On This Day

Adolf Eichmann

Nazi SS Officer and War Criminal Adolf Eichmann

Full Name: Otto Adolf Eichmann
Profession: Nazi SS Officer and War Criminal


Biography: One of the primary organizers of the Holocaust, Eichmann oversaw the mass deportation of hundreds of thousands of Jews in Nazi-occupied territories to the death camps.

After the defeat of Nazi Germany, Eichmann escaped to Argentina, where he lived until 1960. That year he was captured by agents from Mossad and deported to Israel to face trial. His widely publicized trial concluded in 1962; he was found guilty of war crimes and executed by hanging.

During his trial author Hannah Arendt used the term "banality of evil" to describe Eichmann, who once said he would "leap laughing into the grave because the feeling that he had five million people on his conscience would be for him a source of extraordinary satisfaction."

Born: March 19, 1906
Birthplace: Solingen, German Empire

Generation: Greatest Generation
Chinese Zodiac: Horse
Star Sign: Pisces

Died: June 1, 1962 (aged 56)
Cause of Death: Executed by hanging

Articles and Photos

Historical Events

  • 1939-12-21 Adolf Hitler names Adolf Eichmann leader of "Referat IV B", responsible for evictions and Jewish immigration
  • 1942-06-20 Adolf Eichmann proclaims deportation of Dutch Jews
  • 1944-07-19 Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg 1st meets Adolf Eichmann
  • 1960-05-11 Israeli soldiers capture Adolf Eichmann in Buenos Aires
  • 1960-05-23 Israel announces capture of Nazi Adolf Eichmann in Argentina
  • 1960-06-08 Argentine government demands release of Adolf Eichmann
  • 1961-04-11 Trial of Adolf Eichmann for war crimes in World War II begins in Jerusalem, Israel
  • 1961-12-12 Nazi German army officer Adolf Eichmann is found guilty of war crimes in Israel
  • 1961-12-13 Gideon Hausner in Jerusalem demands death penalty for Adolf Eichmann
  • 1961-12-15 Adolf Eichmann is sentenced to death for war crimes in Israel
  • 1962-06-01 SS officer Adolf Eichmann is executed in Israel after being found guilty of war crimes
  • 1963-02-16 Philosopher Hannah Arendt's controversial account of the trial of Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann is first published in "The New Yorker"
  • 1979-05-28 ABC premiere of TV's "The House on Garibaldi Street", based on the 1960 capture of Adolf Eichmann in Argentina

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