Writers in History (Part 2)

Historical Events


Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 101 - 200 of 2,942

  • 1660-04-06 Johann Kuhnau, Bohemian organist, choirmaster, and composer (Biblical Sonatas), born in Geising, Bohemia (now Germany) (d. 1722)
  • 1664-01-20 Giovanni Vincenzo Gravina, Italian writer and jurist (d. 1718)
  • 1666-04-17 François Valentijn, Dutch vicar and writer (Old and New East-India), born in Dordrecht, Netherlands (d. 1727)
  • 1667-04-29 John Arbuthnot, Scottish mathematician and writer (Scriblerus Club), born in Inverbervie, Scotland (d. 1735)
  • 1670-02-10 William Congreve, England, writer (Old Bachelor, Way of the World)
  • 1672-01-18 Antoine Houdar de la Motte, French writer (d. 1731)
  • 1672-03-12 Richard Steele, Irish writer and politician (d. 1729)
  • 1674-01-13 Prosper Jolyot de Crébillon, French tragic poet and playwright (Rhadamiste et Zénobie), born in Dijon, France (d. 1762)
  • 1674-03-30 Jethro Tull, agricultural writer (Basildon), baptised
  • 1674-07-17 Isaac Watts, English writer, preacher and hymnist (Horae Lyrican), born in Southampton, England (d. 1748)
  • 1675-01-16 Louis de Rouvroy, duc de Saint-Simon, French writer (Mémoires), born in Paris (d. 1755)
  • 1677-08-09 Jacob Campo Weyerman, Dutch painter and writer active during the Dutch Enlightenment, born in Charleroi, Belgium (d. 1747)
  • 1679-03-18 Matthew Decker, English merchant and writer (d. 1759)
  • 1681-06-26 Hedvig Sophia, Duchess of Holstein-Gottorp, born in Three Crowns Castle, Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1708)
  • 1684-02-21 Justus van Effen, writer/founder (Holland Spectator)
  • 1685-12-17 Thomas Tickell, English writer and poet, born in Bridekirk, Cockermouth, England (d. 1740)
  • 1686-08-19 Eustace Budgell, English writer (The Spectator, writing 37 numbers signed X), born in Saint Thomas, Exeter, England (d. 1737)
  • 1688-02-04 Pierre De Marivaux, writer (Marianne), born in Paris, France
  • 1689-01-18 Charles de Montesquieu, French philosopher/writer (Letters Persanes)
  • 1689-07-09 Alexis Piron, French dramatist (La Métromanie), born in Dijon, France (d. 1773)
  • 1692-02-14 Pierre-Claude Nivelle de La Chaussée, French writer (L’École des Mères), born in Paris (d. 1754)
  • 1692-02-25 Karl Ludwig, Freiherr von Pöllnitz, German adventurer and writer (d. 1775)
  • 1694-09-22 Lord Chesterfield, letter writer; introduced Gregorian calendar (1752)

Person of interestVoltaire

1694-11-21 Voltaire [Francois-Marie Arouet], French writer, philosopher and playwright (Candide), born in Paris (d. 1778)

Enlightenment Philosopher Voltaire
Enlightenment Philosopher
Voltaire
  • 1694-12-22 Hermann Samuel Reimarus, German philosopher and writer, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1768)
  • 1695-04-08 Johann Christian Gunther, German poet, born in Striegau, Silesia (d. 1723)
  • 1696-10-13 John Hervey, 2nd Baron Hervey, English statesman and writer (d. 1743)
  • 1698-12-24 William Warburton, English writer & Bishop of Gloucester, born in Newark-on-Trent, United Kingdom (d. 1779)
  • 1700-09-30 Stanisław Konarski, Polish writer (d. 1773)
  • 1703-03-24 Jose F de Isla [Francisco de Salazar], Spanish Jesuit/writer
  • 1703-11-26 Theophilus Cibber, English actor and writer, born in London, England (d. 1758)
  • 1704-01-01 Soame Jenyns, English writer (d. 1787)
  • 1704-02-12 Charles Pinot Duclos, French writer (d. 1772)
  • 1704-06-24 Jean-Baptiste de Boyer, Marquis d'Argens, French writer, born in Aix-en-Provence, France (d. 1771)

