Profession: Admiral and Duke of Goa
Why Famous: His military brilliance in campaigns against the much larger Ottoman Empire and its allies enabled Portugal to become the first global empire in history.
Afonso notable victories include the capture of Ormuz in 1507 from the Persians, the conquest of Goa in 1510 and the capture of Malacca in 1511.
During the last five years of his life, he became the second governor of Portuguese India, pioneering European sea trade with China during the Ming Dynasty and also with Thailand and Timor. He also aided diplomatic relations with Ethiopia and established diplomatic ties with Persia, during the Safavid dynasty.
- 1507-10-27 Portuguese admiral Afonso de Albuquerque captures the Persian fortress of Ormuz on Hormuz Island
- 1510-02-17 Portuguese admiral Afonso de Albuquerque first conquers the city of Goa, entering it with little conflict
- 1510-05-30 Portuguese forces under Afonso de Albuquerque abandon Goa after its former ruler Yusuf Adil Shah, the Muslim King of Bijapur reconquers the city
- 1510-12-10 Muslim ruler of Goa, Yusuf Adil Shah and his Ottoman allies surrender to Portuguese forces led by Afonso de Albuquerque who puts the Muslim population to the sword
- 1511-07-25 Portuguese forces under Afonso de Albuquerque first assault the prosperous trading city of Malacca, Malay Peninsula
- 1511-08-24 Afonso de Albuquerque of Portugal conquers Malacca, the capital of the Sultanate of Malacca.
- 1515-04-01 Portuguese fleet under Afonso de Albuquerque captures the Persian fortress of Ormuz, renaming it the Fort of Our Lady of the Conception