrid Undset, Norwegian writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1882)

Person of interestMargaret Mitchell

1949-08-16 Margaret Mitchell, American author (Gone With the Wind), dies at 48

  • 1949-08-26 Nico van Suchtelen, Dutch writer and publisher, dies at 70
  • 1949-10-06 Robert Lynd, Irish writer and critic (News Chronicle), dies at 70
  • 1949-11-08 Cyriel Verschaeve, Belgian priest and writer (Maria Magdalena -1928), dies at 75
  • 1949-12-03 Elin Pelin, writer, dies
  • 1949-12-28 Hervey Allen, American writer and poet (Anthony Adverse), dies at 60
  • 1950-01-11 Karin Michaelis, writer, dies at 77
  • 1950-02-13 Rafael Sabatini, Italian-British writer (The Sea Hawk), dies at 74
  • 1950-02-27 Ivan Goll, French-German writer (the Landless John), dies at 58
  • 1950-03-12 L Heinrich Mann, German/American writer (Between the Races), dies at 78
  • 1950-04-08 Albert Ehrenstein, Austria writer (Strum), dies at 63
  • 1950-05-06 Agnes Smedley, writer, dies
  • 1950-08-24 Ernst Wiechert, writer, dies at 63
  • 1950-08-27 Cesare Pavese, Italian writer (Fuoco Grande), dies at 41
  • 1950-09-06 Olaf Stapledon, British writer and philosopher (b. 1886)
  • 1950-09-29 Balthazar Huibrecht Verhagen, Dutch dramatist and writer, dies at 69
  • 1950-10-13 Ernest Haycox, American writer (b. 1899)
  • 1950-10-31 Carel T Scharten, Dutch poet and writer (Lost Paradise), dies at 72
  • 1950-11-25 Johannes Vilhelm Jensen, Danish writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1873)
  • 1950-12-14 Albrecht Schaeffer, German writer (Heroische Fahrt), dies at 65
  • 1951-01-10 [Harry] Sinclair Lewis, American writer (Nobel Prize in Literature 1930), dies from advanced alcoholism at 65

Person of interestAndré Gide

1951-02-19 Andre Gide, French writer (Lafcadio's Adventures-Nobel 1947), dies of pneumonia at 81

Writer André Gide
Writer
André Gide
  • 1951-03-06 Ivor Novello [David Ivor Davies], Welsh composer, writer and actor (Keep the Home Fires Burning, The Truth Game), dies at 58
  • 1951-04-09 Sadiq Hidajat, Persian writer (Hadji Aga), dies at 48
  • 1951-05-25 Paula von Preradović, Croatian-Austrian poet and writer, dies at 63
  • 1951-05-30 Hermann Broch, Austrian novelist (Sleepwalkers, Bewitchment), dies at 64
  • 1951-06-02 John Erskine, American poet and writer (Private Life of Helen of Troy), dies at 71
  • 1951-07-31 J of Oudshoorn, [John K Feylbrief], writer (Maze of Sentences), dies
  • 1951-08-28 Robert Walker, American actor and writer (Strangers on a Train, Bataan, Madame Curie), dies from an adverse reaction to prescription drugs at 32
  • 1951-12-04 Pedro Salinas, Spanish writer (Generation of 1927), dies at 61
  • 1951-12-05 Abanindranath Tagore, Indian writer (b. 1871)
  • 1951-12-10 Algernon Blackwood, English novelist (The Willows), dies at 82
  • 1951-12-23 Benito Lynch, Irish-Argentine writer (Palo Verde), dies at 66
  • 1952-01-26 Louis van Deyssel, Dutch writer (Diary of Franc Rozelaar), dies at 87
  • 1952-02-19 Knut Hamsun, Norwegian writer (Nobel Prize in Literature 1920), dies at 92
  • 1952-04-05 Henri Vandeputte, Belgian writer (L'Autre Vie), dies at 75
  • 1952-04-23 Minus van Looi [Benjamin van der Voort], Flemish writer, dies at 60
  • 1952-06-13 Max Pulver, writer, dies
  • 1952-08-12 David Bergelson, Yiddish language writer (b. 1884)
  • 1952-09-14 Alexander Xaver Gwerder, Swiss writer, commits suicide at 29
  • 1952-09-19 Giuseppe Zoppi, Swiss writer (Presento il mio Ticino), dies at 56
  • 1952-10-03 Alfred Neumann, German playwright (Devil), dies at 56
  • 1952-12-30 Ivan Olbracht, writer, dies
  • 1953-04-14 Emmanuel de Bom, Flemish writer (Scheldelucht), dies at 84
  • 1953-04-20 Erich Weinert, German communist writer, dies at 62
  • 1953-04-22 Top Naeff [Anthonetta van Rhijn-N], Dutch writer, dies at 75
  • 1953-05-24 Cor Hermus, Dutch actor, director and writer (Bleeke Bet, William of Orange, Jantes), dies at 63
  • 1953-05-28 Hori Tatsuo, Japanese writer (b. 1904)
  • 1953-08-11 Ludwig Strauss, German-Israeli writer (Heimliche Gegenwart), dies at 60
  • 1953-09-24 Berthold Viertel, Austrian screenwriter, dies at 68
  • 1953-10-05 Friedrich Wolf, writer, dies at 64
  • 1953-10-18 Douwe Kalma, Dutch literary writer and leader (Young Frisian Movement), dies at 57
  • 1953-11-08 Ivan Bunin, Russian poet and novelist (Gentleman from San Francisco-Nobel 1933, dies at 83
  • 1953-11-08 John van Melle, South African writer (Bart Nel), dies at 66
  • 1953-12-02 Francis Picabia, French avante-garde artist, writer and typographist (Amorous Parade), dies at 74
  • 1953-12-19 Rudolf Leonhard, writer, dies
  • 1954-01-01 Duff Cooper, British diplomat & writer, dies at 63
  • 1954-01-16 Michail M Prishvin, Russian writer, dies
  • 1954-03-28 Francis B Young, British physician/writer (In South Africa), dies at 69
  • 1954-05-15 William March, American writer (Company K), dies at 60
  • 1954-05-26 Franz Pfemfert, German journalist and writer, dies at 74
  • 1954-05-27 Herzmanovsky-Orlando, writer, dies
  • 1954-06-01 Martin Andersen Nexø, Danish writer (Pelle Erobreren), dies at 84
  • 1954-06-09 Alain LeRoy Locke, African-American writer and philosopher “Father of the Harlem Renaissance”, dies at 68
  • 1954-08-01 Charles-A Cingria, writer, dies
  • 1954-10-27 Sydney Horler, English detective writer (Checkmate), dies at 66
  • 1954-12-13 John Raymond Hubbell, American writer (b. 1879)
  • 1955-01-27 Ernst Penzoldt, writer, dies
  • 1955-03-12 Theodor Plievier, writer, dies
  • 1955-04-24 Alfred Polgar, Austrian writer/theater critic, dies at 79
  • 1955-05-03 Rudolf Schlichter, German artist and writer, dies at 64