On This Day

Year 1934 in Music History

Events in Music


Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 22 Dmitri Shostakovich's opera "Lady Macbeth of the Mtsensk District" debuts in Leningrad

  • Jan 24 Dmitri Shostakovich's opera "Lady Macbeth of the Mtsensk District" is performed in Moscow; roundly criticized by the Communist Party, it was banned in the Soviet Union until 1961

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 10 Howard Hanson's "Merry Mount" premieres in NYC

Composer and Conductor Howard Hanson
Composer and Conductor
Howard Hanson
  • Feb 20 Virgil Thomson and Gertrude Stein's opera "Four Saints in Three Acts" opens on Broadway at the 44th Street Theatre in New York City

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 12 Paul Hindemith's "Mathis der Maler" premieres in Berlin

Composer Paul Hindemith
Composer
Paul Hindemith

Music release#1 in the Charts

May 12 "Cocktails For Two" by Duke Ellington hits #1

Jazz Musician and Composer Duke Ellington
Jazz Musician and Composer
Duke Ellington

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 25 Béla Bartòk's "Enchanted Deer" premieres

Composer and Pianist Béla Bartok
Composer and Pianist
Béla Bartok
  • Aug 27 Harold Arlen, Ira Gershwin and Yip Harburg's musical 'Life Begins at 8:40' premieres in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 17 RCA Victor releases 1st 33 1/3 rpm recording (Beethoven's 5th)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 20 Richard Strauss completes his opera "Die Schweigsame Frau"

Composer and Conductor Richard Strauss
Composer and Conductor
Richard Strauss

Film release premierFilm Premier

Dec 21 French film "Zouzou" premieres in Paris, starring Josephine Baker; 1st black woman to star in a major motion picture

Dancer, Singer, Spy and Civil Rights Activist Josephine Baker
Dancer, Singer, Spy and Civil Rights Activist
Josephine Baker
  • Dec 27 "Thumbs Up" a musical revue, including music and lyrics by Vernon Duke & James Hanley premieres in NYC

