On This Day

Year 1893 in Music History

Events in Music


Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 3 Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky's final opera "Iolanta", is first performed outside of Russia in Hamburg, Germany

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Feb 1 Giacomo Puccini's Opera "Manon Lescaut" premieres in Turin

Composer Giacomo Puccini
Composer
Giacomo Puccini

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Feb 9 Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Falstaff" premieres in Milan

Composer Giuseppe Verdi
Composer
Giuseppe Verdi

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 11 Carlos Gardel and his mother, Berthe Gardès, arrive in Buenos Aires, Argentina

  • Jun 1 Opera "Falstaff" is produced (Berlin)
  • Oct 28 Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky conducts first performance of his Symphony Number Six in B minor, "Pathetique"
  • Dec 15 Preview performance of Antonín Dvořák's Symphony No. 9 - "New World Symphony" draws a crowd to Carnegie Hall, New York [1]
  • Dec 16 Antonín Dvořák's Symphony No. 9 - "New World Symphony" premieres at Carnegie Hall, New York

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Dec 23 Opera "Hansel und Gretel" by Engelbert Humperdinck and his sister Adelheid Wette premieres in Weimar, conducted by Richard Strauss

Composer and Conductor Richard Strauss
Composer and Conductor
Richard Strauss

Birthdays in Music

  • Jan 3 Godfried Devreese, Belgian violinist, composer (Gothic Symphony), and conductor, born in Kortrijk, Belgium (d. 1972)
  • Jan 4 Manuel Palau Boix, composer
  • Jan 5 Friedrich Blume, German musicologist (Das Rassenproblem in der Musik), born in Schlüchtern, Germany (d. 1975)
  • Jan 13 Jan Evangelista Zelinka, Czech composer (Meluzina), born in Prague, Austro-Hungarian Empire (d. 1969)
  • Jan 15 Ivor Novello [David Ivor Davies], Welsh composer, writer and actor (Keep the Home Fires Burning, The Truth Game), born in Cardiff, Wales (d. 1951)
  • Jan 16 Daisy Kennedy, Australian concert violinist, born in Burra-Burra (now Burra), Australia (d. 1981)
  • Jan 18 John Lawrence Seymour, American composer, born in Los Angeles, California (d. 1986)
  • Jan 28 Elliot Griffis, American composer, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1967)
  • Jan 29 Edric Cundell, composer
  • Jan 29 Martian Negrea, composer
  • Feb 4 Bernard Rogers, American composer (Warrior, Marriage of Aude, Passion), born in NYC, New York
  • Feb 10 Jimmy Durante, American actor, comedian and singer known as "the schnozzola" (The Durante-Moore Show, Jimmy Durante Show), born in Manhattan, New York (d. 1980)
  • Feb 15 Walter Donaldson, American pianist and popular song composer ("Makin' Whoopee"; "My Blue Heaven"; My Buddy"), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1947)
  • Feb 21 Andres Segovia, Spanish classical guitarist, born in Linares, Spain (d. 1987)
  • Feb 27 Joseph Messner, Austrian organist and composer, born in Schwaz, Tyrol (d. 1969)
  • Mar 2 Maxime Dumoulin, composer
  • Mar 6 [Walter] Furry Lewis, father of the blues, born in Greenville, Mississippi (d. 1981) [birth year disputed]
