On This Day

Year 1876 in Music History

Events in Music

  • Apr 8 Amiliare Ponchielli's opera "La Gioconda" premieres in Milan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 22 Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky completes his ballet "Swan Lake"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 13 The Bayreuth Festspielhaus opens with the first complete performance of Richard Wagner's Ring Cycle

Composer Richard Wagner
Richard Wagner

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Nov 4 Johannes Brahms' 1st Symphony in C premieres in Karlsruhe, Grand Duchy of Baden

Composer and Conductor Johannes Brahms
Composer and Conductor
Johannes Brahms

Birthdays in Music

  • Jan 7 William Yeates Hurlstone, composer
  • Jan 12 Ermanno Wolf-Ferrari, Italian light opera composer, born in Venice, Kingdom of Italy (d. 1948)
  • Jan 20 Józef Hofmann, Polish-American pianist, composer, educator (Curtis Institute, 1924-38), and inventor, born in Podgórze, Austro-Hungarian Galicia (now Poland) (d. 1957)
  • Jan 29 Carl Henrik Ludolf Nielsen, composer
  • Jan 29 [William] Havergal Brian, British composer ("Gothic" symphony), born in Dresden, Staffordshire (d. 1972)
  • Feb 4 Victor Jean Leonard Vreuls, composer
  • Feb 20 Théodore "Fyodor" Akimenko, Ukrainian composer, born in Kharkiv Drapeau, Ukraine (d. 1945)
  • Feb 22 Zitkála-Šá, [aka Gertrude Bonnin] Native American (Yankton Dakota) writer, violinist, librettist (The Sun Dance Opera), educator, and political activist, born in Yankton Indian Reservation, Dakota Territory (now South Dakota) (d. 1938)
  • Feb 23 Wadih Sabra, Lebanese composer (Kulluna lil Watan), born in Beirut (d. 1952)
  • Feb 24 Jean Poveigh, composer
  • Feb 28 John Alden Carpenter, American composer (Sea Drift), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1951)
  • Mar 8 Franco Alfano, Italian opera composer (Puccini's Turandot), born in Posillipo, Italy (d. 1954)
  • Mar 11 Carl Ruggles, American composer (Evocations), born in Marion, Massachusetts (d. 1971)
  • Mar 17 Frederic Ayers, composer
  • Apr 5 Patrick Vretblad, Swedish composer, born in Svartnäs, Sweden (d. 1953)
  • Apr 25 Rubén M. Campos, Mexican novelist (Claudio Oranos) and musicologist (El folklore y la musica mexicana), born in Ciudad Manuel Doblado, Guanajuato, Mexico (d. 1945)
  • May 13 Raoul Laparra, composer
  • May 20 John Owen Jones, composer
  • May 29 Jan Ingenhoven, Dutch composer and conductor, born in Breda (d. 1951)
  • Jun 2 Hakon Børresen, Danish composer, born in Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1954)
  • Jun 12 Narciso Garay, Panamanian composer, born in Panama (d. 1953)
  • Jul 17 Vittorio Gnecchi, Italian composer (Cassandra), born in Milan, Italy (d. 1954)
  • Jul 23 William Gillies Whittaker, English composer, born in Newcastle upon Tyne, England (d. 1944)
  • Jul 26 Ernest Schelling, American composer and conductor (Victory Ball), born in Belvidere, New Jersey (d. 1939)

Person of interestMata Hari

Aug 7 Mata Hari [Margaretha Geertruida Zelle], Dutch exotic dancer, courtesan and convicted German WWI spy, born in Leeuwarden, Netherlands (d. 1917)

Exotic Dancer, Courtesan and German Spy Mata Hari
Exotic Dancer, Courtesan and German Spy
Mata Hari
  • Sep 11 Alfonso Broqua, Uruguayan composer, born in Montevideo, Uruguay (d. 1946)
  • Sep 12 Flor Alpaerts, Flemish composer (Tyl Uilenspiegel, Pallieter), born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1954)
  • Sep 15 Bruno Walter, German symphony conductor (NY Philharmonic), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1962)
  • Oct 10 Walter Niemann, German composer, born in Hamburg (d. 1953)
  • Nov 2 Eugeniusz Morawski-Dabrowa, Polish composer, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1948)
  • Nov 23 Manuel de Falla, Spanish pianist and composer (Atlántida), born in Cádiz, Spain (d. 1946)
  • Dec 7 Ludwig Schiedermair, German musicologist (Beethoven-Archiv), born in Regensburg, Germany (d. 1957)
  • Dec 11 Mieczysław Karłowicz, Polish composer and conductor (Rebirth Symphony, Op. 7), born in Vishnyeva, Russian Empire (now Belarus) (d. 1909)
  • Dec 19 Carlo Gatti, Italian musicologist (Verdi), born in Florence, Italy (d. 1965)
  • Dec 29 Pablo Casals [Pau Casals i Defilló], Spanish cellist, conductor and composer, born in Vendrell, Catalonia, Spain (d. 1973)

Deaths in Music

  • Jan 10 Charles EH de Coussemaker, Belgian musicologist/historian, dies at 70
  • Feb 10 Johan August Söderman, Swedish composer, dies at 43
  • Feb 21 Henry John Gauntlett, English organist and composer, dies at 70
  • Feb 28 Charles Edward Horsley, English composer, dies at 53
  • Mar 4 Alfred Holmes, English violinist and composer, dies at 38
  • Mar 5 Marie d'Agoult [pen name Daniel Stern], French author and mother of composer Franz Liszt's children, dies at 70
  • Mar 19 Jozef Stefani, Polish composer, dies at 75
  • Apr 16 Augustin-Philippe Peellaert, Belgian composer, dies at 83
  • Apr 19 Samuel Sebastian Wesley, English organist and composer, dies at 65
  • Jun 18 August Rockel, German composer, dies at 61
  • Jun 25 John Patton, American trumpeter, dies at the Battle of the Little Bighorn at 24 or 25
  • Jun 28 August W Ambros, Austria musicologist, dies at 59
  • Jul 8 Josef Dessauer, Austrian composer, dies at 78
  • Jul 24 Thomas Molleson Mudie, English composer, dies at 66
  • Oct 1 Henri Bertini, French classical composer and pianist, dies at 77
  • Oct 29 Jacques Gregoir, composer, dies at 59
  • Dec 3 Hermann Goetz, German composer, dies at 35