Person of interestBenjamin Franklin

1706-01-17 Benjamin Franklin, US Founding Father, inventor, ambassador and writer (Poor Richards Almanac), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1790)

United States Founding Father Benjamin Franklin
United States Founding Father
Benjamin Franklin
  • 1706-03-04 Lauritz de Thurah, Danish architect and architectural writer (d. 1759)
  • 1706-12-17 Gabrielle Chôtelet [La belle Emilie], French writer (Voltaire), born in Paris (d. 1749)
  • 1707-09-07 George-Louis Leclerc, count de Buffon, French naturalist and writer on natural history (Histoire naturelle, générale et particulière), born in Montbard, France (d. 1788)
  • 1710-10-24 Alban Butler, English Catholic priest and writer, born in Northampton, England (d. 1773)
  • 1710-11-08 Sarah Fielding, English writer (The Adventures of David Simple), born in East Stour, England (d. 1768)
  • 1710-12-02 Carlo Bertinazzi, Italian actor and writer (commedia dell'arte), born in Turin, Italy (d. 1783)
  • 1712-03-22 Edward Moore, English dramatist (The Gamester) (d. 1757)
  • 1712-06-28 Jean-Jacques Rousseau, French philosopher, eminent political theorist, and writer whose influential works inspired French Revolution leaders and Romantic academics (Confession), born in Geneva, Switzerland (d. 1778)
  • 1713-04-12 Guillaume Thomas François Raynal, French writer, born in Lapanouse, France (d. 1796)
  • 1714-02-26 James Hervey, English clergyman and writer (d. 1758)
  • 1714-07-16 Marc René, Marquis de Montalembert, French military engineer and writer, born in Angoulême, France (d. 1800)
  • 1715-05-04 Richard Graves, English writer, born in Mickleton, Gloucestershire (d. 1804)
  • 1715-08-06 Luc de Clapiers, marquis de Vauvenargues, French writer, born in Aix-en-Provence, France (d. 1747)
  • 1715-11-05 John Brown, English writer, born in Rothbury, Northumberland, England (d. 1766)
  • 1716-01-20 Jean-Jacques Barthélemy, French writer and numismatist (d. 1795)
  • 1716-12-16 Louis-Jules Mancini-Mazarini, Duc de Nivernais, French diplomat and writer (d. 1798)
  • 1717-02-19 David Garrick, English actor, producer and writer (Aboan-Oroonoko), born in Hereford, England (d. 1779)
  • 1717-09-24 Horace Walpole, British horror writer (Castle of Otranto), born in London (d. 1797)
  • 1717-12-16 Elizabeth Carter, English poet, bluestocking and translator (All the Works of Epictetus Which Are Now Extant), born in Deal, England (d. 1806)
  • 1718-05-23 William Hunter, Scottish anatomist and physician, born in East Kilbride, South Lanarkshire, Scotland (d. 1783)
  • 1718-07-18 Saverio Bettinelli, Italian Jesuit writer, born in Mantua, Lombardy, Italy (d. 1808)
  • 1718-09-08 François-Thomas-Marie de Baculard d'Arnaud, French sentimental writer (Les Épreuves du sentiment), born in Paris (d. 1805)
  • 1719-10-17 Jacques Cazotte, French writer (d. 1792)
  • 1720-01-13 Richard Hurd, English bishop and writer (d. 1808)
  • 1720-03-13 Charles Bonnet, Swiss naturalist and writer, born in Geneva (d. 1793)
  • 1720-12-14 Justus Möser, German statesman and writer, born in Osnabrück, Germany (d. 1794)
  • 1721-03-19 Tobias Smollett, Scottish writer, baptized
  • 1722-02-19 Tiphaigne de la Roche, French writer (d. 1774)
  • 1722-09-22 John Home, Scottish writer (d. 1808)
  • 1722-12-01 Anna Louisa Karsch "Die Karschin", German poet, born in Hammer, Silesia (d. 1791)
  • 1723-07-11 Jean-François Marmontel, French historian and writer, born in Bort-les-Orgues, France (d. 1799)
  • 1723-12-26 Friedrich Melchior, baron von Grimm, German writer (d. 1807)
  • 1724-01-24 Frances Brooke, English writer (d. 1789)
  • 1724-10-31 Christopher Anstey, English poet (The New Bath Guide), born in Brinkley, England (d. 1805)

