On This Day

Year 1856 in Music History

Events in Music

  • Mar 5 Covent Garden Opera House, London, destroyed in a fire
  • Aug 12 Anthony Faas, of Philadelphia Pennsylvania, is granted a second patent for improvements to the accordion (Patent No. 15511A)

Birthdays in Music

  • Jan 6 Giuseppe Martucci, Italian composer, born in Capua, Italy (d. 1909)
  • Jan 9 Stevan Mokranjac [Stojanović], Serbian cellist, educator and composer of choral music (Garlands), born in Negotin, Principality of Serbia (d. 1914)
  • Jan 11 Christian Sinding, Norwegian composer (Rustle of Spring), born in Konsberg, Norway (d. 1941)
  • Jan 18 John Hyatt Brewer, American composer, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1931)
  • Feb 2 Makar Grigori Ekmalyan, Armenian composer (Patarag), born in Vagharshapat, Erivan Governorate< russian Empire (now Armenia) (d. 1905)
  • Feb 16 Willem Kes, Dutch violinist/composer/conductor (Parkorkest Amsterdam)
  • Mar 9 Eddie Foy Sr. [Edwin Fitzgerald], Irish-American actor, singer and dancer (A Favorite Fool), born in Manhattan, New York (d. 1928)
  • May 26 George Templeton Strong, American composer, born in NYC, New York (d. 1948)
  • Jun 8 Natalia Janotha, Polish pianist and composer, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1932)
  • Jul 23 Arthur H. Bird, American composer, born in Cambridge, Massachusetts (d. 1923)
  • Aug 10 Paul Geisler, composer
  • Aug 18 Charles H. Gabriel, American Gospel composer, born in Wilton, Iowa (d. 1932)
  • Aug 18 Jan Karol Gall, Polish conductor an composer of mostly vocal pieces (Mizerna, cicha), born in Warsaw (d. 1912)
  • Aug 24 Felix Mottl, Austrian conductor and composer (Agnes Bernauer), born in Unter-St.-Veit, Austria (d. 1911)
  • Aug 31 Nikoghayos Fadeyi Tigranyan, Armenian composer, born in Gyumri, Armenia (d. 1951)
  • Sep 12 Johann Heinrich Beck, American composer, born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 1924)
  • Sep 30 Andrejs Jurjans, Latvian composer, born in Ērgļi, Governorate of Livonia, Russian Empire (d. 1922)
  • Oct 9 Sylvain Dupuis, Belgian conductor, composer, and music educator (Le Chant de la Création), born in Liège, Belgium (d. 1931)
  • Oct 28 Franz Xavier Arens, American composer, born in Neef, Germany (d. 1932)
  • Nov 13 Sigwart Aspestrand, Norwegian composer, born in Fredrikshald, Norway (d. 1941)
  • Nov 25 Sergei Taneyev, Russian pianist and composer (Oresteia), born in Vladimir, Russia (d. 1915)
  • Nov 28 Alexander Kastalsky, Russian composer, born in Moscow (d. 1926)
  • Dec 2 Robert Kajanus, Finnish conductor and composer, born in Helsingfors, Finland, Russian Empire (d. 1933)
  • Dec 27 André Gedalge, French composer (le Petit Savoyard, Phoebé) and Mayor of Chessy, Seine-et-Marne, born in Paris, France (d. 1926)

Deaths in Music

  • Jan 6 Nicolas-Charles Bochsa, French harpist and composer, dies at 66
  • Jan 17 Thomas Attwood Walmisley, English organist, composer and educator (Cathedral Music), dies at 41
  • Feb 17 Heinrich Heine, German poet and lyricist (Schubert, Liszt), dies at 58
  • Feb 17 John Braham, English tenor singer and composer, dies at 81
  • Mar 28 Pyotr Ivanovich Turchaninov, composer, dies at 76
  • May 3 Adolfo Fumagalli, composer, dies at 27
  • May 3 Adolphe Charles Adam, French composer/critic (Giselle), dies at 52

Person of interestRobert Schumann

Jul 29 Robert Schumann, German composer (Humoresque, Neue Zeitschrift fuer Musik), dies at 46

Composer Robert Schumann
Robert Schumann
  • Aug 4 Johann Gottlieb Schneider, German composer, dies at 59
  • Aug 5 Robert Lucas Pearsall, English composer, dies at 61
  • Aug 20 Philipp Jakob Riotte, German composer, dies at 80
  • Aug 21 Peter Josef von Lindpaintner, German composer, dies at 64
  • Oct 10 Mikhail Vielgorsky, Russian composer, dies at 67
  • Nov 17 William Knyvett, British singer and composer, dies at 77