Jazz Music in History

Events in Music

  • 1917-02-26 1st jazz records recorded - "Dixie Jazz Band One Step" and "Livery Stable Blues" by Original Dixieland Jass Band for the Victor Talking Machine Company
  • 1917-03-07 1st jazz record released on a 78 by Original Dixieland Jass Band for the Victor Talking Machine Company ("Dixie Jazz Band One Step," one side "Livery Stable Blues" other)
  • 1917-05-30 Jazz standard "Dark Town Strutters Ball" by Shelton Brooks recorded by the Original Dixieland Jazz Band
  • 1920-08-10 Mamie Smith and her Jazz Hounds record “Crazy Blues” for Okeh Records, first significant Blues hit by African American artist
  • 1924-06-09 "Jelly-Roll Blues" is recorded by jazz pioneer pianist and composer Jelly Roll Morton

Jazz Singer Sounds Death Knell for Silent MoviesJazz Singer Sounds Death Knell for Silent Movies

1927-10-06 "The Jazz Singer", directed by Alan Crosland, starring Al Jolson and May McAvoy, released, 1st film with a soundtrack (Honorary Academy Award 1928)

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An advertising  poster for The Jazz Singer distributed by Warner Brothers
An advertising poster for The Jazz Singer distributed by Warner Brothers
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  • 1931-03-03 Cab Calloway records "Minnie Moocher" (Jazz's 1st million seller)

Music concertMusic Concert

1938-01-16 1st jazz concert held at Carnegie Hall, performed by Benny Goodman and his band

Clarinetist and Bandleader Benny Goodman
Clarinetist and Bandleader
Benny Goodman

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1938-09-20 Dmitri Shostakovich's Suite for jazz orchestra, premieres

  • 1941-05-13 Willy Lewis' US jazz band performs in Switzerland

Music concertMusic Concert

1944-01-18 The Metropolitan Opera House in New York City hosts a jazz concert for the first time - performers include Louis Armstrong, Billie Holiday, Lionel Hampton, Mildred Bailey, Red Norvo, Roy Eldridge, Jack Teagarden, and Benny Goodman, via remote hook-up. [1]

Jazz Musician Louis Armstrong
Jazz Musician
Louis Armstrong
Clarinetist and Bandleader Benny Goodman
Clarinetist and Bandleader
Benny Goodman
Jazz Musician Billie Holiday
Jazz Musician
Billie Holiday

Music releaseMusic Recording

1945-11-26 Charlie "Bird" Parker leads recording session for the Savoy label marketed as the "greatest Jazz session ever" with Dizzy Gillespie and Miles Davis

Jazz Saxophonist and Composer Charlie
Jazz Saxophonist and Composer
Charlie "Bird" Parker
Jazz Musician Miles Davis
Jazz Musician
Miles Davis

Music concertMusic Concert

1950-03-27 Jazz pianist, Erroll Garner's solo concert (Cleveland, Ohio)

Jazz Pianist Erroll Garner
Jazz Pianist
Erroll Garner

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1957-01-28 "Tonight! America After Dark" premieres, with Jack Lescoulie & Al (Jazzbo) Collins on NBC (between Steve Allen & Jack Paar)

Comedian and TV Host Jack Paar
Comedian and TV Host
Jack Paar

Music concertMusic Concert

1957-11-22 Miles Davis Quintet debuts a jazz concert at Carnegie Hall in NY

Jazz Musician Miles Davis
Jazz Musician
Miles Davis

Music releaseAlbum Release

1958-06-24 Nina Simone releases her debut jazz album "Little Girl Blue"

Singer and Civil Rights Activist Nina Simone
Singer and Civil Rights Activist
Nina Simone
  • 1959-12-14 The album "Time Out" by the Dave Brubeck Quartet is released, peaking at No. 2 on the Billboard pop albums chart, and becomes the first jazz album to sell a million copies.

Music releaseMusic Recording

1960-12-21 Ornette Coleman records his influential album "Free Jazz: A Collective Improvisation", establishes the name for the Free Jazz sound

Jazz Composer Ornette Coleman
Jazz Composer
Ornette Coleman
  • 1969-07-03 78,000 attend Newport Jazz Festival, Newport, Rhode Island
  • 1975-03-19 "Dr Jazz" opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 5 performances
  • 1975-03-22 "Dr Jazz" closes at Winter Garden Theater NYC after 5 performances

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1980-05-23 33rd Cannes Film Festival: "All That Jazz" directed by Bob Fosse and "Kagemusha" directed by Akira Kurosawa jointly awarded the Palme d'Or

Film Director and Screenwriter Akira Kurosawa
Film Director and Screenwriter
Akira Kurosawa

