Events in Music in 1934

Music History

Jan 22 Dmitri Shostakovich's opera "Lady Macbeth of the Mtsensk District" debuts in Leningrad

  • Jan 24 Dmitri Shostakovich's opera "Lady Macbeth of the Mtsensk District" is performed in Moscow; roundly criticized by the Communist Party, it was banned in the Soviet Union until 1961

Music History

Feb 10 Howard Hanson's "Merry Mount" premieres in NYC

  • Feb 20 Virgil Thomson and Gertrude Stein's opera "Four Saints in Three Acts" opens on Broadway at the 44th Street Theatre, NYC

Music History

Mar 12 Paul Hindemith's "Mathis der Maler" premieres in Berlin

#1 in the Charts

May 12 "Cocktails For Two" by Duke Ellington hits #1

Music Premiere

May 25 Béla Bartók's "Cantata Profana - The Nine Enchanted Stags" premieres in London, England, with the BBC Symphony Orchestra and Wireless Chorus conducted by Aylmer Buesst

Music Premiere

Aug 27 Harold Arlen, Ira Gershwin and Yip Harburg's musical 'Life Begins at 8:40' premieres in NYC

Album Release

Sep 17 RCA Victor releases 1st 33 1/3 rpm recording - Beethoven's Fifth Symphony performed by the Philadelphia Orchestra, led by Leopold Stokowski at the Philadelphia Academy of Music

Music Release

Oct 20 Richard Strauss completes his opera "Die Schweigsame Frau"

Music Premiere

Nov 21 Cole Porter's musical "Anything Goes" opens at the Alvin Theatre, NYC, later transferred to 46th Street Theatre; runs for 420 performances

Film Premiere

Dec 21 French film "Zouzou" premieres in Paris, starring Josephine Baker; 1st black woman to star in a major motion picture

  • Dec 27 Musical revue "Thumbs Up", including music and lyrics by Vernon Duke, James Hanley, and Ira Gershwin (among others), premieres at the St. James Theatre, NYC; runs for 156 performance