Person of interestGiacomo Casanova

1725-04-02 Giacomo Casanova, Italian writer, adventurer and famous lover, born in Venice, Italy (d. 1798)

Adventurer, Writer and famous Lover Giacomo Casanova
Adventurer, Writer and famous Lover
Giacomo Casanova
  • 1726-12-01 Eggert Ólafsson, Icelandic explorer, writer (Reise igiennem Island - Travels In Iceland), and language conservationist, born in Svefneyjar, Iceland (d. 1768)
  • 1728-02-29 Robert Bage, English writer (Criticism by Peter Faulkner)
  • 1728-04-19 Francisco Albergati Capacelli, Italian writer and playwright, born in Bologna (d. 1804)
  • 1729-05-23 Giuseppe Parini, Italian prose writer and poet (Il Giorno), born in Bosisio, Lombardy, Italy (d. 1799)
  • 1730-01-03 Charles Palissot de Montenoy, French writer/politician
  • 1730-02-21 Charles L Fournier, Flemish writer/painter
  • 1730-08-27 Johann Georg Hamann, German counter-enlightenment philosopher ("Reason is language"), born in Königsberg, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1788)
  • 1731-02-25 Simon Stijl, Frisian physician/writer
  • 1731-09-09 Francisco Javier Clavijero, Mexican Jesuit teacher and writer, born in Veracruz, Mexico (d. 1787)
  • 1731-12-06 Sophie von Laroche, German writer (History of Lady Sophia Sternheim), born in Kaufbeuren. Bavaria (d. 1807)
  • 1732-01-06 Matija A Reljkovic, Habsburg military officer & Croatian writer (Satir iliti divji covic), born in Davor, Croatia (d. 1798)
  • 1732-11-09 Julie de Lespinasse, French aristocrat, hostess and writer, born in Lyon, France (d. 1776)
  • 1733-07-22 Mikhail Shcherbatov, Russian philosopher and writer (d. 1790)
  • 1737-01-19 Jacques-Henri Bernardin de Saint-Pierre, Fr writer (Paul et Virgin)

Person of interestFrancis Hopkinson

1737-09-21 Francis Hopkinson, American author and composer (designed the first American flag), born in Philadelphia, British America (d. 1791)

Designer of the American Flag Francis Hopkinson
Designer of the American Flag
Francis Hopkinson

Person of interestMarquis de Sade

1740-06-02 Marquis de Sade, French philosopher and writer (Justine). The words sadism and sadist are derived from his name., born in Paris, France (d/ 1814)