Birthdays in Music

  • Jan 3 Bryan George Kelly, composer
  • Jan 5 Phil Ramone [Rabinowitz], South-African born American music producer (co-founded A&R records), born in Cape Town
  • Jan 6 Bobby Lord, American country singer (Ozark Jubilee), born in Sanford, Florida (d. 2008)
  • Jan 9 Julian B Coco, Dutch guitarist (Princess Christina), born in Willemstad, Netherlands (d. 2013)
  • Jan 16 Marilyn Horne, American mezzo-soprano, born in Bradford, Pennsylvania
  • Jan 16 Richard Wernick, American composer (1977 Pulitzer Prize: Visions of Terror and Wonder), born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • Jan 17 Sydney Phillip Hodkinson, composer
  • Jan 17 Cedar Walton, American hard bop jazz pianist (Jazztet; Art Blakey), and composer ("Mosaic"), born in Dallas, Texas (d. 2013)
  • Jan 26 Huey "Piano" Smith, American R&B pianist ("Rockin' Pneumonia & Boogie Woogie Flu"; "Having a Good Time"), born in New Orleans, Louisiana
  • Jan 29 Noel Harrison, British singer ("The Windmills of Your Mind"), and actor (Girl from U.N.C.L.E. - "Mark Slate"), born in London, England (d. 2013)
  • Jan 29 Paul Gutama Soegijo, composer
  • Jan 31 Ron Weatherburn, British jazz pianist, born in the Borough of Barking and Dagenham, England (d. 1995)
  • Feb 1 Bob Shane, American folk vocalist (Kingston Trio - Tom Dooley), born in Hilo, Territory of Hawaii (d. 2020)
  • Feb 4 Jouko Sakari Linjama, Finnish organist and composer, born in Kirvu, Finland
  • Feb 7 Earl King [Solomon Johnson], American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Come On), born in New Orleans, Louisiana
  • Feb 7 "King" Curtis [Ousley], American musician, bandleader and saxophonist (Memphis Soul Stew), born in Fort Worth, Texas (d. 1971)
  • Feb 11 Francesco Pennisi, Italian contemporary classical composer, born in Acireale, Sicily (d. 2000)
  • Feb 13 George Segal, American actor (Carbon Copy, Fun with Dick & Jane), and banjo player, born in Great Neck, New York
  • Feb 14 Florence Henderson, American actress and singer (Carol in The Brady Bunch), born in Dale, Indiana (d. 2016)
  • Feb 14 Michel Corboz, Swiss conductor
  • Feb 16 Ted Taylor, American gospel and R&B-singer ("Be Ever Wonderful"), born in Okmulgee, Oklahoma, (d. 1987)
  • Feb 16 Harold "Hal" Kalin, American singer (Kalin Twins), born in Port Jervis, New York (d. 2005)
  • Feb 18 Skip Battin, American singer-songwriter (The Byrds), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2003)
  • Feb 18 Aldo Ceccato, Italian conductor (Detroit Symphony, 1973-77), born in Milan, Italy
  • Feb 18 Bobby Taylor, American singer & producer who discovered "The Jackson 5" (Motown Records), born in Washington, D.C. (birth year contested-1939) (d. 2017)
  • Feb 22 Thomas Paul, American bass (NYC Opera 1963-70), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Feb 24 Renata Scotto, Italian soprano and opera director (La Traviata - "Violetta"), born in Savona, Italy
  • Feb 24 Shuko Mizuno, Japanese composer (Symphonic Metamorphoses), born in Tokushima, Japan
  • Feb 28 Willie Bobo [Correa], American jazz percussionist (Evil Ways), born in NYC, New York (d. 1983)
  • Mar 2 Bernard Rands, composer (Wildtrack), born in Sheffield, England
  • Mar 4 Barbara McNair, singer/actress (Barbara McNair Show), born in Racine, Wisconsin
  • Mar 4 John Duffey, bluegrass musician
  • Mar 4 Mario Davidovsky, composer (Synchronisms), born in Buenos Aires, Argentina
  • Mar 7 Giorgos Katsaros, Greek musician and composer
  • Mar 8 Christian Wolff, composer
  • Mar 10 Judith Jamison, artistic director (Alvin Ailey Dance Theater)
  • Mar 11 Joep Straesser, Dutch composer (Blossom songs, Ramasasiri), born in Amsterdam, the Netherlands (d. 2004)
  • Mar 14 Shirley Scott, American swing and blues organist (with Stanley Turrentine), born In Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2002)
  • Mar 15 Daniel George "Danny" Apolinar, composer/songwriter
  • Mar 15 Wolfgang Hufschmidt, composer
  • Mar 17 Erhard Grosskopf, composer
  • Mar 17 Q T Macon, blues vocal/guitar
  • Mar 18 Pavle Despalj, Croatian composer & conductor (Zagreb; Miami; Tokyo), born in Blato, Korčula
  • Mar 23 Fernand Gignac, Canadian singer and actor (d. 2006)
  • Mar 23 Teresa Proccacini, Italian organist and composer (Clown Music), born in Cerignola, Italy
  • Mar 25 Johnny Burnette, American rockabilly singer-songwriter-guitarist (Train Kept A-Rollin', You're Sixteen), born in Memphis, Tennessee (d. 1964)
  • Mar 27 Arthur Mitchell, African-American choreographer (Dance Theater of Harlem), born in New York
  • Mar 28 Siegfried Thiele, German composer, born in Chemnitz, Germany
  • Mar 29 Ernstalbrecht Stiebler, German composer, born in Berlin
  • Mar 30 Lanny Morgan, American jazz alto saxophonist, born in Des Moines, Iowa
  • Mar 31 John D. Loudermilk, country singer and songwriter (Tobacco Road), born in Durham, North Carolina (d. 2016)