Music concertMusic Concert

2007-06-08 Jazz legend Oscar Peterson forced to cancel his appearance at Carnegie Hall all-star performance (held in his honour), owing to illness

Jazz Musician Oscar Peterson
Jazz Musician
Oscar Peterson

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2015-04-17 Jazz composer and musician John Coltrane is awarded a posthumous Special Citation by the Pulitzer Prize board

Jazz Musician John Coltrane
Jazz Musician
John Coltrane

Birthdays in Music

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 1,136

  • 1877-09-06 Charles "Buddy" Bolden, African-American jazz cornetist, born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 1931)
  • 1881-02-22 James Reese Europe, American ragtime and early jazz arranger, composer, and bandleader in New York, and with the military in France during WWI, born in Mobile, Alabama (d. 1919) [1]
  • 1881-12-19 Joseph "King" Oliver, American jazz cornet player, composer, bandleader, and mentor to Louis Armstrong, born in Aben, Louisiana (d. 1938)
  • 1882-02-07 Wilbur Sweatman, American ragtime and dixieland jazz clarinetist, composer, and bandleader, born in Brunswick, Missouri (d. 1961) [1]
  • 1884-03-17 Alcide Nunez, American jazz clarinetist, born in St. Bernard Parish, Louisiana (d. 1934)
  • 1884-08-03 Louis Gruenberg, Russian-American composer (Daniel Jazz), born in Brest-Litovsk, Russia (now Belarus) (d. 1964)
  • 1886-05-26 Al Jolson [Asa Yoelson], American-Lithuanian jazz singer and silent actor (Mamie, Swanee), born in Seredžius, Kovno Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1950)
  • 1887-09-03 Frank Christian, American jazz trumpeter, born in Bywater, New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 1973)
  • 1887-09-19 Lovie [Cora] Austin, American jazz pianist (Down Hearted Blues), born in Chattanooga, Tennessee (d. 1972)
  • 1888-03-07 Alcide "Slow Drag" Pavageau, American jazz guitarist and double-bassist, born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 1969)
  • 1888-06-03 Tom Brown, American dixieland jazz trombonist, born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 1958)
  • 1888-08-16 Armand J. Piron, American jazz violinist and composer, born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 1943)
  • 1889-02-27 Freddie Keppard, American jazz cornetist (Original Creole Orchestra), born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 1933)
  • 1889-04-11 Nick LaRocca, American jazz coronetist and composer ("Tiger Rag"), born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 1961)
  • 1890-03-28 Paul Whiteman "The King of Jazz", American orchestra leader (George Gershwin's "Rhapsody In Blue"), born in Denver, Colorado (d. 1967)
  • 1890-10-20 Ferdinand "Jelly Roll" Morton [LeMothe], American jazz pioneer pianist and composer (King Porter Stomp), born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 1941)
  • 1890-12-30 Charles Cyril "Charlie" Creath, American jazz trumpeter, saxophonist, accordionist, and bandleader, born in Ironton, Missouri (d. 1951)
  • 1891-05-22 Eddie Edwards, American jazz trombonist, born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 1963)
  • 1892-04-12 Johnny Dodds, American early jazz clarinetist, born in Waveland, Mississippi (d. 1940)
  • 1892-05-19 George "Pops" Foster, American jazz upright bass player, tuba player, and trumpeter, born in Macoll, Louisiana (d. 1969)
  • 1892-06-13 Richard M. Jones, American jazz pianist, accompanist, songwriter ("Troube In Mind"), record producer (Louis Armstrong), and label manager (Okeh; Decca;Mercuty), born in New Orleans (d. 1945)
  • 1893-03-18 (John) Jean Goldkette, French jazz pianist and bandleader, born in Valenciennes, France (d. 1962)
  • 1893-09-13 Larry Shields, American jazz clarinetist (Original Dixieland Jazz Band), born in New Orleans (d. 1953)
  • 1894-01-16 Irving Mills [Isadore Minsky], American jazz music publisher, manager (Duke Ellington, 1926-48), singer and lyricist, born in Odessa, Ukraine (d. 1985)
  • 1894-05-18 Lou Hooper, Canadian jazz pianist, and educator, born in North Buxton, Ontario (d. 1977)
  • 1895-02-07 Irving Aaronson, American jazz pianist and big band leader, born in New York City (d. 1963)
  • 1895-03-31 Lizzie Miles [Elizabeth Landreaux], Creole American jazz, blues and gospel singer ("Man O'War"), born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 1963)
  • 1895-04-20 Emile Christian, American jazz trombonist, born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 1973)
  • 1895-10-12 Alfred "Tubby" Hall, American jazz drummer (King Oliver; Louis Armstrong), born in Sellers, Louisiana (d. 1945)