  • Mar 8 Mississippi John Hurt, American country blues singer and guitarist, born in Teoc, Carroll County, Mississippi (d. 1966)
  • Mar 9 Hans Münch, Swiss conductor and composer, born in Mulhouse, France (d. 1983)
  • Mar 18 (John) Jean Goldkette, French jazz pianist and bandleader, born in Valenciennes, France (d. 1962)
  • Mar 31 Clemens Krauss, conductor (Berlin State Orch-1937), born in Vienna, Austria
  • Apr 16 Federico Mompou, Catalan composer (Música Callada -'The Voice of Silence'), born in Barcelona, Spain (d. 1987)
  • Apr 16 Joseph Yasser, Russian-American composer, born in Łódź, Poland (d. 1981)
  • Apr 17 Irene Castle, American vaudeville, stage, and screen dancer, and animal rights activist, born in New Rochelle, New York (d. 1969)
  • May 14 Ivan Alexandrovich Vishnegradsky, composer
  • May 15 Michel Gusikoff, composer
  • May 16 Paul Amadeus Pisk, composer
  • May 26 Eugene Goossens, British conductor and composer (Perseus), born in London, England (d. 1962)
  • Jun 3 Asen Karastoyanov, Bulgarian composer, born in Samokov, Bulgaria (d. 1976)
  • Jun 6 Ludovic Feldman, Romanian composer, born in Galați, Romania (d. 1987)
  • Jun 10 Franz Andre, Belgian conductor, born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1975)
  • Jun 14 Siggie Nordstrom, American singer (The Nordstrom Sisters), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1980)
  • Jun 21 Alois Hába, Czech composer, born in Vizovice, Zlín Region, Czech Republic (d. 1973)
  • Jun 22 Osvald Chlubna, Czech composer, born in Brno (d. 1971)
  • Jun 26 Big Bill Broonzy, American blues singer and guitarist (Blues by Broonzy), born in Scott, Mississippi (d. 1958)
  • Jun 28 Luciano Gallet, Brazilian composer, born in Rio de Janeiro (d. 1931)
  • Jun 28 Nils Björkander, Swedish composer, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1972)
  • Jun 29 Aarre Merikanto, Finnish composer (Lemminkäinen; Juha; Schott Concerto), born in Helsinki, Grand Duchy of Finland (d. 1958)
  • Jun 29 Aare Merikanto, Finnish composer (Juha; Schott Concerto), born in Helsinki, Kingdom of Finland (d. 1958)
  • Jul 18 Josef Hüttel, Czech composer, born in Mělník, Bohemia (d. 1951)
  • Jul 25 Dorothy Dickson, American actress and dancer (Paying the Piper, Danny Boy), born in Kansas City, Missouri (d. 1995)
  • Jul 28 Rued Immanuel Langgaard, Danish composer and organist, born in Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1952) [1]
  • Jul 31 Charles Wilfred Orr, English pianist and composer (settings of A.E. Housman poems), born in Cheltenham (d. 1976)
  • Aug 10 Douglas Stuart Moore, Cutchogue NY, composer (Good Night Harvard)
  • Aug 11 J. Rosamund Johnson, American composer ("Lift Every Voice And Sing"), born in Jacksonville, Florida (d. 1954)
  • Aug 14 Alfred Alessandrescu, Romanian composer, born in Bucharest (d. 1959)
  • Aug 15 Alexander Gauk, Russian-Soviet composer, born in Odessa, Ukraine (d. 1963)

Person of interestMae West

Aug 17 Mae West, American actress and singer (She Done him Wrong), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1980)

