On This Day

1854 in Music

Events in Music

  • Feb 6 Composer Robert Schumann is saved from suicide attempt into the Rhine

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Feb 16 Franz Liszt's symphony "Orpheus" premieres

Composer & Pianist Franz Liszt
Composer & Pianist
Franz Liszt
  • Feb 27 Composer Robert Schumann saved from suicide attempt in Rhine
  • Apr 16 Franz Liszt's symphonic poem "Mazeppa" premieres
  • Jun 13 Anthony Faas patents the 1st US accordion, having made improvements to both the keyboard, and to enhance the sound (11,062)

Birthdays in Music

  • Jan 10 Heinrich Köselitz [Peter Gast], German composer, born in Annaberg-Buchholz, Germany (d. 1918)
  • Feb 16 Oscar Fetras, composer
  • Feb 20 Louis van Westerhoven, Dutch actor, singer and opera director (Youth), born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1912)
  • Feb 28 Juliusz Zarebski, composer
  • Mar 26 Braulio Dueno Colon, Puerto Rican composer, born in San Juan, Puerto Rico (d. 1934)
  • Apr 5 Vicente Goicoechea Errasti, Basque composer, born in Ibarra, Álava (d. 1916)
  • Apr 9 Seaborn McDaniel Denson, American composer, born in Cleburne County, Alabama (d. 1936)
  • Apr 21 Władysław Rzepko, Polish composer, born in Piórków, Poland (d. 1932)
  • May 5 Antonio Smareglia, Italian composer, born in Pula, Austria-Hungary (d. 1929)
  • May 13 Paul Klengel, composer
  • May 18 Bernard Zweers, Dutch composer (Gisbertus of Aemstel, To My Fatherland), born in Amsterdam (d. 1924)
  • Jun 14 Frederik Rung, Danish composer, born in Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1914)
  • Jun 19 Alfredo Catalani, Italian operatic composer, born in Lucca, Italy (d. 1893)
  • Jul 3 Leoš Janáček, Czech composer, born in Hukvaldy, Moravia, Austrian Empire (d. 1928)
  • Jul 4 Heinrich Zöllner, German composer, born in Leipzig, Germany (d. 1941)
  • Jul 14 Alexander Alexandrovich Kopilov, composer
  • Aug 3 Fernand de La Tombelle, French organist and composer, born in Paris (d. 1928)
  • Aug 23 Moritz Moszkowski, Polish-German composer, born in Breslau, Prussia (d. 1925)
  • Aug 24 Nikolay Vladimirovich Scherbachov, Russian pianist and composer, born in St. Petersburg; (d. 1922)
  • Sep 1 Engelbert Humperdinck, German opera composer (Hänsel und Gretel), born in Siegburg, Westphalia (d. 1921)
  • Sep 17 Hans Muller, music historian
  • Sep 29 Martin Pluddemann, composer
  • Oct 10 Gerónimo Giménez, Spanish composer, born in Seville, Spain (d. 1923)

Person of interestJohn Philip Sousa

Nov 6 John Philip Sousa, march king (Stars & Stripes Forever), born in Washington, D.C.

  • Nov 9 Joseph Miroslav Weber, Czech composer, born in Prague (d. 1906)
  • Nov 13 George Whitfield Chadwick, American composer (Judi Van Winke), born in Lowell, Massachusetts (d. 1931)
  • Dec 9 P. J. Hannikainen, Finnish composer, born in Nurmes, Finland (d. 1924)

Deaths in Music

  • Jan 9 Filippo Traetta, [Philip Trajetta], Italian composer, dies at 77
  • Feb 4 Carl Ludwig Cornelius Westenholz, composer, dies at 66
  • Apr 17 Gottlob Wiedebein, German composer, dies at 74
  • Apr 18 Joseph Antoni Frantiszek Elsner, composer, dies at 84
  • May 3 William Beale, composer, dies at 70
  • May 31 Vatroslav Lisinski, composer, dies at 34
  • Jul 15 Wincenty Studzinski, composer, dies at 39
  • Oct 28 James P Carrell, composer, dies at 67
  • Nov 19 Alberich Zwyssig, composer, dies at 46