  • 1897-02-22 Bob Ysaguirre, American jazz double bass and tuba player (Don Redman Orchestra), born in Belize, British Honduras (now Belize City, Belize) (d. 1982)
  • 1897-03-25 "Sweet" Emma Barrett, American Dixieland jazz pianist and singer, born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 1983)
  • 1897-05-14 Sidney Bechet, American jazz clarinetist, saxophonist, band leader, and composer ("Petite Fleur"), born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 1959)
  • 1897-05-23 Fred Guy, American jazz banjo player and guitarist (Joseph C. Smith's Orchestra; Duke Ellington's Washingtonians) , born in Burkeville, Virginia (d. 1971)
  • 1898-01-07 Al Bowlly, South African-British dance band vocalist ("Midnight, The Stars, And You"), and bandleader, born in Lourenço Marques, Portuguese Mozambique (now Maputo, Mozambique) (d. 1941)
  • 1898-03-11 (Irving Milford) "Miff" Mole, American jazz trombonist, and composer (Red Nichols and His Five Pennies - "Slippin' Around"; Sophie Tucker), born in Roosevelt, Long Island, New York (d. 1961)
  • 1898-04-05 Herb Flemming [Nicolaiih El-Michelle], American jazz trombonist and vocalist, born in Butte, Montana (d. 1976)
  • 1898-05-14 [Arthur] Zutty Singleton, American jazz drummer (Louis Armstrong's Hot Five), born in Bunkie, Louisiana (d. 1975)
  • 1898-12-24 Warren "Baby" Dodds, American jazz drummer, born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 1959)
  • 1898-12-30 Vincent Lopez, American jazz pianist and big-band leader ("Nola"), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1975) [1]
  • 1899-01-28 Zilner T Randolph, jazz trumpeter/arranger
  • 1899-02-19 Louis "Kid Shots" Madison, American jazz cornetist (WPA Brass Band; Eureka Brass Band), born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 1948)
  • 1899-05-05 (Adolphe) Paul Barbarinan American jazz drummer (King Oliver; Red Allen Sextet; Onward Brass Band), born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 1969)
  • 1899-10-14 Red McKenzie, American jazz singer (played comb-with-tissue-paper), born in St. Louis, Missouri (d. 1948)
  • 1900-01-11 Wilbur De Paris, American swing and Dixieland jazz trombone player, born in Crawfordsville, Indiana (d. 1973)
  • 1900-01-22 Juan Tizol, Puerto Rican jazz trombonist (Duke Ellington), and composer ("Caravan"; "Perdido"), born in Vega Baja, Puerto Rico (d. 1984)
  • 1900-02-03 Mabel Mercer, British jazz and cabaret singer whose style and phrasing influenced Frank Sinatra ("Fly Me To The Moon"), born in Burton upon Trent, England (d. 1984)
  • 1900-02-09 Walter Page, American jazz double bassist, saxophonist, tuba player, and bandleader (Blue Devils; Count Basie Orchestra), born in Gallatin, Missouri (d. 1957)
  • 1900-02-13 Joseph "Wingy" Manone American jazz trumpeter, composer, singer, and bandleader ("Tar Paper Stomp"; "Downright Disgusted Blues"), born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 1982)
  • 1900-02-25 Hartzell "Tiny" Parham, American jazz pianist, theater organist, and bandleader, born in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada (d. 1943)
  • 1900-03-14 Ernest Hill, American jazz double-bassist, born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1964)
  • 1900-03-24 Algeria Junius "June" Clark, American jazz trumpeter and cornetist, born in Long Branch, New Jersey (d. 1963)
  • 1900-05-27 Chester Zardis, American jazz 'slap-style' double-bassist, born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 1990)
  • 1900-05-28 Tommy Ladnier, American jazz trumpeter (Lovie Austin; King Oliver; New Orleans Feetwarmers; Noble Sissle; Sidney Bechet), born in Mandeville, Louisiana (d. 1939)
  • 1900-06-15 Paul J. Mares, American jazz trumpeter and composer ("Farewell Blues"), born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 1949)
  • 1900-12-29 Willie Humphrey, American jazz clarinetist, born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 1994)
  • 1901-02-20 Jimmy Yancey, American boogie-woogie jazz and blues pianist, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1951) [birth year disputed - documentation ranges from 1894-1903]
  • 1901-02-20 Fred Robinson, American jazz trombonist (Louis Armstong's Hot Five; Fats Waller; Cab Calloway), born in Memphis, Tennessee (d. 1984)
  • 1901-05-24 Frank Signorelli, American jazz pianist (Original Dixieland Jazz Band), born in New York City (d. 1975)

Person of interestLouis Armstrong

1901-08-04 Louis Armstrong, American jazz trumpeter and singer (Hello Dolly; What A Wonderful World), born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 1971)

