On This Day

Year 1894 in Music History

Events in Music


Music releaseMusic Premiere

Mar 16 Jules Massenet's opera "Thaïs" premieres in Paris, includes piece “Méditation” for violin and orchestra

Composer Jules Massenet
Composer
Jules Massenet

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Apr 9 1st performance of Anton Bruckner's 5th Symphony in B in Graz

Composer Anton Bruckner
Composer
Anton Bruckner

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 5 Richard Strauss' "Till Eulenspiegel" premieres

Composer and Conductor Richard Strauss
Composer and Conductor
Richard Strauss

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 22 Claude Debussy's first orchestral masterpiece "Prélude à l'apres-midi d'un faune" premieres in Paris

Composer Claude Debussy
Composer
Claude Debussy

Birthdays in Music

  • Jan 4 Wesley La Violette, composer
  • Jan 7 Jose Rozo Contreras, Colombian composer (d. 1976)
  • Jan 11 Jaroslav Vogel, Czech composer and conductor (d. 1970)
  • Jan 16 Irving Mills [Isadore Minsky], American jazz music publisher, manager (Duke Ellington, 1926-48), singer and lyricist, born in Odessa, Ukraine (d. 1985)
  • Jan 20 Walter Hamor Piston, Jr., American two-time Pulitzer Prize winning composer (Incredible Flutist), music theorist, and educator (Harvard, 1926-60), born in Rockland, Maine (d. 1876)
  • Jan 31 Isham Jones, American musician, bandleader ("Star Dust") and songwriter ("It Had To Be You", "I'll See You in My Dreams"), born in Coalton, Ohio (d. 1956)
  • Feb 1 James P. Johnson, American pianist and composer ("The Charleston": "If I Could Be With You (One Hour Tonight)"), born in New Brunswick, New Jersey (d. 1955)
  • Feb 22 Alexander Spitzmuller-Harmersbach, composer
  • Feb 27 Robert-Lucien Siohan, composer
  • Mar 2 Renaat Veremans, Flemish organist, composer, and conductor (Flemish Opera, Antwerp, 1921-44), born in Lierre, Belgium (d. 1969)
  • Mar 14 Josef Schelb, German composer, born in Bad Krozingen, Germany (d. 1977)
  • Mar 15 Slava Vorlova, composer
  • Mar 25 Erik William Gustav Leidzen, composer
  • Mar 26 Viorica Ursuleac, Romanian soprano (d. 1985)
  • Apr 9 Ernest Kanitz, Austrian-American composer, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1978)
  • Apr 13 Ludvig Irgens-Jensen, Norwegian composer, born in Oslo, Norway (d. 1969)
  • Apr 15 Bessie Smith, American blues singer nicknamed the "Empress of Blues" (over 200 songs), born in Chattanooga, Tennessee (d. 1937)
  • Apr 23 Charles "Cow Cow" Davenport, American boogie-woogie and blues musician, born in Anniston, Alabama (d. 1955)
  • Apr 27 Nicolas Slonimsky, Russian-American composer, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1995)
  • May 6 Filip Lazar, Romanian composer, born in Craiova (d. 1936)
  • May 10 Dimitri Tiomkin, Russian-American film score composer and conductor (Academy Award 1954-High & Mighty), born in Kremenchuk, Poltava Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1979)
  • Jun 6 Sabin Drăgoi, Romanian composer, born in Seliște, Romania (d. 1968)
  • Jun 8 Erwin Schulhoff, Czech-Russian composer and pianist (Ogelala) who died in a German concentration camp, born in Prague, Bohemia, Austria-Hungary (d. 1942) [1]
  • Jun 10 Pavel Bořkovec, Czech composer (Suite for Piano), born in Prague, Austro-Hungarian Empire (d. 1972)
  • Jun 15 Robert Russell Bennett, American composer and arranger (Oklahoma!), born in Kansas City, Kansas (d. 1981)
  • Jun 16 Norman Kerry, American actor (Phantom of the Opera), born in Rochester, New York (d. 1956)
  • Jun 26 Bill Wirges, American orchestra leader (Growing Paynes), born in Buffalo, New York (d. 1971)
  • Jul 10 Jimmy McHugh, American composer, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1969)
  • Jul 18 Bernard Wagenaar, Dutch-American composer (3 Songs for Chinese), born in Arnherm, Netherlands (d. 1971)
  • Jul 24 Walter Schulthess, Swiss composer, born in Zürich, Switzerland (d. 1971)
  • Jul 31 Roy Bargy, American pianist and composer (Jimmy Durante Show), born in Newaygo, Michigan (d. 1974)
  • Aug 11 Wilhelm Grosz, composer
  • Aug 13 Leonid Alexeyevich Polovinkin, Russian composer, born in Kurgan, Russia (d. 1949)
  • Aug 28 Karl Böhm, Austrian conductor, born in Graz, Austria (d. 1981)
  • Sep 8 Willem Pijper, Dutch composer and music critic, born in Zeist, Netherlands (d. 1947)
  • Sep 9 Arthur Freed, American songwriter and film producer (MGM musicals), born in Charlestown, South Carolina (d. 1973)
  • Sep 13 Julian Tuwim, Polish poet and lyricist, born in Łódź, Congress Poland (d. 1953)
  • Sep 22 Hieronim Feicht, composer
  • Sep 29 Franco Capuana, composer
  • Oct 1 Ricardo Castillo, Guatemalan composer, born in Quetzaltenango, Guatemala (d. 1966)
  • Oct 11 Albert Stoessel, American composer, born in St. Louis, Missouri (d. 1943)
  • Oct 22 Méi Lánfāng, Chinese opera performer (d. 1961)
  • Oct 30 Peter Warlock [Philip Heseltine], British composer, born in London (d. 1930)
  • Nov 11 Aaron Avshalomov, Russian-born Jewish composer, born in Nikolayevsk-on-Amur, Russia (d. 1965)
  • Nov 29 Lucille Hegamin, American singer and entertainer (d. 1970)
  • Dec 14 Joaquin Zamacois Soler, Chilean-Spanish composer, born in Santiago de Chile, Chile (d. 1976)
  • Dec 17 Arthur Fiedler, American conductor (Boston Pops), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1979)
  • Dec 19 Paul Dessau, German composer and conductor (Adventures of Casanova; Never Trust a Woman), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1979)
  • Dec 26 Antonio Molina, Filipino composer, conductor and music administrator (Ana Maria, Hatinggabi), born in Quiapo, Manila, Captaincy General of the Philippines (d. 1980)
  • Dec 31 Ernest John Moeran, English composer, born in London Borough of Hounslow, United Kingdom (d. 1950)

