On This Day

Events in Music in 1955

Sports History

Jan 7 Marian Anderson becomes the 1st African American to perform with the New York Metropolitan Opera

  • Jan 14 Heitor Villa-Lobos' 8th Symphony premieres by the Philadelphia Orchestra, conducted by the composer, in Carnegie Hall, New York City

Music History

Jan 15 Dmitri Shostakovich's "From Jewish Folk Poetry" premieres in Leningrad

  • Jan 27 "Plain & Fancy" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC for 476 performances
  • Jan 31 RCA demonstrates 1st music synthesizer
  • Feb 12 McGuire Sisters' "Sincerely" single goes to No. 1 and stays No. 1 for 10 weeks

Music Premiere

Feb 24 Cole Porter's final Broadway musical "Silk Stockings", loosely based on the Melchior Lengyel's "Ninotchka", opens at the Imperial Theatre, NYC; runs for 478 performances

Musical Finale

Feb 26 Leigh, Charlap, Styne, Comden and Green's musical "Peter Pan", starring Mary Martin and Cyril Ritchard, closes at Winter Garden Theater, NYC, after 152 performances

TV Show Appearance

Mar 3 Elvis Presley makes his 1st TV appearance on a broadcast of radio show "Louisiana Hayride"

  • Mar 7 Musical "Peter Pan", starring Mary Martin broadcast live on NBC as part of "Producers' Showcase" series; attracts a then record 65 million viewers

Music History

Mar 24 Tennessee Williams' "Cat on a Hot Tin Roof" opens for 694 performances

  • Apr 6 "3 for Tonight" opens at Plymouth Theater NYC for 85 performances
  • Apr 18 Dan Shapiro, and music by Sammy Fain's musical "Ankles Aweigh" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater, NYC; runs for 176 performances
  • Apr 20 "Saint of Bleecker St" closes at Broadway Theater NYC after 92 performances
  • Apr 23 Robert Wright and George Forrest's musical "Kismet" closes at Ziegfeld Theater NYC after 583 performances
  • Apr 30 Cuban bandleader Pérez Prado's mambo version of "Cherry Pink & Apple Blossom White" goes #1 for 10 weeks
  • May 5 "Damn Yankees" opens at 46th St Theater NYC for 1022 performances

Musical Finale

May 21 Harold Arlen and Truman Capote' musical "House of Flowers" closes at Alvin Theater, NYC, after 165 performances

  • May 26 "7th Heaven" opens at ANTA Theater NYC for 44 performances
  • Jun 18 "3 for Tonight" closes at Plymouth Theater NYC after 85 performances
  • Jun 20 "Almost Crazy" opens at Longacre Theater NYC for 16 performances

Music History

Jun 21 Johnny Cash debuts Top 10 country song "Cry! Cry! Cry!"

  • Jun 25 "Can Can" closes at Shubert Theater NYC after 892 performances
  • Jul 2 "7th Heaven" closes at ANTA Theater NYC after 44 performances
  • Jul 2 "Almost Crazy" closes at Longacre Theater NYC after 16 performances

Music History

Jul 9 Bill Haley & Comets' "Rock Around the Clock" tops the billboards chart, one of the best-selling singles ever

  • Jul 16 "Golden Horseshoe Revue" 1st of 50,000+ performances, Disneyland

Radio History

Aug 19 WINS radio (New York City), announces it will not play "copy" white cover versions of R&B records (DJ's play Fats Domino's "Ain't That A Shame," not Pat Boone's)

  • Sep 6 "Catch a Star" opens at Plymouth Theater, NYC; runs for 23 performances

Music Recording

Sep 14 Little Richard records "Tutti Frutti" at J & M Studio in New Orleans, Louisiana

  • Sep 17 Sammy Fain and Dan Shapiro's musical comedy "Ankles Aweigh" closes at Mark Hellinger Theater, NYC. after 176 performances
  • Sep 24 "Catch a Star" closes at Plymouth Theater, NYC, after 23 performances

Contract of Interest

Oct 15 Buddy Holley opens for Bill Haley & His Comets in Lubbeck, Texas, and impresses Nashville scout Eddie Crandall, leading to a recording contract with a misspelling that creates "Buddy Holly"

  • Oct 20 "No Time for Sergeants" opens on Broadway, starring Andy Griffith
  • Nov 5 The rebuilt Vienna State Opera reopens after it was destroyed in World War II, with Ludwig van Beethoven's "Fidelio"
  • Nov 10 James Mundy and John La Touche's musical comedy "Vamp" opens at Winter Garden Theater, NYC; runs for 60 performances
  • Nov 22 RCA Records make its best investment, paying $35,000 to Sun Records for Elvis Presley's contract

Music Premiere

Nov 25 Walter Piston's 6th Symphony, composed to mark the 75th Anniversary of the Boston Symphony, premieres, led by Charles Munch

  • Nov 26 "Boy Friend" closes at Royale Theater NYC after 483 performances
  • Nov 30 "Pipe Dream" opens at Shubert Theater, NYC; runs for 245 performances
  • Dec 15 "Folsom Prison Blues" single released by Johnny Cash (Billboard Song of the Year 1968)

Catholic Encyclical

Dec 25 Pope Pius XII encyclical on sacred music & popular music

Music History

Dec 29 Barbra Streisand's 1st recording "You'll Never Know" at age 13

  • Dec 31 "Vamp" closes at Winter Garden Theater NYC after 60 performances