Jazz Musician Louis Armstrong
Jazz Musician
Louis Armstrong
  • 1902-01-03 Preston Jackson [James Preston McDonald], American jazz trombonist (Preservation Hall Jazz Band), born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 1983)
  • 1902-01-13 Louis "Putney" Dandridge American jazz pianist and singer (Heatin' Up Harlem), born in Richmond, Virginia (d. 1946)
  • 1902-01-23 Benny Waters, American jazz saxophonist & clarinetist, born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1998)
  • 1902-02-09 Blanche Calloway, American jazz vocalist, band leader (Twelve Clouds of Joy), civil rights activist, and broadcaster, born in Rochester, New York (d. 1978)
  • 1902-03-30 Ted Heath, British jazz trombonist, composer, and big band leader, born in Wandsworth, London, England (d. 1969)
  • 1902-04-06 James "Rosy" McHargue, American jazz clarinetist, and vocalist (Ted Weems Orchestra; The Wolverines), born in Danville, Illinois (d. 1999)
  • 1902-04-13 Del Porter, American jazz singer (Foursome - "Walkin' My Baby Back Home"; Spike Jones and His City Slickers - "Der Fuehrer's Face"), born in Newberg, Oregon (d. 1977)
  • 1902-10-25 Eddie Lang [Salvatore Massaro], American jazz guitarist known as the "father of jazz guitar", born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1933)
  • 1902-12-14 Viola Wells [Evans], American jazz, blues, and gospel singer, born in Newark, New Jersey (d. 1984)
  • 1903-01-06 Stanley Smith, American actor and singer (King of Jazz; Soup to Nuts; Good News), born in Kansas City, Missouri (d. 1974)
  • 1903-01-18 (Wilford) "Min" Leibrook, American jazz tuba player and bassist (Paul Whiteman Orchestra), born in Hamilton, Ohio (d. 1943)
  • 1903-03-10 Leon Bismarck "Bix" Beiderbecke, American jazz cornetist, considered one of the most influential jazz soloists of the 1920s, born in Davenport, Iowa (d. 1931)
  • 1903-04-03 James "Bubber" Miley, American jazz trumpet and cornet player (Duke Ellington, 1923-29 - "East St. Louis Toodle-Oo"; "Black And Tan Fantasy"), born in Aiken, South Carolina (d. 1932)
  • 1903-10-23 Milford Dolliole, American pioneer jazz drummer, born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 1994)
  • 1903-12-28 Earl "Fatha" Hines, American jazz pianist and bandleader (Deep Forest), born in Duquesne, Pennsylvania (d. 1983)
  • 1903-12-29 Clyde McCoy, American jazz trumpeter, bandleader, born in Ashland, Kentucky (d. 1990)
  • 1904-01-12 "Mississippi" Fred McDowell, American blues singer and guitarist, born in Rossville, Tennessee (d. 1972)
  • 1904-01-21 Robert "Juice" Wilson, American jazz violinist, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1972)

Person of interestGlenn Miller

1904-03-01 Glenn Miller, American bandleader and jazz composer (Glenn Miller Orchestra - "In The Mood"; "Moonlight Srenade"; "String Of Pearls"), born in Clarinda, Iowa (d. 1944)

Big Band Leader and Jazz Composer Glenn Miller
Big Band Leader and Jazz Composer
Glenn Miller
  • 1904-03-14 Voltaire "Volly" De Faut; American jazz reed player (New Orleans Rhythm Kings; Jean Goldkette), born in Little Rock, Arkansas (d. 1973)
  • 1904-03-27 Hal Kemp American jazz alto saxophonist, clarinetist, arranger and sweet jazz bandleader, born in Marion, Alabama (d. 1940)
  • 1904-04-09 Joseph "Sharkey" Bonano, American Dixieland jazz trumpeter and singer, born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 1972)

Person of interestFats Waller

1904-05-21 Thomas "Fats" Waller, American jazz organist, piano player, singer and composer ("Ain't Misbehavin'"; "Honeysuckle Rose";"Hot Chocolate"), born in NYC, New York (d. 1943)