Philosopher and Writer Marquis de Sade
Philosopher and Writer
Marquis de Sade
  • 1740-10-20 Belle van Zuylen, Dutch-Swiss writer (Three Women), born at Castle Zuylen near Utrecht (d. 1805)
  • 1740-11-04 Augustus Montague Toplady, English hymn writer (Rock of Ages), born in Farnham, Surrey, England (d. 1778)
  • 1741-11-15 Johann Kaspar Lavater, Swiss writer, philosopher and founder of physiognomics, born in Zürich, Switzerland (d. 1801)
  • 1741-12-10 Aagje Deken, Dutch writer (For the Elderly & Children), born in Amstelveen, Netherlands (d. 1804)
  • 1742-07-01 Georg Christoph Lichtenberg, German physicist and writer (types of Lichtenberg), born in Ober-Ramstadt, Landgraviate of Hesse-Darmstadt, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1799)
  • 1743-06-20 Anna Laetitia Barbauld, English poet and writer of hymns (Life! I Know Not What Thou Art), born in Kibworth Harcourt, Leicestershire, England (d. 1825)
  • 1744-05-31 Richard Edgeworth, Anglo-Irish inventor and educationalist, born in Bath, Somerset (d. 1817)
  • 1746-03-05 Jacob Wallenberg, Swedish writer/naval chaplain
  • 1746-09-04 Bernardus Bosch, Dutch vicar and poet, born in Deventer, Netherlands (d. 1803)
  • 1747-01-15 John Aikin, English doctor and writer, born in Kibworth Harcourt, United Kingdom (d. 1822)

Person of interestComte de Mirabeau

1749-03-09 Honoré Gabriel Riqueti, Comte de Mirabeau, French revolutionary (influential member of the National Constituent Assembly), born in Le Bignon, France (d. 1791)

Revolutionary and Politician Comte de Mirabeau
Revolutionary and Politician
Comte de Mirabeau

Person of interestJohann Wolfgang von Goethe

1749-08-28 Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German writer and social philosopher (Faust), born in Frankfurt am Main, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1832)

Social Philosopher Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
Social Philosopher
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
  • 1749-08-31 Alexander Radishchev, Russian writer (Journey from St. Petersburg to Moscow), born in Moscow (1802)
  • 1750-09-18 Tomás de Iriarte, Spanish writer (Fabulas Literarias), born in La Orotava, Tenerife, Canary Islands of Spain (d. 1791)