Actress Mae West
Actress
Mae West
  • Aug 18 Ernest MacMillan, Canadian organist, conductor and composer, born in Etobicoke, Ontario (d. 1973)
  • Aug 21 Lili [Marie-Juliette Olga] Boulanger, French composer (first female winner of the Prix de Rome composition prize), born in Paris (d. 1918)
  • Aug 23 Roy Agnew, Australian composer (Sonata Ballade), born in Sydney (d. 1944)
  • Aug 31 Lily Laskine, French harpist, born in Paris (d. 1988)
  • Sep 3 Florrie Rodrigo, Dutch dancer, choreography and teacher (Schepelingen), born in Amsterdam (d. 1996)
  • Sep 13 Larry Shields, American jazz clarinetist (Original Dixieland Jazz Band), born in New Orleans (d. 1953)
  • Sep 18 Arthur Benjamin, Australian composer (Jamaican Rumba), born in Sydney, New South Wales (d. 1960)
  • Sep 21 Moses Pergament, Finnish-Swedish classical composer (The Jewish Song Choral Symphony) and music critic, born in Helsinki, Finland (d. 1977)
  • Sep 24 Lemon Henry "Blind Lemon" Jefferson, American blues singer and guitarist, born in Coutchman, Texas (d. 1929)
  • Oct 1 Cliff Friend, American pianist and songwriter, born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 1974)
  • Oct 2 Leroy Shield, American pianist and composer (Laurel & Hardy), born in Waseca, Minnesota (d. 1962)
  • Oct 3 Bedřich Havlík, Czech composer, born in Řípec, Czech Republic (d. 1964)
  • Oct 10 Willi Apel, German-American musicologist (Harvard dictionary of music), born in Konitz, West Prussia (d. 1988)
  • Oct 12 Páll Ísólfsson, Icelandic organist and composer, born in Stokkseyri, Iceland (d. 1974)
  • Oct 17 Jean Binet, Swiss composer, born in Geneva (d. 1960)
  • Oct 23 Jean Absil, Belgian organist and composer (Benedictions; Peau d'Ane), born in Bonsecours; (d. 1974)
  • Oct 27 Johan G Dancer, Dutch poet (Meetings)
  • Nov 19 René Voisin, French classical trumpet player, born in Angers, France (d. 1952)
  • Nov 27 Stanisław Wiechowicz, Polish composer, born in Kroszyce, Kielce, Poland (d. 1963)
  • Dec 2 Louis Freeman, Scottish band leader, born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1994)
  • Dec 2 Leo Ornstein, Russian-American composer (Bio in Sonata Form), born in Kremenchuk, Russia (d. 2002) (birth date uncertain)
  • Dec 10 Walter Rein, German composer, born in Stotternheim (d. 1955)
  • Dec 16 Vladimir Golschmann, French-American conductor (St. Louis Symphony, 1931-57), born in Paris, France (d. 1972)
  • Dec 26 Evgeny Karlovich Tikotsky, Polish/Belorussian composer, born in St. Petersburg (d. 1970)
  • Dec 26 Yury Nikolayevich Tyulin, Russian composer and music theorist, born in Reval, Russian Empire (d. 1976)

Deaths in Music

  • Jan 19 Julius Eichberg, German composer, dies at 68
  • Jan 22 Vincenz Lachner, German composer, dies at 81
  • Jan 23 Phillips Brooks, American Episcopal bishop and composer (Little Town of Bethlehem), dies at 57
  • Mar 5 Richard Samuel Hughes, Welsh composer, dies at 37
  • Mar 9 Disma Fumagalli, Italian composer, dies at 66
  • Mar 19 Karel Komzák I, Bohemian composer and musician, dies at 69
  • Apr 30 Gyula Beliczay, Hungarian composer and teacher, dies at 57
  • May 3 Josef Rudolf Zavrtal, Czech composer, dies at 73
  • May 4 George Washington Hewitt, American composer, dies at 82
  • Jun 7 Johann Schrammel, Austrian composer, dies at 43
  • Jun 10 Elek Erkel, Hungarian composer, son of Ferenc Erkel, dies at 49
  • Jun 15 Ferenc Erkel, Hungarian composer (Himnusz), dies at 82
  • Aug 7 Alfredo Catalani, Italian operatic composer, dies at 39
  • Aug 22 Ernst II, duke of Saxony-Coburg-Gotha (1844-93) and composer, dies at 75 (b. 1818)
  • Oct 16 Carlo Pedrotti, composer, dies at 75
  • Oct 18 Charles Gounod, French composer (La reine the Saba), dies at 75

Person of interestPyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky

Nov 6 Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, Russian composer of the late-Romantic period (1812 Overture, Swan Lake), dies of suspected cholera at 53

  • Nov 16 George Alexander Osborne, Irish pianist and composer (La Pluie de perles), dies of natural causes at 87
  • Dec 1 Eduard Franck, German composer, dies at 76
  • Dec 9 George Elvey, English composer, dies at 77
  • Dec 22 Benedikt Randhartinger, Austrian composer, dies at 91