Jazz Musician and Songwriter Fats Waller
Jazz Musician and Songwriter
Fats Waller
  • 1904-05-31 Otto "Toby" Hardwicke, American jazz alto saxophone player (The Washingtonians, 1923-28; Duke Ellington Orchestra, 1932-46 - "Sophisticated Lady"; "In A Sentimental Mood"), born in Washington, D.C. (d. 1970)
  • 1904-05-31 Stan Brenders, Belgian jazz pianist and bandleader, born in Brussels (d. 1969)
  • 1904-06-11 Clarence "Pinetop" Smith, American jazz pianist and singer (Boogie Woogie Piano), born in Troy, Alabama (d. 1929)
  • 1904-07-04 Seger Pillot Ellis, American jazz pianist and vocalist, born in Houston, Texas (d. 1995)
  • 1904-08-11 Jess Stacy, jazz pianist, born in Bird's Point, Missouri (d. 1995)
  • 1904-11-16 Eddie Condon, American jazz guitarist (Eddie Condon's Floor Show), born in Goodland, Indiana (d. 1973)
  • 1904-11-21 Coleman Hawkins, American jazz musician who virtually created tenor saxophone for jazz, born in St. Joseph, Missouri (d. 1969)
  • 1905-01-13 Percy Humphrey, American jazz trumpet player and bandleader, born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 1995)
  • 1905-02-10 William "Chick" Webb, American jazz drummer and big band leader (introduced Ella Fitzgerald), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1939)
  • 1905-03-15 Bertha "Chippie" Hill, American blues and vaudeville singer (King Oliver's Jazz Band), born in Charleston, South Carolina (d. 1950)
  • 1905-04-19 Tommy Benford, American jazz drummer, born in Charleston, West Virginia (d. 1994)
  • 1905-05-04 Mátyás Seiber, Hungarian-British classical and jazz composer (Scherzando), born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 1960)
  • 1905-05-08 Ernest "Red" Nichols, American jazz cornetist, composer and jazz bandleader (His Five Pennies - "Ida, Sweet as Apple Cider"; "Bugler's Lament"), born in Ogden, Utah (d. 1965)
  • 1905-05-18 Dick McPartland, American jazz guitarist, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1957)
  • 1905-06-13 Aldophus "Doc" Cheatham, American jazz trumpeter, born in Nashville, Tennessee (d. 1997)
  • 1906-03-03 Albany "Barney" Bigard, Creole-American jazz clarinetist (Duke Ellington Orchestra, 1927-42 - "Mood Indigo"), born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 1980)
  • 1906-03-13 Frank Teschemacher, American jazz clarinetist and alto-saxophonist, born in Kansas City, Missouri (d. 1932)
  • 1906-03-24 Klavdiya Shulzhenko, Soviet jazz and pop singer ("Let's Smoke"), born in Kharkiv, Russian Empire (now Ukraine) (d. 1984)

Weddings in Music


LoveWedding of Interest

1918-07-02 Jazz orchestra band leader Duke Ellington (19) weds high school sweetheart Edna Thompson

Jazz Musician and Composer Duke Ellington
Jazz Musician and Composer
Duke Ellington

LoveWedding of Interest

1946-03-30 Ameican actress Doris Day (23) weds American jazz saxophonist George Weidler (20); divorce in 1949

Singer and Actress Doris Day
Singer and Actress
Doris Day

LoveWedding of Interest

1948-03-28 Musician Nat King Cole (29) weds jazz singer Maria Hawkins (25) at Abyssinian Baptist Church in Harlem, New York

Musician Nat King Cole
Musician
Nat King Cole

LoveWedding of Interest

1964-08-04 Jazz saxophonist and composer John Coltrane (35) weds Alice Macleod

Jazz Musician John Coltrane
Jazz Musician
John Coltrane

LoveWedding of Interest

1968-10-17 Jazz trumpeter Quincy Jones Jr (35) weds actress Ulla Andersson (22)

Composer & Singer Quincy Jones Jr
Composer & Singer
Quincy Jones Jr

LoveWedding of Interest

1981-11-26 Legendary American jazz trumpeter Miles Davis (55) weds American "Sounder" actress Cicely Tyson (47) at the home of actor Bill Cosby (divorced, 1989)

Jazz Musician Miles Davis
Jazz Musician
Miles Davis
  • 2010-01-09 Food writer and former fashion model Sophie Dahl (32) weds British jazz singer Jamie Cullum (30) in Hampshire, England