  • Apr 1 Jim Ed Brown, American country music singer (Nashville on the Road), born in Sparkman, Arkansas
  • Apr 5 Stanley Turrentine, American jazz saxophonist (Wonderland), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 2000)
  • Apr 6 Reijo Jyrkiainen, Finnish composer, born in Suistamo, Finland
  • Apr 7 Victor Feldman, British jazz pianist and drummer, born in London (d. 1987)
  • Apr 10 Zsolt Durko, Hungarian composer, born in Szeged (d. 1997)
  • Apr 13 Horace Kay, American singer (Tams-You Lied to Your Daddy)
  • Apr 13 Siegfried Matthus, German composer, born in Zadorozhye, Ozyorsky District, Kaliningrad Oblast
  • Apr 16 Robert Stigwood, Australian-born British-resident music entrepreneur and film producer (Saturday Night Fever, Grease), born in Adelaide, South Australia (d. 2016)
  • Apr 17 Donald "Don" Kirshner, American rock & roll producer known as "The Man With the Golden Ear" (invented bubblegum music), born in Bronx, New York (d. 2011)
  • Apr 18 Jan Klusak [Jan Porges], Czech composer, born in Prague
  • Apr 18 George Shirley, African-American tenor (first African-American tenor to perform a leading role at the Metropolitan Opera in New York City), born in Indianapolis, Indiana
  • Apr 19 Dickie Goodman, American parody singer (Flying Saucer), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1989)
  • Apr 19 Jan Helge Guttorm Bark, Swedish trombonist and composer, born in Härnösand, Sweden
  • Apr 30 Jerry Lordan, English singer and composer (Wonderful Land), born in Paddington, London (d. 1995)
  • May 3 Georg Kröll, German composer, born in Linz
  • May 3 Frankie Valli [Francesco Stephen Castelluccio], American singer (Four Seasons - "Sherry"; "Can't Take My Eyes Off Of You"), born in Newark, New Jersey
  • May 5 John "Ace" Cannon, American pop, rock and country music saxophonist (Tuff Sax), born in Grenada, Mississippi (d. 2018)
  • May 7 Heinz Marti, Swiss composer, born in Bern
  • May 14 Frederik von Pallandt, singer
  • May 19 Jan Wijn, Dutch pianist
  • May 22 Peter Nero [Bernard Nierow], American conductor and pianist (A Sunday in NY, Philadelphia POPS), born in NYC, New York
  • May 23 Robert Moog, American engineer (Moog synthesizer, Moog Music), born in NYC, New York (d. 2005)
  • May 24 Barry Rose, English choir-trainer and organist, born in Chingford, England
  • May 28 Rob du Bois, Dutch composer, born in Amsterdam (d. 2013)
  • May 31 Karl-Erik Welin, composer
  • Jun 1 Charles "Pat" Boone, American singer, actor (April Love, Cross & Switchblade, No More Mr. Nice Guy) and TV personality (The Pat Boone Chevy Showroom), born in Jacksonville, Florida
  • Jun 2 Johnny Carter, American singer (The Flamingos, The Dells), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2009)
  • Jun 7 Philippe Entremont, French pianist and conductor (Vienna Chamber Orchestra), born in Reims, France
  • Jun 7 Samuel Lipman, American pianist and music critic, born in Los Gatos, California (d. 1994)
  • Jun 9 Jackie Wilson, American soul singer-songwriter and performer (I Get the Sweetest Feeling), born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 1984)
  • Jun 9 Paul Karolyi, Hungarian composer, born in Budapest (d. 2015)
  • Jun 9 Wild Jimmy Spruill, American blues guitarist, born in Fayetteville, North Carolina (d. 1996)
  • Jun 10 Nicolas Roussakis, American composer, born in Athens, Greece (d. 1994)
  • Jun 11 Thornton James "Pookie" Hudson, American vocalist (The Spaniels- "Goodnite Sweetheart Goodnite"), born in Des Moines, Iowa (d. 2007)
  • Jun 15 Ruby Nash Curtis [Garnett], US R&B singer (Ruby and the Romantics), born in Akron, Ohio
  • Jun 16 Carl (Little Caesar) Burnett, vocalist (Little Caesar & the Romans)
  • Jun 16 Lucia Dlugoszewski, Polish-American composer (Fire Fragile Flight), born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 2000)
  • Jun 18 Gladstone "Gladdy" Anderson, Jamaican ska and reggae session keyboard player, and band leader ("The Liquidator"), born in Jones Town, Jamaica (d. 2015)
  • Jun 20 Cornel Țăranu, Romanian composer (Garlands), born in Cluj. Romania
  • Jun 26 Luís Filipe Pires, Portuguese composer, born in Lisbon, Portugal (d. 2015)
  • Jun 26 Dave Grusin, American jazz pianist and composer specializing in film scores (The Milagro Beanfield War), born in Littleton, Colorado
  • Jun 29 Henning Kronstam, Danish dancer, born in Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1995)
  • Jul 5 Diane Andersen, Danish-Belgian concert pianist, born in Copenhagen, Denmark
  • Jul 7 Vinko Globokar, composer
  • Jul 12 Van Cliburn, American pianist (Tchaikovsky Competition winner, 1958), born in Shreveport, Louisiana (d. 2013)
  • Jul 13 Roger Reynolds, composer
  • Jul 15 Harrison Birtwistle, English composer, born in Accrington, Lancashire
  • Jul 17 Philippe Capdenat, French classical composer, born in Bordeaux, France
  • Jul 23 Cleve Duncan, American rocker (The Penguins-Earth Angel), born in Los Angeles (d. 2012)