Deaths in Music

  • Jan 21 Guillaume Lekeu, Belgian composer (Épithalame), dies of typhoid fever at 24
  • Feb 4 Adolphe Sax, Belgium musician and inventor (saxophone), dies at 79
  • Feb 11 Pasqual Juan Emilio Arrieta y Corera, composer, dies at 70
  • Feb 12 Hans von Bülow, German pianist and composer (b. 1830)
  • Feb 17 Francisco Barbieri Spanish zarzuela opera composer (El Diablo en el poder), dies at 70
  • Feb 19 Ernesto Camillo Sivori, Italian violinist and composer, dies at 78
  • Mar 21 Jacob Rosenhaim, Jewish-German composer, dies at 80
  • Mar 24 Robert Prescott Stewart, composer, dies at 68
  • May 24 William Joseph Westbrook, composer, dies at 63
  • Jun 5 Immanuel Faisst, German composer, dies at 70
  • Jul 8 Vladimir Nikitich Kashperov, Russian composer, dies at 67
  • Jul 13 Juventino Rosas, composer, dies at 26
  • Aug 18 William Charles Levey, Irish conductor and composer, dies at 57
  • Sep 13 (Alexis) Emmanuel Chabrier, French pianist and composer (España; Joyeuse marche; Le roi malgré lui), dies from general paresis at 53
  • Nov 20 Anton Rubinstein, Russian pianist and composer (Dmitri Donskoi), dies at 64