Deaths in Music

Deaths 1 - 100 of 692

  • 1919-05-09 James Reese Europe, American ragtime and early jazz arranger, composer, and bandleader in New York, and with the military in France during WWI, dies of a stab wound (received during an argument with one of his drummers), at 38
  • 1929-03-15 Clarence "Pinetop" Smith, American jazz pianist and singer (Boogie Woogie Piano), dies of a gunshot wound in a dance-hall fight at 24
  • 1931-08-06 Leon Bismarck "Bix" Beiderbecke, American cornetist, one of the most influential jazz soloists of the 1920s (In Mist), dies at 29
  • 1932-03-01 Frank Teschemacher, American jazz clarinetist and alto-saxophonist, killed in a car accident at 25
  • 1932-05-20 James "Bubber" Miley, American jazz trumpet and cornet player (Duke Ellington, 1923-29 - "East St. Louis Toodle-Oo"; "Black And Tan Fantasy"), dies of tuberculosis at 29
  • 1933-03-04 Willie Walker, US jazz singer and guitarist (Dupree Blues), dies at 36
  • 1933-03-26 Eddie Lang [Salvatore Massaro], American jazz guitarist known as the "father of jazz guitar", dies at 30
  • 1933-07-15 Freddie Keppard, American jazz cornetist (Original Creole Orchestra), dies of tuberculosis at 44
  • 1938-04-10 Joseph "King" Oliver, American jazz cornet player, composer, bandleader, and mentor to Louis Armstrong, dies of arteriosclerosis at 56
  • 1939-06-04 Tommy Ladnier, American jazz trumpeter (Lovie Austin; King Oliver; New Orleans Feetwarmers; Noble Sissle; Sidney Bechet), dies of a heart attack at 39
  • 1939-06-16 Chick Webb, American jazz drummer and big band leader (introduced Ella Fitzgerald), dies of Pott's disease (tuberculosis of the spine), at 34
  • 1940-08-08 Johnny Dodds, American early jazz clarinetist, dies at 48
  • 1940-12-21 Hal Kemp American jazz alto saxophonist, clarinetist, arranger and sweet jazz bandleader, dies as a result of a car accident at 36
  • 1942-03-02 Charlie Christian, American jazz and swing guitarist (Benny Goodman Sextet), dies of tuberculosis at 25 [1] [2]
  • 1943-02-17 Armand J. Piron, American jazz violinist and composer, dies at 54
  • 1943-04-04 Hartzell "Tiny" Parham, American jazz pianist, theater organist, and bandleader, dies at 43
  • 1943-06-08 (Wilford) "Min" Leibrook, American jazz tuba player and bassist (Paul Whiteman Orchestra), dies of meningitis at 40
  • 1943-08-03 Edward "Corky" Cornelius, American jazz trumpeter (Benny Goodman; Gene Krupa), dies of kidney failure at 28

Person of interestFats Waller

1943-12-15 Fats Waller [Thomas Wright], American jazz singer and composer (Ain't Misbehavin', Hot Chocolate), dies at 39

Jazz Musician and Songwriter Fats Waller
Jazz Musician and Songwriter
Fats Waller
  • 1944-02-16 Bob Zurke [Boguslaw Zukowski], American jazz pianist, arranger, (Bob Crosby Orchestra), and composer (Old Tom-Cat On The Keys), dies of complications of pneumonia aggravated by acute alcohol poisoning at 32

Person of interestGlenn Miller

1944-12-15 Glenn Miller, American bandleader and jazz composer (Glenn Miller Orchestra-In the Mood), dies in a suspected plane crash at 40