Famous Weddings


Famous Divorces


Famous Deaths

Deaths 101 - 200 of 2,621

  • 1658-12-06 Baltasar Gracian, Spanish writer, dies at 57
  • 1659-06-03 Morgan Llwyd, Welsh Puritan preacher and writer (b. 1619)
  • 1660-10-07 Paul Scarron, French writer (Virgile Travesti), dies at 50
  • 1661-08-07 Jin Shengtan, Chinese editor, writer and critic (b. 1608)
  • 1662-05-23 John Gauden, English bishop and writer (b. 1605)
  • 1664-07-16 Andreas Gryphius, German lyric poet and dramatist, dies at 47
  • 1665-09-12 Jean Bolland, Flemish Jesuit writer and historian (Acta Sanctorum), dies at 69
  • 1667-05-02 George Wither, English writer (Abuses Stript and Whipt), dies at 78
  • 1667-05-14 Georges de Scudéry, French writer and dramatist (L'Amour tyrannique), dies at 65
  • 1667-07-11 John Fox, Amsterdam writer, buried
  • 1669-05-16 Reyer Anslo, writer/poet, dies at about 42
  • 1670-11-15 John Amos Comenius, Czech-speaking Moravian teacher, educator and writer, dies at 78
  • 1673-12-15 Margaret Cavendish, English poet, playwright and philosopher (early science fiction work The Blazing World), dies at about 50
  • 1674-02-22 Jean Chapelain, French writer and poet (La Pucelle), dies at 78
  • 1674-03-08 Charles Sorel, sieur de Souvigny, French writer (b. 1597)
  • 1674-06-14 Marin le Roy de Gomberville, French writer (b. 1600)
  • 1676-07-25 François Hédelin, abbé d'Aubignac, French writer, dies at 71
  • 1676-08-17 Hans Jakob Christoffel von Grimmelshausen, German writer (Simplicius Simplicissimus), dies
  • 1676-10-28 Jean Desmarets, French writer (b. 1595)
  • 1679-04-18 Christian Hoffmann von Hoffmannswaldau, German poet, dies at 62
  • 1679-10-12 William Gurnall, English writer (b. 1617)
  • 1680-02-17 Denzil Holles, 1st Baron Holles, English statesman and writer, dies at 81
  • 1680-03-17 François VI, duc de La Rochefoucauld, French writer of maxims and memoirs, dies at 66
  • 1680-09-11 Roger Crab, English Puritan political writer (b. 1621)
  • 1681-05-25 Pedro Calderón de la Barca, Spanish dramatist, poet and writer of the Spanish Golden Age, dies at 81
  • 1682-04-14 Avvakum, Russian Orthodox archpriest and writer, dies at 60
  • 1682-09-08 Juan Caramuel y Lobkowitz, Spanish writer, dies at 76
  • 1682-10-19 Thomas Browne, English philosopher and writer (Garden of Cyrus), dies at 77
  • 1683-01-15 Philip Warwick, English writer and politician (b. 1609)
  • 1683-12-15 Izaak Walton, English biographer and author (The Compleat Angler), dies at 90
  • 1686-04-19 Antonio de Solís y Ribadeneyra, Spanish writer (b. 1610)
  • 1687-02-16 Charles Cotton, English poet and writer, dies at 56
  • 1688-05-14 Antoine Furetière, French writer (b. 1619)
  • 1690-10-03 Robert Barclay, Scottish writer (b. 1648)
  • 1691-02-01 George Etherege, English stage writer (Love in a Tub), dies at 56
  • 1691-07-30 Daniel Georg Morhof, German writer and scholar (b. 1639)
  • 1692-11-06 Gédéon Tallemant des Réaux, French writer (Historiettes), dies at 73
  • 1693-02-07 Paul Pellisson, French writer, dies at 68
  • 1693-04-09 Roger de Rabutin, Comte de Bussy, French writer, dies at 74
  • 1693-05-25 Marie-Madeleine Pioche de la Vergne, comtesse de la Fayette, French writer (b. 1634)
  • 1693-12-13 Dodoftei, Romanian metropolitan of Moldavia/writer (Saint Lives), dies
  • 1695-03-05 Henry Wharton, English writer (b. 1664)
  • 1696-04-17 Marie de Rabutin-Chantal, French writer (b. 1626)
  • 1696-05-10 Jean de La Bruyère, French writer (The Characters, or the Manners of the Age, with The Characters of Theophrastus), dies at 50
  • 1699-01-21 Obadiah Walker, English writer (b. 1616)
  • 1701-03-15 Jean Renaud de Segrais, French writer and poet, dies at 76
  • 1701-06-02 Madeleine de Scudéry, French novelist (Artamène ou le grand Cyrus), dies at 93
  • 1701-09-15 Edmé Boursault, French writer (b. 1638)
  • 1702-09-17 Olof Rudbeck, Swedish scientist, writer and composer, dies at 71

Person of interestCharles Perrault

1703-05-16 Charles Perrault, French author and fairy tale writer (Tales of Mother Goose), dies at 75