Weddings in Music


LoveWedding of Interest

Jan 30 Actor and comedian Lou Costello marries burlesque dancer Anne Battler

Comedian and Actor Lou Costello
Comedian and Actor
Lou Costello

LoveWedding of Interest

Nov 13 Actress and dancer Ginger Rogers (23) weds "All Quiet on the Western Front" actor Lew Ayres (25)

Actress and Dancer Ginger Rogers
Actress and Dancer
Ginger Rogers

Deaths in Music

  • Jan 12 Pawel Kochanski, Polish violinist, composer and arranger (b. 1887)
  • Jan 15 Hermann Bahr, Austrian writer (Concert), dies at 70
  • Jan 16 Annie Patterson, Irish organist, composer, and musicologist, dies at 65
  • Jan 19 Armand Parent, composer, dies at 70
  • Feb 2 Ernesto Nazareth, composer, dies at 70
  • Feb 22 Willem Kes, violinist/composer/conductor, dies at 78

Person of interestEdward Elgar

Feb 23 Edward Elgar, English composer (Coronation Ode, Pomp and Circumstance), dies of colorectal cancer at 76

Composer Edward Elgar
Composer
Edward Elgar
  • Feb 25 Daniel Protheroe, Welsh conductor and composer, dies at 67
  • Mar 3 Norman O'Neill, English composer, dies at 58
  • Mar 13 Fritz Cortolezis, German conductor, opera director, and composer, dies at 56
  • Mar 21 Franz Schreker, Austrian composer, dies after suffering from a stroke at 55
  • Apr 4 Braulio Dueno Colon, Puerto Rican composer, dies at 80
  • Apr 5 Salvatore Di Giacomo, Italian poet and songwriter during "Golden Age of Neapolitan Song", dies at 74
  • Apr 28 Charley Patton, American Delta blues musician (Pony Blues; High Water Everywhere), dies of a mitral valve disorder between the ages of 37 and 43
  • May 1 Alexander Alexandrovich Davidenko, Soviet composer, dies at 35
  • May 7 Edward Naylor, English composer, dies at 67
  • May 25 Gustav Holst, English composer (Ode to Death), dies at 59
  • Jun 10 Frederick Delius, British composer (A Mass of Life, Brigg Fair, In a Summer Garden), dies at 72
  • Jun 15 Alfred Bruneau, composer, dies at 77
  • Jun 18 Francisco Lacerda, Portuguese composer, dies at 65
  • Jun 27 Max Pallenberg, Austrian extempore farce actor (Morn to Midnight), husband of Operetta star Fritzi Massary, dies in air crash at 56
  • Jul 9 Otakar Zich, Czech composer, dies at 55
  • Aug 1 Piotr Maszyński, Polish composer, dies at 79
  • Sep 2 Russ Columbo [Ruggiero Eugenio di Rodolfo Colombo], American baritone, violinist and actor (You Call It Madness, But I Call It Love), is shot at 26
  • Sep 2 Alcide Nunez, American musician (b. 1884)
  • Sep 10 George Henschel, composer, dies at 84
  • Sep 15 David Vaughan Thomas, Welsh musician and composer, dies at 61
  • Sep 17 Edmund van der Straeten, German composer, dies at 79
  • Sep 24 Edwin H. Lemare, British organist and composer (Andantino in D-flat, also known as "Moonlight and Roses"), dies at 69
  • Oct 29 Gustavo Campa, Mexican composer, dies at 71
  • Dec 8 Bernhard Seklas, composer, dies at 62