Big Band Leader and Jazz Composer Glenn Miller
Big Band Leader and Jazz Composer
Glenn Miller
  • 1945-03-19 Clyde Hart, American swing and bebop jazz piano player and arranger (Stuff Smith; Lionel Hampton; Roy Eldridge), dies of tuberculosis at 35
  • 1945-05-13 Alfred "Tubby" Hall, American jazz drummer (King Oliver; Louis Armstrong), dies at 49
  • 1945-12-08 Richard M. Jones, American jazz pianist, accompanist, songwriter ("Trouble In Mind"), record producer (Louis Armstrong), and label manager (Okeh; Decca; Mercury), dies at 53
  • 1946-02-15 Louis "Putney" Dandridge American jazz pianist and singer (Heatin' Up Harlem), dies at 44
  • 1948-02-07 Red McKenzie, American jazz singer (played comb-with-tissue-paper), dies at 48
  • 1949-08-18 Paul J Mares, US jazz trumpetist/composer (Tin Roof Blues), dies at 49
  • 1950-05-07 Bertha "Chippie" Hill, American blues and vaudeville singer (King Oliver's Jazz Band), struck and killed by a car in New York City at 45
  • 1950-07-06 Theodore "Fats" Navarro, American jazz trumpet player, dies from poor health following long-term heroin addiction, tuberculosis, and a weight problem, at 26
  • 1950-10-23 Al Jolson [Asa Yoelson], American-Lithuanian jazz singer and silent actor (Mamie, Swanee), dies at 64
  • 1951-03-25 Sidney “Big Sid” Catlett, American jazz drummer (Louis Armstrong), dies of a heart attack at 41
  • 1951-09-17 Jimmy Yancey, American boogie-woogie jazz and blues pianist, dies (somewhere between 50 and 57 - birth year documentation uncertain)
  • 1951-10-23 Charles Cyril "Charlie" Creath, American jazz trumpeter, saxophonist, accordionist, and bandleader, dies at 60
  • 1951-12-12 Mildred Bailey, American jazz singer (b. 1907)
  • 1952-06-14 John Kirby [Kirk], American jazz double-bassist and tuba player (Benny Goodman; "Undecided"), dies at 43
  • 1953-11-21 Larry Shields, American jazz clarinetist (Original Dixieland Jazz Band), dies at 60
  • 1955-03-12 Charlie "Bird" Parker, American jazz saxophonist (Ornithology), dies pf pneumonia and bleeding ulcer at 34 in NYC
  • 1955-05-25 Wardell Gray, American swing and bebop jazz tenor saxophonist, dies at 34
  • 1955-08-28 Bob Gordon, American cool jazz baritone saxophonist, dies in a car accident at 27
  • 1955-11-17 James P. Johnson, American jazz composer and pianist (Charleston), dies at 64
  • 1956-06-26 Clifford Brown, American jazz trumpeter and composer (Joyspring, Jordu), dies at 25
  • 1956-10-18 Harry Parry, Welsh jazz clarinetist and bandleader (BBC's Radio Rhythm Club), dies at 44
  • 1956-11-05 Art Tatum [Arthur Tatum Jr], American jazz pianist and composer, dies from complications of uremia at 47
  • 1957-03-25 Joseph "Fud" Livingston, American jazz clarinetist, arranger, and composer ("Im Thru With Love") and composer, dies at 50
  • 1957-11-30 Dick McPartland, American jazz guitarist, dies at 52
  • 1957-12-20 Walter Page, American jazz double bassist, baritone saxophonist, tuba player, and bandleader (Blue Devils; Count Basie Orchestra), dies at 57
  • 1958-03-25 Tom Brown, American dixieland jazz trombonist, dies at 69
  • 1958-09-17 Herbie Fields [Bernfeld], American jazz saxophonist and bandleader ("Dardanella"), dies from an intentional overdose of sleeping pills at 39
  • 1959-02-14 Warren "Baby" Dodds, American jazz drummer, dies at 60
  • 1959-05-14 Sidney Bechet, American jazz clarinetist, saxophonist, band leader, and composer ("Petite Fleur"), dies of lung cancer on his 62nd birthday

Person of interestBillie Holiday

1959-07-17 Billie Holiday [Eleanora Fagan], American jazz singer ( "I've Got My Love to Keep Me Warm"; "Strange Fruit"), and songwriter ("God Bless The Child"; "Lady Sings the Blues"), dies of cirrhosis of the liver at 44

Jazz Musician Billie Holiday
Jazz Musician
Billie Holiday
  • 1960-09-24 Mátyás Seiber, Hungarian-British classical and jazz composer (Scherzando), dies at 55
  • 1961-02-22 Nick LaRocca, American jazz coronetist and composer (Tiger Rag), dies at 71
  • 1961-03-09 Wilbur Sweatman, American ragtime and dixieland jazz clarinetist, composer, and bandleader, dies at 79
  • 1961-04-29 (Irving Milford) "Miff" Mole, American jazz trombonist, and composer (Red Nichols and His Five Pennies - "Slippin' Around"; Sophie Tucker), dies at 63
  • 1961-07-06 Scott LaFaro, American jazz bassist (Bill Evans Trio), dies in a car accident at 25
  • 1961-07-11 Erskine Butterfield American swing and boogie-woogie jazz pianist, singer, and composer, dies at 48
  • 1962-03-24 (John) Jean Goldkette, French jazz pianist and bandleader, dies of a heart attack at 69
  • 1962-03-30 Jack Purvis, American jazz trumpet player and composer, dies at 55
  • 1962-10-17 (Henry) "Rubberlegs" Williams, American vaudeville dancer, and blues and jazz singer, dies at 55
  • 1963-02-23 Algeria Junius "June" Clark, American jazz trumpeter and cornetist, dies at 62
  • 1963-02-28 Bobby Jaspar, Belgian jazz saxophonist, flautist and composer dies of a heart attack at 37
  • 1963-03-10 Irving Aaronson, American jazz pianist and big band leader, dies of a heart attack at 68
  • 1963-03-17 Lizzie Miles [Elizabeth Landreaux], Creole-American jazz, blues and gospel singer ("Man O'War"), dies of a heart attack at 68
  • 1963-04-09 Eddie Edwards, American jazz trombonist, dies at 71
  • 1963-04-12 Herbie Nichols, American jazz pianist and composer ("Lady Sings the Blues"), dies of leukemia at 43
  • 1964-02-09 Willie Bryant, American jazz singer, band leader, and disc jockey (Sugar Hill Times), dies of a heart attack at 55
  • 1964-06-10 Louis Gruenberg, Russian-American composer (Daniel Jazz), dies at 79
  • 1964-09-16 Ernest Hill, American jazz double-bassist, dies at 64
  • 1964-11-05 (Edwin) "Buddy" Cole, American jazz and session pianist, Hammond organist, orchestra leader, and composer ("Truth Or Consequences"), dies at 47
  • 1965-03-19 Lavere "Buster" Harding, Canadian-American jazz pianist, composer and arranger (Count Basie; Dizzy Gillespie; Billie Holiday), dies at 53
  • 1965-06-28 Red Nichols, American jazz cornettist, composer and jazz bandleader, dies at 60
  • 1965-10-28 Earl Bostic, American jazz alto saxophonist (Flamingo, Temptation), dies at 52
  • 1966-08-01 Earl Rudolph "Bud" Powell, American jazz pianist and composer, dies at 41
  • 1967-02-25 Walter "Fats" Pichon American jazz pianist, singer, and big bandleader, dies at 60
  • 1967-04-17 Henry "Red" Allen, American jazz trumpeter, dies of pancreatic cancer at 59
  • 1967-05-23 Carl-Henrik Norin Swedish jazz saxophonist, and composer ("Mississippi Mood"), dies at 47