Fairytale writer Charles Perrault
Fairytale writer
Charles Perrault
  • 1704-06-18 Thomas "Tom" Brown, English translator and writer of satire (Amusements Serious and Comical, calculated for the Meridian of London), dies at 41
  • 1706-02-27 John Evelyn, English writer and diarist (Life of Mrs Godolphin), dies at 85
  • 1706-12-03 Emilie Juliane of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt, German countess and hymn writer (b. 1637)
  • 1706-12-28 Pierre Bayle, French philosopher and writer (Historical and Critical Dictionary), dies at 59
  • 1707-01-10 Philibert, comte de Gramont, French writer (b. 1621)
  • 1707-06-16 Marie d'Orleans-Longueville, Duchess de Nemours, sovereign princess of Neuchâtel and writer (b. 1625)
  • 1708-04-30 Simon de Vries, book seller/writer (Unequal), dies
  • 1708-12-22 Hedvig Sophia, Duchess of Holstein-Gottorp, dies at 27
  • 1710-02-16 Esprit Fléchier, French writer and Bishop of Nîmes, dies at 77
  • 1711-03-19 Thomas Ken, English bishop and hymn-writer (b. 1637)
  • 1713-02-15 Anthony Ashley Cooper, 3rd Earl of Shaftesbury, writer, dies
  • 1713-05-20 Thomas Sprat, English writer (b. 1635)
  • 1715-01-07 François Fénelon, French Roman Catholic theologian and writer (Playing for Time), dies at 63
  • 1715-02-25 Pu Songling, Qing Dynasty Chinese writer (Strange Stories from a Chinese Studio), dies at 74
  • 1718-01-06 Giovanni Vincenzo Gravina, Italian writer and jurist (b. 1664)
  • 1719-06-17 Joseph Addison, English essayist and poet (co-founder of The Spectator), dies at 47
  • 1719-09-07 John Harris, English writer
  • 1719-09-21 Johann Heinrich Acker, German writer dies at 72
  • 1719-10-14 Arnold Houbraken, Dutch painter and writer, dies at 59
  • 1720-04-21 Antoine Hamilton, French writer (b. 1646)
  • 1722-06-05 Johann Kuhnau, Bohemian organist, choirmaster, and composer (Biblical Sonatas), dies at 62
  • 1723-02-26 Thomas d'Urfey, English songwriter and playwright (b. 1653)
  • 1723-03-15 Johann C. Gunther, German poet, dies at 27
  • 1724-02-12 Elkanah Settle, English poet and playwright, dies at 76
  • 1724-10-02 François-Timoléon de Choisy, French writer (Quatre dialogues sur l'immortalité de l'âme), dies at on his 80th birthday
  • 1725-06-29 Arai Hakuseki, Japanese writer and politician (b. 1657)
  • 1727-08-06 François Valentijn, Dutch vicar and writer (Old and New East-India), dies at 61
  • 1729-10-09 Richard Blackmore, English physician and writer (b. 1654)
  • 1731-12-26 Antoine Houdar de la Motte, French writer (b. 1672)
  • 1734-02-01 John Floyer, English physician & writer, dies at 84
  • 1735-02-27 John Arbuthnot, Scottish mathematician and writer (Scriblerus Club), dies at 67
  • 1735-04-05 William Derham, English clergyman, natural theologian and scientist, dies at 77
  • 1735-09-18 Justus van Effen, writer/founder (Holland Spectator), dies at 51
  • 1736-07-16 Thomas Yalden, poet/fable writer, dies
  • 1737-05-04 Eustace Budgell, English writer (The Spectator, writing 37 numbers signed X), dies at 50
  • 1740-04-23 Thomas Tickell, English writer and poet, dies at 54
  • 1742-03-23 Jean-Baptiste Dubos, French writer (b. 1670)
  • 1743-04-29 Charles-Irénée Castel de Saint-Pierre, French writer (b. 1658)
  • 1743-08-05 John Hervey, 2nd Baron Hervey, English statesman and writer (b. 1696)

Person of interestJonathan Swift

1745-10-19 Jonathan Swift, Irish author and satirist (Gulliver's Travels, A Modest Proposal), dies at 77

Author, Poet and Satirist Jonathan Swift
Author, Poet and Satirist
Jonathan Swift
  • 1747-03-09 Jacob Campo Weyerman, Dutch painter and writer active during the Dutch Enlightenment, dies at 69
  • 1747-05-28 Luc de Clapiers, marquis de Vauvenargues, French writer, dies at 31
  • 1748-11-25 Isaac Watts, English writer, preacher and hymnist (Horae Lyrican), dies at 74
  • 1749-08-13 J E Schlegel, writer, dies
  • 1749-12-10 Gabrielle Chôtelet [La belle Emilie], French writer (Voltaire), dies at 42
  • 1750-02-08 Aaron Hill, English writer (b. 1685)
  • 1750-05-03 John Willison, Scottish minister and writer (b. 1680)
  • 1750-06-15 Marguerite De Launay, Baronne Staal, French writer (b. 1684)
  • 1754-01-28 Ludvig Holberg, Baron of Holberg, founder of modern Danish and Norwegian literature, dies at 69