Person of interestJohn Coltrane

1967-07-17 John Coltrane, American jazz saxophonist & composer (Blue Train), dies of cancer at 40

Jazz Musician John Coltrane
Jazz Musician
John Coltrane
  • 1967-09-25 Hezekiah "Stuff" Smith, American jazz violinist & composer (It's Wonderful), dies at 58
  • 1967-12-29 Paul Whiteman "The King of Jazz", American orchestra leader (Fabulous Dorseys), dies at 77
  • 1968-06-15 John "Wes" Montgomery, American influential jazz guitarist and Grammy Award winner, dies of a heart attack at 45
  • 1968-08-18 Cy Walter, American jazz pianist (Three's Company), dies of cancer at 52
  • 1968-11-09 Jan Johansson, Swedish jazz pianist, dies at 37
  • 1969-01-04 Paul Chambers, American jazz bassist (Miles Davis Quintet, 1955-63; Wynton Kelly Trio, 1963-68), dies of tuberculosis at 33
  • 1969-01-19 Alcide "Slow Drag" Pavageau, American jazz guitarist and double-bassist, dies at 80
  • 1969-02-15 Charles "Pee Wee" Russell, American jazz clarinet and saxophone player, dies at 62
  • 1969-02-17 (Adolphe) Paul Barbarinan American jazz drummer (King Oliver; Red Allen Sextet; Onward Brass Band), dies while playing his snare drum, marching in a Mardi Gras parade at 69
  • 1969-04-23 Krzysztof Komeda, Polish jazz and film composer and pianist (Rosemary's Baby), dies of head injuries as the result of a fall at 37
  • 1969-06-01 Stan Brenders, Belgian jazz pianist and bandleader, dies at 65
  • 1969-10-29 George "Pops" Foster, American jazz upright bass player, tuba player, and trumpeter, dies at 77
  • 1970-08-05 Otto "Toby" Hardwicke, American jazz alto saxophone player (The Washingtonians, 1923-28; Duke Ellington Orchestra, 1932-46 - "Sophisticated Lady"; "In A Sentimental Mood"), dies at 66
  • 1970-11-12 (Harold Eugene) "Gene Gifford American jazz banjoist, guitarist, and arranger (Jean Goldkette; Casa Loma Orchestra), dies at 62
  • 1970-12-24 Gideon Nxumalo, South African jazz pianist, marimba player, and composer (Jazz Fantasia), dies at 41
  • 1971-02-20 Alexander Tsfasman, Soviet Russian jazz pianist, composer, and arranger, dies at 64
  • 1971-04-05 Earl "Jock" Caruthers American jazz saxophonist (Jimmie Lunceford Orchestra, 1932-47), dies at 60
  • 1971-04-12 Wynton Kelly, American jazz pianist (Dizzy Gillespie; Miles Davis), dies of epileptic seizure at 39
  • 1971-05-22 Frank Ottersen, Norwegian jazz violinist and saxophonist (Ding, Dong, Dang), dies at 50

Person of interestLouis Armstrong

1971-07-06 Louis Armstrong, American jazz trumpeter and singer (Hello Dolly; What A Wonderful World), dies of a heart attack at 69

Jazz Musician Louis Armstrong
Jazz Musician
Louis Armstrong
  • 1971-07-08 Charlie Shavers, American jazz trumpet player, dies at 50
  • 1971-12-22 Fred Guy, American jazz banjo player and guitarist (Joseph C. Smith's Orchestra; Duke Ellington's Washingtonians), dies at 74

Famous Jazz Musicians